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Questions tagged [parashas-yisro]

The weekly Torah portion of Yisro (Exodus 18:1-20:23)

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Why Moses named his son Eliezer “after” Avraham's slave?

"וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָם ה"א מַה תִּתֶּן לִי וְאָנֹכִי הוֹלֵךְ עֲרִירִי וּבֶן מֶשֶׁק בֵּיתִי הוּא דַּמֶּשֶׂק אֱלִיעֶזֶר." (Gen 15,2) "וְשֵׁם הָאֶחָד אֱלִיעֶזֶר כִּי אֱלֹהקי אָבִי בְּעֶזְרִי ...
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What's the reason for the non-uniformity of the 10 commandments?

The 10 commandments are very different in terms of the information (details) provided, some are not detailed at all (like לא תרצח, לא תגנוב) some lack details but the reward is described (כבוד אב) and ...
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28 views

Our I, Our Self leading us to separation and idolatry

Looking at the words: "Anochi HaShem Eloheichem - אָנֹכִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ " (Shemot 20:2 & 20:5, Devarim 5:6 & 5:9)" I noticed that on the one hand HaShem emphasizes that we should serve ...
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How are there 72 verses in Parshat Yitro?

In many chumashim a masoretic note appears at the end of Parshat Yitro which states that there are 72 verses in the sidrah. (See e.g. here) How is this number arrived at? By my count, if one uses ta'...
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These words written on tablets

I would like to give a quick intro for the question I have: Shemot 31:18 and 32:15 are about the Shnei Luchot Even (Ha’Avanim), two stone tablets, Luchot Ha’edut (serving as a witness). In Devarim ...
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Can a convert be considered in-law after the conversion?

I was taught that a convert loses his relations after conversion: "גר שהתגייר כתינוק שנולד". First, after Tzipora allegedly converted Yitro is no longer her father in relation to anything Halachic, ...
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Clarification of Yitro's comparison of G-d vs other gods

Yitro says (Shmos 18,11): "עַתָּה יָדַעְתִּי כִּי־גָדוֹל ה' מִכָּל־הָאֱלֹהִים כִּי בַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר זָדוּ עֲלֵיהֶם׃ " "Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods, yes, by the result of ...
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Was there a parasha beginning at Exodus 18:21?

Rashi to Exodus 18:1 says that Yisro was also called Yeser because he added (yasar) a parasha in the Torah: "And you see…" [from 18:21]. We don't have a parasha break before verse 21. Did ...
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1answer
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How did Yitro know he can join the Jewish Nation?

The fact of Yitro's conversion passes transparently in the Torah commentary. However, I wondered why he assumed he'll be accepted to the Jewish people and not rejected? Especially for those who ...
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1answer
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Why Moses didn't care for his sons after leaving Egypt?

This bothers me a lot, and I would like to understand Moses' approach to his family as the Torah describes it: Moses marries Tzipora (which seemingly converts) in Midyan and has two sons (that are ...
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28 views

Why Parshat Itro is not called Vaishmah, after its first word

Following the logic of previous Parshios: Vaishlach, Vayetze, Vayeshev, Vayigash etc Parshas Yitro had to be called Vayishmah as it starts with "וַיִּשְׁמַע יִתְרוֹ כֹהֵן מִדְיָן". Why not?
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What is the significance of the title of Parshat Yitro?

What is the significance that the parsha that contains the events of Mattan Torah and the Aseret Hadibrot is called "Yitro", who was a convert? I understand that the simple answer is that "Yitro" is ...
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1answer
58 views

Death of all Jews at Har Sinai

According to the Midrash (quoted in Rashi on the Parsha), when Hashem spoke at Sinai, the effect was so powerful that פרחו נשמתם - the souls of the Jewish nation left their bodies. Hashem resurrected ...
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Whatever happened to the Chiefs of the 10, 50, 100 and 1,000?

In Parshas Yisro (Shemos 18:25) Moshe appoints the Chiefs of the 10, 50, 100 and 1,000. "וַיִּבְחַר מֹשֶׁה אַנְשֵׁי־חַיִל מִכָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּתֵּן אֹתָם רָאשִׁים עַל־הָעָם שָׂרֵי אֲלָפִים שָׂרֵי ...
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Yitroh's advice - were the chiefs limited to monetary matters?

Does "הדבר הקטן" refer to monetary matters (דיני ממונות) and "הדבר הגדול" refer to criminal matters (דיני נפשות) or were they also allowed to judge נפשות? (Shmot 18, 21): "...וְשַׂמְתָּ עֲלֵהֶם ...
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Yitroh's advice - was every chief a Beis Din on his own?

This is a follow-up question on "Yitrohs-advise-to-moses-on-appointing-judges (Shmot 18, 21): "...וְשַׂמְתָּ עֲלֵהֶם שָׂרֵי אֲלָפִים שָׂרֵי מֵאוֹת שָׂרֵי חֲמִשִּׁים וְשָׂרֵי עֲשָׂרֹת׃ וְשָׁפְטוּ ...
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Yitroh's advice - did it include hierarchy and subordination?

