Questions tagged [parashas-yisro]

The weekly Torah portion of Yisro (Exodus 18:1-20:23)

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4
votes
3answers
166 views

שקר and שוא The difference between

What's the difference between these 'falses' (שקר and שוא?), how does one distinguish them from one another? Exodus 20:16: עד שקר Exodus 23:1: שמע שוא Exodus 23:7: שקר Deuteronomium 5:20: עד שוא ...
4
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1answer
174 views

Don't covet? Don't steal? What exactly is חמד in the Aseret Hadibrot?

The Aseret Hadibrot include a commandment against stealing ( לא תגנב) and one against adultery, and then later include לא תחמד, which is usually translated "do not covet" (including by JPS). It then ...
3
votes
1answer
167 views

The sons of Tzipporah

I was reading today's weekly portion and it caught my eyes (Shemot 18:6): וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה אֲנִ֛י חֹֽתֶנְךָ֥ יִתְר֖וֹ בָּ֣א אֵלֶ֑יךָ וְאִ֨שְׁתְּךָ֔ וּשְׁנֵ֥י בָנֶ֖יהָ עִמָּֽהּ׃ And he ...
4
votes
2answers
68 views

Why Long Life For Honoring Parents?

The Torah writes in Shemos (20:12) כַּבֵּ֥ד אֶת־אָבִ֖יךָ וְאֶת־אִמֶּ֑ךָ לְמַ֙עַן֙ יַאֲרִכ֣וּן יָמֶ֔יךָ עַ֚ל הָאֲדָמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ נֹתֵ֥ן לָֽךְ׃ (ס) Honor your father and your ...
2
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1answer
128 views

Why Moses named his son Eliezer “after” Avraham's slave?

"וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָם ה"א מַה תִּתֶּן לִי וְאָנֹכִי הוֹלֵךְ עֲרִירִי וּבֶן מֶשֶׁק בֵּיתִי הוּא דַּמֶּשֶׂק אֱלִיעֶזֶר." (Gen 15,2) "וְשֵׁם הָאֶחָד אֱלִיעֶזֶר כִּי אֱלֹהקי אָבִי בְּעֶזְרִי ...
3
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0answers
35 views

What went wrong at Matan Torah - adjusting G-d's presentation to the Jewish people?

וְכָל־הָעָם רֹאִים אֶת־הַקּוֹלֹת וְאֶת־הַלַּפִּידִם וְאֵת קוֹל הַשֹּׁפָר וְאֶת־הָהָר עָשֵׁן וַיַּרְא הָעָם וַיָּנֻעוּ וַיַּעַמְדוּ מֵרָחֹק׃ וַיֹּאמְרוּ אֶל־מֹשֶׁה דַּבֵּר־אַתָּה עִמָּנוּ וְנִשְׁמָעָה ...
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0answers
46 views

Shofar without a vav

In Shemot/Exodus 19:16 the word ‘shofar’ is written without a vav (שפר). I would like to know if there are any explanations/commentaries as to why it is missing.
7
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1answer
143 views

Why Moses didn't care for his sons after leaving Egypt?

This bothers me a lot, and I would like to understand Moses' approach to his family as the Torah describes it: Moses marries Tzipora (which seemingly converts) in Midyan and has two sons (that are ...
3
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0answers
92 views

When did Jewish court systems replace Yisro's “chiefs” system?

The Jews in the desert implemented Yisro's "chiefs" system to act as judges, but we know at some point the nation transitioned to the courts system with judges of 3, 23, 71, etc. At what point and ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Why the reverse order of “Zachor Veshamor” in “Lecha Dodi”?

The first "stanza" in the Lecha Dodi hymn sung Friday night starts שמור וזכור בדיבור אחד I gather that this expression is a "condensed version" from Mechilta on Yitro (parsha 7) זכור ושמור ...
5
votes
2answers
96 views

Why was Yisro sent home?

After hearing about the miraculous things Hashem did for Bnei Yisrael when taking them out of Mitzrayim, Yisro (Moshe's father-in-law) travels from Midian and comes for a visit. I would say it's ...
2
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0answers
39 views

Why is the prefix “and” omitted before “servant” in Exodus 20:9?

