Questions tagged [parashas-yisro]

The weekly Torah portion of Yisro (Exodus 18:1-20:23)

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0answers
53 views

Was Yisro called by his 7 names?

Rashi to Shemos 18:1 lists 7 names that Yisro had. Was he called by all these names? For example if he would've gotten an Aliyah would he be called up by all 7 names? (Here is a source that Yisro ...
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1answer
120 views

Significance of Parshas Noach, Chayei Sarah, Yisro, Korach, Balak, and Pinchas

This question was asked regarding Parshas Balak (Parasha named after Balak?), however, I'd like to see a source or reason that explains why the Torah chose these 6 individuals to name the Parsha/Sedra ...
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1answer
135 views

Eagles and Airplanes

The verse says (Exodus 19:4): אַתֶּ֣ם רְאִיתֶ֔ם אֲשֶׁ֥ר עָשִׂ֖יתִי לְמִצְרָ֑יִם וָאֶשָּׂ֤א אֶתְכֶם֙ עַל־כַּנְפֵ֣י נְשָׁרִ֔ים וָאָבִ֥א אֶתְכֶ֖ם אֵלָֽי׃ ‘You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, how ...
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Why mention the relationship again

In Shemot 18:1, Yitro is identified as a priest of Midian and father-in-law of Moses. In verse 2 we are told again that he is the father-in-law of Moses. In verse 5 again. In verse 6, Yitro himself ...
3
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1answer
180 views

The sons of Tzipporah

I was reading today's weekly portion and it caught my eyes (Shemot 18:6): וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה אֲנִ֛י חֹֽתֶנְךָ֥ יִתְר֖וֹ בָּ֣א אֵלֶ֑יךָ וְאִ֨שְׁתְּךָ֔ וּשְׁנֵ֥י בָנֶ֖יהָ עִמָּֽהּ׃ And he said ...
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80 views

Why Long Life For Honoring Parents?

The Torah writes in Shemos (20:12) כַּבֵּ֥ד אֶת־אָבִ֖יךָ וְאֶת־אִמֶּ֑ךָ לְמַ֙עַן֙ יַאֲרִכ֣וּן יָמֶ֔יךָ עַ֚ל הָאֲדָמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ נֹתֵ֥ן לָֽךְ׃ (ס) Honor your father and your ...
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What went wrong at Matan Torah - adjusting G-d's presentation to the Jewish people?

וְכָל־הָעָם רֹאִים אֶת־הַקּוֹלֹת וְאֶת־הַלַּפִּידִם וְאֵת קוֹל הַשֹּׁפָר וְאֶת־הָהָר עָשֵׁן וַיַּרְא הָעָם וַיָּנֻעוּ וַיַּעַמְדוּ מֵרָחֹק׃ וַיֹּאמְרוּ אֶל־מֹשֶׁה דַּבֵּר־אַתָּה עִמָּנוּ וְנִשְׁמָעָה ...
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Shofar without a vav

In Shemot/Exodus 19:16 the word ‘shofar’ is written without a vav (שפר). I would like to know if there are any explanations/commentaries as to why it is missing.
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92 views

When did Jewish court systems replace Yisro's “chiefs” system?

The Jews in the desert implemented Yisro's "chiefs" system to act as judges, but we know at some point the nation transitioned to the courts system with judges of 3, 23, 71, etc. At what point and ...
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41 views

Why is the prefix “and” omitted before “servant” in Exodus 20:9?

וְיוֹם֙ הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י שַׁבָּ֖ת לַֽיהוָ֣ה אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ לֹֽא־תַעֲשֶׂ֨ה כָל־מְלָאכָ֜ה אַתָּ֣ה ׀ וּבִנְךָ֣ וּבִתֶּ֗ךָ עַבְדְּךָ֤ וַאֲמָֽתְךָ֙ וּבְהֶמְתֶּ֔ךָ וְגֵֽרְךָ֖ אֲשֶׁ֥ר בִּשְׁעָרֶֽיךָ׃ But the ...
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150 views

Why are there two different versions of the Decalogue?

