Questions tagged [parashas-shemos]

The weekly Torah portion of Shemos (Exodus 1:1-6:1)

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1answer
78 views

Why at first did Hashem tell Moshe to go to Bnei Yisrael and to Pharoh, but later only mention going to Pharoh?

Shemos 3:16: לֵךְ וְאָֽסַפְתָּ אֶת־זִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם ה' אֱלֹקי אֲבֹֽתֵיכֶם נִרְאָה אֵלַי אֱלֹקי אַבְרָהָם יִצְחָק וְיַעֲקֹב לֵאמֹר פָּקֹד פָּקַדְתִּי אֶתְכֶם וְאֶת־הֶעָשׂוּי ...
13
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4answers
628 views

Why “Moshe Moshe”?

When Hashem appeared to Moshe at the burning bush in parshot shamot perek gimil why did he call Moshe's name twice? He could have just said "moshe" ONCE!
2
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2answers
127 views

Batya and Moshe

What merit did Batya, the daughter of Pharaoh have that she was the one to pick Moshe Rabbeinu from the waters?
3
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1answer
76 views

Why is Pasuk 4:20 in Shemos out of chronological order?

Rashi on Parsha Shemos 4:20 explains that "Chronological order is not strictly adhered to in the Scriptures" and that's why it's possible for the Pasuk to first say "and he returned to the land of ...
2
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1answer
93 views

Why were the Egyptians judged for twelve lunar months, rather than solar ones?

Eduyos 2:10 lists several judgements which lasted for exactly twelve months: חֲמִשָּׁה דְבָרִים שֶׁל שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט דּוֹר הַמַּבּוּל, שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט אִיּוֹב, ...
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4answers
537 views

Was Moshe decieving Pharoh, or was the original “Exodus” from Egypt meant to be temporary?

Inspired/based on this question, I was surprised to see that the following hasn't yet been asked here: Moshe is told by God (Shemos 3:18) to request of Pharoh that the Jews leave for three days, and ...
2
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1answer
144 views

Yitro's Daughters

Tzipporah is one of 7 daughters of Yitro according to Sh'mot 2:16 וּלְכֹהֵ֥ן מִדְיָ֖ן שֶׁ֣בַע בָּנ֑וֹת וַתָּבֹ֣אנָה וַתִּדְלֶ֗נָה וַתְּמַלֶּ֙אנָה֙ אֶת־הָ֣רְהָטִ֔ים לְהַשְׁק֖וֹת צֹ֥אן אֲבִיהֶֽן׃ I ...
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77 views

How short was Pharoh?

We know that the Pharoh who enslaved the Jews in Egypt was very short. However, do we know how short? (What was his exact height?)
3
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3answers
179 views

Ehyeh as the name of Hashem

In Shmot 3:13, Moshe asks for a name to transmit to the people and Hashem says (in 3:14) to tell the people "ehyeh asher ehyeh" as the name. He cements this by saying "tell them ehyeh sent me". From ...
2
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1answer
118 views

What inspired Pharaoh's daughter to convert?

The Midrash Mishlei (31:5) writes "ותקם בעוד לילה" - זו בתיה בת פרעה, גויה היתה ונעשית יהודיה, והזכירו שמה בין הכשרות, בשביל שעסקה במשה, לפיכך זכתה ונכנסה בחייה לגן עדן - She rises while it'...
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5answers
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Did Moshe have an earlier name?

Moshe was given his name by Pharaoh's daughter after she drew him from the water. However, Moshe was already three months old when this happened. Did he have a name before Pharaoh's daughter found him?...
2
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3answers
118 views

How can we say “it would have been enough” when Hashem had already sworn to do it?

In Dayeinu, there are a few stichs which make no sense: how can we say "it would have been enough" without these promises, when Hashem already promised that He would have given them long before we ...
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2answers
99 views

Why didn't the Egyptian people react violently to the Plagues?

The Egyptian people surely knew that the Jewish people were immune to the plagues and many must have suspected that all these catastrophes were happening to them on our account (either through Moshe's ...
6
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1answer
62 views

“Priests” prior to Aaron

We know there were gentile priests prior to the establishment of the Kohens. Melchizedek is an example. In Shemot 19, there are two verses that refer to "priests" prior to the giving of the Torah. ...
7
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1answer
152 views

Why Moses didn't care for his sons after leaving Egypt?

