Questions tagged [parashas-yisro]

The weekly Torah portion of Yisro (Exodus 18:1-20:23)

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Parshas Yisro - Asking Moshe Rabbeinu directly: who got to listen?

Early in Parshas Yisro, Yisro noticed that Moshe was answering questions all day long. He asked Moshe about it: וַיַּרְא֙ חֹתֵ֣ן מֹשֶׁ֔ה אֵ֛ת כׇּל־אֲשֶׁר־ה֥וּא עֹשֶׂ֖ה לָעָ֑ם וַיֹּ֗אמֶר מָֽה־...
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Are there any sources that disagree with Yitro's advice?

Are there any sources that disagree with Yitro's advice? Any sources that say it was detrimental to separate the community from their rebbe? In a way the Rebbe was handing out dollars very day until ...
Yoseph Feivel's user avatar
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Why does Rambam not learn the prohibition for adultery from Yitro but from Acharei Mot?

Yitro contains 16 mitzvos according to Rambam. Most of them are linked to the 10 commandments but notably one commandment is missing: adultery. Instead he learns this prohibition from Acharei Mot: ...
rudolfovic's user avatar
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Did Yisro REALLY know what was going on?

The first pasuk of Parshas Yisro opens by telling us that "Yisro had heard all that God had done for the Jewish people" Shemos 18:1 וַיִּשְׁמַע יִתְרוֹ כֹהֵן מִדְיָן חֹתֵן מֹשֶׁה אֵת כׇּל־...
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Why was Matan Torah dependant of Yisro blessing G-d?

The Lubavitcher Rebbe in Likkutei Sichos (vol. 11, p. 74) quotes the Zohar in saying that if Yisro did not bless G-d and proclaim that G-d is the True One and Only G-d, the Torah wouldn't been given ...
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Why didn't Yisro die upon doing Tshuvah for Avodah Zarah?

This link quotes the Gemara as the source for my question: https://www.sefaria.org/Avodah_Zarah.17a.8?lang=bi&with=all&lang2=he So how is it that Yisro a World-Class-Idolator went on so long?
AYAL TAAROG's user avatar
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Lo Tirtzach: Kamatz or Patach?

Minchat Shai at the beginning of Shemot 20 describes a version of the text of the Decalogue where the tzadi in the word תרצח has both a kamatz and a patach under it. He explains that the kamatz ...
Joel K's user avatar
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Yisro and the message of the convert

This weeks parasha (Yisro) starts with the posuk stating that: When Yisro, the priest of Midyan, Moshe’s father in law, heard of all that G-d had done for Moshe, and for Yisrael his people, and that ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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Matan Torah: Coercion or out of love?

There is a Midrashic approach to "and they stood at the foot of the mountain" (Shemos 19:17), namely that G-d literally held the mountain over the heads of B'nei Yisrael, coercing them to ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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The Mitzvah of establishment of courts before Yitro's advice

Allegedly, the 7 Noahide Mitzvos were given to Adam and passed down to Moses. Even if we follow the approach that our forefathers were Noahides prior to the receiving of the Torah, they would be ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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What crime was committed by one who touched the mountain?

From what I have learned, different sins which are punished via the court system deserve different types of death penalties. In Parshat Yitro (19:12-13), the text indicates that one who touches the ...
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How is the vav extra?

In Ketubot, 103a the text discusses what the "et" words include in the phrase כַּבֵּ֥ד אֶת־אָבִ֖יךָ וְאֶת־אִמֶּ֑ךָ Each et refers to another spouse of the parent so the non-biological step ...
rosends's user avatar
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Why did both Nadav and Avihu go up?

This question asks why didn't Elazar and Itamar go up Har Sinai like Nadav and Avihu. I'm wondering why both Nadav and Avihu went up. There's a disagreement who were the kohanim that went up the ...
Harel13's user avatar
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Denying Moshe's Prophecy

In Parshas Yisro G-D guarantees Moshe that his prophecy will not be doubted by the Jewish nation from hereon "וגם בך יאמינו לעולם". However in Parshas Korach (although not in Korach's ...
Nochie Wolf's user avatar
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Is Yitroh's judicial structure mentioned anywhere else in the Tanakh?

