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Questions tagged [money]

Questions pertaining to money, including both physical currency and finances, in general.

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Why does a fresh convert retain his property?

It seems pretty obvious that a convert keeps his property. It is also Halachicly valid - a convert does not re-acquire his property back after conversion (see Mishnah_Peah.4.6 or Mishnah_Challah.3.6 ...
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2answers
83 views

Mitzva of Tzedaka for Pikuach Nefesh

Let's say one has a relative/parent who needs a life saving operation but does not have the financial means to pay for it or even get a loan, is one required to sell his property to help them?
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1answer
195 views

How were coins that were destined for the Dead Sea managed?

A mishna on Meila 11a talks about money that a nazarite set aside for his offerings; if he died before completing the term and had set money aside specifically for the sin-offering, those coins are ...
6
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1answer
88 views

Do reward tokens qualify halachically as money?

I give my children special slips of paper as a reward for good behavior (a "token economy"). They can collect these slips of paper and use them to "buy" rewards such as toys, treats, or fun activities....
4
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1answer
71 views

Repaying a loan if the lender was mochel

If one lends someone else money and realized that this person isn't going to pay, so the lender feels bad and doesn't want the person to have a sin and forgives the debt. Let's say the borrower ...
2
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1answer
203 views

Anti-libertarian-ism in Chazal

Most of the halachos of Choshen Mishpat have to do with one person's responsibilities viz-a-viz another person's rights. However, there is at least one halacha of which I am aware where Chazal told ...
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1answer
51 views

Logic and psychology of forgoing 17% (שתות)

While researching on Shtut, WIKI says that the reason for that forgiveness is either הלכה למשה מסיני or human psychology. Indeed, Rambam Mechira 12,3 writes: "הָיְתָה הַהוֹנָיָה פָּחוֹת מִזֶּה ...
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0answers
37 views

Which region took the majority of wealth?

Avos d’Rebbi Nassan 28:1: רבי נתן אומר [...] ואין לך חכמה כחכמה של ארץ ישראל. ואין לך יופי כיופי של ירושלים. ואין לך עושר כעושר של מדי. ואין לך גבורה כגבורה של פרס. ואין לך זנות כזנות של ערביים. ...
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0answers
142 views

Do the laws of Ribis apply to loans of virtual currency?

If a Jew lends a player in a multiplayer online game money, and he knows without a doubt that that player is Jewish, does the prohibition of ribis apply? (After all, the only thing that changed was a ...
5
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0answers
39 views

Does a seller acquire each coin one at a time, or all at once?

Let's say i owe someone 5 coins. I hand them to him one at a time. Does he acquire each one as i hand it to him, or does he get all of them after all 5 are in his hand? When exactly does ownership get ...
5
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0answers
158 views

Is there any halachic problem with providing a service (e.g., matchmaking) to someone for free, when others pay for it?

I recently got an interesting email from a shadchan (matchmaker), which I've paraphrased here: I have a potential match in mind for you. However, it is a halachic problem if I set you up with this ...
5
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0answers
502 views

How should parents divide wedding expenses with their child's future in-laws

Today there are many different practices that have been "adopted" (not formally though) among the various Jewish communities on how the parents of an engaged couple divide up the expenses of the ...
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0answers
161 views

Investing in cryptocurrency. Is there an issue?

Is there a problem with investing in a digital currency and letting it sit on Shabbat and holidays? It's fairly volatile and can increase or decrease greatly in value. So I'm wondering if these ...
4
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0answers
88 views

Insurance Claim on Sold Chametz

A Jew sells his chometz including an expensive non-kosher la'pesach whiskey collection located in a cellar. A fire burns down the cellar and destroys all the whiskey. The Jew makes a claim on his ...
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0answers
98 views

Are there any responsa that encourage or require maintaining health insurance?

Are there any responsa in the literature that either encourage or require people to maintain health insurance, perhaps as a fulfillment of the obligation to guard one's health, or in line with any ...
4
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0answers
56 views

Can a Shul collect payment from one who does not follow specific rules?

