Questions tagged [names]

Questions about the purpose, meaning, halachos (rules), etc. of names.

121 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
9 votes
1 answer
171 views

Tribes' names with את and without?

"וַתַּהַר לֵאָה וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן וַתִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ רְאוּבֵן" "וַתַּהַר עוֹד וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן ... וַתִּקְרָא שְׁמוֹ שִׁמְעוֹן" "וַתַּהַר עוֹד וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן ... עַל־כֵּן קָרָא־שְׁמוֹ לֵוִי" "וַתַּהַר עוֹד ...
  • 25.2k
9 votes
1 answer
1k views

Honorific for a non-Jew

My question is somewhat simple: is there an honorific for particularly righteous, deceased non-Jews? Related: is זכרונו לברכה ever used for non-Jews? I don't recall ever having seen this. EDIT: I ...
  • 261
6 votes
1 answer
199 views

Do you call a yid who's had a giyur LECHUMRA "Ben/Bat Avraham Avinu"?

Do you call a yid who's had a giyur LECHUMRA "Ben/Bat Avraham Avinu"? So basically if a yid grows up with the Hebrew name Shlomo ben Chaim or something like that then finds out his yichus is ...
  • 81
6 votes
0 answers
103 views

Replacement kesubah but the father had a name change

I heard an interesting question but didn't hear the answer. There are laws about what to do when someone loses their Kesubah. They write something new called a kesubah d'irkesa, which is a document ...
  • 18.8k
6 votes
0 answers
57 views

In prayer for sick, can one name count for two people?

On Shabbat morning, the gabbai prays for the sick to be healed and reads out a list of names of sick people, that was provided by the community. In the case where two sick people have the same name (...
6 votes
0 answers
2k views

What determines whether a man's Hebrew name uses "ben" or "bar"?

I have (obviously) heard a lot of Hebrew names of the form "Ploiny ben Almoiny," where Almoiny is Ploiny's father. But occasionally I see names written with the Aramaic "bar", for example Simon bar ...
  • 19.4k
6 votes
0 answers
95 views

Why are there only 8 Martyrs in the Tisha b'av kinnos

The kinna on Tisha b'av says there are 10 Martyrs, but only 8 are named. In the Yom Kippur version, however, all 10 are mentioned. Why are 2 missing from Tisha b'av?
6 votes
0 answers
192 views

Does a Kohen have to be concerned about the surname of a potential mate?

In this question various surnames are explored that are strongly associated with being a Kohein. Some of them are rather unambiguously chosen simply because the chooser wanted to indicate their status....
  • 31.5k
6 votes
0 answers
111 views

Children's Names

I noticed a lot of times in the TaNaKh, how children were given specific names for a specific reason. Take Binyamin for example, his original name at birth was "Benoni" (son of my sorrow) but his ...
6 votes
0 answers
185 views

Why do we call people up to the Torah by name?

In shul, if a guest is honored with an aliyah, I watch as the gabbai walks over (or sends someone) to get the guest's name, then call that same person up by that name. Once the guest has been told ...
  • 36.9k
6 votes
0 answers
116 views

Writing the woman's name in a kasubah or get: Plonis *ben* Ploni

Instead of writing the name of the kallah (bride) Rivka bat Chaim (for example) it was written Rivka ben Chaim. In such a case what's the halacha? By a kasubah is it valid? Does it have to be written ...
  • 15.7k
6 votes
0 answers
725 views

Knowledge of meanings of Hebrew names in Daniel

I have being doing a study on Daniel and the meanings of the names of Daniel and his friends and wondered how these would be understood between the friends. For example my name is Stephen, meaning ...
6 votes
1 answer
195 views

Source for forgiveness at a Bris Milah for those who share the baby's name

I have heard many times that if one is present at a Bris Milah and the baby receives the same name as them, they receive forgiveness for all of their sins and/or some sort of special Beracha. Is ...
5 votes
0 answers
154 views

What is the proper voweling (Nikud) for Metatron?

I have seen many variations of this and wonder if anyone could tell me which is the most correct? These variations include: מֶטָטְרוֹן‎‎ (Meṭāṭ'rōn) מְטַטְרוֹן‎ (Măṭaṭ'rōn) מֵיטַטְרוֹן‎ (Mēyṭaṭ'rōn) ...
5 votes
0 answers
108 views

How to refer to a Kohain with suspended privileges in prayer

When a Kohain chas v'Shalom marries a divorcée or convert, halacha requires us to suspend his privileges - he may not receive the first aliyah during the Torah reading, duchen, etc, until such time as ...
5 votes
0 answers
239 views

Multiple characters with the same name in the bible

In the Bible most of the names are unique, especially for the main characters. As far as I know there is only one Abraham and only one Moses etc. There are some names that appear more than once like ...
  • 324
5 votes
0 answers
69 views

Are there any limitations on changing a personal name in Halachah?

