Questions tagged [motzi-yedei-chovato]

discharging someone else in their obligation to fulfill a certain mitzva

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15
votes
2answers
731 views

Does everyone have to drink the Kiddush wine?

When making Kiddush, does everyone who is yotzei have to drink the wine or grape juice, or is merely hearing it enough? In my experience, it appears that Friday nights everyone is careful to drink, ...
13
votes
2answers
404 views

Are you Yotzei Mikrah Megillah if you're spacing out?

The Mishnah in Megillah (2:2) says that one who reads the megillah while semi-asleep ('מתנמנם') is yotzei. The gemara comments (18b): מתנמנם יצא וכו': היכי דמי מתנמנם אמר רב אשי נים ולא נים תיר ...
12
votes
5answers
656 views

Is Listening to a Torah Tape considered Talmud Torah? [duplicate]

It says in the Baal HaTanya's Hilchos Talmud Torah that one fulfills his obligation to learn Torah only if he says the words. Moreover, a Chavrusa fulfills his obligation only because Shomeya Keoneh. ...
9
votes
2answers
535 views

Can women be motsi Sephardic men in havdalah?

According to Sepharadim, women are chayavot in havdalah. Can they also be motsi men? Looking for a Sephardic answer.
9
votes
2answers
282 views

Singing part of kidush with the leader

Some people, although listening to another's kidush (Friday night), sing part of it along with him: specifically (in my experience), the lines starting "ki vanu vacharta" when recited with this tune. ...
7
votes
3answers
415 views

Can one “take over” the Megillah reading?

Suppose the one who is leining (reading) the Megillah needs to stop in the middle of leining, and is unable to continue. Is someone who was there the entire time allowed to take over?
7
votes
2answers
164 views

Does being Yotzei a Bracha count for 100?

There are many brachos where by listening to the bracha one can be yotzei his obligation for that bracha. If someone does do so, does that bracha count towards the quota of 100 brochos a day?
7
votes
3answers
819 views

Saying Kadish for someone else

The Kadish is a declaration of praise and recognition that God is great. As I understand it, a mourner says Kadish to declare that despite his loss he still praises God and understands that this was ...
7
votes
1answer
103 views

Parshat Zachor - Do you need to understand or just hear

The responsibility of reading Zachor is in order to remember to wipe out Amalek. Therefore we read it annually. Does someone who hears the words of Zachor, but does not understand them, still ...
7
votes
2answers
125 views

Do you add in the “for all the Jews in this town” clause to Eruv Tavshilin?

In the Eruv Tavshilin we say when there's holiday followed by Sabbath, the proclamation is: This eruv ("merging") shall allow us to cook, bake, insulate, and kindle on the holiday in preparation ...
7
votes
1answer
283 views

Can a man fulfill his obligation by listening to a woman's Birchos HaShachar?

Can a man fulfill his obligation by listening to a woman's Birchos HaShachar (morning blessings)? What about vice-versa? I suppose my question breaks down into three parts: Do women have a lesser ...
7
votes
1answer
134 views

Making a bracha for someone else, can then use for one's self?

Consider the following 2 situations: Reuvan is unable to make kiddush and has asked Shimon (who already made kiddush for himself) to make kiddush for him (Reuvan). Shimon, however, says he can't ...
7
votes
1answer
504 views

How can saying vidui for a dying person substitute for his own confession?

The Mishna at Sanhedrin 6:2 says that anyone who confesses his sins before dying has a share in the World to Come. The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch at 193:13 says that when visiting a sick person who is ...
7
votes
3answers
130 views

Why does a guest not have to contribute a perutah for other mitzvot?