In Sources to encourage returning s'farim to their places it has a picture of a sign saying that usage of seforim is on condition that one obligates himself to pay $18 to the synagogue fund if ...
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0answers
62 views

Monetizing ads on Shabbos?

Is there any issue with me running adverts on my app since I receive money when people click on the ads on Shabbos?
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0answers
75 views

Davar Ha'avad on Chol HaMoed — Loss coming later

It says in SA OC Siman 537 that one is allowed to do a malacha on chol hamoed if it's a "davar ha'aved". That is to say if the person doesn't do the malacha now it will come to a loss ("hefsed".) ...
4
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0answers
109 views

What if the Gabbai Tzedakah runs away?

Suppose a Gabbai Tzedakah passes our good friend Reuven while making his collection rounds. Reuven reaches into his pocket for his wallet and removes the money he wants to donate. By the time Reuven ...
3
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0answers
37 views

Watering flowers or vegetable on Chol Hamoed

The first mishna in Moed Katan delineates limitations on agricultural work that may be performed on the less sanctified intermediate days of a festival (chol hamoed). The Shulchan Aruch (OC 537) ...
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0answers
118 views

Yom Kippur Segulah Question

Does anyone know of a Source for Pesicha for Neilah being a segulah for Parnassah? Its something I have heard said is there a source anyone can send me to it would be appreciated?
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0answers
71 views

May one buy from a store that serves basar b'chalav?

Chullin 115b provides several sources that one may not derive benefit from basar b'chalav. Say that there's a shop that sells basar b'chalav, but also sells sealed bottles of water or kosher sodas. ...
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0answers
150 views

Process for a rebellious wife?

In the talmud the Rabbis discuss a "rebellious wife" who refuses to sleep with her husband. The husband is given recourse to deduct from her ketubah (marriage contract). This is discussed in tractate ...
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0answers
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How to beware of the prohibition of Ona'a?

When learning about Ona'a (ShuA CM רכ"ז) I notice, that despite the long list of Halochos there are no measures of prevention mentioned either for the seller or the buyer(as far as I could see). I ...
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0answers
36 views

Halachot of standing in a supermarket line

Looking for a Shu"T that covers the following issues of standing in a supermarket line (assuming there are no Dina DM laws covering that): Is standing in a line a sort of Kinyan? Is it a monetary ...
2
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0answers
49 views

Do Heter Iskah Banks have two different loan forms for Jews and non-Jews?

I asked previously "Heter-iskah-practical-implications" but didn't get an answer yet. So I ask a simpler question. Do H"I banks in Israel (for example) have different forms and conditions for Jews ...
2
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0answers
265 views

Coin System from the Talmud — the Selah, Darkon and Dinar

in Rambam Hilchos Shekalim Perek 1 Halachos 2-4, the basic coinage system is like this: 1 Isar = 8 Perutahs. = 4 barley kernels 1 Pundyon = 2 Isarin. 1 Me'ah/Gayrah = 2 Pundyonin. = 16 barley kernels ...
2
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0answers
39 views

What's the purpose of a Modaah?

The Gemara in Bava Basra (40b) discusses the law of the Modaah, and says: דלא כתיב בה אנן ידעינן ביה באונסא דפלניא לאו מודעא היא מודעא דמאי אי דגיטא ודמתנתא גלויי מילתא בעלמא היא ואי דזביני והאמר ...
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0answers
34 views

Eating specifically fruit of shmitta

Is there an inyun to specifically eat fruits that have kedushas shvi'is? How much must a person go out of their way to buy such fruits? Let's say they cost more, how much more must they spend? Is this ...
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0answers
57 views

Can pledged cash be exchanged for other cash?

Authorities like the Or Zaru'a have been so stringent as to say that even mental pledges are binding when it comes to gifts to the poor. Many less extreme opinions hold that verbal pledges of the same ...
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0answers
25 views

Halachic limitations on testing Hashem with Tzedaka

THe Gemmorah (Taanis 9a) discusses the idea of testing Hashem with charity/tithes and brings proof from Tanach (Malachi 3,10) - you give your charity and Hashem maximizes your "earnings": אשכחיה ר' ...
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0answers
17 views

The assessment (שומה) of the judges - how it's done?