Why are there two different versions of the Shabbat commandment in Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5? In Exodus 20 the Shabbat recalls the cosmogony in six days, but in Deuteronomy 5 the Shabbat ...
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How was Yitro allowed to say to Moses “you're acting not good”?

וַיֹּאמֶר חֹתֵן מֹשֶׁה אֵלָיו לֹא־טוֹב הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה עֹשֶׂה׃ But Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “The thing you are doing is not right"; (Shmot 18) The Halachah says (Rambam T"T ...
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139 views

Why Moses named his son Eliezer “after” Avraham's slave?

"וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָם ה"א מַה תִּתֶּן לִי וְאָנֹכִי הוֹלֵךְ עֲרִירִי וּבֶן מֶשֶׁק בֵּיתִי הוּא דַּמֶּשֶׂק אֱלִיעֶזֶר." (Gen 15,2) "וְשֵׁם הָאֶחָד אֱלִיעֶזֶר כִּי אֱלֹהקי אָבִי ...
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Our I, Our Self leading us to separation and idolatry

Looking at the words: "Anochi HaShem Eloheichem - אָנֹכִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ " (Shemot 20:2 & 20:5, Devarim 5:6 & 5:9)" I noticed that on the one hand HaShem emphasizes that we should serve ...
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145 views

How are there 72 verses in Parshat Yitro?

In many chumashim a masoretic note appears at the end of Parshat Yitro which states that there are 72 verses in the sidrah. (See e.g. here) How is this number arrived at? By my count, if one uses ta'...
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Can a convert be considered in-law after the conversion?

I was taught that a convert loses his relations after conversion: "גר שהתגייר כתינוק שנולד". First, after Tzipora allegedly converted Yitro is no longer her father in relation to anything Halachic, ...
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1answer
32 views

Was there a parasha beginning at Exodus 18:21?

Rashi to Exodus 18:1 says that Yisro was also called Yeser because he added (yasar) a parasha in the Torah: "And you see…" [from 18:21]. We don't have a parasha break before verse 21. Did ...
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1answer
76 views

How did Yitro know he can join the Jewish Nation?

The fact of Yitro's conversion passes transparently in the Torah commentary. However, I wondered why he assumed he'll be accepted to the Jewish people and not rejected? Especially for those who ...
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1answer
150 views

Why Moses didn't care for his sons after leaving Egypt?

This bothers me a lot, and I would like to understand Moses' approach to his family as the Torah describes it: Moses marries Tzipora (which seemingly converts) in Midyan and has two sons (that are ...
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2answers
85 views

Why is Parshat Yitro not called Va'yishmah, after its first word?

Following the logic of previous Parshios: Vayishlach, Vayetze, Vayeshev, Vayigash etc Parshas Yitro should be called Vayishmah as it starts with "וַיִּשְׁמַע יִתְרוֹ כֹהֵן מִדְיָן". Many other ...
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3answers
76 views

What is the significance of the title of Parshat Yitro?

What is the significance that the parsha that contains the events of Mattan Torah and the Aseret Hadibrot is called "Yitro", who was a convert? I understand that the simple answer is that "Yitro" is ...
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1answer
70 views

Death of all Jews at Har Sinai

According to the Midrash (quoted in Rashi on the Parsha), when Hashem spoke at Sinai, the effect was so powerful that פרחו נשמתם - the souls of the Jewish nation left their bodies. Hashem resurrected ...
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140 views

Whatever happened to the Chiefs of the 10, 50, 100 and 1,000?

In Parshas Yisro (Shemos 18:25) Moshe appoints the Chiefs of the 10, 50, 100 and 1,000. "וַיִּבְחַר מֹשֶׁה אַנְשֵׁי־חַיִל מִכָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּתֵּן אֹתָם רָאשִׁים עַל־הָעָם שָׂרֵי אֲלָפִים ...
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Yitroh's advice - was every chief a Beis Din on his own?

