Questions tagged [names]

Questions about the purpose, meaning, halachos (rules), etc. of names.

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40 views

Naming a Child is it a zchus?

I've once heard that naming a child after a person is a zchus for that person's neshoma. I cannot find a mention of this. I'm not asking about the influence the name has on the child, or cultural ...
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2answers
79 views

What is the etymology of the name Jesse?

I can find multiple possible etymologies for the name Jesse/יִשַׁי Yishai: "King" "Wealth/Abundance" "G-d's gift" "G-d Exists" [From יש Yesh ("there is"), and יה Yah (the shortened name of יהוה YHWH, ...
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87 views

Naming Jews after both father and mother

A Jew is traditionally named after his father -- for example, Yonah ben Yonatan, except for a mishebberach when he is sick, when he is named after his mother -- for example, Yonah ben Sarah. But some ...
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1answer
98 views

Yitro's Daughters

Tzipporah is one of 7 daughters of Yitro according to Sh'mot 2:16 וּלְכֹהֵ֥ן מִדְיָ֖ן שֶׁ֣בַע בָּנ֑וֹת וַתָּבֹ֣אנָה וַתִּדְלֶ֗נָה וַתְּמַלֶּ֙אנָה֙ אֶת־הָ֣רְהָטִ֔ים לְהַשְׁק֖וֹת צֹ֥אן אֲבִיהֶֽן׃ I ...
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1answer
127 views

Why do English translations use the name “Eve” rather than “Chava”?

When the Bible is translated into English, most Hebrew names are simply transliterated into Roman characters. In a few cases though, a completely different name is used. In the case of Hadassah/...
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2answers
752 views

Why did Esav nickname his wife Yehudis?

In Breishis 36:2, Rashi says Oholibamah: She is [identical to] Judith (mentioned above 26:34). He (Esau) nicknamed her Judith (יְהוּדִית) to imply that she denied the validity of idolatry, so that ...
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5answers
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Why are we called 'Jews'? [duplicate]

The term established itself in one way or the other in many different languages as early as the dark age. The question: why is that? I thought it to be somewhat of a misnomer. After all, Yaakov had ...
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1answer
55 views

Why does the Torah tell us the previous name of Bethel?

Beraishis 28 (19) He named that site Bethel; but previously the name of the city had been Luz. Why does the Torah tell us the previous name of Bethel? There must be something the Torah wants us ...
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When should we call God Ha-Makom?

We have many names for God. Elokim to emphasize God's justice, HaShem to emphasize God's mercy, and many other self-explanatory names, such as Adon Olam, HaKadosh Barukh Hu, Matir Assurim, Tzur ...
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Are there two or more prophets who have the same name?

Are there any examples of two different prophets who have the same name?
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2answers
130 views

If צחק refers to the 3 worst misdeeds why Itzchak was called so?

On the Posuk: "וַתֵּרֶא שָׂרָה אֶת־בֶּן־הָגָר הַמִּצְרִית אֲשֶׁר־יָלְדָה לְאַבְרָהָם מְצַחֵק׃" Rashi (Gen 21.9) explains the meaning of the root צחק: מצחק: לְשׁוֹן עֲ"זָ, כְּמוֹ שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר ...
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2answers
87 views

Which parent names the first child?

Which parent names the first child according to current custom?
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88 views

How to refer to a Kohain with suspended privileges in prayer

When a Kohain chas v'Shalom marries a divorcée or convert, halacha requires us to suspend his privileges - he may not receive the first aliyah during the Torah reading, duchen, etc, until such time as ...
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2answers
85 views

Why so much genealogical detail in Bereshit?

I'm looking for reasons (Pshat, but not only) in giving so much detail in Bereshit regarding the sons of Adam, Kain, and so on. Some of the characters born and die, and have no clear role, at least in ...
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1answer
191 views

Who was the first Jew who was called with two names? [closed]

Who was the first Jew who was called with two names? I'm not asking "Who was the fist Jew who had two names?" like Yaakov [Israel] or Benyamin [Ben-Oni] had, I'm asking who was the first Jew who got "...
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1answer
66 views

Discussion of Hagar's name

Avraham first has a child with Hagar -- the same Hagar who was giften as a maid servant by Par'oh after the events in Egypt. The only discussion of her name that I saw was in the Chizkuni (on ...
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62 views

Adding “heh” to a name to refer to God

I remember reading that God chose to rename Abram and Sarai by adding "heh" to their names, this letter being particularly holy because it appears twice in God's name. They became AbraHam and SaraH. ...
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1answer
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Why the first ה in יהודה?

