Questions tagged [nuschaot]

liturgical wording and syntax

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Why do some siddurim begin with alef beis?

Some siddurim have a few opening pages of addendums like how to put on tefillin. I noticed that the Nusach Ari siddur has a page of alef-beis and nekudos, plus a page of letters combined with nekudos. ...
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What Nusach did the Twansa use?

In most of the places that Sefardim settled after being kicked out of Iberia, there were already Jews living there, usually called "Musta'arabi". In most places, these communities ...
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Nusach Lita vs Polin

Generally siddurim for European Jewry are labeled nusach Ashkenaz or nusach Sefard. However, Selichos are often labeled nusach Lita or nusach Polin. My understanding is that Lita is Ashkenaz, and ...
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Origin of Kaddish Nusach ויצמח פורקניה ויקרב משיחיה

What is the halachic reasoning for adding/deleting this line to the Kaddish? Is it unique to just Nusach Sefard and Edot HaMizrach? It seems to also be near universal amongst Dati Leumi minyanim in ...
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What's "Nusach Kafa"?

I saw yesterday that the Crimean Jews - which were an ancient kehillah - had their own nusach, called "Nusach Kafa" (נוסח כפא). I was wondering in what ways was this nusach unique? What ...
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בְּצִלְצְלֵי שָׁמַע or בְצִלְצְלֵי שָׁמַע

in some siddurim the line in Tehillim 150 is written הַלְלוּהוּ בְּצִלְצְלֵי שָׁמַע. הַלְלוּהוּ בְּצִלְצְלֵי תְרוּעָה while in others it is written with a veis in the first "b'tziltzilei" ...
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Al gav or al gabei – singular or plural?

In some Ashkenazi siddurim the line in L'olam yehei adam is written: .זֶרַע יִצְחָק יְחִידוֹ, שֶׁנֶּעֱקַד עַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ In other siddurim, the same line is written with al gav hamizbeiach,...
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Is it appropriate to use the nusach of Rosh Hashanah on the days until Yom Kippur?

Is it appropriate or inappropriate to use the nusach of the High Holy Days when davening on the days in between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur? Because we put additions into the Amidah (Zokhreinu, etc) ...
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Amen between Hashkiveinu and Yir'u Eineinu in maariv

Based on Brachot 45b and Yerushalmi Brachot 5:4/40b, many communities have the custom of saying amen after several of their own brachot. One of the places where some add amen is at the end of the ...
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Birkat Haminim, order of requests in Nusach Sfard

In the Birkat Haminim following the Nusach Sfard, the prayer is to exterminate, humiliate and submit the Apikorsim. תעקר ותשבר ומגר ותכלם ותשפילם ותכניעם My question is the order of the requests. ...
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Phrasing in unetanah tokef

This question bothers me each time the High Holidays come around. In the text for Unetaneh Tokef, we find the sequence: מִי יָנוּחַ, וּמִי יָנוּעַ; מִי יִשָּׁקֵט, וּמִי יְטֹּרֵף; מִי יִשָּׁלֵו, ...
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Text of Birkat Hachodesh

In the standard Ashkenazi version of the siddur, we have in the birkat hachodesh: שֶׁתְּחַדֵּשׁ עָלֵינוּ אֶת הַחדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לְטובָה וְלִבְרָכָה. וְתִתֶּן לָנוּ...חַיִּים שֶׁאֵין בָּהֶם בּוּשָׁה ...
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Shuls that say Hungarian Selichos?

Are there any shuls (I'm preferably looking for shuls in Yerushalayim) that say the Hungarian(/Bohemian/Moravian/Silesian) selichos for the Yemei HaSelichos? (This is the selichos that is found in ...
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2 votes
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Where I can find an original Nusach Paras (Persian) Siddur?

Where can I find a siddur with the original Persian (Parsi) Nusach (if such a siddur exists)?
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Chabad beginner visiting a Modern Orthodox shul

I have been practicing my observance with a super-friendly Chabad congregation but my area, predominantly secular and Modern Orthodox, has a bunch of MO congregations that I'm very curious to visit, ...
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Understanding the word מִצְוַת in וְכָל מִצְוַת שְׁמוֹנַת יְמֵי חֲנֻכָּה in HaNeros Hallalu

In some versions of HaNeros Hallalu, the following wording is included: וְכָל מִצְוַת שְׁמוֹנַת יְמֵי חֲנֻכָּה הַנֵּרוֹת הַלָּלוּ קֹדֶשׁ (Found, e.g., in Siddur Tefillah Yesharah, thanks to @ezra ...
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Versions of HaNeros Hallalu

There seem to be many variations of the text of HaNeros Hallalu, the explanatory paragraph that people recite while lighting Hanukkah lights. Is it possible to list the major versions? What are the ...
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Why does chabad say "Yisbareich" instead of "yisbarach"?