Yitro advised to divide the people into groups of 10, 50, 100,1000 and appoint a corresponding judge for every group. Is the legal process of any of such judges mentioned in the Tanakh? I mean, does ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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Why does Yitroh's advice disregard the tribal structure of the Hebrews?

IMHO, Yitroh's advice that was supported by Moses and God, of dividing the people into groups of 10,50, 100,1000 completely disregards the tribal structure: וְאַתָּה תֶחֱזֶה מִכָּל־הָעָם אַנְשֵׁי־...
Al Berko's user avatar
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Metal Created to Kill?

Rashi at the end of Yisro (Shemos 20:23) quotes the Mechilta/Mishna in Middos (3:4) which says הַבַּרְזֶל נִבְרָא לְקַצֵּר יָמָיו שֶׁל אָדָם, וְהַמִּזְבֵּחַ נִבְרָא לְהַאֲרִיךְ יָמָיו שֶׁל אָדָם, ...
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Did Moses ask to spare Yitroh in his war on Midyan?

To continue why-didnt-moses-argue-to-spare-lives-of-midianites: We know that Moses was very מכיר טובה (grateful) even to inanimate objects: he didn't want to hit the dirt or Nile, etc. Yitroh took ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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Was Yisro called by his 7 names?

Rashi to Shemos 18:1 lists 7 names that Yisro had. Was he called by all these names? For example if he would've gotten an Aliyah would he be called up by all 7 names? (Here is a source that Yisro ...
Shmuel L's user avatar
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1 answer
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Significance of Parshas Noach, Chayei Sarah, Yisro, Korach, Balak, and Pinchas

This question was asked regarding Parshas Balak (Parasha named after Balak?), however, I'd like to see a source or reason that explains why the Torah chose these 6 individuals to name the Parsha/Sedra ...
Moshe's user avatar
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Eagles and Airplanes

The verse says (Exodus 19:4): אַתֶּ֣ם רְאִיתֶ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשִׂ֖יתִי לְמִצְרָ֑יִם וָאֶשָּׂ֤א אֶתְכֶם֙ עַל־כַּנְפֵ֣י נְשָׁרִ֔ים וָאָבִ֥א אֶתְכֶ֖ם אֵלָֽי׃ ‘You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, how ...
Knowledge Seeker's user avatar
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Why mention the relationship again

In Shemot 18:1, Yitro is identified as a priest of Midian and father-in-law of Moses. In verse 2 we are told again that he is the father-in-law of Moses. In verse 5 again. In verse 6, Yitro himself ...
Ze'ev misses Monica's user avatar
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The sons of Tzipporah

I was reading today's weekly portion and it caught my eyes (Shemot 18:6): וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה אֲנִ֛י חֹֽתֶנְךָ֥ יִתְר֖וֹ בָּ֣א אֵלֶ֑יךָ וְאִ֨שְׁתְּךָ֔ וּשְׁנֵ֥י בָנֶ֖יהָ עִמָּֽהּ׃ And he said ...
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4 votes
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Why Long Life For Honoring Parents?

The Torah writes in Shemos (20:12) כַּבֵּ֥ד אֶת־אָבִ֖יךָ וְאֶת־אִמֶּ֑ךָ לְמַ֙עַן֙ יַאֲרִכ֣וּן יָמֶ֔יךָ עַ֚ל הָאֲדָמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ נֹתֵ֥ן לָֽךְ׃ (ס) Honor your father and your ...
NJM's user avatar
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What went wrong at Matan Torah - adjusting G-d's presentation to the Jewish people?