וְיוֹם֙ הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י שַׁבָּ֖ת לַֽיהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ לֹֽא־תַעֲשֶׂ֨ה כָל־מְלָאכָ֜ה אַתָּ֣ה ׀ וּבִנְךָ֣ וּבִתֶּ֗ךָ עַבְדְּךָ֤ וַאֲמָֽתְךָ֙ וּבְהֶמְתֶּ֔ךָ וְגֵֽרְךָ֖ אֲשֶׁ֥ר בִּשְׁעָרֶֽיךָ׃ But the ...
1
vote
2answers
140 views

Why are there two different versions of the Decalogue?

Why are there two different versions of the Shabbat commandment in Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5? In Exodus 20 the Shabbat recalls the cosmogony in six days, but in Deuteronomy 5 the Shabbat ...
2
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2answers
83 views

Why is Parshat Yitro not called Va'yishmah, after its first word?

Following the logic of previous Parshios: Vayishlach, Vayetze, Vayeshev, Vayigash etc Parshas Yitro should be called Vayishmah as it starts with "וַיִּשְׁמַע יִתְרוֹ כֹהֵן מִדְיָן". Many other ...
1
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1answer
64 views

How was Yitro allowed to say to Moses “you're acting not good”?

וַיֹּאמֶר חֹתֵן מֹשֶׁה אֵלָיו לֹא־טוֹב הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה עֹשֶׂה׃ But Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The thing you are doing is not right"; (Shmot 18) The Halachah says (Rambam T"T 5,9): ...
16
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1answer
760 views

Could stones cut with a high powered laser be used to build the Beit Hamikdash?

If Solomon's builders had access to lasers powerful enough to cut through stone, could he have used that instead of the Shamir? Stones for an altar or for the Beit Hamikdash were not allowed to be ...
6
votes
1answer
162 views

End of Shemos Chronology

The following chronology follows Rashi’s understanding of the verses. 1 Sivan - Bnei Yisrael arrive at Har Sinai (Shemos 19:1 - Yisro) 2 Sivan - Moshe is told that we are to be a Mamleches Kohanim ...
3
votes
2answers
149 views

You shall not have any other gods

In Exodus 20:3 the words lo yihyeh ( לֹא יִהְיֶה־לְךָ) are often translated as: 'you shall not have'. The base word is היה (hayah) meaning "to exist." Which reminded me of the Adon Olam phrase: 'V'hu ...
4
votes
3answers
70 views

What is the significance of the title of Parshat Yitro?

What is the significance that the parsha that contains the events of Mattan Torah and the Aseret Hadibrot is called "Yitro", who was a convert? I understand that the simple answer is that "Yitro" is ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Our I, Our Self leading us to separation and idolatry

Looking at the words: "Anochi HaShem Eloheichem - אָנֹכִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ " (Shemot 20:2 & 20:5, Devarim 5:6 & 5:9)" I noticed that on the one hand HaShem emphasizes that we should serve ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

How did Yitro know he can join the Jewish Nation?

The fact of Yitro's conversion passes transparently in the Torah commentary. However, I wondered why he assumed he'll be accepted to the Jewish people and not rejected? Especially for those who ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

How are there 72 verses in Parshat Yitro?

In many chumashim a masoretic note appears at the end of Parshat Yitro which states that there are 72 verses in the sidrah. (See e.g. here) How is this number arrived at? By my count, if one uses ta'...
3
votes
0answers
245 views

Esnachta in taam elyon

Except in Tehillim, Mishlei, and most of Iyov, the esnachta indicates the biggest break in a pasuk. In the taam elyon in both Yisro and Vaetchanan, the second dibra is one pasuk, with the esnachta ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Was there a parasha beginning at Exodus 18:21?

Rashi to Exodus 18:1 says that Yisro was also called Yeser because he added (yasar) a parasha in the Torah: "And you see…" [from 18:21]. We don't have a parasha break before verse 21. Did ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Can a convert be considered in-law after the conversion?