וַתַּהַר עוֹד וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן וַתֹּאמֶר הַפַּעַם אוֹדֶה אֶת־ה' עַל־כֵּן קָרְאָה שְׁמוֹ יְהוּדָה וַתַּעֲמֹד מִלֶּדֶת׃ She conceived again and bore a son, and declared, “This time I will praise the LORD....
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Significance of parashah of the week a child is born

Did Chazal ever teach about any significance attached to the parashah of the week a child is born in terms of picking the child's name or otherwise raising them?
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1answer
120 views

The name of גיהנום

Why is Hell (גהינום) named after גיא בן הינום , the Valley of the son of Hinom? And what is גיא בן הינום anyways? Why don’t we just call it Sheol like the Tora does?
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100 views

Female name starting with Samech in the Torah

Is there a female name beginning with the letter Samech in the Torah not the rest of Nach?
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1answer
48 views

Why we don't call Nessi'im's names?

While all naming conventions remain a mystery for me, I'd like to ask specifically about the Nessi'im in Parashas Masaei. They seemingly were pious men, the leaders of the generation(s) (Num 34.19): ...
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1answer
80 views

The name Amihud is found in different tribes – why was it a popular name?

In the sedra of Masei, two nesi'im are mentioned whose father is Amihud. 1] 34 (20) וּלְמַטֵּה֨ בְּנֵ֣י שִׁמְע֔וֹן שְׁמוּאֵ֖ל בֶּן־עַמִּיהֽוּד: 2] 34 (28) וּלְמַטֵּ֥ה בְנֵֽי־נַפְתָּלִ֖י נָשִׂ֑יא ...
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19 views

Adding a name for sick person [duplicate]

It is common practice for someone who is dangerously ill to add a name (as a form of shinui mazal). I have noticed that people who name after somebody who had a name added during illness who ...
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2answers
1k views

Naming your baby - does the name influence the child?

Inspired by this question: Is there any significance to the name you choose to give your child? Does the name have any influence over the child? Is there any reason to choose to name your son after ...
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116 views

Does a Jew named after a respected historical figure need to hold himself to a higher standard of behavior?

This question may sound strange but it relates to the power of names on Judaism. Typically, when a Jew is named after respected figures from Jewish history, it's done because we hope for our children ...
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61 views

Getting a Jewish name

What is the procedure for giving a Jew a Jewish name if he or she was never given one at birth? Are there any sources that discuss this situation?
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1answer
238 views

Idolatrous origin of the name TAMMUZ

The Gemmorah in [Jerusalem Rosh Hashana 6a][1] explains the process of adopting the Babylonian names on Months instead of Biblical ones. דא"ר חנינה שמות חדשים עלו בידם מבבל R'Hanina said: the ...
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55 views

Where did Og get his name from?

I am looking for sources for the name of Og I have seen the midrash (DR 1:25) which explains the source of the name Og as related to the making of matzot/ugot/cakes. Are there any other sources for ...
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1answer
262 views

Meaning of “Hakatan”

What is the significance of the word "Hakatan" after one's surname? If this descriptive is used by learned people and rabbonim, then is it not self-defeating to call oneself "Hakatan"?
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1answer
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Who is Eliakim? Could he be both a son of the son of Hilkiah and Josiah?

In Kings II 18, Eliakim is the son of Hilkiah the kohen gadol, in Kings II 23 he is referred to as Jehoiakim son of Josiah. How could he be both?
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Sefer which expounds names in Tanach [duplicate]

The Torah itself in several places explains the names of people's names. For instance: Yaakov was so called because he grabbed onto Esav's heel (Bereishis 25:26), and he was later called Yisrael as a ...
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1answer
349 views

Are Allah and Hashem one and the same? [closed]

Most Jews do not refer to G-d as Allah as they don't speak any Arabic, but names aside, does Judaism consider Islam's Allah the same entity as the G-d of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob?
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348 views

How did Beeri the Hittite come up with naming his daughter Yehudit?

