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Questions tagged [parashat-lech-lecha]

The weekly Torah portion of Lech Lecha (Genesis 12:1-17:27)

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7
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2answers
66 views

Why translate a vav, “but”?

I know that this is quibbling over a translation, but I don't have access to the translators themselves, so I'm wonering if anyone knows of a justification. In Bereishit 14:18, the text reads ...
6
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2answers
342 views

Rashi's explanation of why we are told that Avram was 86 at the birth of Yishma'el

Bereishit 16:16: וְאַבְרָ֕ם בֶּן־שְׁמֹנִ֥ים שָׁנָ֖ה וְשֵׁ֣שׁ שָׁנִ֑ים בְּלֶֽדֶת־הָגָ֥ר אֶת־יִשְׁמָעֵ֖אל לְאַבְרָֽם׃‏ Avram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Yishma'el to Avram. ...
4
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2answers
76 views

Why is Sarah faulting Avraham for impregnating Hagar?

Breishit 16:5: וַתֹּאמֶר שָׂרַי אֶל־אַבְרָם: חֲמָסִי עָלֶיךָ, אָנֹכִי נָתַתִּי שִׁפְחָתִי בְּחֵיקֶךָ וַתֵּרֶא כִּי הָרָתָה וָאֵקַל בְּעֵינֶיהָ. יִשְׁפֹּט ה' בֵּינִי וּבֵינֶיךָ׃ And Sarai said ...
0
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1answer
64 views

Why count the stars in the daytime? [closed]

It says in Lech Lecha that Hashem took Abraham outside and asked him to count the stars. And from the word "habet" we learn it was during the daytime. Why would it be during the daytime when stars ...
1
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2answers
121 views

“As many as the stars in the sky”- literally or allegorically?

In Bereishis 15:5 HaShem promises Avraham that his descendants will be as many as the stars in the sky: וַיּוֹצֵ֨א אֹת֜וֹ הַח֗וּצָה וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ הַבֶּט־נָ֣א הַשָּׁמַ֗יְמָה וּסְפֹר֙ הַכּ֣וֹכָבִ֔ים ...
2
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3answers
113 views

How can we say “it would have been enough” when Hashem had already sworn to do it?

In Dayeinu, there are a few stichs which make no sense: how can we say "it would have been enough" without these promises, when Hashem already promised that He would have given them long before we ...
2
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1answer
121 views

Why Moses named his son Eliezer “after” Avraham's slave?

"וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָם ה"א מַה תִּתֶּן לִי וְאָנֹכִי הוֹלֵךְ עֲרִירִי וּבֶן מֶשֶׁק בֵּיתִי הוּא דַּמֶּשֶׂק אֱלִיעֶזֶר." (Gen 15,2) "וְשֵׁם הָאֶחָד אֱלִיעֶזֶר כִּי אֱלֹהקי אָבִי בְּעֶזְרִי ...
3
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0answers
66 views

How come the Torah doesn't recount how Avraham and Sarah met?

We know how Yitzchak met Rivka, and how Yaakov met Rachel & Leah- but why doesn't the Torah tell us how Avraham and Sarah met? If you want to say that it's because they weren't Jewish at the time ...
3
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3answers
130 views

(Why) did Sarah allow herself to be put in a compromising situation

Starting in Genesis 12:13 Avraham and Sarah deceive Pharaoh into thinking that Sarah was not married. It seems from the verses that Avraham and Sarah understood that if Pharaoh thought Sarah was ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Four hundred years afflicted in Mitzraim - Bersheit 15:12; Four hundred thirty years - Shemot 12:40, Why this discrepancy? [duplicate]

Beresheit 15:13 "Know certainly that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, and will serve them, and they will afflict them four hundred years." Shemot 12:40 "Now the ...
5
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2answers
84 views

According to Rashi, how old was Avraham at B'rit Bein HaB'tarim?

