Questions tagged [parashas-shemos]

The weekly Torah portion of Shemos (Exodus 1:1-6:1)

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74 views

How short was Pharoh?

We know that the Pharoh who enslaved the Jews in Egypt was very short. However, do we know how short? (What was his exact height?)
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Ehyeh as the name of Hashem

In Shmot 3:13, Moshe asks for a name to transmit to the people and Hashem says (in 3:14) to tell the people "ehyeh asher ehyeh" as the name. He cements this by saying "tell them ehyeh sent me". From ...
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Why is Pasuk 4:20 in Shemos out of chronological order?

Rashi on Parsha Shemos 4:20 explains that "Chronological order is not strictly adhered to in the Scriptures" and that's why it's possible for the Pasuk to first say "and he returned to the land of ...
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What inspired Pharaoh's daughter to convert?

The Midrash Mishlei (31:5) writes "ותקם בעוד לילה" - זו בתיה בת פרעה, גויה היתה ונעשית יהודיה, והזכירו שמה בין הכשרות, בשביל שעסקה במשה, לפיכך זכתה ונכנסה בחייה לגן עדן - She rises while it's ...
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Yitro's Daughters

Tzipporah is one of 7 daughters of Yitro according to Sh'mot 2:16 וּלְכֹהֵ֥ן מִדְיָ֖ן שֶׁ֣בַע בָּנ֑וֹת וַתָּבֹ֣אנָה וַתִּדְלֶ֗נָה וַתְּמַלֶּ֙אנָה֙ אֶת־הָ֣רְהָטִ֔ים לְהַשְׁק֖וֹת צֹ֥אן אֲבִיהֶֽן׃ I ...
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Why didn't the Egyptian people react violently to the Plagues?

The Egyptian people surely knew that the Jewish people were immune to the plagues and many must have suspected that all these catastrophes were happening to them on our account (either through Moshe's ...
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“Priests” prior to Aaron

We know there were gentile priests prior to the establishment of the Kohens. Melchizedek is an example. In Shemot 19, there are two verses that refer to "priests" prior to the giving of the Torah. ...
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128 views

Were Moshe's sons Jewish?

Moshe's wife was the daughter of a Midianite priest so she was not Jewish. Does this in fact mean Moshe's sons Gershom and Eliezer were not Jewish as well? There are various questions on Mi Yodeya ...
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Why were the Egyptians judged for twelve lunar months, rather than solar ones?

Eduyos 2:10 lists several judgements which lasted for exactly twelve months: חֲמִשָּׁה דְבָרִים שֶׁל שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט דּוֹר הַמַּבּוּל, שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט אִיּוֹב, ...
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How can we say “it would have been enough” when Hashem had already sworn to do it?

In Dayeinu, there are a few stichs which make no sense: how can we say "it would have been enough" without these promises, when Hashem already promised that He would have given them long before we ...
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Batya and Moshe

What merit did Batya, the daughter of Pharaoh have that she was the one to pick Moshe Rabbeinu from the waters?
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Why Moses didn't care for his sons after leaving Egypt?

This bothers me a lot, and I would like to understand Moses' approach to his family as the Torah describes it: Moses marries Tzipora (which seemingly converts) in Midyan and has two sons (that are ...
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Please elaborate on Rashi's explanation of Shemot 14:12

I am viewing Rashi's explanation (based on Mechilta) of Shemot 14:12 when B'nai Yisra'el say to Moshe: "This is what we told you in Egypt that you should leave us alone, for it is better for us to ...
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Moshe's children

Why do Moses' children play such a small role in the Torah? There is barely mention of them. It would seem his offspring would be of the utmost importance in the Torah narrative and would carry the ...
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Who did the signs in front of the people in Shmos 4 (30)?

Shmos 4 (30) says וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר אַהֲרֹ֔ן אֵ֚ת כָּל־הַדְּבָרִ֔ים אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֥ר ה׳ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֑ה וַיַּ֥עַשׂ הָאֹתֹ֖ת לְעֵינֵ֥י הָעָֽם׃ Aaron repeated all the words that the LORD had spoken ...
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Moshe and filicide

In Exodus 2:3, baby Moses's mother, unable to further hide him from the authorities, puts him in a box in or near the river. An abandoned baby will soon die. How could / why did she trade in the ...
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Missing את before a Definite Article

In שמות ,ב:ט, there seems to be a missing את before the definite article הילד. The Minchat Shai gives a cryptic answer (תקח האשה הילד. מטעים ביה אינשי דאמרי את.). Anyone know why the את is absent?
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Why “תֶּבֶן” at the end of a verse?

Normally in Chumash, when a three-letter word with a segol on each of the first two letters appears at the end of a pasuk (or half-pasuk, with an esnachta), the first segol changes to a kamatz. Thus, ...
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Why did Moshe have the voice of a grown up boy?