וַיְהִי עֵשָׂו בֶּן־אַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה וַיִּקַּח אִשָּׁה אֶת־יְהוּדִית בַּת־בְּאֵרִי הַחִתִּי וְאֶת־בָּשְׂמַת בַּת־אֵילֹן הַחִתִּי׃ When Esau was forty years old, he took to wife Judith ...
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1answer
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Which names are given at burial?

The custom is for the Chevra Kadisha to name a baby who dies before being named. What names are customarily used in this sad scenario?
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1answer
73 views

The name Mispar

Among the many peculiar and unusual names found in Tanach, some of them have reasons and explanations for why it was given. And some do not. What about Mispar found in Ezra 2:2. אֲשֶׁר־בָּאוּ עִם־...
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Difference between calling and naming people in Tanach

In this question, I refer to "לקרוא לו/לה" as "calling and to "לקרוא שם" as naming. Regarding the names in Tanach I've found three patterns: A person is "born" with his/her name, not called or named,...
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1answer
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Rav or Rebbi Acha Sar HaBirah?

R' Acha Sar HaBirah is mentioned in a few places in shas. Rashi tells us that 'Sar HaBirah' was his nickname. However, in some places his title is רב, while in other places he is mentioned as רבי. ...
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0answers
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What was Adam's private name?

Interestingly, in English and other languages, we treat "Adam" as the private name, not as a noun, but in the Torah it is a noun, for example (Ber 2.25): וַיִּהְיוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם עֲרוּמִּים הָאָדָם ...
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Where Ish (איש) comes from and how Adam became Ish?

Adam is called Adam through the whole Torah (I think) except for one time where he calls his wife Ishah to dignify that she was taken from Ish (Ber 2.23): וַיֹּאמֶר הָאָדָם זֹאת הַפַּעַם עֶצֶם ...
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2answers
686 views

Are there situations where a child is permitted to refer to their parent by their first name?

(This question addresses the prohibition of referring to your parents by their first name) Other than emergency situations (medical, hospital etc) are there instances where a child is permitted to ...
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Naming animals - different names for males, females and offspring?

My last question "Adam's about naming taxonomy" wasn't so popular, but it presented my view on the logic of naming the animals. Acc. to Bereishit_Rabbah.17.4 naming the animals represents the ...
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Why are some rishonim referred to with the word “the” (e.g., “The Meiri”)? [duplicate]

In common usage, some names have the word "The", others do not. Why? Why "The Meiri", "The Rambam", "The Ramban", "The Vilna Gaon", "The Semag", but "Rashi", "Ibn Gabirol", "Ibn Ezra", "Rabeinu Tam"...
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47 views

Who came up with the name “Perushim”?

It's been previously asked why the Chachamim were called the "Perushim," those who are separate. As I answered there, Bartenura to Mishnah Yadayim 4:6 explains the name as follows: ...
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1answer
223 views

Why Prushim were the ones who “separated”?

As I understand the tradition of the Prushim - Pharisees (basically us all), our lineage held steady since Moses to the Tannayim and further and all the prominent figures in Judaism were of our sect (...
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26 views

Why aren't people named after the rabbis from the Talmud? [duplicate]

Besides a couple names (ex: Akiva, Ashi) you don't really see many people over the course of history who have names that originated from the Talmud- ie "Huna", "Abaye", "Zevid", "Puppa" etc. Why do ...
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1answer
124 views

Why Moses named his son Eliezer “after” Avraham's slave?

"וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָם ה"א מַה תִּתֶּן לִי וְאָנֹכִי הוֹלֵךְ עֲרִירִי וּבֶן מֶשֶׁק בֵּיתִי הוּא דַּמֶּשֶׂק אֱלִיעֶזֶר." (Gen 15,2) "וְשֵׁם הָאֶחָד אֱלִיעֶזֶר כִּי אֱלֹהקי אָבִי בְּעֶזְרִי ...
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2answers
120 views

Choosing name for our children

Is there a comprehensive list which we can pick names from? I’m looking for all traditional names, not names that are modern creations or not Jewish originally.
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1answer
101 views

Why does the Torah refer to G-d paternally?

We know G-d has no gender yet our Scriptures use masculine pronouns when referring to Him and also when He refers to Himself in the third person. Obviously there are only three options: male, female ...
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0answers
24 views

Who was פלימו(Plimo) [duplicate]

In Masheches Sanhedrin 10b the gemara mentions an opinion from פלימו(Plimo) regarding kiddush hachodesh. Is there any more info on this person ?