I was taught that a convert loses his relations after conversion: "גר שהתגייר כתינוק שנולד". First, after Tzipora allegedly converted Yitro is no longer her father in relation to anything Halachic, ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

Death of all Jews at Har Sinai

According to the Midrash (quoted in Rashi on the Parsha), when Hashem spoke at Sinai, the effect was so powerful that פרחו נשמתם - the souls of the Jewish nation left their bodies. Hashem resurrected ...
8
votes
2answers
137 views

Whatever happened to the Chiefs of the 10, 50, 100 and 1,000?

In Parshas Yisro (Shemos 18:25) Moshe appoints the Chiefs of the 10, 50, 100 and 1,000. "וַיִּבְחַר מֹשֶׁה אַנְשֵׁי־חַיִל מִכָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּתֵּן אֹתָם רָאשִׁים עַל־הָעָם שָׂרֵי אֲלָפִים שָׂרֵי ...
1
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0answers
16 views

Yitroh's advice - was every chief a Beis Din on his own?

This is a follow-up question on "Yitrohs-advise-to-moses-on-appointing-judges (Shmot 18, 21): "...וְשַׂמְתָּ עֲלֵהֶם שָׂרֵי אֲלָפִים שָׂרֵי מֵאוֹת שָׂרֵי חֲמִשִּׁים וְשָׂרֵי עֲשָׂרֹת׃ וְשָׁפְטוּ ...
13
votes
2answers
347 views

Ten Commandments. What did Moshe hear?

Rashi on 20 (1) says all these words: [This] teaches [us] that the Holy One, blessed be He, said the Ten Commandments in one utterance, something that is impossible for a human being to say [in a ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

When does “The House of Somebody” mean “The Women”?

When God gives the Torah to the Jews, He uses the following preamble (Ex 19:3): וּמֹשֶׁה עָלָה, אֶל-הָאֱלֹקים; וַיִּקְרָא אֵלָיו ה', מִן-הָהָר לֵאמֹר, כֹּה תֹאמַר לְבֵית יַעֲקֹב, וְתַגֵּיד לִבְנֵי ...
6
votes
2answers
175 views

Is Exodus 20:4 a command about icons or idols?

When The Lord says, "Do not make for yourself an image," does he mean an image for the purpose of worship, that is an idol, or any image whatsoever, such as the depiction of a narrative or a ...
8
votes
1answer
87 views

Inconsistent base-10 system of judges

In Devarim 1:15 (also Shemot 18:21) we see the numerical system of the hierarchical system of leaders: ואקח את־ראשי שבטיכם אנשים חכמים וידעים ואתן אתם ראשים עליכם שרי אלפים ושרי מאות ושרי חמשים ...
3
votes
2answers
175 views

What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

One of the Aseres Hadevarim (more commonly referred to as "Dibros") is "לא תגנוב". I can think of different types of theft / Geneivah such as stealing money/possesions, Geneivas Daas, and kidnapping. ...
12
votes
4answers
356 views

Why did Moshe need to go up Har Sinai to be told to go down?

Exodus 19:20-21 וַיֵּ֧רֶד יְהוָ֛ה עַל־ הַ֥ר סִינַ֖י אֶל־ רֹ֣אשׁ הָהָ֑ר וַיִּקְרָ֨א יְהוָ֧ה לְמֹשֶׁ֛ה אֶל־ רֹ֥אשׁ הָהָ֖ר וַיַּ֥עַל מֹשֶֽׁה׃ וַיֹּ֤אמֶר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־ מֹשֶׁ֔ה ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

The “Ten Commandments” enumeration compared to the Masoretic text [duplicate]

As noted in Daat Mikra (quoting Mordechai Breuer's Tanakh) there is a discrepancy between the way the Ten Commandments are laid out in the Masoretic text and how they are counted. According to the ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Do Tzipporah and her children need to retell the story of Exodus if they weren't there?