Rashi to Shemot 12:40 says that B'rit Bein HaB'tarim took place thirty years before the birth of Yitzchak (when Avraham was one hundred years old), meaning that Avraham was seventy years old at the ...
1
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1answer
132 views

Angels Frequently Visiting Avraham

Rashi (Bereishis 16:13) notes that Hagar wasn't frightened to see angels because she normally saw angels frequenting Avraham's household: לְשׁוֹן תֵּמַהּ; וְכִי סְבוּרָה הָיִיתִי שֶׁאַף הֲלוֹם ...
2
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1answer
89 views

Where, and what, is Elonei Mamre? And who is Mamre?

In Sefer Bereshit (specifically Parshat Lech Lecha, Vayera, and Chayei Sarah) the is a place called Elonei Mamre. This is usually translated something along the lines of "the trees of Mamre." Where/...
3
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2answers
204 views

Radak comment on Lot

The verse Bereshit 13:1 tells us (Sefaria translation): "From Egypt, Abram went up into the Negeb, with his wife and all that he possessed, together with Lot." On this verse, the RaDaK comments ...
2
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1answer
120 views

How did Lot become so rich?

We are told in Bereshit 13:5-6 (Sefaria translation) : "Lot, who went with Abram, also had flocks and herds and tents..." "..so that the land could not support them staying together; for ...
6
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2answers
66 views

Why does the Torah mention that Lot went with Avram twice?

Why does the Torah in Parshas Lech Lecha feel the need to say "vayeilech ito Lot", and Lot went with him (Avram)? The very next passuk tells us how Avram took Sarai his wife, Lot his nephew, and so ...
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32 views

Avraham's Strange Happiness to Death?

Since והיה generally refers to something not bad, Vayikra Rabba (11:7) - כל מקום שנאמר ויהי אין שמחה והיה אין צרה why does Avraham use the word to start the following potentially tragic ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Dividing the world for the sons of Noah

Rashi (Gen 12,6) mentions that Noah divided the world between his sons and that Israel was given to Shem and his descendants: והכנעני אז בארץ. הָיָה הוֹלֵךְ וְכוֹבֵשׁ אֶת אֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל ...
10
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1answer
112 views

Why are the Kenites translated as Shalmites?

In the verse where Hashem promises to give Avraham's descendants the land of the 10 Canaanite nations, one is listed as the Kenites (Genesis 15:19): אֶת־הַקֵּינִי֙ וְאֶת־הַקְּנִזִּ֔י וְאֵ֖ת ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

In what way was the test of לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ greater than the test of א֣וּר כַּשְׂדִּ֗ים?

I assume that Avrohom's tests increased in difficulty. The first test was whether or not to go into the furnace. The test of leaving his birthplace has to be more difficult. HKB”H made three ...
2
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1answer
109 views

Why did we deserve 400 years?

After Avraham's mistake of asking "How will I know?" (Nedarim 32a - ושמואל אמר מפני שהפריז על מדותיו של הקב"ה שנאמר במה אדע כי אירשנה), his great grandchildren needed 400 years of slavery. ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

How old was Avraham when Nimrod threw him into the fire in Ur Kasdim?

Rashi, the Midrash Rabbah, and many others mention the story of Avraham being thrown into a fiery furnace by Nimrod for refusing to worship Avoda Zara and being miraculously saved. I've spent a while ...
2
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2answers
106 views

Bris Bein Habesarim Peshat

The Passuk in Bereishis 15:9, describing the opening of the Bris Bein Habesarim says: קחה לי עגלה משולשת ועז משולשת ואיל משולש ותור וגוזל. There are a boatload of opinions on what Meshuleshes and ...
5
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1answer
340 views

Was Hagar Abraham's second wife or his pilegesh?

In Genesis 16:3 it is written: "So Sarai, Abraham's wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her handmaid, at the end of ten years of Abraham's dwelling in the land of Canaan, and she gave her to Abraham her ...
4
votes
2answers
134 views

'עם' & 'את' based words in the story of Lot and Avram

I don't know the exact sources but I remembered some commentaries from the Malbim and Vilna Gaon which point out a difference between 'את'-based words and 'עם'-based words (both translated to mean '...
0
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1answer
42 views

Why the use of וישב in Lech Lecha to describe Abram driving away vultures?

