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Questions tagged [money]

Questions pertaining to money, including both physical currency and finances, in general.

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15 votes
4 answers
7k views

Cash value of 'perutah'

How much is a 'perutah' worth in modern currency?
Dave's user avatar
  • 21.1k
9 votes
4 answers
4k views

Is maaser calculated pre-tax or after-tax?

I have heard different opinions concerning whether taxes can be deducted before calculating maaser. It is logical to me that if you cannot deduct your expense to live in your house, you shouldn't be ...
YDK's user avatar
  • 28.2k
8 votes
3 answers
1k views

At what cost must one perform a mitzvah?

To what lengths must one go to fulfill a positive commandment, or avoid transgressing a negative one? Obviously, with few exceptions, one must not go so far as to die in order to fulfill a ...
SAH's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Is it permitted to learn in kollel without earning a living?

Based on this post which states in part: Ramoh in Yoreh Deah, 246:21 “A person should hire himself out for alien work rather than requiring assistance from others”; “The man who is self-sufficient is ...
user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
2k views

When does the obligation of Maaser money begin?

There is a tradition of Maaser Kesafim, to give 1/10th of ones salary to charity. Is there a particular set time when the obligation to set aside this money for charity begins? For instance, is one ...
Tzafnas Paneach's user avatar
25 votes
1 answer
445 views

What do you do if you made a Tzedaka pledge and now the organization folded?

Recently a friend of mine asked me the following question. He pledged $500- to a Yeshiva, yet before he paid the pledge the Yeshiva closed. Does he still have to pay his pledge to another Tzedaka or ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
1k views

When can a wife use the money she owns or earns without her husband's permission?

Normally, the money that comes to a woman before and during her marriage, she uses to buy land which belongs to her, but the husband has the rights to eat (own) their fruits (dividends​), this is ...
hazoriz's user avatar
  • 7,526
13 votes
2 answers
551 views

ribis and foreign currency conversion

I am afraid that I have only recently started to study this kind of thing and I completely unlearned compared to most of the contributors here, so I apologize if my question is somewhat ...
circular-ruin's user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
13k views

How much is 2 Zuz worth in current USD?

As mentioned in the Passover Hagaddah, how much is "2 Zuz" worth in March 2013 US Dollars? Please note there may be different types of Zuz: "זוזי פשיטי" and "זוזי ממש" (Ketuvot 67a). This may be the ...
Ari's user avatar
  • 121
11 votes
2 answers
899 views

Chad Gadya: The price of a kid goat

Was the fair market value of a kid goat really two zuzim? This piyyut is of course allegorical, but, if the value given is highly inaccurate, is the discrepancy in value symbolic beyond the symbolism ...
Fred's user avatar
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11 votes
10 answers
3k views

What is the problem with dogs?

Deuteronomy 23:19: לֹא תָבִיא אֶתְנַן זוֹנָה וּמְחִיר כֶּלֶב בֵּית יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לְכָל נֶדֶר כִּי תוֹעֲבַת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ גַּם שְׁנֵיהֶם Why does the Torah have a problem with using the ...
YUASK's user avatar
  • 361
8 votes
1 answer
421 views

Why is Shmita only Rabbinic nowadays?

I was reading up on Heter Iska and it said that Shmita and Shmitat Kesafim are only Rabbinic today. Why do the Biblical laws no longer apply?
Robert S. Barnes's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
1k views

Can tax ever be considered maaser?

Related to this question. Can tax itself (particularly in the land of Israel) ever be considered maaser? If your tax money is going towards nationally funded projects, building infrastructure, ...
bondonk's user avatar
  • 10.3k
6 votes
3 answers
313 views

Is there any issue except for Dina Dmalchusa in counterfeiting money?

If someone were to find a way to make exact forgery of currency (in such a way that it would be impossible for anyone to find that it's counterfeit), would there be any prohibition to do so (except ...
ertert3terte's user avatar
  • 40.5k
4 votes
2 answers
525 views

Machatziz hashekel

How much money is a Machatziz hashekel.
cookie monster's user avatar
17 votes
2 answers
917 views

Is flipping a coin following an omen?

If a person is deciding whether to do something and says "I'll flip a coin, heads I do it, tails I don't" does that fall under the prohibition of "don't divine with signs" in Vayikra 19?
please remove my account's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
782 views

Receiving Too Much Change

Do I have an obligation to give back extra change I receive? Would it matter if the store owner or person giving it to me was a Jew?
Ken's user avatar
  • 3,814
8 votes
1 answer
781 views

Why is it ok to pay the kids for the afikoman?

