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Questions tagged [parshanut-torah-comment]

interpretation of parts of Tanach by close reading, not derivation (Pronounced "par-sha-noot")

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וקמת ועלית - how did they measure Jerusalem's highest point?

On the Pasuk (Deut 17,8): כִּי יִפָּלֵא מִמְּךָ דָבָר ... וְקַמְתָּ וְעָלִיתָ אֶל־הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִבְחַר ה' א' בּוֹ׃ If a case is too baffling for you to decide, ... you shall promptly ...
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1answer
114 views

Is there any significance to the age at which Methuselah died?

Bresheit 5:27 records the death of Methuselah as 969 years. His is the longest lifespan recorded in the Torah. Is there any meaning for his death at such an age, or is there significance to the ...
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Why does Torah consider Bats as birds?

It seems from Re'eh 14:18 that Torah considers BATS as birds. Though scientists classify them as mammals. I'm preparing a class on this Parsha and would like to hear comments about this difference.
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Why is the passive לֹ֖א יֵֽאָכֵֽלוּ used in Devorim 14 (19) rather than the active form used elsewhere?

Devorim 14 (19) says יט וְכֹל֙ שֶׁ֣רֶץ הָע֔וֹף טָמֵ֥א ה֖וּא לָכֶ֑ם לֹ֖א יֵֽאָכֵֽלוּ: 19 And every flying insect is unclean for you; they may not be eaten. The possuk uses the passive לֹ֖א ...
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53 views

Rashis unknown family

Rashi in parshas Pinchos (Bamidbar 26,13) with regards to a son of Shimon which was missing from the previous count in Parshas Bamidbar quotes the Yerushalmi which addresses this question: משפחת ...
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A list of doubled words

In the tanach, there are times when certain words are doubled (generally verbs but I'm open to other combinations) with one form of the word, followed by a second form which is in a future tense, I ...
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Learning Derashos or Pshat of Alternate Readings of Tanach

Background: In this week's Parsha (Devarim 11:4), the Chizkuni says the following: אשר הציף מי ים סוף על פניהם ברדפם אחריהם – ברדוף המים אחרי המצרים, והיינו דכתיב: נערמו מים, שתרגם אונקלוס: חכימו ...
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To pass אעביר (Exo 33:19), what does it mean?

Exodus 33:19 reads: " אני אעביר כל־טובי על־פניך ", I know it's often translated somewhat like this: "I will make all My goodness pass before thee (before thy face)", but I noticed it's root ע - ב - ר ...
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Inconsistent base-10 system of judges

In Devarim 1:15 (also Shemot 18:21) we see the numerical system of the hierarchical system of leaders: ואקח את־ראשי שבטיכם אנשים חכמים וידעים ואתן אתם ראשים עליכם שרי אלפים ושרי מאות ושרי חמשים ...
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Was Iyov rewarded for passing his first test?

In Iyov chapter 1 Satan proposes to God to test Iyov's fidelity to God by striking Iyov's possessions. God agrees and Iyov loses essentially everything. At the end of chapter 1 and again in chapter 2 ...
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Using אוהביו, יראיו, חסידיו in Chovas Halevavos referring to those who receive additional reward

ספר חובות הלבבות - שער הביטחון - פרק רביעי Chovos Halevavos (Duties of the Heart) Shaar Habitachon (Gate of Trust) Chapter 4: ועניני העולם הבא יחלקו לשני חלקים ... והשני שהוא מחסד הבורא יתעלה על ...
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Tehillim 79 (1): G-d pours out his anger on wood and stone. Is this consolation in view of 79 (2 & 3)?

In Tehillim 79 (1) we read how HKB”H sent his anger on wood and stone (and by implication less on the people of Israel): A song of Asaph. O God! Nations have come into Your heritage, they have ...
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Why did the Torah have to say “from amongst you” and “from your brethren”?

In Deuteronomy 18:15, it says that G-d will raise up a prophet from the Jewish people. It says "from your amongst you from your brethren". Why does it have to say both, surely it could have said just ...
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Is a Bei'ur the same thing as a Peirush?