וְכָל־הָעָם רֹאִים אֶת־הַקּוֹלֹת וְאֶת־הַלַּפִּידִם וְאֵת קוֹל הַשֹּׁפָר וְאֶת־הָהָר עָשֵׁן וַיַּרְא הָעָם וַיָּנֻעוּ וַיַּעַמְדוּ מֵרָחֹק׃ וַיֹּאמְרוּ אֶל־מֹשֶׁה דַּבֵּר־אַתָּה עִמָּנוּ וְנִשְׁמָעָה ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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Shofar without a vav

In Shemot/Exodus 19:16 the word ‘shofar’ is written without a vav (שפר). I would like to know if there are any explanations/commentaries as to why it is missing.
Levi's user avatar
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When did Jewish court systems replace Yisro's "chiefs" system?

The Jews in the desert implemented Yisro's "chiefs" system to act as judges, but we know at some point the nation transitioned to the courts system with judges of 3, 23, 71, etc. At what point and ...
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Why is the prefix "and" omitted before "servant" in Exodus 20:9?

וְיוֹם֙ הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י שַׁבָּ֖ת לַֽיהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ לֹֽא־תַעֲשֶׂ֨ה כָל־מְלָאכָ֜ה אַתָּ֣ה ׀ וּבִנְךָ֣ וּבִתֶּ֗ךָ עַבְדְּךָ֤ וַאֲמָֽתְךָ֙ וּבְהֶמְתֶּ֔ךָ וְגֵֽרְךָ֖ אֲשֶׁ֥ר בִּשְׁעָרֶֽיךָ׃ But the ...
Yehuda W's user avatar
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Why are there two different versions of the Decalogue?

Why are there two different versions of the Shabbat commandment in Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5? In Exodus 20 the Shabbat recalls the cosmogony in six days, but in Deuteronomy 5 the Shabbat ...
Clifford Durousseau's user avatar
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How was Yitro allowed to say to Moses "you're acting not good"?

וַיֹּאמֶר חֹתֵן מֹשֶׁה אֵלָיו לֹא־טוֹב הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה עֹשֶׂה׃ But Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The thing you are doing is not right"; (Shmot 18) The Halachah says (Rambam T"T ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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Why Moses named his son Eliezer "after" Avraham's slave?

"וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָם ה"א מַה תִּתֶּן לִי וְאָנֹכִי הוֹלֵךְ עֲרִירִי וּבֶן מֶשֶׁק בֵּיתִי הוּא דַּמֶּשֶׂק אֱלִיעֶזֶר." (Gen 15,2) "וְשֵׁם הָאֶחָד אֱלִיעֶזֶר כִּי אֱלֹהקי אָבִי ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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Our I, Our Self leading us to separation and idolatry

Looking at the words: "Anochi HaShem Eloheichem - אָנֹכִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ " (Shemot 20:2 & 20:5, Devarim 5:6 & 5:9)" I noticed that on the one hand HaShem emphasizes that we should serve ...
Levi's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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How are there 72 verses in Parshat Yitro?

In many chumashim a masoretic note appears at the end of Parshat Yitro which states that there are 72 verses in the sidrah. (See e.g. here) How is this number arrived at? By my count, if one uses ta'...
Joel K's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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Can a convert be considered in-law after the conversion?

I was taught that a convert loses his relations after conversion: "גר שהתגייר כתינוק שנולד". First, after Tzipora allegedly converted Yitro is no longer her father in relation to anything Halachic, ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Was there a parasha beginning at Exodus 18:21?

Rashi to Exodus 18:1 says that Yisro was also called Yeser because he added (yasar) a parasha in the Torah: "And you see…" [from 18:21]. We don't have a parasha break before verse 21. Did ...
msh210's user avatar
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How did Yitro know he can join the Jewish Nation?

The fact of Yitro's conversion passes transparently in the Torah commentary. However, I wondered why he assumed he'll be accepted to the Jewish people and not rejected? Especially for those who ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
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Why Moses didn't care for his sons after leaving Egypt?

This bothers me a lot, and I would like to understand Moses' approach to his family as the Torah describes it: Moses marries Tzipora (which seemingly converts) in Midyan and has two sons (that are ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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Why is Parshat Yitro not called Va'yishmah, after its first word?

Following the logic of previous Parshios: Vayishlach, Vayetze, Vayeshev, Vayigash etc Parshas Yitro should be called Vayishmah as it starts with "וַיִּשְׁמַע יִתְרוֹ כֹהֵן מִדְיָן". Many other ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
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What is the significance of the title of Parshat Yitro?