Why according to the Nusach Ari (siddur "Tehilat Hashem") does it say "yisbareich" instead of "yisbarach" in Kaddish?
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Chabad nusach for Birkat Hamazon

I noticed that in the last part of Birkat Hamazon, at the level of the pesukim יראו את ה' קדושיו ... יְראוּ אֶת יְיָ קְדֹשָׁיו, כִּי אֵין מַחְסוֹר לִירֵאָיו. כְּפִירִים רָשׁוּ וְרָעֵבוּ, וְדֹרְשֵׁי ...
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Cut-off birkat hamazon

As a complement to this question on Shortened Birkat Hamazon, I would like to better understand the practice I saw of stopping Birkat Hamazon after the fourth blessing on Shabbat and not saying the ...
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Sepharad vs Sephardic siddurs/nusachs

I understand from Chabad's website, as well as my own Rabbi (who is Yeshivish) now that there is a difference between "Sepharad" and "Sepharadi" traditions and siddurs. How do these differ? Who uses ...
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Birkas Hachodesh when Rosh Chodesh is Shabbat and Sunday

On Shabbat Mevarchim, Birkas Hachodesh, a prayer announcing when the Rosh Chodesh will be, is said after Kriat Hatorah before Mussaf, containing the following line (with some variations depending on ...
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Why do Ashkenazim in Israel tend to use Nusach Sefard?

Generally, the original non-Chassidic Ashkenazi community in Israel were followers of the Vilna Gaon. Since they were practically the only Ashkenaz presence in Israel, they were able to institute many ...
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2 votes
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Minhag and nusach differences between Mizrahim and Sephardim (as in OG from Spain/Portugal)

These days, it seems the term "Sephardi/Sephardic" simply refers to non-Ashkenazi Jews. However, since Greece, Balkans, and of course Spain and Portugal are a long way from Iran, Iraq, Egypt, it ...
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1 vote
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Shortened Birkat Hamazon

I see mentions of a short version of Birkat Hamazon ("Birkat Hamazon Hakatzar"). R Yitzchak Abadi wrote one "based on the Rambam and other Rishonim", R Yosef Eliyahu Henkin is mentioned here as having ...
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2 votes
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How did shomer Yisroel become daily?

How did show Shomer Israel become part of our daily tachnun? Clearly it happened in the 1800's. Prior to that it was just for slichos and Mondays and Thursdays (see magen avraham תרפה;ב....the very ...
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Chaba''d doesn't follow minhag hamakom?

My shul davens "standard" Nusach Sfard. During Shabbat mincha, the sha''tz was a Chaba''d chasid. While we were returning the Torah, the sha''tz started saying Kaddish. (Nusach Chaba''d/Ari only says ...
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Mogein Ovos and Veshomru - kahal then chazan

Are there any mekoros/reasons as to why many siddurim say that Veshomru (on Friday night after Hashkiveinu) and Mogein Ovos (in brocho mei'ein sheva) should be said by the congregation first and then ...
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Why is the wording of the beraita consistently switched between shacharit and musaf?

There's a certain beraita (ת״ר פיטום הקטורת...‏) quoted in the gemara on כריתות ו.‏ which is recited both as part of the morning order of korbanot as well as after musaf. There are a few ...
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Why the difference in phrasing within the closing Shabbat Amidah bracha?

There is a particularly noticeable difference in phrasing in the bracha of the middle section of the Amidah on Shabbat (The bracha that ends מקדש השבת). Nusach Ashkenaz says ושמחנו בישועתיך - "...
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Why, in זימון, is it customary to change from "רבותי נברך" to "ברשות מרנן ורבנן ורבותי"?

Why, at the beginning of ברכת הזימון is it comon custom that the leader opens with "רבותי נברך" and later he continues with "ברשות מרנן ורבנן ורבותי" . Why, at the beginning does he only address ...
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What does AIN OD mean ? And do "AIN OD" and "AIN ACHER" mean the same thing?

In THIS SIDDUR There is are some differences in some of the words of Aleinu Leshabeach from what I am used to saying. One of the differences is: Instead of the words "הוא אלקינו אין עוד It says: הוא ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Do the Jews of Marakkesh have a particular Nusach?

Is there a particular Siddur or Nusach HaTefilla that is used by the Jews (and their descendants) of Marakkesh (alt. sp. Marrakech), Moroccco? Is it in print and available?
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What siddur do the Mountain Jews use?