What characteristics define Biur and Peirush? Are they different from one another? Are they related somehow? If so, in which aspects? Please, explain. Sources are welcome.
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1answer
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Similarity between Eisov and Dama ben Netina for honoring parents

Eisov = Red = Edom = Romi (Rome) Eisov excelled in honoring Yitzhok (B"R 65) Dama B"N was a senator (? or a general) in Rome's province in Ashkelon (according to Yerushalmi) דמא is the letters אדום He ...
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Why is “Yehoshua” spelled with a full Vav in Devarim 3:21?

I think this is the only place in the Torah where "Yehoshua" is spelled maleh - with a full vav (Shuruk). I think there are other places in Tanac"h where a similar thing occurs, but, I don't know for ...
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Eisov not wearing his best clothes for Yitzhak's blessing?

Eisov wore his best suit (the "royal robe" he took from Nimrod, who took it from Adam etc) whenever he served his father Itzhok (Bereishis Rabboh 65, 16). He kept it by his mother Rivkah's: "...
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Have any Jewish commentaries been written on the Septuagint?

While a number of Jewish commentaries have been written on Targum Onkelos, Targum Yonasan, Targum Pseudo-Yonasan, and Targum Yerushalmi (see the list in the Targum section at Parshablog, for example), ...
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What is the meaning of Eth Eyd'yam אֶת-עֶדְיָם in Shmoth (Exodus) 33.6?

how would you translate Shmoth 33.6 אֶת-עֶדְיָם ayd is witness so I'm guessing the literal is "witnesses" in the plural - some translate it as "ornaments" others as "finery" and others as "crowns" but ...
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1answer
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In Bamidbar 31:6 Pinchas is instructed by Moshe to take “the holy vessels” and the trumpets in his hand. What are the holy vessels?

When Moshe was sending the 12,000 man army to war against the Midianites, he instructs Pinchas to take the "holy vessels/articles" and the trumpets in his hand. What were the holy vessels? Could this ...
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Why does the Chumash wait until Mattos to discuss the laws of Kashering vessels?

The main place the Chumash discusses laws of Kashering is after the war with Midian. One of the explanations I've seen is that this was the first battle where they captured items from a country which ...
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Why did Machir have to conquer Gil'ad?

I'm trying to "coordinate" my understanding of various verses regarding what happened with Gil'ad as referenced in parshat Matot. Bemidbar 32:1 The tribes of Gad and Re'uven see that the lands of Ya'...
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1answer
52 views

Inconsistency in describing the tribes in Bemidbar 34:19-28

In naming the heads of the tribes in parshat Mas'ei, there is an inconsistency when naming the heads of the tribes of Yehuda and Binyamin. The word bnai ("sons of") is not mentioned before the name of ...
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Fate of female captive children from Midian given to Elozor and the Leviim

Bamidbor 31 (18) allows the female captive children from the war with Midian to be kept alive. From them there had to be a 'tax' of one out of 500. One half of these was to be given to Elozor Hacohen ...
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1answer
44 views

Did the Moabites give water and food to B'nai Yisra'el or not? Contradictory verses?

Devarim 23:4 - 5 says that we should not accept a Moabite into the nation of Israel because they did not give B'nai Yisra'el food and water as they left Egypt. But, there is a seemingly contradictory ...
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When did the trans-Jordanian territories acquire kedusha?

Two-and-a-half tribes (Reuben, Gad and half of Menasseh) had land on "the other side" of the Jordan river, allocated to them by Moses in Bemidbar 32, and made conditional on their participation in the ...
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Tzelophechad's daughters and temeim of Pesach Sheini

The two instances of למה יגרע; the Temeim and Tzelophechad's daughters are written, in one sense, as if a new halachah of yerushah and Pesach Sheini was created for them based on their circumstances. ...
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How was Elazar HaKohen allowed to marry the daughter of Puti (Yisro)?