This is a follow-up question on "Yitrohs-advise-to-moses-on-appointing-judges (Shmot 18, 21): "...וְשַׂמְתָּ עֲלֵהֶם שָׂרֵי אֲלָפִים שָׂרֵי מֵאוֹת שָׂרֵי חֲמִשִּׁים וְשָׂרֵי עֲשָׂרֹת׃ ...
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1answer
71 views

When does “The House of Somebody” mean “The Women”?

When God gives the Torah to the Jews, He uses the following preamble (Ex 19:3): וּמֹשֶׁה עָלָה, אֶל-הָאֱלֹקים; וַיִּקְרָא אֵלָיו ה', מִן-הָהָר לֵאמֹר, כֹּה תֹאמַר לְבֵית יַעֲקֹב, וְתַגֵּיד לִבְנֵי ...
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1answer
87 views

Inconsistent base-10 system of judges

In Devarim 1:15 (also Shemot 18:21) we see the numerical system of the hierarchical system of leaders: ואקח את־ראשי שבטיכם אנשים חכמים וידעים ואתן אתם ראשים עליכם שרי אלפים ושרי מאות ושרי חמשים ...
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2answers
212 views

You shall not have any other gods

In Exodus 20:3 the words lo yihyeh ( לֹא יִהְיֶה־לְךָ) are often translated as: 'you shall not have'. The base word is היה (hayah) meaning "to exist." Which reminded me of the Adon Olam phrase: 'V'hu ...
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The “Ten Commandments” enumeration compared to the Masoretic text [duplicate]

As noted in Daat Mikra (quoting Mordechai Breuer's Tanakh) there is a discrepancy between the way the Ten Commandments are laid out in the Masoretic text and how they are counted. According to the ...
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1answer
58 views

Do Tzipporah and her children need to retell the story of Exodus if they weren't there?

At the beginning of Parashat Yitro, Yitro bring Tzipporah and her children to the camp after the tenth plague, the sea and battle with Amalek. Does their absence these events have an effect on their ...
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75 views

References to intimacy between God and the Jewish people

There's a Baal HaTurim on Exodus 19:4: ואביא אתכם אלי מה אשה נקנית בכסף ובשטר ובביאה אף ישראל כן. ... בביאה זהו שנא' ואפרוש כנפי עליך וגו' ואבא בברית אתך לכן אמר הושע ג''פ וארשתיך לי: ואביא בגימ' ...
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68 views

Yitroh's Advise to Moses - did Hashem agree?

Unlike many other occasions where Hashem reacted retroactively either favorably or not, in this Parasha there's no mentioning of Hashem's reaction. What was Hashem's reaction to Yitroh's advice and ...
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1answer
50 views

Yitroh's Advise to Moses 6 - subdividing the nation?

In the Parasha we read that Moses prophesied the 78,600 judges. According to all Meforshim each one was appointed to a specific group of people. But did he also prophesied the division of the Israeli ...
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65 views

Yitroh's Advise to Moses 4 - exaggeration?

When someone wants his advice to be heard and followed, he usually keeps the changes small, like if you want to advise your friend to change his $5000 car, you'd probably offer to buy a $10K or $20K ...
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1answer
58 views

Yitroh's Advise to Moses 3 - judging Moses on the first day?

Rashi says on "ויהי למחרת" - the incident took place day after Yom Kippur's, right when he came down Mt Sinai, so it was Moses' first day of actually judging people. How did Yotroh get such a fast ...
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1answer
67 views

Yitroh's Advise to Moses - What's the Chiddush?

Bney Noah are commanded on Dinim, that is establishing a legal system and courts. I would expect the Israelites in Egypt and through the Exodus to comply with this commandment and have already ...
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2answers
239 views

Source for the Aseres Hadibros being set up in pairs?