Most Pesach sedarim feature the afikoman hide-and-seek game; either the children steal it and ransom it back or the parents hide it and (in my experience) pay a prize to the child who finds it. At ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
613 views

Purchasing from a Jew

רמבם, הלכות מתנות עניים י:ז שמנה מעלות יש בצדקה זו למעלה מזו, מעלה גדולה שאין למעלה ממנה זה המחזיק ביד ישראל שמך ונותן לו מתנה או הלואה או עושה עמו שותפות או ממציא לו מלאכה כדי לחזק את ידו עד שלא ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
664 views

Best way to destroy (maaser sheni) coins

This year (5772) is the fourth year of the Shemitta cycle, and as such, this Pesach is the time of Biur Maaserot. Does anyone have suggestions (from experience or sources) regarding how to best ...
Double AA's user avatar
  • 99.5k
4 votes
2 answers
547 views

Kashrut with very costy salt?

Currently the cost of the salt (for human consumption) is practically negligible, mostly around $1/kg. But it wasn't always so. There were centuries as salt mining and selling was a governmental ...
Gray Sheep's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
143 views

Are there any responsa that encourage or require maintaining health insurance?

Are there any responsa in the literature that either encourage or require people to maintain health insurance, perhaps as a fulfillment of the obligation to guard one's health, or in line with any ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
  • 48.1k
21 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why must prophets be wealthy?

I was studying in Sefer Ha-Aggadah with a chevruta this morning and we came across a passage about prophets having to have certain qualities, including wealth. I followed the reference to Nedarim 38a,...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
15 votes
2 answers
548 views

Do our sources address "strategic loan defaults"?

In the most recent episode of NPR's Planet Money Podcast, they interviewed a real estate lawyer in Arizona who talked about the large numbers of her clients who have been asking for advice about doing ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
  • 48.1k
15 votes
4 answers
832 views

Ma'aser kesafim on capital appreciation

If you own property (e.g. stocks or real estate) that increase in value over the course of the year, are you require to donate 10% of the increase to tzedaka, if you are merely holding on to the ...
Sam's user avatar
  • 3,970
13 votes
1 answer
4k views

What is the value of a (Kesuba) marriage contract?

In a regular Kesuba we give total 200 Zekukim Kesef. What is the value of that currently in US dollars? Also do you pay the value when you got married or the value at either death/divorce?
Gershon Gold's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
997 views

Where did the Egyptians get the wealth they brought to the sea?

In Shemot 15:22, Rashi says: Moses led Israel away: lit., made Israel journey. He led them away against their will, for the Egyptians had adorned their steeds with ornaments of gold, silver, and ...
Menachem's user avatar
  • 44.6k
11 votes
2 answers
912 views

Shliach Mitzva money

Many people give their friends money to give to Tzedakah when they are traveling. The reason they do this is that it says "Shluchei Mitzva Ainom Nizakim". If someone is travelling to Eretz Yisroel ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
1k views

Sources discussing paying for Torah education

I am looking for sources that discuss the idea of paying tuition money ("schar limud") towards obtaining a Torah education. Topics of interest include: The importance of paying tuition for Torah; ...
Michoel's user avatar
  • 19k
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

If you use money for kaparos pre-yom kipur, is it fungible or must those bills go directly to tzedaka?

When we do Kaparos, we say "this money shall go to charity" -- so I put that dollar bill in the tzedaka box; is it okay if a few days from now I count what's in my tzedaka box, write a check for the ...
Shalom's user avatar
  • 133k
8 votes
2 answers
224 views

Does the existence of insurance affect end-of-life Halacha?

Consider the following case: A baby is born with severe congenital defects. The doctors say that if nothing is done to address them, the baby will die within days. They also say that there's a series ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
  • 48.1k
8 votes
1 answer
585 views

Processing an online payment - which will be processed on Shabbos

With my bank, when you process, online, a payment, it automatically goes out on the following day. If I authorize it on Friday they will send it on Saturday. I can also request any future date I want. ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
384 views

Owning stock in companies that operate on shabbat

It is my understanding that one may only have ownership in a business that operates on shabbat if you co-own with a gentile and have an explicit arrangement that all profits derived on shabbat belong ...
Ze'ev haKohen's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
1k views

Investing in Halacha

Does anyone know some halachik sources that discuss investing in stocks? There are many potential issues. For example, do you need to worry (about ribbis) if your money is used to lend with interest? ...
Ariel K's user avatar
  • 11k
4 votes
1 answer
162 views

Mah inyan Shmita eitzel the price of tea in China?