Lech Lecha 15:11 וַיֵּ֥רֶד הָעַ֖יִט עַל־הַפְּגָרִ֑ים וַיַּשֵּׁ֥ב אֹתָ֖ם אַבְרָֽם according to biblehub.com yashav is to remain, to dwell, to sit. How then is this verb translated ? Thankyou
1
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1answer
84 views

Who went with whom? Lot and Avram

Genesis 12:4 reads: Vayelech Avram... Avram went according as HaShem had sproken to him, vayelech Lot ito, and Lot went with him. But the next verse reads: Vayikach Avram.. et Lot, and Avram took Lot, ...
3
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1answer
99 views

Connection Between Going to Canaan and Becoming a Great Nation

In Genesis (12:1-2) God tells Avraham to go to the land he would show him [Canaan] and that he would make him a great nation: לֶךְ־לְךָ֛ מֵאַרְצְךָ֥ וּמִמּֽוֹלַדְתְּךָ֖ וּמִבֵּ֣ית אָבִ֑יךָ אֶל־...
3
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0answers
57 views

Why are the Kadmonites singled out?

With my limited understanding of dikduk I don't know what the significance of the ־ symbol is. Maybe it indicates that two word should be read together? I know grammatically it turns an אֵ֖ת to an ...
3
votes
3answers
55 views

Why is Sarah suddenly referred to in a vague way

Before going to Egypt, Avraham speaks to his wife, who is referred to by name Genesis 12:13 וַיְהִ֕י כַּאֲשֶׁ֥ר הִקְרִ֖יב לָב֣וֹא מִצְרָ֑יְמָה וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ אֶל־שָׂרַ֣י אִשְׁתּ֔וֹ הִנֵּה־נָ֣א ...
6
votes
1answer
142 views

Why identified by the name Og?

Although the Midrash Bereshis Rabbah (42:8) records the story behind the origin of Og's name: וַיָּבֹא הַפָּלִיט (בראשית יד, יג), רֵישׁ לָקִישׁ בְּשֵׁם בַּר קַפָּרָא הוּא עוֹג הוּא פָּלִיט, ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Why was it that Lot and the place he fleed to were saved from the destruction of Sodom and Gemorah?

Bereshit 12:4 Lot went with him (Avraham).. 13:1 Lot with him (Avraham).. 13:5 And Lot also, who went with Avram.. After these points Lot goes on a seperate way from Avraham, but HaShem still shows ...
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0answers
45 views

Avraham: Two different groups of people blessed on two different pieces of ground? Or maybe not

In Bereshit 12:3 HaShem tells Avram: וַאֲבָֽרְכָה֙ מְבָ֣רְכֶ֔יךָ וּמְקַלֶּלְךָ֖ אָאֹ֑ר וְנִבְרְכ֣וּ בְךָ֔ כֹּ֖ל מִשְׁפְּחֹ֥ת הָֽאֲדָמָֽה׃ And I will bless them that bless thee, and him that ...
1
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0answers
33 views

Making a great name

HaShem tells Avra(ha)m that He will make his name great (Bereshit 12:2), but in the generations before Avram to make one's own name great doesn't seem to be such a great thing (Bereshit 6:4 and 11:4). ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

What's the need for Avraham to become nation

Bereshit 12:2–3 reads: וְאֶֽעֶשְׂךָ֙ לְג֣וֹי גָּד֔וֹל וַאֲבָ֣רֶכְךָ֔ וַֽאֲגַדְּלָ֖ה שְׁמֶ֑ךָ וֶֽהְיֵ֖ה בְּרָכָֽה׃ וַאֲבָֽרְכָה֙ מְבָ֣רְכֶ֔יךָ וּמְקַלֶּלְךָ֖ אָאֹ֑ר וְנִבְרְכ֣וּ בְךָ֔ כֹּ֖ל ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

HaShem Himself a reward?