This is a follow-up question on "Yitrohs-advise-to-moses-on-appointing-judges (Shmot 18, 21): "וְאַתָּה תֶחֱזֶה מִכָּל־הָעָם אַנְשֵׁי־חַיִל יִרְאֵי אֱלֹקים אַנְשֵׁי אֱמֶת שֹׂנְאֵי בָצַע וְשַׂמְתָּ ...
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58 views

When does “The House of Somebody” mean “The Women”?

When God gives the Torah to the Jews, He uses the following preamble (Ex 19:3): וּמֹשֶׁה עָלָה, אֶל-הָאֱלֹקים; וַיִּקְרָא אֵלָיו ה', מִן-הָהָר לֵאמֹר, כֹּה תֹאמַר לְבֵית יַעֲקֹב, וְתַגֵּיד לִבְנֵי ...
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Inconsistent base-10 system of judges

In Devarim 1:15 (also Shemot 18:21) we see the numerical system of the hierarchical system of leaders: ואקח את־ראשי שבטיכם אנשים חכמים וידעים ואתן אתם ראשים עליכם שרי אלפים ושרי מאות ושרי חמשים ...
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You shall not have any other gods

In Exodus 20:3 the words lo yihyeh ( לֹא יִהְיֶה־לְךָ) are often translated as: 'you shall not have'. The base word is היה (hayah) meaning "to exist." Which reminded me of the Adon Olam phrase: 'V'hu ...
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The “Ten Commandments” enumeration compared to the Masoretic text [duplicate]

As noted in Daat Mikra (quoting Mordechai Breuer's Tanakh) there is a discrepancy between the way the Ten Commandments are laid out in the Masoretic text and how they are counted. According to the ...
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1answer
56 views

Do Tzipporah and her children need to retell the story of Exodus if they weren't there?

At the beginning of Parashat Yitro, Yitro bring Tzipporah and her children to the camp after the tenth plague, the sea and battle with Amalek. Does their absence these events have an effect on their ...
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References to intimacy between God and the Jewish people

There's a Baal HaTurim on Exodus 19:4: ואביא אתכם אלי מה אשה נקנית בכסף ובשטר ובביאה אף ישראל כן. ... בביאה זהו שנא' ואפרוש כנפי עליך וגו' ואבא בברית אתך לכן אמר הושע ג''פ וארשתיך לי: ואביא בגימ' ...
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Yitroh's Advise to Moses - did Hashem agree?

Unlike many other occasions where Hashem reacted retroactively either favorably or not, in this Parasha there's no mentioning of Hashem's reaction. What was Hashem's reaction to Yitroh's advice and ...
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Yitroh's Advise to Moses 6 - subdividing the nation?

In the Parasha we read that Moses prophesied the 78,600 judges. According to all Meforshim each one was appointed to a specific group of people. But did he also prophesied the division of the Israeli ...
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Yitroh's Advise to Moses 4 - exaggeration?

When someone wants his advice to be heard and followed, he usually keeps the changes small, like if you want to advise your friend to change his $5000 car, you'd probably offer to buy a $10K or $20K ...
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56 views

Yitroh's Advise to Moses 3 - judging Moses on the first day?

Rashi says on "ויהי למחרת" - the incident took place day after Yom Kippur's, right when he came down Mt Sinai, so it was Moses' first day of actually judging people. How did Yotroh get such a fast ...
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1answer
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Yitroh's Advise to Moses - What's the Chiddush?

Bney Noah are commanded on Dinim, that is establishing a legal system and courts. I would expect the Israelites in Egypt and through the Exodus to comply with this commandment and have already ...
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220 views

Source for the Aseres Hadibros being set up in pairs?

I have heard from different rebbeim that each of the aseres hadibros is linked to another, specifically in terms of the root concept of that commandment being the same as another one of the aseres ...
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Questions on Yitroh's Advise to Moses on appointing judges [closed]

Without further ado: Bney Noah are commanded on establishing a legal system and courts. I would expect Bney Israel in Egypt and through the Exodus to comply with this commandment. What Chidush did ...
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What type of theft does Lo Signov refer to?

One of the Aseres Hadevarim (more commonly referred to as "Dibros") is "לא תגנוב". I can think of different types of theft / Geneivah such as stealing money/possesions, Geneivas Daas, and kidnapping. ...
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56 views

Why does Yisro recommend so many judges?

In Shemos 18:21 Yisro tells Moshe that he shouldn't judge Bnei Yisrael himself, instead he should appoint: וְאַתָּ֣ה תֶחֱזֶ֣ה מִכָּל־הָ֠עָם אַנְשֵׁי־חַ֜יִל יִרְאֵ֧י אֱלֹהִ֛ים אַנְשֵׁ֥י אֱמֶ֖ת ...
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1answer
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Moshe appointing leaders & judges - different accounts in Yitro & Devarim

I am trying to reconcile the events leading up to Moshe's decision to appoint leaders for the people (heads of thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.) It seems that we get two different stories. In ...
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Ten Commandments. What did Moshe hear?

