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Questions tagged [murder]

The prohibition against murder is the 6th of the Ten Commandments. Murder does not include court executions, defensive wars, or wars commanded by G-d.

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2 votes
1 answer
90 views

Goel Dam and the accidental murderer

I was reading Parashat Shoftim and I was wondering why didn't the Torah simply forbade the Goel Dam to take revenge from the accidental murderer. My feeling is that although it is indeed forbidden, it ...
1 vote
1 answer
456 views

Should David have killed Saul?

In 1 Samuel 24 Saul enters a cave to relieve himself and David cuts off part of Saul's cloak rather than kill him. During this time Saul had been pursuing David with the explicit intent to kill him. ...
7 votes
1 answer
307 views

How to determine a trespasser's intent from a Halachic Perspective?

How do we determine a trespasser's intent from a Halachic Perspective? The Rambam writes: If it is clear to the house-owner that the thief who breaks in will not kill him and instead is only ...
2 votes
0 answers
55 views

Yehareg v'al yaavor by brain death

One must submit to death rather than murder another based on the equivalent value of all lives. There's much debate about if brain death qualifies as death in halacha. My question relates to if one ...
5 votes
1 answer
239 views

Punishments for a soldier who kills another soldier in unintentional friendly fire

An IDF Soldier is returning to base, and a sniper on guard sees the IDF soldier. He sees the IDF soldier he thinks the person is Hamas. He then shoots the IDF Soldier in defense of the base. Under ...
9 votes
6 answers
552 views

Asara Haruge Malchut (Ten Martyrs), why were 10 Rabbis killed?

In Vayigash, Rabenu Bahya (also the Zohar) comments and says that the reason we had Asara Haruge Malchut because the brothers sold Yosef. However, Reuven didn't sell Yosef, so why should the ...
2 votes
2 answers
119 views

Releasing terrorists in exchange for remains of past victims

What would be a halachik justification for mediating a deal involving releasing terrorists, who may well murder more victims, in exchange for remains of past victims? Related: Why is the head of the ...
1 vote
1 answer
95 views

Why were the people of Yavesh Gilad exterminated?

In Shoftim 21:8-9 the nation identifies the people of Yavesh Gilad as the ones who didn't join them in Mitzpah to fight against Binyamin. Then in the next verse we read וַיִּשְׁלְחוּ־שָׁם הָעֵדָה ...
0 votes
1 answer
839 views

Clarification on quotation sources around Sanhedrin 57a

Much like in the case of these questions, I've run into some troublesome reading in Talmudic and other Jewish literature: Missionary gave me these Talmudic quotes; Does it prove that Goyim are viewed ...
0 votes
1 answer
60 views

Why did Menashe want the city of Gilead?

The Torah describes how Shevet Gad and Reuven built various cities (Bamidbar 32:34-38) then says the family of Menashe's son Machir captured Gilead (32:39), which Moshe then gave to them (32:40). ...
2 votes
1 answer
342 views

Must one give up his life in order to avoid performing an abortion?

According to Halacha, abortion is forbidden, but not punishable by death like a full fledged murder, so would one still be obligated to give up his life in order to avoid doing it, or do we say that ...
1 vote
1 answer
189 views

Where is the Halacha about a single available Cohen committing a crime?

There is a Halacha about one unique Cohen remaining in Eretz Yisrael and the consequence were he to commit a crime. I am seeking the original source as I only have a translation: If there was only ...
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

What exactly happens to people who murdered but were not convicted on a technicality? [Murderous Courts vs. Manslaughter]

The title question says it all, here's some background as to why I am asking: I just thought about something and wanted to check with the experts at Mi Yodeya who have learned Makkot or the relevant ...
0 votes
1 answer
384 views

Refuting Sanhedrin Maimonides etc on 57a

Following on from my question here: Clarification on quotation sources around Sanhedrin 57a All citations (that I can find through Jewish resources linked in the original question) that claim to ...
7 votes
3 answers
544 views

"Praiseworthy is he who will clutch and dash your infants against the rock"?

I do not understand the last lines of psalm 137 ("By the rivers of Babylon"/"Al naharos bovel," the psalm recited before Birkat Ha-Mazon on weekdays. [It includes the famous lines &...
2 votes
1 answer
49 views

Please help me understand part of Gemoro Makkos 12b

I do not understand the Gemoro Makkos 12b The Gemoro deals with the case of a “blood redeemer” (BR) and an “accidental killer” (AK). A tree is on the border of the city of refuge; the trunk in one ...
1 vote
1 answer
139 views

Why didn't God kill Cain?

