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Questions tagged [parashat-lech-lecha]

The weekly Torah portion of Lech Lecha (Genesis 12:1-17:27)

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Four hundred years afflicted in Mitzraim - Bersheit 15:12; Four hundred thirty years - Shemot 12:40, Why this discrepancy? [duplicate]

Beresheit 15:13 "Know certainly that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, and will serve them, and they will afflict them four hundred years." Shemot 12:40 "Now the ...
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According to Rashi, how old was Avraham at B'rit Bein HaB'tarim?

Rashi to Shemot 12:40 says that B'rit Bein HaB'tarim took place thirty years before the birth of Yitzchak (when Avraham was one hundred years old), meaning that Avraham was seventy years old at the ...
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Angels Frequently Visiting Avraham

Rashi (Bereishis 16:13) notes that Hagar wasn't frightened to see angels because she normally saw angels frequenting Avraham's household: לְשׁוֹן תֵּמַהּ; וְכִי סְבוּרָה הָיִיתִי שֶׁאַף הֲלוֹם ...
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Where, and what, is Elonei Mamre? And who is Mamre?

In Sefer Bereshit (specifically Parshat Lech Lecha, Vayera, and Chayei Sarah) the is a place called Elonei Mamre. This is usually translated something along the lines of "the trees of Mamre." Where/...
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Radak comment on Lot

The verse Bereshit 13:1 tells us (Sefaria translation): "From Egypt, Abram went up into the Negeb, with his wife and all that he possessed, together with Lot." On this verse, the RaDaK comments ...
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How did Lot become so rich?

We are told in Bereshit 13:5-6 (Sefaria translation) : "Lot, who went with Abram, also had flocks and herds and tents..." "..so that the land could not support them staying together; for ...
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Why does the Torah mention that Lot went with Avram twice?

Why does the Torah in Parshas Lech Lecha feel the need to say "vayeilech ito Lot", and Lot went with him (Avram)? The very next passuk tells us how Avram took Sarai his wife, Lot his nephew, and so ...
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Avraham's Strange Happiness to Death?

Since והיה generally refers to something not bad, Vayikra Rabba (11:7) - כל מקום שנאמר ויהי אין שמחה והיה אין צרה why does Avraham use the word to start the following potentially tragic ...
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Dividing the world for the sons of Noah

Rashi (Gen 12,6) mentions that Noah divided the world between his sons and that Israel was given to Shem and his descendants: והכנעני אז בארץ. הָיָה הוֹלֵךְ וְכוֹבֵשׁ אֶת אֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל ...
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Why are the Kenites translated as Shalmites?

In the verse where Hashem promises to give Avraham's descendants the land of the 10 Canaanite nations, one is listed as the Kenites (Genesis 15:19): אֶת־הַקֵּינִי֙ וְאֶת־הַקְּנִזִּ֔י וְאֵ֖ת ...
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In what way was the test of לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ greater than the test of א֣וּר כַּשְׂדִּ֗ים?

I assume that Avrohom's tests increased in difficulty. The first test was whether or not to go into the furnace. The test of leaving his birthplace has to be more difficult. HKB”H made three ...
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Why did we deserve 400 years?

After Avraham's mistake of asking "How will I know?" (Nedarim 32a - ושמואל אמר מפני שהפריז על מדותיו של הקב"ה שנאמר במה אדע כי אירשנה), his great grandchildren needed 400 years of slavery. ...
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How old was Avraham when Nimrod threw him into the fire in Ur Kasdim?

Rashi, the Midrash Rabbah, and many others mention the story of Avraham being thrown into a fiery furnace by Nimrod for refusing to worship Avoda Zara and being miraculously saved. I've spent a while ...
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Bris Bein Habesarim Peshat

The Passuk in Bereishis 15:9, describing the opening of the Bris Bein Habesarim says: קחה לי עגלה משולשת ועז משולשת ואיל משולש ותור וגוזל. There are a boatload of opinions on what Meshuleshes and ...
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Was Hagar Abraham's second wife or his pilegesh?

In Genesis 16:3 it is written: "So Sarai, Abraham's wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her handmaid, at the end of ten years of Abraham's dwelling in the land of Canaan, and she gave her to Abraham her ...
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'עם' & 'את' based words in the story of Lot and Avram

I don't know the exact sources but I remembered some commentaries from the Malbim and Vilna Gaon which point out a difference between 'את'-based words and 'עם'-based words (both translated to mean '...
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Why the use of וישב in Lech Lecha to describe Abram driving away vultures?