This bothers me a lot, and I would like to understand Moses' approach to his family as the Torah describes it: Moses marries Tzipora (which seemingly converts) in Midyan and has two sons (that are ...
2
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2answers
218 views

Is the Cushite woman Zipporah?

:וַתְּדַבֵּ֨ר מִרְיָ֤ם וְאַֽהֲרֹן֙ בְּמשֶׁ֔ה עַל־אֹד֛וֹת הָֽאִשָּׁ֥ה הַכֻּשִׁ֖ית אֲשֶׁ֣ר לָקָ֑ח כִּֽי־אִשָּׁ֥ה כֻשִׁ֖ית לָקָֽח "And Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Cushite ...
2
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1answer
136 views

Were Moshe's sons Jewish?

Moshe's wife was the daughter of a Midianite priest so she was not Jewish. Does this in fact mean Moshe's sons Gershom and Eliezer were not Jewish as well? There are various questions on Mi Yodeya ...
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1answer
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Shemot 3:12 v.s. covenant with Avraham

In different commentaries about the verse of Shemot 3:12, I've read that the entire purpose of leaving Egypt was in order that Bnei Yisrael would come to Har Sinai and accept the Torah (to serve Him ...
3
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1answer
197 views

Are there any sources that translate the term “a land flowing with milk and honey”, as being literal rather than a metaphor?

The first usage that I can find that refers to Israel as a "land flowing with milk and honey" in Exodus 3:8: וָאֵרֵ֞ד לְהַצִּיל֣וֹ ׀ מִיַּ֣ד מִצְרַ֗יִם וּֽלְהַעֲלֹתוֹ֮ מִן־הָאָ֣רֶץ הַהִוא֒ אֶל־...
7
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2answers
189 views

Why didn't Par'oh have Moshe killed from the outset?

Bat Par'oh found a three-month-old Hebrew baby in/around the Nile (Shemot 1:5-10) and had him fed and raised by Yokheved until approximately age 2 (Shemot Rabbah 1:26). Bat Par'oh then raised this ...
3
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2answers
241 views

Why didn't the Israelites fight against being enslaved?

In Parashat Shemot, the pasuk says וַיֹּאמֶר, אֶל-עַמּוֹ: הִנֵּה, עַם בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל--רַב וְעָצוּם, מִמֶּנּוּ Pharaoh was, for whatever reason, worried that the Israelites had become more ...
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2answers
158 views

Why “תֶּבֶן” at the end of a verse?

Normally in Chumash, when a three-letter word with a segol on each of the first two letters appears at the end of a pasuk (or half-pasuk, with an esnachta), the first segol changes to a kamatz. Thus, ...
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2answers
151 views

Please elaborate on Rashi's explanation of Shemot 14:12

I am viewing Rashi's explanation (based on Mechilta) of Shemot 14:12 when B'nai Yisra'el say to Moshe: "This is what we told you in Egypt that you should leave us alone, for it is better for us to ...
7
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3answers
107 views

For how long was Aharon Moshe's spokesman?

In Sh'mot 3 and 4, God instructs Moshe to speak (variously) to both Paro and the people. Moshe then objects that he is not a good speaker, and in Shemot 4:15-16 God says to use Aharon, literally that ...
3
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3answers
107 views

Moshe's children

Why do Moses' children play such a small role in the Torah? There is barely mention of them. It would seem his offspring would be of the utmost importance in the Torah narrative and would carry the ...
2
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0answers
43 views

Who did the signs in front of the people in Shmos 4 (30)?