Following "naming-a-child-an-embarrassing-name", I stated, based on my personal understanding, that there are no Halachic limitations on how a person calls himself and how he can change his names ...
  • 25.2k
5 votes
0 answers
84 views

Does anyone comment on the name Reu'el for Eisav's son?

In Vayishlach (Ber. 36:10) Eisav has a son named Reu'el. While the meanings of/reasons for the names of those in Eisav's line are not provided, it seems to me that this name sticks out because it ...
  • 36.9k
5 votes
0 answers
65 views

Different methods of naming the 70 nations

When listing the descendants of Noah in Gen 10,1 and on the Torah uses different naming methods: Names in the singular: "וְאֵלֶּה תּוֹלְדֹת בְּנֵי־נֹחַ שֵׁם חָם וָיָפֶת וַיִּוָּלְדוּ לָהֶם בָּנִים ...
  • 25.2k
5 votes
0 answers
213 views

Why does Rashi call tzeirei and segol "kamatz katan" and "patach katan"

Rashi often refers to tzeirei as "kamatz katan" and segol as "patach katan". Why? In what sense are they smaller versions of kamatz and patach? I understand that kamatz and tzeirei are תנועות ...
  • 8,967
5 votes
0 answers
63 views

Why isn't having a masechet with the name as the seder a concern in Taharot?

Kehati's introduction to Moed Katan says that it is not called Moed so as not to cause confusion, as the seder has the same name. However, this doesn't seem to be a concern for masechet Taharot in ...
  • 22.9k
5 votes
0 answers
157 views

Naming after two people

Can one person be given one name (as opposed to a double name) which is meant to "correspond" to two different deceased individuals? I.e. Chaim and Shprintza have a daughter. Chaim's grandmother was ...
5 votes
0 answers
198 views

What is the proper hebrew pronunciation of Rav Hirsch's first name?

Among the Modern Orthodox I hear Rav Hirsch's name only said in its English form ("Samson"). Amongst the Yeshivish I hear the form "Shamshon." My question is, was his Hebrew name Shamshon or Shimshon? ...
  • 32.8k
5 votes
0 answers
74 views

Grammatical origins of names in Tanach

Almost all nouns in Hebrew fit into one of several standard "templates". For example, מִבְחָן comes from the root בחנ combined with the pattern מִפְעָל (already used by many other words). There would ...
  • 8,203
5 votes
0 answers
140 views

Why don't Ramaniote Jews use the hei in names?

I am named after my grandfather and great grandfather on my mother's side, both of whom were Ramaniote. My name, therefore, is "Avram Mosh" (אברם מוש) instead of "Avraham Moshe" (אברהם משה). I've been ...
5 votes
0 answers
123 views

MiSheBerach for someone who doesn't like his/her own name

Another question asked about a case in which someone does not want to use his/her mother's name in a MiSheBerach. What if someone dislikes his/her own given name and goes by a different name? What ...
  • 41.2k
5 votes
1 answer
187 views

Why are Masekhtot referred to by content while Humashim by their first word(s)?

Hamishah Humshe'i Torah (i.e. The Five Books of Moses) are most commonly referred to by the first word(s) in each (e.g. "Bereshit bara", "We'eleh HaDevarim"), though I'm aware of commentators (e.g. ...
  • 7,373
4 votes
0 answers
35 views

Sheva and Dedan

Is there any connection between Sheva and Dedan, sons of Yokshan ben Avraham (Beresheet 25:3, Divrei Hayamim 1:1:32) and Sheva and Dedan, sons of Ra'ama ben Cush (Beresheet 10:7)?
  • 22.6k
4 votes
0 answers
69 views

Getting a Jewish name

What is the procedure for giving a Jew a Jewish name if he or she was never given one at birth? Are there any sources that discuss this situation?
  • 2,950
4 votes
0 answers
224 views

Names of angels

There is a pretty well known point made in the Talmud Yerushalmi Rosh Hashana 1:2 stating that the names we are accustomed to calling the months of our lunar calendar came up with those returning from ...
  • 32.8k
4 votes
0 answers
91 views

Who is Rav Tzvi HaLevi?

Below is a ketuba for a bride name Chaya bat Yehuda, and Yehuda's father is shown as Rav Tzvi HaLevy. I know for a fact from people who knew him and from multiple original source documents including ...
  • 159
4 votes
0 answers
128 views

Is the name Rami mentioned in the gemarah the full version?

I am trying to ascertain if the name "Rami" is a Jewish one. If rabbis in the Babylonian Talmud are named Rami then that would be a good indication. There are at least 3 Ramis found in the gemarah: ...
  • 12.9k
4 votes
0 answers
143 views

Jacob's Dual Names and Wives

The third Patriarch's birth name was Jacob. He is given another name, Israel, in Genesis 32. Jacob had two primary wives; Leah and Rachel. I have heard the idea that the Rachel was the betrothed ...
  • 8,114
4 votes
0 answers
94 views

Are there any name combinations that may not be used?