I saw some red peppers in an American grocery store labelled "Product of Israel". I have never seen that before, and my guess is that since it's a shmitta year, there is less of an Israeli domestic ...
Charles Koppelman's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
791 views

Is a person obligated to purchase life insurance?

I have, unfortunately, heard about quite a few stories of fathers/husbands who were in kolel full time and then suddenly passed away leaving the family at best with very little savings and at worst ...
Gavriel's user avatar
  • 9,728
4 votes
1 answer
220 views

How can R' Yochanan derive from Moshe that wealth is needed in order for someone to have G-d's presence rest on him?

The Talmud (Nedarim 38A) says: אמר ר' יוחנן אין הקב"ה משרה שכינתו אלא על גבור ועשיר וחכם ועניו וכולן ממשה‏ R' Yochanan said, G-d only rests his presence on one who is strong, rich, wise, and ...
Menachem's user avatar
  • 44.6k
4 votes
2 answers
339 views

Borrowing vs renting money

Is it wrong to "rent" a Jewish person some money? Since he needs to use it, and once he is done using it he will pay you back.
AvnerMil's user avatar
  • 149
2 votes
0 answers
38 views

How to beware of the prohibition of Ona'a?

When learning about Ona'a (ShuA CM רכ"ז) I notice, that despite the long list of Halochos there are no measures of prevention mentioned either for the seller or the buyer(as far as I could see). I ...
Al Berko's user avatar
  • 26k
2 votes
3 answers
286 views

How Overcharging or Undercharging (Ona'a) is figured?

The Halacha of Ona'a is that if an item was sold for more than 1/6 difference in real value the buyer and or seller can cancel the sale. How is Ona'a figured on for example fresh salmon? There are ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
341 views

Is it permissible to earn money on Shabbos if paid at another time?

For example if a shul had a children's program, a chazan who was only there on Shabbos, or a catering company who set up kiddush for the shul... The fact that all these examples only take place ...
curious's user avatar
  • 111
11 votes
1 answer
3k views

Kapparos on money - How much?

If one does the Minhag of Kapparos on money, how much money should be used for each person? (Sources.)
Gershon Gold's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
213 views

Why redeem hekdesh?

Kind of related to What is my relationship to an object once I have pledged it as hekdesh? Why would somebody pledge something to hekdesh and then redeem it when he could just donate money directly? ...
Daniel's user avatar
  • 24.9k
10 votes
1 answer
206 views

Can one take any money offered to him?

Is a tzedaka allowed to take money from people who earn their money in inappropriate way (say, the person worked on Shabbos, stole, cheated, etc.) If not, is this a chumra or a halacha? Please ...
der groise brech's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
213 views

What happens if you borrowed money and the currency became worthless?

In Israel in the late 70s early 80s the currency (Lira) became worthless. Suppose one day the American dollar would become worthless, and one owes another $1,000,000- would the borrower just pay back ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
161 views

Is it still tzedakah if it is returned?

If a poor person asks for charity and I give some money to that person, but he then returns it to me, (because he doesn't feel it is enough, or any other reason) have I accomplished the mitzvah of ...
user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
338 views

Am I allowed to get miles or points for a loan?

Suppose me and my good friend Shimon are in a store shopping. Shimon wants to borrow $100 from me for his purchase. I graciously agree, but instead of giving Shimon cash, I swipe my credit card for ...
yydl's user avatar
  • 38.6k
8 votes
1 answer
222 views

Is an ancient prutah muksah?

Are ancient prutahs (collectable) muksah? I would love to show them to my Shabbat guests. They are around 2000 years old. Are they legal tender?
user5162's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
283 views

Redeeming maaser sheini on paper money

I know that the mishna says that maaser sheini* can only be redeemed on coins and not something else. (See this answer.) However, this was written around 2000 years ago, and the way money works has ...
Scimonster's user avatar
  • 23.2k
8 votes
1 answer
272 views

What's the halacha with regards to Maaser for a Baal Teshuvah?

Say a person never gave charity, due to ignorance or whatever other reason. He has now become a Baal Teshuvah and started observing the Torah. What is the halacha with charity? Does he have to give ...
Ani Yodea's user avatar
  • 13.2k