There are a lot of Mishnayos and Gemoros discussing שומת דיינים. E.g. Kesubos 99b: "מתני׳: שום הדיינין שפיחתו שתות או הוסיפו שתות מכרן בטל" "The assessment of the judges of the value of a ...
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0answers
37 views

Where's the Ketzos Hachoshen about hashava?

I remember many years ago learning a ketzos who quotes an acharon (with a name similar to sason, I think) that the monetary obligation incumbent on a thief flows from the torah's commandment to return ...
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0answers
70 views

Are Noachides/Non-Jews encouraged/expected to do maaser kesafim?

A friend of mines has been infatuated by Judaism for as long as I can remember. He came from the Christian world and has since left it. Even as a Christian he would take 10% of his income and give to ...
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0answers
62 views

Real money trading in online games

Is farming virtual currencies(like world of warcraft gold) in online games and then selling it for real money allowed? Is it considered like stealing from the company that owns the game? Is boosting ...
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vote
0answers
68 views

Evidence for pre-Greek Jewish currency?

The Torah is full with money statements - such as acquisitions, donations, fines and payments, presenting different names and values for money - such as Shekel, Sela, Kesef, Ksitah and more. But the ...
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0answers
64 views

Double refund on a purchase

Take the following hypothetical scenario: I bought an item from a third-party retailer. The item was faulty, so I reached out to the manufacturer for a refund. The manufacturer didn't respond, so I ...
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0answers
56 views

Does taking money from government programs change the Halachic status of the family structure?

Does taking government subsidies such as Section 8 and Food Stamps in a situation where the government subsidy is specifically providing money for food per child (Food Stamps) or money for an extra ...
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0answers
32 views

Does the down payment for selling chomets have to be a percentage of its value

Today many large stores sell their chomets with a down payment of less than a .001 percent of its value. Is this kosher? The Kitsur has a shtar mechiras chomets with different values of the down ...
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0answers
81 views

Is Sephardi Chief Rabbi Sholomo Amar's recent psak on fiduciary responsibility really “unprecedented”?

HaAretz, last week, reported that Sephardic Chief Rabbi Shlomo Amar issued a halachic decision that "[b]usiness owners whose actions, either intentionally or through negligence, cause the public ...
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0answers
24 views

Clarification on Mesivta's calculations of Shtut

The Mesivta on B"M 50 brings the following table summarizing different ways of calculations of Shtut: I couldn't understand, if 1 out of 6 makes 16.6%, how come 9 out of 60 make 8.3%. Please help ...
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0answers
20 views

When and how a court's sale is invalidated?

The topic of דיינים שטעו is common in the Gemmorah. Numerous passages discuss what happens when a court gives a "wrong" ruling as a result of different mistakes, either in Halachic knowledge, common ...
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0answers
40 views

Ribbis concern regarding bonus on sales

RIBBIS QUESTION: In a travel agents' office, where the pay is based on a base + commission + bonus system, and a bonus is given to any agent who sells more than a certain weekly sales quota, may an ...
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0answers
56 views

Moses minting coins in the desert?

Numerous Talmudic discussions (Kiddushin 9-12, B"M 44 and more) refer to coins that were in use by Moses (in Moses times, i.e. in the desert, I presume), some that the Torah mentions, like Shekel, ...
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0answers
97 views

Merchant Cash Advances?

I've heard recently of a relatively new practice of small business loans called Merchant Cash Advances. Wikipedia explains how it works here and goes through some of the legalese to demonstrate the ...
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0answers
52 views

Why there's no Rabbinical fine for Gezel?

Many sources speak of the severity of Gezel, for example (Brochos 119a): "א"ר יוחנן כל הגוזל את חבירו שוה פרוטה כאילו נוטל נשמתו ממנו" Rabbi Yoḥanan says: Anyone who robs another of an item ...