Shemos 2:6 states: וַתִּפְתַּח֙ וַתִּרְאֵ֣הוּ אֶת־הַיֶּ֔לֶד וְהִנֵּה־נַ֖עַר בֹּכֶ֑ה וַתַּחְמֹ֣ל עָלָ֔יו וַתֹּ֕אמֶר מִיַּלְדֵ֥י הָֽעִבְרִ֖ים זֶֽה׃ When she opened it, she saw that it was a ...
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Why does the Torah sometimes preface the avos with Elokei before each name but other times just once for the group?

In Shemos 3:6, the passuk says: "וַיֹּאמֶר אָנֹכִי אֱלֹהֵי אָבִיךָ אֱלֹקי אַבְרָהָם אֱלֹקי יִצְחָק וֵאלֹקי יַעֲקֹב וַיַּסְתֵּר מֹשֶׁה פָּנָיו כִּי יָרֵא מֵהַבִּיט אֶל־הָאֱלֹקים׃" "I am,” He ...
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Why did Moshe keep his name if it was given by an Egyptian?

In this weeks parsha it says (Shemos 2:10): "וַיִגְדַּל הַיֶּלֶד וַתְּבִאֵהוּ לְבַת־פַּרְעֹה וַיְהִי־לָהּ לְבֵן וַתִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ מֹשֶׁה וַתֹּאמֶר כִּי מִן־הַמַּיִם מְשִׁיתִהוּ׃" “When the ...
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Using the name יהוה [duplicate]

HaShem teaches Moshe the following in Shemot 3:15: כֹּה-תֹאמַר אֶל-בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי אֲבֹתֵיכֶם אֱלֹהֵי אַבְרָהָם אֱלֹהֵי יִצְחָק וֵאלֹהֵי יַעֲקֹב, שְׁלָחַנִי אֲלֵיכֶם; זֶה-שְּׁמִי ...
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A source for the suggestion that Moshe Rabbeinu was raised in the house of Pharaoh so that he would see real Malchus

A speaker remarked that the Divine plan called for Moshe to be raised in the house of Pharaoh so that he (Moshe) would see real Malchus. To me the suggestion seemed to be that in some way Pharaoh was ...
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What kind of tree or bush was the “burning bush” of Moses?

I am looking for the kind of tree/bush for the burning bush of Moses. What are the kinds mentioned by Rabbis? I read before that some Rabbis identified the tree with the Sidr Tree. I need to know ...
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Ibn Ezra: Moshe = Monius?

Ibn Ezra in his commentary to Shemos 2:10 says that the name Moshe was a translation of the Egyptian "Monius". I have, then, two questions: 1) Where does he get that his name was that? And 2) how is ...
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Why was it necessary for Moshe to show gratitude to things that did not intend to help him?

The חובות הלבבות (in the beginning of the פתיחה to שער עבודת אלקים) writes, that one does not need to show gratitude to someone who did him a favor, if the favor was not intended. ואם תגיע לנו שום ...
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Why at first did Hashem tell Moshe to go to Bnei Yisrael and to Pharoh, but later only mention going to Pharoh?

Shemos 3:16: לֵךְ וְאָֽסַפְתָּ אֶת־זִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם ה' אֱלֹקי אֲבֹֽתֵיכֶם נִרְאָה אֵלַי אֱלֹקי אַבְרָהָם יִצְחָק וְיַעֲקֹב לֵאמֹר פָּקֹד פָּקַדְתִּי אֶתְכֶם וְאֶת־...
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When were the decrees against the boys made?

In Parshat Sh'mot (Ex 1:15) Par'oh decrees that the boy children of the Hebrews should be killed. When was that moment in relation to the timeline of events in Egypt (the death of Yosef, the ...
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Who says Moshe sinned for killing the Egyptian and why

The Be'er Yosef in Parshas Masei quotes the Arizal's Shaar HaMitzvos parshas Shoftim as follows: ‏ ...הרג את המצרי שהוא קין, היה שוגג, כי הוא חשב שהדין עמו על שהרג הבל, ולכן הרגו בשם המפורש כדי ...
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Is the Cushite woman Zipporah?

:וַתְּדַבֵּ֨ר מִרְיָ֤ם וְאַֽהֲרֹן֙ בְּמשֶׁ֔ה עַל־אֹד֛וֹת הָֽאִשָּׁ֥ה הַכֻּשִׁ֖ית אֲשֶׁ֣ר לָקָ֑ח כִּֽי־אִשָּׁ֥ה כֻשִׁ֖ית לָקָֽח "And Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Cushite ...
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Egyptians not turning to their gods?

We read about a couple of "sorcery contests" between Moses and Egyptians, first turning the rods into serpents and then through the first plagues. Some well known facts: Egypt was a land of idol ...
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Could the narrative of Exodus 4:24-26 have happened at another moment in time?

HaShem commands Moshe to do ׳all wonders׳ which HaShem appointed in his hand before Pharaoh once he arrives in Egypt (Shemot 4:21), but despite all wonders - HaShem informs Moshe - Pharaoh will not ...
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“וַיַּאֲמֵן הָעָם וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ” - believing before hearing?