Lech Lecha 15:11 וַיֵּ֥רֶד הָעַ֖יִט עַל־הַפְּגָרִ֑ים וַיַּשֵּׁ֥ב אֹתָ֖ם אַבְרָֽם according to biblehub.com yashav is to remain, to dwell, to sit. How then is this verb translated ? Thankyou
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Who went with whom? Lot and Avram

Genesis 12:4 reads: Vayelech Avram... Avram went according as HaShem had sproken to him, vayelech Lot ito, and Lot went with him. But the next verse reads: Vayikach Avram.. et Lot, and Avram took Lot, ...
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Connection Between Going to Canaan and Becoming a Great Nation

In Genesis (12:1-2) God tells Avraham to go to the land he would show him [Canaan] and that he would make him a great nation: לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ מֵאַרְצְךָ֥ וּמִמּֽוֹלַדְתְּךָ֖ וּמִבֵּ֣ית אָבִ֑יךָ אֶל־...
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Why are the Kadmonites singled out?

With my limited understanding of dikduk I don't know what the significance of the ־ symbol is. Maybe it indicates that two word should be read together? I know grammatically it turns an אֵ֖ת to an ...
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Why is Sarah suddenly referred to in a vague way

Before going to Egypt, Avraham speaks to his wife, who is referred to by name Genesis 12:13 וַיְהִ֕י כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר הִקְרִ֖יב לָב֣וֹא מִצְרָ֑יְמָה וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־שָׂרַ֣י אִשְׁתּ֔וֹ הִנֵּה־נָ֣א ...
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Why identified by the name Og?

Although the Midrash Bereshis Rabbah (42:8) records the story behind the origin of Og's name: וַיָּבֹא הַפָּלִיט (בראשית יד, יג), רֵישׁ לָקִישׁ בְּשֵׁם בַּר קַפָּרָא הוּא עוֹג הוּא פָּלִיט, ...
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Why was it that Lot and the place he fleed to were saved from the destruction of Sodom and Gemorah?

Bereshit 12:4 Lot went with him (Avraham).. 13:1 Lot with him (Avraham).. 13:5 And Lot also, who went with Avram.. After these points Lot goes on a seperate way from Avraham, but HaShem still shows ...
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Avraham: Two different groups of people blessed on two different pieces of ground? Or maybe not

In Bereshit 12:3 HaShem tells Avram: וְנִבְרְכוּ בְךָ, כֹּל מִשְׁפְּחֹת הָאֲדָמָה - in thee shall all the families/households of the earth be blessed. While in Bereshit 18:18 it says: וְנִבְרְכוּ-...
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Making a great name

HaShem tells Avra(ha)m that He will make his name great (Bereshit 12:2), but in the generations before Avram to make one's own name great doesn't seem to be such a great thing (Bereshit 6:4 and 11:4). ...
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What's the need for Avraham to become nation

Bereshit 12 (verse 2-3) reads: "I will make of thee a great nation, I will bless thee and make thy name great; be thou a blessing. I will bless them that bless thee, and him that curseth thee will I ...
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HaShem Himself a reward?

I noticed that some translations chose to teach to translate the words of Bereshit 15:1 אנכי מגן לך שכרך הרבה מאד as something like: I am thy shield and thy (exceeding) great reward OR , your very ...
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Why didn't Avram pass through the pieces?

In short I was told a covenant in ancient days was made by cutting a animal and each party of the covenant would pass through the pieces in order to affirm the covenant. I always thought this was ...
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What's the deal with Melchizedek

After the narrative of the battle of Siddim (between a coalition of four kings and a coalition of five kings). It's stated that the king of Sodom went out to meet Avram (see Bereshit 14:17) - followed ...
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Understanding an apparent conflict regarding Israel's Biblical eastern boundary

I'm trying to understand what appears (for me) to be a conflict regarding the Biblical eastern boundary of the "Promised land". It seems that the land promised to the fathers went all the way as east ...
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Why does Rashi cite Gen. 13:10 as an example at Num. 15:15, if it isn't really an example?

Sh'lach, 15:1–16, speaks of the flour, oil, and wine that accompanied certain animal offerings. Verse 15 says, in part: חֻקַּת עוֹלָם לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם כָּכֶם כַּגֵּר יִהְיֶה לִפְנֵי ה׳ Pretty ...
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To bend or graft; did the Rashbam made a mistake?

According to Rashbam (on the parellel verse 28:14) the meaning that comes in mind regards the word "Ve'nivrechu" in Genesis 12:3 is 'to graft' a branch. But then I looked up the possible sources (...
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In Avraham all to be blessed?