Shmos 4 (30) says וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר אַהֲרֹ֔ן אֵ֚ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֥ר ה׳ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֑ה וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הָאֹתֹ֖ת לְעֵינֵ֥י הָעָֽם׃ Aaron repeated all the words that the LORD had spoken to Moses, and ...
6
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2answers
173 views

Moshe and filicide

In Exodus 2:3, baby Moses's mother, unable to further hide him from the authorities, puts him in a box in or near the river. An abandoned baby will soon die. How could / why did she trade in the ...
4
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1answer
81 views

Missing את before a Definite Article

In שמות ,ב:ט, there seems to be a missing את before the definite article הילד. The Minchat Shai gives a cryptic answer (תקח האשה הילד. מטעים ביה אינשי דאמרי את.). Anyone know why the את is absent?
2
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1answer
178 views

Who says Moshe sinned for killing the Egyptian and why

The Be'er Yosef in Parshas Masei quotes the Arizal's Shaar HaMitzvos parshas Shoftim as follows: ‏ ...הרג את המצרי שהוא קין, היה שוגג, כי הוא חשב שהדין עמו על שהרג הבל, ולכן הרגו בשם המפורש כדי ...
7
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2answers
103 views

Why did Moshe have the voice of a grown up boy?

Shemos 2:6 states: וַתִּפְתַּח֙ וַתִּרְאֵ֣הוּ אֶת־הַיֶּ֔לֶד וְהִנֵּה־נַ֖עַר בֹּכֶ֑ה וַתַּחְמֹ֣ל עָלָ֔יו וַתֹּ֕אמֶר מִיַּלְדֵ֥י הָֽעִבְרִ֖ים זֶֽה׃ When she opened it, she saw that it was a ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Why does the Torah sometimes preface the avos with Elokei before each name but other times just once for the group?

In Shemos 3:6, the passuk says: "וַיֹּאמֶר אָנֹכִי אֱלֹהֵי אָבִיךָ אֱלֹקי אַבְרָהָם אֱלֹקי יִצְחָק וֵאלֹקי יַעֲקֹב וַיַּסְתֵּר מֹשֶׁה פָּנָיו כִּי יָרֵא מֵהַבִּיט אֶל־הָאֱלֹקים׃" "I am,...
6
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2answers
198 views

Why did Moshe keep his name if it was given by an Egyptian?

In this weeks parsha it says (Shemos 2:10): "וַיִגְדַּל הַיֶּלֶד וַתְּבִאֵהוּ לְבַת־פַּרְעֹה וַיְהִי־לָהּ לְבֵן וַתִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ מֹשֶׁה וַתֹּאמֶר כִּי מִן־הַמַּיִם מְשִׁיתִהוּ׃" “When the ...
11
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2answers
183 views

Why is Moshe's family unnamed at first?

In the second chapter of Shemos, we're introduced to a man who marries a woman, and they have a son who has a sister. After ten verses of narrative about this family, we're finally told the son's ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Using the name יהוה [duplicate]

HaShem teaches Moshe the following in Shemot 3:15: כֹּה-תֹאמַר אֶל-בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי אֲבֹתֵיכֶם אֱלֹהֵי אַבְרָהָם אֱלֹהֵי יִצְחָק וֵאלֹהֵי יַעֲקֹב, שְׁלָחַנִי אֲלֵיכֶם; זֶה-שְּׁמִי ...
1
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0answers
39 views

A source for the suggestion that Moshe Rabbeinu was raised in the house of Pharaoh so that he would see real Malchus

A speaker remarked that the Divine plan called for Moshe to be raised in the house of Pharaoh so that he (Moshe) would see real Malchus. To me the suggestion seemed to be that in some way Pharaoh was ...
3
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1answer
1k views

What kind of tree or bush was the “burning bush” of Moses?

I am looking for the kind of tree/bush for the burning bush of Moses. What are the kinds mentioned by Rabbis? I read before that some Rabbis identified the tree with the Sidr Tree. I need to know ...
1
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1answer
107 views

Ibn Ezra: Moshe = Monius?

Ibn Ezra in his commentary to Shemos 2:10 says that the name Moshe was a translation of the Egyptian "Monius". I have, then, two questions: 1) Where does he get that his name was that? And 2) how is ...
4
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1answer
76 views

Why was it necessary for Moshe to show gratitude to things that did not intend to help him?

The חובות הלבבות (in the beginning of the פתיחה to שער עבודת אלקים) writes, that one does not need to show gratitude to someone who did him a favor, if the favor was not intended. ואם תגיע לנו שום ...
3
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0answers
34 views

When were the decrees against the boys made?