What siddur do the Mountain Jews use and how does it differ from mainstream Sephardi nusach?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Bucharian Nusach; Nusach Sfard

Inspired by this question. Why do the Bucharian communities use Nusach Sfard, the Hasidic nusach? Shouldn't they use a variation of the Mizrahi nusach, or perhaps some variation on Nusach Ashkenaz? ...
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4 votes
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May a shul change its nusach?

I think I had heard or read somewhere in O.C. that a shul must keep its nuscha'ot and minhagim indefinitely. I have, OTOH, seen shul buildings change demographics and sometimes, owners. A shul that I ...
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Different customs regarding the blessing before lighting the menorah [duplicate]

There are varying customs as to the text of the bracha we recite before lighting the menorah. Ashkenazim generally end the blessing with the words: .לְהַדְלִיק נֵר שֶׁל חֲנֻכָּה However, Hasidim ...
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Are there other Chasidim who omit "Tzur Yisroel" besides Chabad?

This is a follow-up to this question I asked earlier on this site. All Nusach Sfard siddurim I have ever seen, with exception to the Chabad siddur, include the line of Tzur Yisroel, in accordance ...
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6 votes
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Should you say "Mah Tovu" when you daven at home?

There is a widespread custom amongst many to recite "Mah Tovu" upon entering the synagogue.* My question is whether you should recite it when you daven at home. For what it's worth, I daven Nusach ...
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2 votes
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Siddur for Ḥabbanim?

Do the Ḥabbani Jews from Ḥabban, Yemen, have their own siddur? If so, what is it called? How different is it from other Yemenite Siddurim? Do they follow the Rambam's nusach or a different nusach? ...
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Hashem's Name in Hashiva Shofteinu

In the ברכה of השיבה שופטינו, all סידורים that I have seen (including really yekkish ones) have the words "אתה ה' לבדך", all סידורים that is, except the סידור הרוקח. The רוקח does not have Hashem's ...
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Does 'atah chonantanu' replace the first line of 'atah chonein,' or is it said in addition?

In my Koren Sacks siddur, the reader is instructed to substitute the first line of the usual אתה חונן with the אתה חוננתנו paragraph on Motzaei Shabbos and Motzaei Yom Tov. In my Artscroll siddur, ...
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Why does the Chabad nusach omit "Tzur Yisroel" before Shemoneh Esrei?

In the bracha right before the Amidah during Shacharis, Nusach Ashkenaz and many variations of Nusach Sefard have: שִׁירָה חֲדָשָׁה שִׁבְּחוּ גְאוּלִים לְשִׁמְךָ עַל שפַת הַיָּם. יַחַד כֻּלָּם ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Pre-Rambam Teimani Siddur?

I have been told that Teimanim today use the Nusach of the Rambam. So, what Nusach did they use before him? Does anyone use such a Nusach today? And is there a Siddur of such a Nusach?
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Opening Words of the Shemona Esrei in Mussaf and Mincha [duplicate]

At the beginning of the Shemona Esrei for both Shacharit and Maariv, one recites the words "אדני שפתי תפתח ופי יגיד תהלתיך". At the beginning of the Shemona Esrei for both Mussaf and Mincha, however, ...
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Are there different nusachos for the kinnos?

Follow up to my previous question about Lubavitch kinnos. I often see kinnos books labeled "Ashkenaz," "Sfard," etc. but are there really differences between the kinnos or are these labels referring ...
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Is there a kaddish sheet with the differences in nusach highlighted?

Sometimes we have a case of Saying kaddish when davening in a minyan that isn't your nusach. Very often in fact, i'll hear up to 3 nuschaot of kaddish being recited at once. In cases like this, ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Text of prayer contains a neder

Sometimes I say prayers, typically tehillim, that appear to contain a promise to do something. Example: " חַסְדֵי יְהוָה, עוֹלָם אָשִׁירָה; לְדֹר וָדֹר, אוֹדִיעַ אֱמוּנָתְךָ בְּפִי. I will sing of ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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A grammatical question about Shabbes davening

I recently noticed that in my siddur (Siddur Vilna), in the fourth berakha of the Shabbes davening (או"א רצה במנוחתינו...), there's a pronominal suffix near the conclusion that changes depending on ...
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Does Halakhah permit one to daven a different Nussach in a bind?

Suppose one's minhag is to daven Nussach A; but, one finds oneself in a synagogue, which only has siddurim of Nussach B, and one has not committed all of Nussach A to memory. He could daven Nussach A ...
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