In relation to another question of mine Avraham a father of many Bereshit 12:2-3 reads: And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and be thou a blessing....
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Avraham a father of many

What was meant when HaShem told Avraham His covenant would be with him and he would become the father of a multitude of nations? (Genesis 17:4, see also 12:2-3). To whom does the multitude of nations ...
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Let the sun come in.. or is it under?

Genesis 15:17 states: ויהי השמש באה ועלטה היה What I would like to know why השמש באה is often translated as: 'the sun set (the going away of the sun) or was going down' while באה or בא has the ...
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ידע תדע what kind of knowing is this?

In a couple of verses like Genesis 15:13, 1 Samuel 28:1, 1 Kings 2:37, 2:42 and Proverbs 27:23 we find two verbal repetition: 'ידע תדע' quite literally translated as 'knowing you will know'. I know ...
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The darkness that came upon Avraham

At the brit bein habetarim (Bereshit 15:12) it is stated: 'vehinei eima chashecha gedola nofelet alav.' What was this fearfull/dreadfull great darkness that came upon Avraham? And why was it ...
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Avraham drove away the birds

At the time of the brit bein habetarim it is stated, that after Avraham took the animals which HaShem commanded and divides them, drove away the birds that came after these carcasses. (Bereshit/...
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Why is there a change in the compass directions between Abraham and Jacob?

When G-d blesses Abraham, he says in Breishit (Gen.) 13:14 וַיהוָה אָמַר אֶל-אַבְרָם, אַחֲרֵי הִפָּרֶד-לוֹט מֵעִמּוֹ, שָׂא נָא עֵינֶיךָ וּרְאֵה, מִן-הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר-אַתָּה שָׁם--צָפֹנָה ...
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Understanding “V'haya”

Being that the Medrash Rabba (Vayikra 11:7) explains every mention of the word "v'haya" refers to simcha, how can we understand Bereshis (12:12) where the pasuk begins with v'haya yet continues with a ...
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How long was the period of Oppression

How can Genesis 15:13 says that the Israelites were enslaved for 400 years? Genesis 41:46 states that Joseph was 30 when he came to power: “Joseph was thirty years old when he entered the service of ...
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The word of the LORD [duplicate]

What is Rabbinic understanding of "the word of YHWH," a phrase first encountered in Hebrew Scripture, in Genesis 15:1 where " the word of YHWH came to Abram in a vision?" Rashi does not address it in ...
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Be a blessing; what does it mean

In Bereshit (Genesis) 12:2 HaShem tells Avraham that he should be a blessing: V'heyeh Bracha: וֶהְיֵה, בְּרָכָה But what does it mean that someone is a blessing? Isn't all blessing from HaShem, the ...
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Covenant between the pieces: dividing and keeping it whole

In the covenant between the pieces (ברית בין הבתרים) all the animals had to be cut into two parts, but the two birds (dove תר and pigeon גוזל) are referred to as literally one bird (ואת הצפר לא בתר) ...
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Age of Avram (Avraham) when he left for Kena'an out of the Ur Kasdim?

Nechemyah 9:7-8 teaches that it was HaShem who brought (or called?) Avram forth out of the Ur Kasdim Bereshit 11:31 teaches that Terach took his whole household in which included Avram and they went ...
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Haamek Davar's implication that God used childbearing terminology

The Haamek Davar explains Genesis 17:16–19 as follows: In verse 16, God tells Abraham that He "will give [Abraham] a son from" Sarah. Because Sarah is no longer physically capable of ...
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Who is “הנגד” that the Ramban is referring to?

The Ramban in Sefer Bereishis, Perek 17, Passuk 1, ד״ה א-ל שקי quotes Rebbi Avraham (the Ibn Ezra) who says something in the name of ״הנגד״ . The words of the Ramban are: ״ורבי אברהם יפרשו בשם הנגד ...
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Understanding העמק דבר on בראשית טו ה

In Lech L'cha, 15:5 (JPS), Hashem tells Avram: הַבֶּט נָא הַשָּׁמַיְמָה וּסְפֹר הַכּוֹכָבִים אִם תּוּכַל לִסְפֹּר אֹתָם Look now toward heaven, and count the stars, if thou be able to count them ...
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What happened with G-d's promise?

In Bereshit 15:18 G-d makes a covenant with Abraham in which He says that He has given certain land to Abraham's descendants. בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא כָּרַת יְהֹוָה אֶת אַבְרָם בְּרִית לֵאמֹר לְזַרְעֲךָ ...
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Why does Avraham's Torah protect before battle reaches him more than Yaakov's g'milas chasadim?

In the Haamek Davar on Lech L'cha 12:17, the author tells us a rule you should understand for all the subsequent sections of Genesis, the "book of the upright", Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: that it ...