Rashi on 20 (1) says all these words: [This] teaches [us] that the Holy One, blessed be He, said the Ten Commandments in one utterance, something that is impossible for a human being to say [in a ...
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Why was Yisro sent home?

After hearing about the miraculous things Hashem did for Bnei Yisrael when taking them out of Mitzrayim, Yisro (Moshe's father-in-law) travels from Midian and comes for a visit. I would say it's ...
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1answer
56 views

Why did Yithro offer sacrifices?

In Parshat Yithro we read that he [Yithro] offered sacrifices "before HaShem": Sh'moth (Exodus) 18.12: "Then Moses' father in law, Jethro, sacrificed burnt offering[s] and [peace] offerings to God, ...
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What was actually written on the two tablets?

The two versions of the 10 Commandments (one in Yitro and the 2nd in Va'etchanan) have different phrasing, most notably in commandments 4, 5 and 10. What was actually written on the two tablets? ...
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1answer
56 views

Why does the Torah say, in Exodus 19:13, that those that try to see G-d will be 'stoned or shot with arrows'?

I believe this to be the correct translation. So, why wouldn't G-d just strike them down with lightening bolts or something, if he can do anything? Why does he insist on having an army to defend the ...
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1answer
178 views

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח?

Is killing a gentile also forbidden with the לאו of לא תרצח just in terms of this commandment ? And if so, how can it be permissible to go to war against a nation (מלחמת רשות / discretionary war) ...
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2answers
79 views

In the story prior to hearing the 10 commandments, why is one instance of Moses' speaking to the people missing?

In relaying the story when B'nai Israel arrived at Mt. Sinai, the Torah mentions 3 cycles of G-d speaking to Moses to tell B'nai Isra'el something. You usually see a few verses of G-d saying something ...
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68 views

Lo Sachmod Prat U'klal

Don't covet your friend's house. Don't covet the wife of your friend, nor his slave, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is to your friend (Shemos 20:14). Once the ...
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How do we know where the Dibros start and end?

Each of the Aseres HaDibros, generally speaking, begin and end at consecutive Parshah breaks. Nevertheless, the first and second are combined into one parshah, while the last one is split into two. ...
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14 views

Pesuchah and Setumah between Third and Fourth Dibros [duplicate]

In Parshas Yisro, between the third and fourth commandments (20:7-8), there is a pesuchah, not found anywhere else in the Aseres HaDibros. In Parshas Va'Eschanan, in fact, this Pesuchah is a Setumah,...
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1answer
142 views
+100

End of Shemos Chronology

The following chronology follows Rashi’s understanding of the verses. 1 Sivan - Bnei Yisrael arrive at Har Sinai (Shemos 19:1 - Yisro) 2 Sivan - Moshe is told that we are to be a Mamleches Kohanim ...
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1answer
50 views

What do commentaries say about the different version of “Honor Thy Parents”?

Regarding the mitzva of Honor Thy Father and Mother, the reading of the Aseret Hadibrot in V'etchanan is slightly different than the previous reading in Yitro. The words "because God has commanded ...
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3answers
106 views

שקר and שוא The difference between

What's the difference between these 'falses' (שקר and שוא?), how does one distinguish them from one another? Exodus 20:16 עד שקר Exodus 23:1 שמע שוא Exodus 23:7 שקר Deuteronomium 5:20 עד שוא Or ...
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0answers
217 views

Esnachta in taam elyon

Except in Tehillim, Mishlei, and most of Iyov, the esnachta indicates the biggest break in a pasuk. In the taam elyon in both Yisro and Vaetchanan, the second dibra is one pasuk, with the esnachta ...
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61 views

Active vs. Passive regarding work during 6 days of the week

Exodus 31:15: שֵׁ֣שֶׁת יָמִים֮ יֵעָשֶׂ֣ה מְלָאכָה֒ וּבַיּ֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֗י שַׁבַּ֧ת שַׁבָּת֛וֹן קֹ֖דֶשׁ לַיהוָ֑ה כָּל־הָעֹשֶׂ֧ה מְלָאכָ֛ה בְּי֥וֹם הַשַּׁבָּ֖ת מ֥וֹת יוּמָֽת׃ Six days ...
3
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1answer
92 views

Why Pesucha between Lo Sisa and Zachor Es HaShabbos?

In the Aseres HaDibros in Yisro, why is there Pesucha at the end of Lo Sisa and before Zachor Es HaShabbos, while the rest are separated by stumos? Edit: Besides being out of place in Yisro, In V'...
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2answers
56 views

Exodus 19:16- “that were in the camp”

Regarding Exodus 19, verse 16: Why is it necessary to state that all the people “that were in the camp” had trembled? In other words, is not the phrase “in the camp” superfluous here?