At the beginning of Parashat Yitro, Yitro bring Tzipporah and her children to the camp after the tenth plague, the sea and battle with Amalek. Does their absence these events have an effect on their ...
4
votes
2answers
74 views

References to intimacy between God and the Jewish people

There's a Baal HaTurim on Exodus 19:4: ואביא אתכם אלי מה אשה נקנית בכסף ובשטר ובביאה אף ישראל כן. ... בביאה זהו שנא' ואפרוש כנפי עליך וגו' ואבא בברית אתך לכן אמר הושע ג''פ וארשתיך לי: ואביא בגימ' ...
-3
votes
2answers
65 views

Yitroh's Advise to Moses 4 - exaggeration?

When someone wants his advice to be heard and followed, he usually keeps the changes small, like if you want to advise your friend to change his $5000 car, you'd probably offer to buy a $10K or $20K ...
-1
votes
1answer
67 views

Yitroh's Advise to Moses - What's the Chiddush?

Bney Noah are commanded on Dinim, that is establishing a legal system and courts. I would expect the Israelites in Egypt and through the Exodus to comply with this commandment and have already ...
-3
votes
1answer
58 views

Yitroh's Advise to Moses 3 - judging Moses on the first day?

Rashi says on "ויהי למחרת" - the incident took place day after Yom Kippur's, right when he came down Mt Sinai, so it was Moses' first day of actually judging people. How did Yotroh get such a fast ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Yitroh's Advise to Moses - did Hashem agree?

Unlike many other occasions where Hashem reacted retroactively either favorably or not, in this Parasha there's no mentioning of Hashem's reaction. What was Hashem's reaction to Yitroh's advice and ...
-1
votes
1answer
49 views

Yitroh's Advise to Moses 6 - subdividing the nation?

In the Parasha we read that Moses prophesied the 78,600 judges. According to all Meforshim each one was appointed to a specific group of people. But did he also prophesied the division of the Israeli ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Questions on Yitroh's Advise to Moses on appointing judges [closed]

Without further ado: Bney Noah are commanded on establishing a legal system and courts. I would expect Bney Israel in Egypt and through the Exodus to comply with this commandment. What Chidush did ...
5
votes
2answers
236 views

Source for the Aseres Hadibros being set up in pairs?

I have heard from different rebbeim that each of the aseres hadibros is linked to another, specifically in terms of the root concept of that commandment being the same as another one of the aseres ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

Why does Yisro recommend so many judges?

In Shemos 18:21 Yisro tells Moshe that he shouldn't judge Bnei Yisrael himself, instead he should appoint: וְאַתָּ֣ה תֶחֱזֶ֣ה מִכָּל־הָ֠עָם אַנְשֵׁי־חַ֜יִל יִרְאֵ֧י אֱלֹהִ֛ים אַנְשֵׁ֥י אֱמֶ֖ת ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Moshe appointing leaders & judges - different accounts in Yitro & Devarim

I am trying to reconcile the events leading up to Moshe's decision to appoint leaders for the people (heads of thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.) It seems that we get two different stories. In ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Why did Yithro offer sacrifices?

In Parshat Yithro we read that he [Yithro] offered sacrifices "before HaShem": Sh'moth (Exodus) 18.12: "Then Moses' father in law, Jethro, sacrificed burnt offering[s] and [peace] offerings to God, ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Around what was the boundary set at Har Sinai?

Shemos 19:12 והגבלת את העם סביב לאמר השמרו לכם עלות בהר ונגע בקצהו כל הנגע בהר מות יומת And you shall set boundaries around the nation saying, "be careful not to go up the mountain..." Shemos ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

What was actually written on the two tablets?

The two versions of the 10 Commandments (one in Yitro and the 2nd in Va'etchanan) have different phrasing, most notably in commandments 4, 5 and 10. What was actually written on the two tablets? ...
-2
votes
1answer
58 views

Why does the Torah say, in Exodus 19:13, that those that try to see G-d will be 'stoned or shot with arrows'?

I believe this to be the correct translation. So, why wouldn't G-d just strike them down with lightening bolts or something, if he can do anything? Why does he insist on having an army to defend the ...