The halacha (Orah Hayyim 677) is that a guest must contribute a perutah towards the fulfillment of the mitzvah of lighting Chanuka candles. I would like to know why we don't find a similar idea by ...
7
votes
1answer
238 views

Person in Eretz Yisrael making Eiruv Tavshilin for Bnei Chutz L'Aretz

This might seem like a "funny" question. I don't think this would be permitted and I really have no basis to think why it should be however I'm trying to work out why this wouldn't work (or perhaps ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Making Kiddush/Havdalah Twice

Is it okay to say kiddush or havdalah twice in order to be Motzi someone else (e.g. wife)?
6
votes
2answers
163 views

Kiddush BeRov 'Am

Does BeRov 'Am Hadrath Melech (the King's glory is in the multitudes, ie., the more people praise HaShem together, the more glorious it is for Him) apply to making Kiddush? I've heard it said so ...
6
votes
3answers
196 views

Can you fulfill the obligation to pray if you can't hear the leader?

The gemorah in Sukkah daf 51b explains that, in the enormous shul in Alexandria, in order for everyone to know when to answer Amen when the shliach tzibbur (prayer leader, aka sha"tz) was davening, ...
6
votes
2answers
89 views

Does partial shome'a ke'one work?

There is a halachic idea called shome'a ke'one, that says that (in certain circumstances) one who listens silently to another who says a blessing can fulfil their obligation thereby. Different ...
5
votes
1answer
569 views

What is the effect on me of saying amen?

I understand that if I hear another person make a bracha (and perhaps even if I don't actually hear it), I may? must? respond "amen". I also understand that saying "amen" can allow me to be yotzei (...
5
votes
1answer
110 views

Eating by someone with good intentions but poor knowledge

Is it, in principle, a problem to eat by a shomer-Shabbos Jew who has good intentions, but only basic knowledge of the laws of kashrus? His involuntary sins--presumed, not known--are not a problem ...
5
votes
0answers
77 views

Explanation in Tosfos Pesachim Daf 99b

Tosfos writes the following in Pesachim Daf 99b: לא יפחתו לו מארבע כוסות. מתוך הלשון משמע קצת שאין נותנין לבניו ולבני ביתו כי אם לעצמו והוא מוציא את כולם בשלו וסברא הוא דמאי שנא ארבע כוסות מקידוש ...
4
votes
1answer
145 views

Don't have to articulate hataras nedarim?

I recently made a hataras nedarim in which two of the three dayanim were not articulating a single word, but simply intoning something like a low hum, during the part that is supposed to be said ...
4
votes
1answer
340 views

Non-observant Jew making kiddush

Can a Jew who does not observe Shabbat say kiddush for others?
4
votes
1answer
71 views

Can someone who possibly already did a mitzva cover another such person with the b'racha?

As codified in Mishna B'rura 592 and elsewhere, we allow someone who has already fulfilled a mitzva to exempt another in the b'racha recited for it — though we try to avoid it where feasible. ...
4
votes
2answers
254 views

kiddush for someone else, excluding myself

I would like to stop by and say Kiddush for someone who is homebound and unable to say it for themselves. This would be on Shabbat morning after schul. However, I don't want to be Yotze from this ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Making food brachot for others

On Shabbat and Yom Tov, usually one person makes ha'motzi and everyone else at the table says amen and eats some bread. As far as I am aware, during the week, nobody ever eats food without making ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

kiddush for someone who cant talk

Someone has had his voicebox removed and therefore cannot talk. Should his wife be making kiddush (havdala perhaps not) or lighting chanuka lights for him rather than him doing it himself and only ...
4
votes
0answers
208 views

What is the shitah of the Rambam regarding mevarekh mossi havero [מברך מוציא חברו]?

Before asking the question, I need to give some background information: The Rambam in Hilkhoth Berakhoth 1:11 says, כָּל הַשּׁוֹמֵעַ בְּרָכָה מִן הַבְּרָכוֹת מִתְּחִלָּתָהּ וְעַד סוֹפָהּ, ...
4
votes
0answers
95 views

Can “Three D'Rabbanans be 'motzei' ”Two D'Rabbanans"

We know that when there is a case of someone that is obligated to perform a mitzvah m'drabbanan (and in fact there are 2 d'rabbanans together) they can't be "motzei" someone in the mitzvah who only ...
3
votes
3answers
567 views

Havdalah on Telephone

May one be yotzai listening to havdala over the telephone?
3
votes
2answers
384 views

Is there any reason to drink wine at kiddush if it is not from the cup used for the blessing?