Rashi (quoting Sanhedrin 82b) states that Pinchas' mother was the daughter of Puti (Yisro). We know that a kohen may not marry a convert (Shulchan Aruch Even Haezer 6,8), and if a kohen does marry a ...
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Mishlei 11:13 and 20:19 Same beginning different Endings

Mishlei (proverbs) 11:13: הוֹלֵ֣ךְ רָ֭כִיל מְגַלֶּה־סּ֑וֹד וְנֶאֱמַן־ר֝֗וּחַ מְכַסֶּ֥ה דָבָֽר׃ A base fellow gives away secrets, But a trustworthy soul keeps a confidence. Mishlei (proverbs) 20:19: ...
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Did Aaron have daughters?

We are reading this Shabat parshat Pinchas. In this parsha the Torah mentioned the daughters of Tzelofchad as follows: וצלפחד בן חפר לא היו לו בנים כי אם בנות ושם בנות צלפחד מחלה ונעה חגלה מלכה ...
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1answer
28 views

Difference between Mishlei 11:13 and 20:19

Mishlei (proverbs) 11:13: הוֹלֵ֣ךְ רָ֭כִיל מְגַלֶּה־סּ֑וֹד וְנֶאֱמַן־ר֝֗וּחַ מְכַסֶּ֥ה דָבָֽר׃ A base fellow gives away secrets, But a trustworthy soul keeps a confidence. Mishlei (proverbs) 20:19: ...
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Why does Hashem make Moshe go look at the Land?

B"H Why does H' make Moshe -- more than once, I think -- go up a mountain to look at the Land of Israel which he will never enter? This seems cruel. Moshe was the holiest and most self-sacrificing ...
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1answer
87 views

Claim of “are we worse?” connection

I noticed twice there was a group of people who came to Moshe and said: "are we any worse / למה נגרע?" Or: "why should it be worse / למה יגרע?". Those who were tamei and the daughters of Tzelophchad. ...
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1answer
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Why does the Torah not specify that Bil'am advised Balak until later on?

The end of parshat Balak tells us the story that B'nai Yisra'el involved themselves with licentiousness by relating with the daughters of Midian. Only later, In Bemidbar 31:16, when Moshe gets angry ...
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3answers
565 views

How did Pinchas kill Zimri? (technically)

It says (Rashi on Chumash, Sanhedrin ) "He miraculously struck exactly at Zimri’s male and her female parts " I can understand how this could have killed Cozbi (by puncturing her vital inner organs) ...
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Why does Hashem' anger flare when Balaam goes with the Moabite officials? [duplicate]

"God came to Balaam at night and said to him, "If these men have come to call for you, arise and go with them, but the word I speak to you-that you shall do. In the morning Balaam arose, saddled his ...
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1answer
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Why is there a difference in who sent messengers to the King of Edom vs. Sihon

In Bemidbar 20:14 Moshe sends messengers to the King of Edom. But, in Bemidbar 21:21, Yisra'el sends messengers to Sihon, King of the Emori. Why this difference? Who is meant by stating Yisra'el in ...
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28 views

Act of Love vs. Act of Righteousness

Devarim 23:6 - דברים כו פסוק ו וְלֹֽא־אָבָ֞ה הוי"ה אֱלֹהֶ֙יךָ֙ לִשְׁמֹ֣עַ אֶל־בִּלְעָ֔ם וַיַּהֲפֹךְ֩ הוי"ה אֱלֹקיךָ לְּךָ֛ אֶת־הַקְּלָלָ֖ה לִבְרָכָ֑ה כִּ֥י אֲהֵֽבְךָ֖ הוי"ה אֱלֹקיךָ׃ But the L-RD ...
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What does “chotim” mean?

In Shmuel Aleph, 14:33 the word חֹטִאים is used (chotim). I always had thought that the word was chot'im with the vowel under the aleph (as it is in the title to this book) but that isn't the case. ...
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1answer
94 views

Why would Klal Yisroel have killed Moshe?

