Questions tagged [nedarim-shevuot]

Questions about oaths or vows that a person accepts upon oneself and obligations that stem from them

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
2answers
124 views

Can a woman be one of the three for hatares nedarim?

Can a woman be one of the three witnesses/part of the beis din for hatares nedarim (annulment of vows)?
2
votes
0answers
89 views

“Bli neder” and shevuot

As far as I understand from the discussion here, a "neder" is a vow forbidding or consecrating objects, whereas a "shevua" governs personal actions. For example, one would make a neder to declare wine ...
7
votes
1answer
556 views

Does texting count as speech?

For instance, say that I text someone "I promise I'll do X." Does that have the same status as if I said out loud the same thing? The same question can be asked with respect to Shevuos (as in oaths, ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

Breaking a Neder or Shavu'a

What if someone make a Neder or a Shavu'a in the name of Hashem, and intentionally broke it? What would someone's punishment be for that? Kares, Malkus etc.? How can someone do Teshuva for something ...
4
votes
0answers
109 views

Shalosh Shevuoth (The Three Oaths) - halacha or aggadata

I am aware that there is a long standing argument about whether the Shalosh Shevuot(1) are a Halachic concept to be reckoned with or "just" an aggadata. I'm sure that there are many varied opinions in ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Why did Yiftach have to fulfill his oath?

Yiftach swore that the first thing to come out of his house upon his arrival would become a sacrifice. Unfortunately, that was his daughter. Why he didn't get it annulled and why he went through with ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Was it customary for there to be an annual lamentation for someone's death, e.g. the daughter of Jephthah? Details as to her mourning process?

In Judges 11, the overzealous (or prideful) short-reigned judge of Israel, Jephthah, makes the rash vow to G-d that if he is victorious against the Ammorites and safely returns home, then he will ...
4
votes
0answers
57 views

Are we praying or vowing to bring karbanos in musaf of shabas?

In t'filas musaf of shabas are we praying for Hashem to want us to bring the karbanos, or making an offer to bring them? Two possible readings of this section are of the form "may it be your will, ...
2
votes
1answer
178 views

Do vows made in the year after a hatarat nedarim require another hatarat nedarim to annul?

Bracketing out, for a moment, the matter of the hatarot nedarim that everyone makes before Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, the text of the regular hatarat nedarim (annulment of vows) (http://halachipedia....
3
votes
1answer
106 views

Can you abandon a personal chumra if it was based on a misunderstanding of the mitzvah?

If you established a neder and/or chazaka to do some mitzvah a certain way (i.e., by doing it that way three times in a row), but this was based on a misunderstanding--such as thinking the chumra was ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Chazakah Halachah?

I know that when a person does something 3 times (some say twice), he has to do it forever. What if there's a break in between the times? Say, a person wear Rabbeinu Tam Tefillin once, the next ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Take away a neder

Is it possible to remove a neder through saying kol nidre alone on a regular weekday? And if not, what possibilities are there to remove a neder without asking a Beit din.
9
votes
2answers
163 views

Neder not specified

What is if someone took a neder on himself, and said eg. "i will not eat potatos anymore," but his intention was only for a certain Kind of potatos. Are now all potatos forbidden to him (as the person ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Are nedarim considered Biblical or Rabbinic laws?

If you make a neder (a personal vow), is following it considered a matter of Biblical (d'oraysa) or Rabbinical (d'rabbanan) law? Please bring sources.
6
votes
2answers
72 views

How did Ya'akov keep his vow regarding tithing?

With permission, I ask this question with honor and respect to a 92 year old man who paid attention to my laining this morning. May he live a long life! Genesis 28:22: וְהָאֶ֣בֶן הַזֹּ֗את אֲשֶׁר־...
-2
votes
1answer
72 views

According to the Rambam, if I make a vow and I realize that it was based on an error, is it still binding?

If, for example, I say that I won't eat tomatoes but my intention was to make a neder about "not eating red vegetables" (this is why I said tomato). A year after, I realize that a tomato is a fruit ...
4
votes
0answers
283 views

Must all parts of Hatarat Nedarim be said in a language which we understand, or only some parts?