In view of the answers given to questions here and here, is there any reason to drink wine at kiddush if you are not drinking from the cup of blessing? (For instance, could the fact that you said "...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Do the chefs need to be present when Eiruv Tavshilin is done?

Do all those who will be cooking in the house need to be present when the Eruv Tavshilin is made, or can one person per household make it, and everyone else benefit from it?
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Can a woman make an eiruv for her minor children?

The g'mara on Eiruvin 82b explains that a man can make an eiruv for his minor children and Canaanite slaves without their consent, but for adult children, his wife, and Hebrew slaves they must consent....
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Can the threefold blessing be said motzi others who ate different foods?

Can the threefold blessing be said in one combined form motzi others who ate different foods requiring different versions of the bracha? For example: I'm saying bracha acharona after eating cake and ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

Being Motzi someone with Tefilas Haderech

I was always under the impression that one person can say Tefilas Haderech and the others can answer Amein and you are Motzi them. Today I was travelling and the fellow said Tefilas Haderech and ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Is every member of the community responsible for making his own eiruv tavshilin?

An eiruv tavshilin is made before Yom Tov in order to allow for cooking for Shabbat on Yom Tov. However, once I told someone I was worried I had not made my eiruv tavshilin correctly, and the person ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

Is it a sin to read parsha commentaries during leining?

I understand that one is supposed to follow along with the communal Torah reading in Hebrew. But is this actually a requirement, as opposed to just a good thing to do? Another way of asking the same ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Being yotzee a bracha while only having intention from the middle?

Someone was making havdallah and another person was there who decided to not have kavana (intention) to fufill their obligation of the aish (fire) part of havdallah with that person. In the middle of ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

Oversight in mikvah preparation; is her husband guilty?

Ordinarily, if we make an honest mistake in our efforts to do a mitzvah--or we do an inadvertent aveira--we are, at least to some extent, forgiven. In any case, our liability, and our obligation to ...
2
votes
0answers
11 views

Hearing Vs. Listening and Reading vs. Reciting [duplicate]

The obligation for the megillah reading is for one to read the scroll. If one cannot read it, one listens to the blessing and then listens to the reader read it. But what is the nature of "listening"?...
2
votes
1answer
133 views

Hearing kiddush from someone who mumbles [closed]

If one is invited to someones house on shabbat and they are being yotzeh kiddush with someone they know mumbles the words ,but they can't make their own kiddush for whatever reason (only enough wine ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Answering amen to Hallel on Yom Haatzma'ut

There is a debate as to whether one can recite Hallel with a beracha on Yom Haaztmaut (related). I have been to a synagogue where they had invited someone who is of the opinion that one should say a ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Source in the Aruch HaShulchan to not motzi (exempt) others with after-bracha on mezonot foods

The Aruch HaShulchan has an opinion on whether one person can motzi (exempt) a crowd with a bracha acharona (after-bracha) on mezonot foods. It is along the lines of it is better not to have one ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Erev Tavshilin for married children in their parents' home

Do married children in their parents' home need to make a separate Eruv Tavshilin if they are staying in their parents' home and their parents are making an Eruv Tavshilin already?
1
vote
2answers
156 views

From whom can one hear havdalah?

I know that some mitzvas have particularities about who can be yotzei, from whom, and under what circumstances. For example, for kiddush, one is required either to make it or hear it made by one who ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Which parts of the seder must be performed individually?

I have always wondered something about the Passover seder. Is the host being motzi everyone with his seder plate, or does everyone/every head of household* need to make a plate and personally carry ...
0
votes
1answer
171 views

Both husband and wife lighting the Chanuka candles separately

For Ashkenazi customs: I heard (not first hand) that Rabbi Soloveitchik's wife used to light her own candles (with a blessing). Does anyone know of a source that she may have had to support such a ...
0
votes
0answers
144 views

Conservative Jews saying “amen” instead of saying Harachamans

I've noticed that among Conservative Jews, it seems to be a common practice that one person recites the harachamans after Birkat Hamazon and others are silent and only respond "amen". Now, after one ...