I noticed that some translations chose to teach to translate the words of Bereshit 15:1 אנכי מגן לך שכרך הרבה מאד as something like: I am thy shield and thy (exceeding) great reward OR , your very ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Why didn't Avram pass through the pieces?

In short I was told a covenant in ancient days was made by cutting a animal and each party of the covenant would pass through the pieces in order to affirm the covenant. I always thought this was ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

What's the deal with Melchizedek

After the narrative of the battle of Siddim (between a coalition of four kings and a coalition of five kings). It's stated that the king of Sodom went out to meet Avram (see Bereshit 14:17) - followed ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Understanding an apparent conflict regarding Israel's Biblical eastern boundary

I'm trying to understand what appears (for me) to be a conflict regarding the Biblical eastern boundary of the "Promised land". It seems that the land promised to the fathers went all the way as east ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Why does Rashi cite Gen. 13:10 as an example at Num. 15:15, if it isn't really an example?

Sh'lach, 15:1–16, speaks of the flour, oil, and wine that accompanied certain animal offerings. Verse 15 says, in part: חֻקַּת עוֹלָם לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם כָּכֶם כַּגֵּר יִהְיֶה לִפְנֵי ה׳ Pretty ...
-2
votes
1answer
84 views

To bend or graft; did the Rashbam made a mistake?

According to Rashbam (on the parellel verse 28:14) the meaning that comes in mind regards the word "Ve'nivrechu" in Genesis 12:3 is 'to graft' a branch. But then I looked up the possible sources (...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

In Avraham all to be blessed?

In relation to another question of mine Avraham a father of many Bereshit 12:2-3 reads: And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and be thou a blessing....
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Avraham a father of many

What was meant when HaShem told Avraham His covenant would be with him and he would become the father of a multitude of nations? (Genesis 17:4, see also 12:2-3). To whom does the multitude of nations ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Let the sun come in.. or is it under?

Genesis 15:17 states: ויהי השמש באה ועלטה היה What I would like to know why השמש באה is often translated as: 'the sun set (the going away of the sun) or was going down' while באה or בא has the ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

ידע תדע what kind of knowing is this?

In a couple of verses like Genesis 15:13, 1 Samuel 28:1, 1 Kings 2:37, 2:42 and Proverbs 27:23 we find two verbal repetition: 'ידע תדע' quite literally translated as 'knowing you will know'. I know ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

The darkness that came upon Avraham

At the brit bein habetarim (Bereshit 15:12) it is stated: וַיְהִ֤י הַשֶּׁ֨מֶשׁ֙ לָב֔וֹא וְתַרְדֵּמָ֖ה נָֽפְלָ֣ה עַל־אַבְרָ֑ם וְהִנֵּ֥ה אֵימָ֛ה חֲשֵׁכָ֥ה גְדֹלָ֖ה נֹפֶ֥לֶת עָלָֽיו׃ And it came ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Avraham drove away the birds

At the time of the brit bein habetarim it is stated, that after Avraham took the animals which HaShem commanded and divides them, drove away the birds that came after these carcasses. (Bereshit/...
6
votes
1answer
88 views

Why is there a change in the compass directions between Abraham and Jacob?

When G-d blesses Abraham, he says in Breishit (Gen.) 13:14 וַיהוָה אָמַר אֶל-אַבְרָם, אַחֲרֵי הִפָּרֶד-לוֹט מֵעִמּוֹ, שָׂא נָא עֵינֶיךָ וּרְאֵה, מִן-הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר-אַתָּה שָׁם--צָפֹנָה ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Understanding “V'haya”

Being that the Medrash Rabba (Vayikra 11:7) explains every mention of the word "v'haya" refers to simcha, how can we understand Bereshis (12:12) where the pasuk begins with v'haya yet continues with a ...
3
votes
3answers
355 views

How long was the period of Oppression

How can Genesis 15:13 says that the Israelites were enslaved for 400 years? Genesis 41:46 states that Joseph was 30 when he came to power: “Joseph was thirty years old when he entered the service of ...