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Questions tagged [nedarim-shevuot]

Questions about oaths or vows that a person accepts upon oneself and obligations that stem from them

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Would a “מתנה על מה שכתוב בתורה” (stipulating on something written in the Torah) by Purim be valid?

In Kesuvos 56a we learn about the principle of where one makes a stipulation on something that was written in Torah. For example: דתניא האומר לאשה הרי את מקודשת לי על מנת שאין ליך עלי שאר כסות ...
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1answer
28 views

Why did they need such an elaborate plan after Pilegesh Begiv'ah?

I've been thinking about this for a while, but this question reminded me. After the incident of Pilegesh Begiv'ah, the tribe of Binyamin had been almost wiped out and was down to 600 men. Everyone ...
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40 views

Can a Jew enter into personally made covenants with Hashem and are these held to the same standard as the true Jewish covenant?

I'm curious if there exists the ability for a Jew to challenge themselves and their faith to Hashem by creating new obstacles which don't actually exist in Jewish law. I was reading about the ...
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1answer
87 views

Can G-d be put in Charem

I came across this article: The Time Has Come for God to Reveal the Messiah, Says Jerusalem’s Chief Rabbi. The jist of the article that Chief Rabbi Amar and two other Rabbis announced as a ruling ...
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26 views

Why list קונם and קונס explicitly in Kol Nidrei but not other Kinuyim?

Nedarim 1:2 lists several kinnuyim, alternate expressions you can use for making a neder. In the Ashkenazi version of Kol Nidrei that I'm familiar with as well as the Nusach Sefarad one I found on ...
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1answer
67 views

Promise on a death bed

I once read that if a person makes a promise on their death bed to another person that they would come back to them in a dream and tell them whatever they wanted to know, then this is considered a ...
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1answer
74 views

Source for taking an oath on beard and payos

I remember seeing in a sefer that when Jews would take an oath they would take one on their beard and payos, this showed how much they valued the mitzvah of beard and payos. Does anyone know where ...
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1answer
15 views

Hatarat nedarim for a not-forgotten neder

About the התרת נדרים that some do every erev rosh hashana, I vaguely recall reading that, there could be some limitations? If the guy has not forgotten his neder and he still recalls it when he stands ...
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19 views

Was it a sin for Yitzchak to swear to Avimelech

The Midrash rebukes Avraham for swearing to Avimelech and making a covenant (Genesis 21:23-32): אָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא אַתָּה נָתַתָּ שֶׁבַע כְּבָשׂוֹת בְּלִי רְצוֹנִי, חַיֶּיךָ ...
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Hatoras Nedarim - mentioning specific examples

If one is aware of specific examples of vows or a 'minhag tov' that one undertook, then one should articulate this to at least one member of the 'judges'. Is this informing essential or does the ...
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1answer
82 views

Tzedakah and tax deduction

In my country of residence there's a possibility to deduct charities from the tax. Since most have a daytime job and the tax is deducted in advance, in practice it means that at the end of the year ...
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1answer
54 views

If one is noder hana’ah from a smartphone, what is included?

Let’s say someone says he is noder hana’ah from a smartphone. What is included in the Neder? I assume that using the physical object (ex. as a paperweight) would be out. I assume that using the ...
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26 views

If one is noder hana'ah from something which sometimes is obligatory and sometimes is not, is the neder binding?

Let's say I make a neder not to benefit from the five grains - wheat, barley, rye, oat(?), and spelt. These are the only grains which can be used for Matzah on Pesach (Pesachim 35b). Assuming that a ...
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34 views

Can someone make a neder [vow] not to have any benefit from the area near the exit of someone else's house while he is in that house?

If a person invites someone into his house, and the invitee makes a neder [vow] not to have any benefit [ מודר הנאה] from any area near an exit of his host's house, Is the neder valid. If so, can he ...
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127 views

How did Chana vow that her son should be a Nazir?

How did Chana vow that her son (Shmuel hanavi) should be a Nazir, when the (Gemara Sotah 23a) says a woman can't impose Nezirut on her son?
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59 views

Why is “affliction of the soul” interpreted differently in two places?

The Torah (Leviticus 23:32) says regarding Yom Hakippurim וְעִנִּיתֶם אֶת נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם "and you shall afflict your souls." The Mishna (Yoma 8:1) gives the prohibitions of Yom Hakippurim as follows: ...
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29 views

If Hataras nedarim on erev R'H voids all future vows, commitments, then is it even possible to make a vow or commitment?