Why didn't God kill Cain for murdering his brother Abel? God punished Er and Onan for wasting seeds, which is seen in Judaism as akin to murder, the nature of Cain's crime was the same and he was ...
2 votes
5 answers
206 views

What sin was Hevel killed for? [duplicate]

In Judaism we believe that someone who is murdered is being killed as punishment for his sins. What sin did Hevel commit to deserve to be put to death?
1 vote
1 answer
176 views

How do you punish a murderer without witnesses?

Imagine such a case: A woman walks into a girls bathroom with a machine gun, killing someone. Note: This is not the only case where we cannot punish the criminal. This would apply, in my opinion, to ...
6 votes
2 answers
253 views

Why was Herod allowed to renovate the Temple?

Follow-up to this question. Why was Herod even allowed (/why was it suggested to him) to renovate the Temple, considering that he had so much blood on his hands? It was for this reason that David wasn'...
5 votes
2 answers
520 views

The question of euthanasia

How does the law treat euthanasia for palliative patients? Is it ok to ask for it and how would the act be treated (as a murder or ?)
1 vote
1 answer
403 views

How was the cow with broken neck disposed of? Deuteronomy 21

About the cow with the broken neck in Deut 21, I can't find out what happened to the cow after the ritual was completed. Was the cow given as a gift to the family of the victim, so they could eat it? ...
5 votes
1 answer
409 views

The halachic framework of abortion for the Gentiles

I am an Italian Noahide. The Noahide ban on murder also includes the killing of a fetus ( see Rambam's Mishneh Torah-Hilchot Melachim 9:4 ). I have read that according to a Talmudic tradition, I do ...
7 votes
1 answer
168 views

Why didn't the Sages also subdue the inclination for murder?

The Talmud, on Sanhedrin 64a recounts how the Sages subdued and imprisoned the evil inclination for idolatry and then subdued and injured the evil inclination for sexual immorality. Those are two of ...
2 votes
2 answers
121 views

Why does a murderer have to go to an Ir Miklat? [duplicate]

Someone who murdered by accident has to go to the Ir Miklat. I heard that H'shem's intention on commanding so is to put the murderer in contact with the Leviim and to enable him to be positively ...
1 vote
1 answer
141 views

"God told me so" claim in Jewish court [duplicate]

Imagine a person who is otherwise perfectly sane who claims to see a one-time revelation in his sleep/daydream and commits a crime, despite two witnesses warning him. He understands the magnitude of ...
2 votes
1 answer
192 views

Does Genesis 9:6 condemn abortion as murder? [duplicate]

Genesis 9:6 reads (JPS, 1985, emphasis mine): שֹׁפֵךְ֙ דַּ֣ם הָֽאָדָ֔ם בָּֽאָדָ֖ם דָּמ֣וֹ יִשָּׁפֵ֑ךְ כִּ֚י בְּצֶ֣לֶם אֱלֹהִ֔ים עָשָׂ֖ה אֶת־הָאָדָֽם׃ Whoever sheds the blood of man, By man shall his ...
0 votes
0 answers
98 views

In Gem. Makkos 9a, how can Abaye suggest that a person is unaware of the prohibition to kill?

Gemara Makkos 9a reports: א״ל אביי אומר מותר אנוס הוא Abaye said to him: One who says that it is permitted to kill the victim is a victim of circumstances beyond his control, as he was unaware of the ...
2 votes
2 answers
201 views

Is killing a robber by shooting first considered murder?

Apologies if this has already been answered : If someone comes up to you on the street waving a gun and demanding your money and you immediately draw your concealed weapon and shoot and kill them, is ...
8 votes
4 answers
10k views

Why did Pharaoh only order the murder of boys?

In parashat shemote, Pharaoh explicitly commands the midwives to allow the females to live (וְאִם-בַּת הִוא וָחָיָה). What are the traditional commentaries explaining the order to allow the girls to ...
8 votes
2 answers
407 views

Handing over a murderer to the Goel Hadam?

וְשָׁלְחוּ זִקְנֵי עִירוֹ וְלָקְחוּ אֹתוֹ מִשָּׁם וְנָתְנוּ אֹתוֹ בְּיַד גֹּאֵל הַדָּם וָמֵת. The elders of his city must take him [the intentional murderer] and hand him over to the blood avenger, ...
3 votes
1 answer
136 views

Is a rodef liable for defending himself?

If a rodef kills the person trying to kill him, is he chayav misa? Or is it similar to the case of the zealot where if he is killed in self-defense by his victim, the victim is not chayav?
1 vote
0 answers
161 views

Is killing a Gentile not murder? [duplicate]

Israel Shahak claims in his Jewish History, Jewish Religion (1994, p.91) that "according to the Jewish religion, ... a Jew who murders a Gentile is guilty only of a sin against the laws of Heaven,...
4 votes
0 answers
112 views

Can the Goel Ha'dam (blood avenger) kill the accidental murderer in any way s/he sees fit?