Introduction Before Rosh Hashanah, it's customary to do the "annulment of vows" ceremony. There are good reasons for this ceremony. Though the ArtScroll Siddur commentary warns: Annulment is ...
3
votes
2answers
327 views

What is the source for the idea that doing some good thing 3 times constitutes a vow?

What is the source for the idea that doing some good thing 3 times constitutes a vow? I looked through Hilkhot Sevuot and Nedarim, and in the Entziklopedia Talmudit under Hazaka, and I could find no ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Hataras Nederim Erev Rosh HaShanah

What is the earliest makor (source) for making hataras nederim erev rosh hashanah in front of 3 people with a long nusach? It appears from minimal research to be a rather "late" minhag. What is the ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Can a person break an oath to G-d to save a life?

Can a person break an oath to G-d to save a life? For example, if someone in the army made an official oath to serve the army and obey the commands always, but one day the person saw his commander ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

Are there poskim who sanction using nedarim today

Are there major contemporary poskim (halachic authorities) who advocate making nedarim (vows) for certain circumstance (besides donations)? for example, someone who has a bad habit, to use a nedar (...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

What is the point of vows, oaths, and pledges in light of Kol Nidre? [duplicate]

I was reading about Yom Kippur, and I came across this translation of the traditional recitation of the Kol Nidre: "All personal vows we are likely to make, all personal oaths and pledges we are ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

halachic status of a “Promise” [duplicate]

If I promise something by saying "I Promise..... to do something". What status does that have. Does it have the same status of a Neder? Or maybe a promise has no significance in halachah and therefore ...
1
vote
3answers
82 views

Why didn't the tribes try to get their oath annulled so that they could give their daughters to the Benjamite men (end of Judges)?

In Shoftim (Judges) 21, the tribe of Benjamin was almost eliminated except for 600 men. However, all the other tribes had made an oath stating that no one was allowed to give their daughters to the ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

When does the clock for a husband annulling his wife's vows start?

A husband can annul his wife's vows that she makes, for a single calendar day after he hears it. This means that if he hears it at night, he has nearly 24 hours until the next sunset; in the morning, ...
5
votes
1answer
197 views

Tzedakah and Maaser - one obligation or two?

I understand that the obligation to give Maaser from our income is a sub-category of the overall commandment to give Tzedakah but consider the following question: If I made a promise (Neder) to give ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Are oaths prohibited or only discouraged?

Are oaths prohibited or only discouraged? And is there a difference between swearing what happened in the past versus swearing what one will do in the future. One can't be sure he will live up ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Difference between הנאה for doing a service for free and for lending an object for free

I am learning the Mishnayot of Masechet Nedarim and I came across an apparent contradiction that I cannot quite wrap my head around. The seifa of the first mishna in the fourth perek mentions that a ...
9
votes
2answers
140 views

Were there particular reasons to vow the value of a person?

Vayikra 27 covers when a man vows the "valuation" (עֶרְכְּךָ) of a person. The values are based on age and are different for men and women (50 shekels for a man between 20 and 60, for example). A ...
4
votes
0answers
173 views

Who came up with this story?

It says in Mekor Baruch (of Rabbi Baruch Epstein) The Rosh Yeshiva of Volozhin, the Netziv, was once sitting down surrounded by several high-caliber students – avrechim versed in Torah, wise, and ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

How does a husband make a neder on his wife

How does a husband make a neder on his wife? From shulchan aruch, even ezer: 115.10 (not to talk to someone (maybe only men?)) אם השביע אשתו שלא תדבר עם פלוני ועברה ודברה עמו עוברת על דת היא ...
11
votes
2answers
174 views

Is a neder about something compulsory valid?

Imagine someone make a neder not to eat pork (this is not a general Neder not to eat meat rather specifically prohibiting pork which is already forbidden). Is that neder valid? If he then eats pork, ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Explain how the last word of Yosef's “oath” got into the verse in Shemot 13:19

In Shemot 13:19, the verse quotes the oath that Yosef made his brothers and descendants swear about carrying his bones when they leave Egypt. Compare these words in this verse with the actual oath ...
8
votes
1answer
114 views

Why do we call the “judges” experts?