Based on the text of Hataras Nedarim, specifically, "...I nullify from now on all the vows, all the oaths, prohibitions, assents and commitments in thought which I will take upon myself...and if I ...
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1answer
126 views

To be Matir Neder or not to be, that is the question

According to those Shitos (such as the Ran) brought in Is a neder about something compulsory valid? that one violates Lo Yachel Devaro if they break a Neder not to do something which is already Assur, ...
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69 views

The Day After Yom Kippur, Does The Community Re-Excommunnicate People Who Were Excommunicated Before Kol Nidre?

Since we permit to pray with those who were excommunicated (I mean menudim or muhramim i.e. in niduy or 'herem) in Kol Nidre, does the community need to reinstitute relevant niduyim/haramot the day ...
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142 views

Can a husband forbid his wife from doing something (which will not hurt her)

A husband cannot make his wife do something using a vow (Helckas Mehokek 74.17 end, Bais Shmuel 74.12 end). אם מדיר אותה דבר שהוא לטובתה כגון שהדיר קונם הנאת תשמישך עלי אם לא תתקשט והיא אינה רוצה א"...
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47 views

Oaths made in altered mental states

Is an oath (neder or shevua) valid if made while drunk? What if a person had a bad experience while under the influence of alcohol and while drunk swore never to drink again, but after becoming sober ...
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62 views

What's the story with nezirut Shimshon in hatarat nedarim?

In the standard text of hatarat nedarim, Artscroll has וכל מיני נזירות שקבלתי עלי חוץ מנזירות שמשון Koren has ואפילו נזירות שמשון There are three types of nezirut: nezirut olam, nezirut ...
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55 views

Are unimposed or uncompelled vows (or any related synonyms) annulled by “Kol Nidrei”?

Are the following vows (or any related synonyms) annulled by "Kol Nidrei": Any vows or promises or oath (or any related synonyms) that I said to God? For example, I say, God, I promise to give 20% of ...
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3answers
159 views

Why is Sabbath so important?

In Isaiah 58:13-14 we read: “If you turn away your foot from the Sabbath, From doing your pleasure on My holy day, And call the Sabbath a delight, The holy day of the Lord honorable, And ...
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1answer
58 views

How long does a vow made “until it will be Shavuos” last?

The mishnah in Nedarim 8:3 gives the following general rule: This is the rule: Anything that has a set time and he says, "until it reaches that time," he is forbidden until that time. If he says, ...
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1answer
136 views

Don't have to articulate hataras nedarim?

I recently made a hataras nedarim in which two of the three dayanim were not articulating a single word, but simply intoning something like a low hum, during the part that is supposed to be said ...
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Nedarim 61 and multiple year neder

I'm a gentile and have studied Nedarim 61 a little bit recently. From what I've gathered so far, when someone makes a neder for "this year" or "a year", it means for the rest of the year, whether that ...
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86 views

Should you take on a chumra if you're not sure you can maintain it?

Should someone take on a new stringency/hiddur/optional mitzvah if he or she is not absolutely sure he and his progeny will be able to maintain it on all further occasions? In such a case, is it ...
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2answers
100 views

What if one swears to do something forbidden?

If one makes a neder or shevu'ah to do something that is forbidden by Torah (or perhaps to abstain from something that is mandatory) what happens? Does his vow have any significance? That is, was it ...
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54 views

Text of prayer contains a neder

Sometimes I say prayers, typically tehillim, that appear to contain a promise to do something. Example: " חַסְדֵי יְהוָה, עוֹלָם אָשִׁירָה; לְדֹר וָדֹר, אוֹדִיעַ אֱמוּנָתְךָ בְּפִי. I will sing of ...
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61 views

Donating Tzedaka and Nodrei Lev

You've received a fundraising call from a local frum institution and agree to donate $100. The individual on the phone directs you to the donation site to fill out the forms. After you get off the ...
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1answer
46 views

Does interrupting the kaballah of a neder require that I restate the neder?