The Midrash Tanchuma Chukas (18) records the episode when Moshe descended the mountain following Aaron's death אִם אַתֶּם מְבִיאִין אוֹתוֹ, מוּטָב. וְאִם לָאו, נִסְקֹל אֶתְכֶם - If you bring him ...
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0answers
52 views

Why was Miriam not allowed to enter the Promised Land? [duplicate]

In Bamidbar 20:1 we read of the account of the death of Miriam. She being the oldest of the three siblings, Miriam, Aaron and Moshe, was she under the same judgement as the nation of Israel brought ...
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1answer
58 views

How is the mitzvah to remember what Hashem did to Miriam a source for not speaking Lashon Hora?

Rashi in Devarim 24:9 quotes Sifrei: זכור את אשר עשה ה' אלהיך למרים. אִם בָּאתָ לְהִזָּהֵר שֶׁלֹּא תִלְקֶה בְּצָרַעַת אַל תְּסַפֵּר לְשׁוֹן הָרָע, זָכוֹר הֶעָשׂוּי לְמִרְיָם שֶׁדִּבְּרָה בְאָחִיהָ וְלָקְתָה ...
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Why did the angel who destroyed Sodom have to visit Avraham? [duplicate]

רש"י בראשית \ וירא יח,ב והנה שלשה אנשים אֶחָד לְבַשֵׂר אֶת שָׂרָה וְאֶחָד לַהֲפֹךְ אֶת סְדוֹם וְאֶחָד לְרַפְּאוֹת אֶת אַבְרָהָם, ... וּרְפָאֵל שֶׁרִפָּא אֶת אַבְרָהָם הָלַךְ מִשָּׁם לְהַצִּיל אֶת ...
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2answers
102 views

Avraham sending wine to Sarah

RASHI on BERAISHIS 18:9 (end of ויאמרו אליו) quotes Gemara in Baba Metzia 87a רבי יוסי ברבי חנינא אמר כדי לשגר לה כוס של ברכה - Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Ḥanina, says: They [the Angels] inquired ...
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1answer
71 views

הם (heym) vs. המה (heyma)

Why does the Torah use the word המה - HEYMA - in these 19 psukim (20 times) instead of the more common and simple form הם - HEYM ? בראשית ו ד בראשית ז יד בראשית מב לה בראשית מד ג שמות יט יג שמות ...
5
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1answer
71 views

Why couldn't the men's Man taste like watermelon?

The verse says in Parshas Beahaloscha (Numbers 11:5): זָכַ֙רְנוּ֙ אֶת־הַדָּגָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־נֹאכַ֥ל בְּמִצְרַ֖יִם חִנָּ֑ם אֵ֣ת הַקִּשֻּׁאִ֗ים וְאֵת֙ הָֽאֲבַטִּחִ֔ים וְאֶת־הֶחָצִ֥יר וְאֶת־הַבְּצָלִ֖ים ...
3
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0answers
23 views

Why does the listing of returnees in Ezra change from families to territories?

In Ezra 2:21 the listing of the returnees from Bavel to Eretz Yisrael switches from lists of families to peoples from specific areas in Eretz Yisrael (the commentary of Daat Mikra identifies nearly ...
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3answers
119 views

What lie did the spies say?

In Bemidbar 13:27 Rash"I cites Midrash Rabba that says "there is no lie without an element of truth within it." In reading what the spies said about the giants who lived in Cana'an, and that they ...
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1answer
96 views

Text of manuscript of Ben Ish Chai found after Saddam Hussein’s downfall in 2003?

I heard in a shiur about manuscripts of the Ben Ish Chai found by American troops among 2,700 seforim and tens of thousands of Jewish documents in a flooded basement of Iraq’s intelligence ...
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1answer
68 views

Which of Adam’s sons married which of his daughters?

According to Rashi to Bereishis 4:1-2, Kayin was born with a twin sister, and Hevel was born with two triplet sisters. As Rashi to Vayikra 20:17 explains, Kayin married his sister in order that the ...