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Questions tagged [nidui-ostracism]

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2 votes
1 answer

Does one have to honor parents who’re in Nidui or Cherem

In the Talmud, the Gemara of tractate Moed Katan it rules that one still observes the laws of ostracism which supersede the commandment to rejoice on festivals. My question is, is the positive ...
1 vote
1 answer

Legitimate reasons for Cherem

According to Halacha, one is eligible for Cherem themselves if they put someone else in Cherem for an illegitimate reason. My question is, what constitutes a legitimate reason for Cherem and what ...
1 vote
1 answer

Under what circumstances (if at all) can excommunication be reversed and what is the process of the reversal if its possible?

There are some well known cases of certain Jews being excommunicated from their communities (e.g. Spinoza). However, it's not clear to me whether its possible for excommunication to be reversed and ...
2 votes
0 answers

Passing a sentence before asking questions?

Moed Katan 27b: when Rav Hamnuna once happened to come to a place called Darumata he heard the sound of a shofar announcing that a person had died in the town. When he saw some people doing work he ...
2 votes
0 answers

Can banning a Sage be made in G-d's honor?

We hold that (Avot 5,17): כָּל מַחֲלֹקֶת שֶׁהִיא לְשֵׁם שָׁמַיִם, סוֹפָהּ לְהִתְקַיֵּם... אֵיזוֹ הִיא מַחֲלֹקֶת שֶׁהִיא לְשֵׁם שָׁמַיִם, זוֹ מַחֲלֹקֶת הִלֵּל וְשַׁמַּאי. Every dispute that ...
-1 votes
1 answer

The Day After Yom Kippur, Does The Community Re-Excommunnicate People Who Were Excommunicated Before Kol Nidre?

Since we permit to pray with those who were excommunicated (I mean menudim or muhramim i.e. in niduy or 'herem) in Kol Nidre, does the community need to reinstitute relevant niduyim/haramot the day ...
3 votes
1 answer

Sitting shiva upon the death of excommunicated individuals?

If a Minudeh (excommunicated individual) dies, does his or her family sit shiva for them? Does it matter whether they previously mourned this individual as part of the excommunication process?
8 votes
1 answer

Excommunication in Judaism

What is the process for excommunication in Judaism? I'm familiar with excommunication in the Catholic Church and was told that the process is different in Judaism.
6 votes
1 answer

why was R. Eliezer ben Hyrcanus excommunicated?

Bava Metzia 59b says that at the end of the episode of the Oven of Akhnai, Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus was excommunicated. (Apparently there's a makhloket about whether this was nidui or cherem.) The ...
2 votes
1 answer

Do we embarrass someone in cheirem?

Let's suppose that someone in a community has been put in cheirem, for whatever reason. This would generally ban him from the community shul. Should this person show up in the community shul, however, ...