The hataras nedarim of Erev Rosh Hashanah starts with "Listen now my masters, expert judges" ("‎שמעו נא רבותי, דיינים מומחים‎").1 In practice, at least as far as I've seen, these judges are ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Why did Yaakov Avinu tell Yosef to place his hand by his thigh? [duplicate]

In parshas Vayechi 47 29 Yaakov Avinu tells Yosef to place his hand by his thigh. We find this expression used by Avraham Avinu in Chayei Sarah 24 2 with an explenation by Rashi that an object used ...
2
votes
1answer
269 views

Do those who do become religious after a divorce need to cover their hair (women) or wear a tallis (men)?

A reason that I propose for why divorced women continue to cover their hair and divorced men continue to wear a tallis (a phenomenon whose existence I vouch for) is that taking on a mitzvah (with the ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

When Yaakov said “whoever stole the idols will not live”, was that a curse or vow?

In this week's parsha (Bereishit 31:32), Yaakov says that whoever stole Lavan's idols will not live, not knowing that Rachel had taken them. The question is, was this said as a curse or a neder (vow)?...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

If someone knowingly designates a Korban Mincha with barley, does he offer with wheat?

In the Mishna, (Menachot 12:3) it says that if one makes a neder (vow) to offer a Korban Mincha with barley, he offers with wheat. Kehati explains, if he didn't know that Menachot are only wheat, but ...
6
votes
4answers
363 views

Does saying “I promise…” constitute any halachic obligation?

If someone verbalizes to himself something like "I promise not to drink Coke for a year" and his intention is to create a prohibition for himself, what does the halacha have to say about this case? ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Halachically, is one person ever bound by the intent of another?

In masechet shevuot, 41b, the gemara discusses a case of a loan as follows (h/t dafyomi.co.il) Levi lent Yehudah, and told him 'repay me in front of two witnesses who learn Halachah. Yehudah paid ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

What's the point of an oath?

There's an argument whether annulling an oath needs an excuse. Even if there needs to be an excuse, the excuse could be something weak like "I didn't know I shouldn't take oaths". What's the point of ...
5
votes
1answer
300 views

Violating a cancelable oath?

If someone made an oath "I'm not going to eat bread for thirty days" and wants to "cancel" it, he goes to three people and tells them "I didn't know that it would be so hard". They say "OK, it's ...
2
votes
0answers
105 views

Being Matir Family Mesorah

Does Hataras Nedarim help to be matir all of one's minhagim if the the one being matir has them in mind? For example: a sephardi wants to change his minhagim to ashkenazi ones.
-1
votes
1answer
70 views

In Judaism do they believe that writting God's name is swearing an oath?

I have recently asked a question about taking God's name in vain. And I have been told that swearing is taking his name in vain. So in teachings I see it mentioned G-d or Gcd. Showing to me a ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

If you have trouble fulfilling a promise

If you promised to give a $500. a month to a given charity as long as you had the money, and later your expenses go up such that the only way to give the money to the charity is to not feed your ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Translating and explaining Aramaic stipulations for an oath

Here is an example of the complexities of Hilchos Shvuos, excerpted from an actual sworn oath: What does the above mean? Please translate and explain each expression.
0
votes
0answers
94 views

Does an incomplete oath count?

If someone makes a partial statement (while not intending to make a Shevua) is that considered a Shevua? For example, we learn in the Torah about swearing (even in Hashem's Name) (which clearly should ...
0
votes
3answers
227 views

Should Jepthah have sacrificed his daughter?

Jepthah made a vow that whatever came out of his house first would be sacrificed to the LORD. (This is actually pretty strange; what other object in his house can get out by itself?) Nevertheless, ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Neder of 11 year old girl

An 11 year old girl made a neder that if she finds a certain object that she had lost then she'll give to tzedeka 20 agarot (which is today around 5 cents) every week (for the rest of her life.) Does ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

bli neder on pas yisroel

During aseres yemei tshuva the Shulchan Aruch writes that one should not eat pas akum(palter). Does one have to say bli neder to take this chumrah on,or since it is a halacha no bli neder is ...