I have heard from different rebbeim that each of the aseres hadibros is linked to another, specifically in terms of the root concept of that commandment being the same as another one of the aseres ...
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49 views

Questions on Yitroh's Advise to Moses on appointing judges [closed]

Without further ado: Bney Noah are commanded on establishing a legal system and courts. I would expect Bney Israel in Egypt and through the Exodus to comply with this commandment. What Chidush did ...
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2answers
203 views

What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

One of the Aseres Hadevarim (more commonly referred to as "Dibros") is "לא תגנוב". I can think of different types of theft / Geneivah such as stealing money/possesions, Geneivas Daas, and kidnapping. ...
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75 views

Why does Yisro recommend so many judges?

In Shemos 18:21 Yisro tells Moshe that he shouldn't judge Bnei Yisrael himself, instead he should appoint: וְאַתָּ֣ה תֶחֱזֶ֣ה מִכָּל־הָ֠עָם אַנְשֵׁי־חַ֜יִל יִרְאֵ֧י אֱלֹהִ֛ים אַנְשֵׁ֥י אֱמֶ֖ת ...
3
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1answer
82 views

Moshe appointing leaders & judges - different accounts in Yitro & Devarim

I am trying to reconcile the events leading up to Moshe's decision to appoint leaders for the people (heads of thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.) It seems that we get two different stories. In ...
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367 views

Ten Commandments. What did Moshe hear?

Rashi on 20 (1) says all these words: [This] teaches [us] that the Holy One, blessed be He, said the Ten Commandments in one utterance, something that is impossible for a human being to say [in a ...
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2answers
106 views

Why was Yisro sent home?

After hearing about the miraculous things Hashem did for Bnei Yisrael when taking them out of Mitzrayim, Yisro (Moshe's father-in-law) travels from Midian and comes for a visit. I would say it's ...
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1answer
91 views

Why did Yithro offer sacrifices?

In Parshat Yithro we read that he [Yithro] offered sacrifices "before HaShem": Sh'moth (Exodus) 18.12: "Then Moses' father in law, Jethro, sacrificed burnt offering[s] and [peace] offerings to God, ...
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2answers
121 views

Why the reverse order of “Zachor Veshamor” in “Lecha Dodi”?

The first "stanza" in the Lecha Dodi hymn sung Friday night starts שמור וזכור בדיבור אחד I gather that this expression is a "condensed version" from Mechilta on Yitro (parsha 7) זכור ושמור ...
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1answer
97 views

What was actually written on the two tablets?

The two versions of the 10 Commandments (one in Yitro and the 2nd in Va'etchanan) have different phrasing, most notably in commandments 4, 5 and 10. What was actually written on the two tablets? ...
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1answer
58 views

Why does the Torah say, in Exodus 19:13, that those that try to see G-d will be 'stoned or shot with arrows'?

I believe this to be the correct translation. So, why wouldn't G-d just strike them down with lightening bolts or something, if he can do anything? Why does he insist on having an army to defend the ...
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1answer
192 views

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח?

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח just in terms of this commandment ? And if so, how can it be permissible to go to war against a nation (מלחמת רשות / discretionary war) ...
2
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2answers
82 views

In the story prior to hearing the 10 commandments, why is one instance of Moses' speaking to the people missing?

In relaying the story when B'nai Israel arrived at Mt. Sinai, the Torah mentions 3 cycles of G-d speaking to Moses to tell B'nai Isra'el something. You usually see a few verses of G-d saying something ...
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76 views

Lo Sachmod Prat U'klal

Don't covet your friend's house. Don't covet the wife of your friend, nor his slave, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is to your friend (Shemos 20:14). Once the ...
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0answers
66 views

How do we know where the Dibros start and end?

Each of the Aseres HaDibros, generally speaking, begin and end at consecutive Parshah breaks. Nevertheless, the first and second are combined into one parshah, while the last one is split into two. ...