Are there any combinations of names that may not be given? There are many names which aren't commonly paired together but is there any reason not to or just common practice and preference?
  • 4,143
4 votes
0 answers
295 views

Non-Jew who takes a Jewish name

Let's say someone goes through an invalid conversion, and now they incorrectly think they are Jewish. They pick a Jewish name for themselves, and they are called up to the Torah by that name and use ...
4 votes
0 answers
303 views

Calling a Muslim leader an "Imam"

Is there a halachic issue with referring to a Muslim imam by the title "Imam" (or "Imam __" with the person's name inserted in place of the underscore)? Here are the thoughts that lead me to ask this ...
user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
137 views

Anywhere in Tanach where brothers-in-law have the same name?

Is there anywhere in Tanach where brothers-in-law have the same name? Either two sisters married men with the same name, or a woman married someone with the same name as her brother. There is a ...
  • 1,336
4 votes
0 answers
58 views

Using someone's mother/father's disliked name for ritual purposes

Closely related to this question, what happens if someone's mother or father doesn't/didn't like her or his name, and the child now either needs a MiSheBerach or is called to the Torah? What name ...
  • 41.2k
4 votes
0 answers
73 views

Different names for Dovid in regular Selichos vs Yom Kippur Selichos

Why do we refer to Dovid Hamelech as "Mashiach Tzidkecha" in Selichos (towards the end, paragraph begins with those words) except on Yom Kippur when we refer to him as "Dovid Avdecha" (in the same ...
  • 41
4 votes
0 answers
232 views

The father's or mother's name in the "Ribbono Shel Olam" (Yom Tov)

In the "Ribonno Shel Olam" prayer which we say on Yom Tov prior to taking out the Torah, there seems to be a major difference of opinion between certain siddurim (prayer books). Some have the ...
  • 36.9k
4 votes
1 answer
275 views

Why is the term שליט"א more commonly used for a rav than the term נ"י?

As a follow up to this answer to a M.Y. question, why is שליט"א more commonly used after a notable Rav's name than the term נירו יאיר (or נ"י, as an abbreviation)? A wise person, such as a rav is ...
  • 69.4k
3 votes
0 answers
32 views

Are there any sefarim about Melech David

Today we named our son David at the Brit Mila and I realized I wanted to learn more about King David. Outside of Tehilim and Shmuel I&II (which are understandably the core sources), does anyone ...
  • 323
3 votes
0 answers
76 views

Significance of Names

It is well known that one's name has profound significance regarding his/her essence. The name itself is important, as is the name along with the father's and mother's name. My question is, what other ...
  • 101
3 votes
0 answers
83 views

Ruach Hakodesh when Naming a Child for an Ancestor?

The Arizal says that parents having a certain level of ruach hakodesh when naming their child. Sha’ar HaGilgulim (23:8) - ונמצא כי כאשר נולד האדם וקוראים לו אביו ואמו שם אחד העולה בדעתם אינו באקראי ...
  • 12.8k
3 votes
0 answers
72 views

What is the significance of leaving out the suffix-"vav" and/or adding it to אֲדֹנִיָּה?

What is the significance of leaving out the suffix-"vav" and/or adding it to the name אֲדֹנִיָּה? Of the 15 times the name of the antagonist or bad character is mentioned in 1 Kings 1, three ...
  • 172
3 votes
3 answers
357 views

Your name shall be 'Yisrael', but what does it mean and why so?

In relation to another question of mine I would like to know what the name Yisrael really means. It literally says Ya'akov is now names Yisrael because he has struggled AND has overcome. I heard ...
  • 7,218
3 votes
0 answers
103 views

Halachot of Naming (kids)

Has naming children ever formed systematized Halachot? Or is it left as a sort of a prophecy to the parents?
  • 25.2k
3 votes
0 answers
67 views

Explanation for the name Rebbi Nechunya ben HaKaneh

Is there an explanation the Tanna Rebbi Nechunya's surname ben "HaKaneh" - son of the reed?
3 votes
0 answers
131 views

Popular Yiddish name for a baby girl born to an unmarried girl

As per the Sefer Bris Avos (8-33), Sefer Ha'bris (page 318-22) and Zocher Ha'bris (24-17) the name Zindel/Zundel or Isser/Issur was used to name a boy born to an unmarried girl. What was the common ...
  • 4,973
3 votes
0 answers
68 views

Will I lose out by not having grandchildren named after me?

Someone has a very strange Jewish name and he doesn't want to trouble his children to feel pressured to name their children after him when he passes away. He also feels bad that a grandchild should ...
  • 4,973