If I'm in the middle of taking a neder and I interrupt in the middle of a sentence to answer "Amen yehei shmei rabah..." can I just continue where I left off in expressing my neder or do I have to ...
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1answer
82 views

Shevuos in Conflict

Say that there's a guy named Reuven. Reuven swears never to bake bread on Tuesdays. Don't ask why, just go with it. Reuven owns an inn. Several months later, some guys called up Reuven and asked if ...
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74 views

Why didn't Yosef's brothers bury him where he asked?

So Joseph made the Israelites swear, saying, “When God comes to you, you shall carry up my bones from here.” (Bereishis 50:25) And Joseph died, being one hundred ten years old; he was embalmed ...
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107 views

Can a woman be one of the three for hatares nedarim?

Can a woman be one of the three witnesses/part of the beis din for hatares nedarim (annulment of vows)?
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74 views

“Bli neder” and shevuot

As far as I understand from the discussion here, a "neder" is a vow forbidding or consecrating objects, whereas a "shevua" governs personal actions. For example, one would make a neder to declare wine ...
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439 views

Does texting count as speech?

For instance, say that I text someone "I promise I'll do X." Does that have the same status as if I said out loud the same thing? The same question can be asked with respect to Shevuos (as in oaths, ...
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102 views

Breaking a Neder or Shavu'a

What if someone make a Neder or a Shavu'a in the name of Hashem, and intentionally broke it? What would someone's punishment be for that? Kares, Malkus etc.? How can someone do Teshuva for something ...
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1answer
78 views

Why did Yiftach have to fulfill his oath?

Yiftach swore that the first thing to come out of his house upon his arrival would become a karban. Unfortunately, that was his daughter. Why he didn't get it annulled and why he went through with it (...
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1answer
102 views

Was it customary for there to be an annual lamentation for someone's death, e.g. the daughter of Jephthah? Details as to her mourning process?

In Judges 11, the overzealous (or prideful) short-reigned judge of Israel, Jephthah, makes the rash vow to G-d that if he is victorious against the Ammorites and safely returns home, then he will ...
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Are we praying or vowing to bring karbanos in musaf of shabas?

In t'filas musaf of shabas are we praying for Hashem to want us to bring the karbanos, or making an offer to bring them? Two possible readings of this section are of the form "may it be your will, ...
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1answer
161 views

Do vows made in the year after a hatarat nedarim require another hatarat nedarim to annul?

Bracketing out, for a moment, the matter of the hatarot nedarim that everyone makes before Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur, the text of the regular hatarat nedarim (annulment of vows) (http://halachipedia....
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1answer
95 views

Can you abandon a personal chumra if it was based on a misunderstanding of the mitzvah?

If you established a neder and/or chazaka to do some mitzvah a certain way (i.e., by doing it that way three times in a row), but this was based on a misunderstanding--such as thinking the chumra was ...
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1answer
120 views

Chazakah Halachah?

I know that when a person does something 3 times (some say twice), he has to do it forever. What if there's a break in between the times? Say, a person wear Rabbeinu Tam Tefillin once, the next ...
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1answer
103 views

Take away a neder

Is it possible to remove a neder through saying kol nidre alone on a regular weekday? And if not, what possibilities are there to remove a neder without asking a Beit din.
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153 views

Neder not specified

What is if someone took a neder on himself, and said eg. "i will not eat potatos anymore," but his intention was only for a certain Kind of potatos. Are now all potatos forbidden to him (as the person ...
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1answer
99 views

Are nedarim considered Biblical or Rabbinic laws?

If you make a neder (a personal vow), is following it considered a matter of Biblical (d'oraysa) or Rabbinical (d'rabbanan) law? Please bring sources.
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How did Ya'akov keep his vow regarding tithing?

With permission, I ask this question with honor and respect to a 92 year old man who paid attention to my laining this morning. May he live a long life! Genesis 28:22: וְהָאֶ֣בֶן הַזֹּ֗את אֲשֶׁר־...
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71 views

According to the Rambam, if I make a vow and I realize that it was based on an error, is it still binding?

If, for example, I say that I won't eat tomatoes but my intention was to make a neder about "not eating red vegetables" (this is why I said tomato). A year after, I realize that a tomato is a fruit ...
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256 views

Must all parts of Hatarat Nedarim be said in a language which we understand, or only some parts?

Introduction Before Rosh Hashanah, it's customary to do the "annulment of vows" ceremony. There are good reasons for this ceremony. Though the ArtScroll Siddur commentary warns: Annulment is ...