The goel ha'dam has either the right or obligation to kill someone who accidentally killed his/her(?) kinsman (Makkot 2:7) whom I will refer to as the refugee. I would like to understand what ...
10 votes
4 answers
948 views

How could we learn behavior from animals?

The gemarah in Eruvin 100b says that had the Torah not been give we would have learned various behaviors from certain animals, such as modesty from the cat. To me this presupposes that had the Torah ...
3 votes
0 answers
97 views

What to do when there are multiple pursuers

We know that if there is one (a rodef) who is actively attacking another person in the hopes of killing him, one is allowed to restrain, maim, or even kill the rodef. However, what happens if there ...
1 vote
2 answers
187 views

Does Bamidbar 35:33 contradict the Torah concerning man-slayers?

I don’t speak Hebrew and have only read Bamidbar 35 in English translations. The JPS Tanakh renders verse 33 as ‘You shall not pollute the land in which you live; for blood pollutes the land, and the ...
1 vote
1 answer
495 views

Whose blood did Manasseh shed in Jerusalem & why?

I ask this question based on the below verses that indicate that G-d punished Judah because of the sins of Manasseh. Are there some scriptures / texts where I can find more details? 2 Kings 21:16 ...
4 votes
5 answers
1k views

How was Saul a Tzadik if he wiped out Nov?

I've read many commentaries that argue that despite losing the kingdom, Saul is a righteous guy. But how, after he mass murdered priests (Samuel 1 21-22)? To be more exact, he ordered priests to be ...
13 votes
1 answer
1k views

What if the Kohen Gadol accidentally kills someone?

An ordinary person who accidentally kills someone has to go to an Ir Miklat (city of refuge) until the Kohen Gadol dies. But what if it's the Kohen Gadol himself who accidentally kills? He would ...
14 votes
3 answers
947 views

Masada - heroic martyrdom or immoral murder/suicide?

Was the mass coordinated mutual killing at Masada (for lack of a better term) an act of heroic martyrdom or immoral murder and suicide? While it is unknown for certain what exactly transpired, ...
0 votes
4 answers
141 views

What does it mean to "kill a soul"?

The Gemara Berachos (32b) says אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן: כׇּל כֹּהֵן שֶׁהָרַג אֶת הַנֶּפֶשׁ — לֹא יִשָּׂא אֶת כַּפָּיו - Rabbi Yoḥanan said: Any Kohen who killed a nefesh may not lift his hands in ...
2 votes
5 answers
722 views

Why did Cain (Kayin) kill Abel (Hevel)?

In Bereshis 4:8 we read: וַיֹּאמֶר קַיִן, אֶל-הֶבֶל אָחִיו; וַיְהִי בִּהְיוֹתָם בַּשָּׂדֶה, וַיָּקָם קַיִן אֶל-הֶבֶל אָחִיו וַיַּהַרְגֵהוּ And Cain spoke unto Abel his brother. And it came to pass, ...
5 votes
2 answers
531 views

What Happened To King David's Parents?

I read somewhere (I believe it was a midrash) that King David's parents were murdered? Is this this factual or is it an allegory for some other interpretation, e.g losing their money/status?
1 vote
1 answer
102 views

Murder by infectious disease

If someone intentionally infects another with a potentially deadly disease from which the victim ultimately dies, assuming he was forewarned and it was witnessed by valid witnesses, would a Sanhedrin ...
4 votes
2 answers
321 views

Kosher Murder Switch?

It is generally accepted that grama (indirect causation) is not permitted in performing a forbidden melacha in non-emergency situations. Similarly, while there may be cases of grama in other halachic ...
3 votes
1 answer
181 views

Capital crimes committed by minors

Shalom. I am uneasy about bringing this up, but you may remember the tragic case of James Bulger, a two year-old boy who was murdered by two ten year-olds in the U.K. in 1993 CE. May James rest in ...
11 votes
3 answers
356 views

Is a doctor obligated to force vaccination?

As per the injunction of "לא תעמוד על דם רעך" - "Stand not [idly] over the blood of thine fellow"(Leviticus 19:16), is a Torah-observant doctor obligated to vaccinate an unvaccinated patient for a ...
5 votes
1 answer
268 views

Who should perform the abortion

Everyone agrees that an abortion beyond a certain gestational age is forbidden for a Jew 1. However, there's no death penalty for it. This is unlike a non-Jew, who is liable to capital punishment for ...
3 votes
0 answers
109 views

Source for story about a murdering son-in-law whose family was swallowed alive

I stumbled upon a really random story in the middle of a sefer on the Azharos of Rav Shlomo ibn Gabirol. The author says he heard it from his father. Since he was discussing the prohibition of murder, ...