In Parshat Sh'mot (Ex 1:15) Par'oh decrees that the boy children of the Hebrews should be killed. When was that moment in relation to the timeline of events in Egypt (the death of Yosef, the ...
8
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1answer
241 views

How did Paro's daughter explain suddenly having a child?

In Shemot 2 Paro's daughter Batya takes three-month-old Moshe from the water, speculates that he is a Hebrew child, and decides to adopt him. She then has Miriam find a wet-nurse (Yocheved) to take ...
3
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0answers
64 views

Egyptians not turning to their gods?

We read about a couple of "sorcery contests" between Moses and Egyptians, first turning the rods into serpents and then through the first plagues. Some well known facts: Egypt was a land of idol ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Could the narrative of Exodus 4:24-26 have happened at another moment in time?

HaShem commands Moshe to do ׳all wonders׳ which HaShem appointed in his hand before Pharaoh once he arrives in Egypt (Shemot 4:21), but despite all wonders - HaShem informs Moshe - Pharaoh will not ...
10
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4answers
545 views

Moshe's speech impediment(s)

In Sh'mos 4:10, after Hashem instructs him to speak to the Jews, Moshe describes himself to Hashem as not an "אִישׁ דְּבָרִים", literally "man of words", and as "כְבַד פֶּה", literally "heavy of mouth"...
7
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1answer
164 views

Pharaoh or King of Egypt?

In parashat shemot, how come pharoah is sometimes called the "king of Egypt" and sometimes called "Pharaoh"? The term Melech Mitzrayim appears in the Bible close to fifty times, while the word Pharaoh ...
3
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1answer
224 views

Why did Shifrah give Moses back to Pharaoh's daughter?

Parashat Shemot, Chapter 2, states: וַתַּ֥הַר הָאִשָּׁ֖ה וַתֵּ֣לֶד בֵּ֑ן וַתֵּ֤רֶא אֹתוֹ֙ כִּי־ט֣וֹב ה֔וּא וַֽתִּצְפְּנֵ֖הוּ שְׁלֹשָׁ֥ה יְרָחִֽים׃ ג וְלֹא־יָכְלָ֣ה עוֹד֮ הַצְּפִינוֹ֒ ...
3
votes
3answers
82 views

“וַיַּאֲמֵן הָעָם וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ” - believing before hearing?

Shemot 4, 31 "וַיַּאֲמֵן הָעָם וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ כִּי פָקַד ה' אֶת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְכִי רָאָה אֶת עָנְיָם וַיִּקְּדוּ וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲוּוּ" This is close to "נעשה ונשמע". How believing can come ...
1
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3answers
43 views

What does תִקְרֶאנָה מִלְחָמָה mean?

Exodus 1:10: הָבָה נִתְחַכְּמָה לוֹ פֶּן יִרְבֶּה וְהָיָה כִּי תִקְרֶאנָה מִלְחָמָה וְנוֹסַף גַּם הוּא עַל שֹׂנְאֵינוּ וְנִלְחַם בָּנוּ וְעָלָה מִן הָאָרֶץ The pharaoh was worried about what the ...
2
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3answers
74 views

Why is the Pasuk for Vayareiu Osanu Hamitzrim a Pasuk where nothing happens?

Why is the Pasuk that the Haggadah uses to show that “the Egyptians did bad to us" the Passuk in which Pharaoh sits down and says (Shemos 1:10): הָ֥בָה נִֽתְחַכְּמָ֖ה ל֑וֹ פֶּן־יִרְבֶּ֗ה ...
8
votes
3answers
6k views

Why did Pharaoh only order the murder of boys?

In parashat shemote, Pharaoh explicitly commands the midwives to allow the females to live (וְאִם-בַּת הִוא וָחָיָה). What are the traditional commentaries explaining the order to allow the girls to ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Why did not Moshe tell Hashem that he would not accept the leadership out of respect for Aharon?

Shemos 4 (10) - The possuk says that Moshe turns down the leadership position because of his speech impediment. Rashi says: “All this [reluctance] was because he [Moses] did not want to accept a ...