Shemot 4, 31 "וַיַּאֲמֵן הָעָם וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ כִּי פָקַד ה' אֶת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְכִי רָאָה אֶת עָנְיָם וַיִּקְּדוּ וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲוּוּ" This is close to "נעשה ונשמע". How believing can come ...
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What does תִקְרֶאנָה מִלְחָמָה mean?

Exodus 1:10: הָבָה נִתְחַכְּמָה לוֹ פֶּן יִרְבֶּה וְהָיָה כִּי תִקְרֶאנָה מִלְחָמָה וְנוֹסַף גַּם הוּא עַל שֹׂנְאֵינוּ וְנִלְחַם בָּנוּ וְעָלָה מִן הָאָרֶץ The pharaoh was worried about what the ...
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How did Paro's daughter explain suddenly having a child?

In Shemot 2 Paro's daughter Batya takes three-month-old Moshe from the water, speculates that he is a Hebrew child, and decides to adopt him. She then has Miriam find a wet-nurse (Yocheved) to take ...
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Why did Pharaoh only order the murder of boys?

In parashat shemote, Pharaoh explicitly commands the midwives to allow the females to live (וְאִם-בַּת הִוא וָחָיָה). What are the traditional commentaries explaining the order to allow the girls to ...
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Did Pharaoh know Moshe was Jewish?

The Torah describes how when Moshe was pulled from the river, Pharaoh's daughter exclaims that this is a Hebrew child (per the simple reading of Shemos 2:6). Moshe then grew up in Pharaoh's household ...
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For how long was Aharon Moshe's spokesman?

In Sh'mot 3 and 4, God instructs Moshe to speak (variously) to both Paro and the people. Moshe then objects that he is not a good speaker, and in Shemot 4:15-16 God says to use Aharon, literally that ...
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Why is the Pasuk for Vayareiu Osanu Hamitzrim a Pasuk where nothing happens?

Why is the Pasuk that the Haggadah uses to show that “the Egyptians did bad to us" the Passuk in which Pharaoh sits down and says (Shemos 1:10): הָ֥בָה נִֽתְחַכְּמָ֖ה ל֑וֹ פֶּן־יִרְבֶּ֗ה וְהָיָ֞ה ...
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Egyptian enslavement of the Jews - Antisemitism?

Apologies in advance if this is too vague of a question, but I really wonder what other people think about this, especially since the story is coming up in a couple of weeks. I was recently reading a ...
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75 views

Are Ra'meses and Ra'amses the same place

In Bereishit 47:11 (and Shemot 12:37 and Bamidbar 33:3 and 33:5) we find mention of an Egyptian place called רַעְמְסֵס - Ra'meses. In Shemot 1:11 we find mention of an Egyptian place called רַעַמְסֵס ...
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No mention of Aharon

In שמות ב:ו it says, "והנה נער בכה" - "and behold a lad was crying". The basic interpretation is that this refers to the crying baby Moshe who sounded older than he was (Rashi) However the ...
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185 views

Why didn't Par'oh have Moshe killed from the outset?

Bat Par'oh found a three-month-old Hebrew baby in/around the Nile (Shemot 1:5-10) and had him fed and raised by Yokheved until approximately age 2 (Shemot Rabbah 1:26). Bat Par'oh then raised this ...
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112 views

How long did Miriam wait by the river before Basya retrieved Moshe?

How long did Miriam have to wait by the river before Basya bas Paro retrieved Moshe from the box?
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Why did God tell Moses to demand from Pharaoh that the Israelites leave for only three days? [duplicate]

God told Moses to demand from Pharaoh that the Israelites be able to leave Egypt for three days to worship God (Exodus 3:18). Why didn't God tell Moses to demand from Pharaoh that the Hebrews be freed ...
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50 views

Were the “Mi'yaldos ha'ivri'yos” non-Jews?

In his commentary the Abarbenel says that the two midwives mentioned in Shemos (1-15) are non-Jewish Egyptian women. Is there any way of reconciling his explanation with the more popular understanding,...
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If שכינה is לשון נקבה then why ותראהו?

According to rashi's drash explanation (taken from :סוטה יב) of שמות ב:ו ד״ה ותפתח ותראהו how can השכינה, a grammatically feminine word, refer back to the masculine objective suffix הו-? Perhaps ...
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Why did the Torah have to mention the thigh of Yakov?

In Parshas Shemos 1:5, when describing the children of Yakov the Torah uses the phrase "yerech Yakov" to describe where they came from. Some Rishonim explain that the Torah is using using clean ...
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Why did not Moshe tell Hashem that he would not accept the leadership out of respect for Aharon?

Shemos 4 (10) - The possuk says that Moshe turns down the leadership position because of his speech impediment. Rashi says: “All this [reluctance] was because he [Moses] did not want to accept a ...
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Moshe losing kehuna

After Moshe asks Hashem to 'send by the hand of whomever You will send' (Shemos 4:13), Rashi notes on (14) that Moshe loses the kehuna to Aharon. Why does Moshe deserve to lose the kehuna based on his ...