What is the significance that the parsha that contains the events of Mattan Torah and the Aseret Hadibrot is called "Yitro", who was a convert? I understand that the simple answer is that "Yitro" is ...
TheWoman's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
183 views

Death of all Jews at Har Sinai

According to the Midrash (quoted in Rashi on the Parsha), when Hashem spoke at Sinai, the effect was so powerful that פרחו נשמתם - the souls of the Jewish nation left their bodies. Hashem resurrected ...
chortkov2's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
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Whatever happened to the Chiefs of the 10, 50, 100 and 1,000?

In Parshas Yisro (Shemos 18:25) Moshe appoints the Chiefs of the 10, 50, 100 and 1,000. "וַיִּבְחַר מֹשֶׁה אַנְשֵׁי־חַיִל מִכָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּתֵּן אֹתָם רָאשִׁים עַל־הָעָם שָׂרֵי אֲלָפִים ...
Danny Schoemann's user avatar
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Yitroh's advice - was every chief a Beis Din on his own?

This is a follow-up question on "Yitrohs-advise-to-moses-on-appointing-judges (Shmot 18, 21): "...וְשַׂמְתָּ עֲלֵהֶם שָׂרֵי אֲלָפִים שָׂרֵי מֵאוֹת שָׂרֵי חֲמִשִּׁים וְשָׂרֵי עֲשָׂרֹת׃ ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
98 views

When does "The House of Somebody" mean "The Women"?

When God gives the Torah to the Jews, He uses the following preamble (Ex 19:3): וּמֹשֶׁה עָלָה, אֶל-הָאֱלֹקים; וַיִּקְרָא אֵלָיו ה', מִן-הָהָר לֵאמֹר, כֹּה תֹאמַר לְבֵית יַעֲקֹב, וְתַגֵּיד לִבְנֵי ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
103 views

Inconsistent base-10 system of judges

In Devarim 1:15 (also Shemot 18:21) we see the numerical system of the hierarchical system of leaders: ואקח את־ראשי שבטיכם אנשים חכמים וידעים ואתן אתם ראשים עליכם שרי אלפים ושרי מאות ושרי חמשים ...
Jeremy's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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You shall not have any other gods

In Exodus 20:3 the words lo yihyeh (לֹא יִהְיֶה־לְךָ) are often translated as: 'you shall not have'. The base word is היה (hayah) meaning "to exist." Which reminded me of the Adon Olam ...
Levi's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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The “Ten Commandments” enumeration compared to the Masoretic text [duplicate]

As noted in Daat Mikra (quoting Mordechai Breuer's Tanakh) there is a discrepancy between the way the Ten Commandments are laid out in the Masoretic text and how they are counted. According to the ...
Arithmomaniac's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
64 views

Do Tzipporah and her children need to retell the story of Exodus if they weren't there?

At the beginning of Parashat Yitro, Yitro bring Tzipporah and her children to the camp after the tenth plague, the sea and battle with Amalek. Does their absence these events have an effect on their ...
Clint Eastwood's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
102 views

References to intimacy between God and the Jewish people

There's a Baal HaTurim on Exodus 19:4: ואביא אתכם אלי מה אשה נקנית בכסף ובשטר ובביאה אף ישראל כן. ... בביאה זהו שנא' ואפרוש כנפי עליך וגו' ואבא בברית אתך לכן אמר הושע ג''פ וארשתיך לי: ואביא בגימ' ...
Arithmomaniac's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
89 views

Yitroh's Advise to Moses - did Hashem agree?

Unlike many other occasions where Hashem reacted retroactively either favorably or not, in this Parasha there's no mentioning of Hashem's reaction. What was Hashem's reaction to Yitroh's advice and ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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1 answer
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Yitroh's Advise to Moses 6 - subdividing the nation?

In the Parasha we read that Moses prophesied the 78,600 judges. According to all Meforshim each one was appointed to a specific group of people. But did he also prophesied the division of the Israeli ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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