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Questions tagged [mitzvah]

Mitzvah - commandment. This tag is for questions about the nature of commandments or the status of being a commandment. (However, many particular commandments have their own tags.)

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7
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1answer
107 views

Rambam and Bahag disagree about the mitzvah of Shema?

The Rambam wrote his Sefer HaMitzvos as a polemic against the Bahag's selection of the 613 mitzvos (as is clear from reading his Shorashim). They have many disagreements, which the Rambam lays out in ...
3
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1answer
77 views

Why doesn't Rambam mention how many mitzvot are violated by not wearing tzitzit and not having a mezuzah?

In Hilchot Tefillin 4:26 Rambam writes: וכל שאינו מניח תפילין עובר בשמונה עשה שהרי בארבע פרשיות צוה על תפילין של ראש ועל תפילין של יד Whoever does not wear tefillin transgresses eight positive ...
-1
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1answer
29 views

Is there an obligatory gathering on Shabat or the Moadim?

In Devarim it is commanded to gather — Hakhel — at the end of the sabbatical year. But is there a command to gather together on (every) Shabat or the Moadim? Vayikra 23 calls such days Mikra ...
-1
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1answer
43 views

Cleaning for Pesach - what Mitzvahs exactly is it?

Cleaning the regular utensils that are also used for Pesach that might have some Chometz leftovers is a clear Mitzvah of Not eating Chometz or mixtures of it. However, cleaning the rest of the house ...
2
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0answers
30 views

Why for Rambam learning and teaching Torah are not two different Mitzvos?

Rambam in Sefer Hamitzvos #11 and in Mishne Torah Hil. Talmud Torah rules that studying and teaching Torah are one Mitzvah: היא שצונו ללמוד תורה וללמדה וזהו הנקרא תלמוד תורה, והוא אמרו ושננתם ...
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0answers
17 views

Why fearing the Temple is a Mitzvah on its own?

Rambam Positive Mitzvos #21: היא שצונו לירא מן המקדש הזה מאד עד שנשים בנפשנו משא הפחד והיראה וזה מיראת מקדש והוא אמרו יתעלה את מקדשי תיראו. Rambam brings Safri that explains: ושם נאמר גם כן לא ...
4
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1answer
92 views

What is the order of Mitzvot in Rambam's Sefer Hamitzvot?

What is the order of the positive and the negative Mitzvot in Rambam's Sefer Hamitzvot? While some are grouped together, are they all ordered by any logic?
2
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2answers
415 views

Should you tell Jews they are breaking a commandment?

The Talmud says: It is better to transgress unintentionally than intentionally. Betzah 30a The Midrash adds: Rabbi Shim'on ben Halafta said: One who studies the commandments of the Torah, but ...
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0answers
55 views

List of Mitzvot Kiyumis? (ie voluntary/ conditional mitzvot)

Does a list of Mitzvot Kiyumis (voluntary/ conditional mitzvot) exist? Some examples I remember learning: Vilna Gaon (Ma'aseh Rav 185)- Eating Matzah the last 7 days of Pesach Rav Moshe Feinstein ...
5
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0answers
101 views

Why is Rosh Chodesh called “the first mitzvah in the Torah”?

I continually see Rosh Chodesh identified as "the first mitzvah in the Torah".[1] I recognize that it is the first mitzvah given to Am Yisrael as a nation. But there are three mitzvot that precede it ...
2
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1answer
237 views

Did Rabbi Joseph Albo say the mitzvoth will be abolished?

According to Rabbi Israel Drazin, the Babylonian Talmud, Nidah 61b, expresses the opinion of Rabbi Joseph: “The mitzvot [commandments] will be abolished in the time to come.” What does this mean? G-d ...
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0answers
30 views

Violating commandments with good intentions [duplicate]

The Talmud says, in two places: "Rav Naḥman bar Yitzḥak says: A transgression performed for the sake of Heaven is greater than a commandment performed not for its own sake." [Nazir 23b, Horayot 10b] ...
1
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1answer
68 views

What is required at the seder? [duplicate]

What is required at the seder? I know this has been answered before, but I wanted to tie it all together in a simple list. Please tell me if I got something wrong. Two basic commandments in Torah: ...
1
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1answer
138 views

What was the Chiddush (novelty) in the 10 commandments?

I'm trying to imagine myself exiting Egypt and arriving at Matan Torah. I expect that for 49 days the Jewish people expect G-d to give them something they didn't already know. Instead, G-d recites the ...
2
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0answers
35 views

How many mitzvos derabanan are there? [duplicate]

We know that there are 613 Mitzvos min HaTorah, but are there any authoritative opinions who have counted up the total number of Rabbinic Mitzvos (I'd imagine that there are differing opinions and ...
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0answers
33 views

Shehechyanu levatala on Purim

Before the morning reading of Megillat Esther, the reader says 3 brachot including Shehechyanu (according to Ashkenazic practice). This applies, to some degree, and in some way to that morning's ...
3
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0answers
37 views

Studying versus doing

In commenting on Leviticus 26:14, Or HaChaim argues that if you study the details of the sacrifices today, when you cannot actually do them, you have fulfilled the commandments on sacrifices better ...
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2answers
65 views

What was God's original plan regarding Adam?

I would like to research the common ground for our understanding of G-d's original plan of the creation if Adam didn't sin. According to Sanhedrin 38, he was fully developed at noon, having 6 hours ...
5
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2answers
77 views

Can Mishloach Manot count as Matanot Laevyonim and vice versa?

If I donate ready to eat food to a soup kitchen, or, even more directly, if I see 2 homeless men on the street on Purim and hand them each a sandwich and a drink, can that fulfill my obligation to ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Why does Rambam count learning from Midos in 613 Mitzvos?

This is a follow-up question to "why-one's-daughter-is-not-mentioned-in-arayos-in-the-torah" (please read before continuing). Both the Gemmorah and Rambam agree that the prohibition of one's daughter ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Does the mitzvah of eradicating Amalek supersede Shabbos?

The Sefer Chinuch 604 tells us we have a mitzvah to wipe out Amalek. למחות זרעו מן העולם - שנצטוינו למחות זרעו של עמלק ולאבד זכרו מן העולם, זכר ונקבה, גדול וקטן, ועל זה נאמר (דברים כה יט) ''תמחה את ...
2
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3answers
82 views

Is it arrogant to publicly perform a mitzvah according to the Shulchan Oruch when others publicly are not careful to do it properly?

I observe various mitzvos that are not carried out according to the letter of the law in Shulchan Oruch. For example, taking 3 steps backward after Shemonah Esrei as described in OC 123 One bows ...
8
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2answers
106 views

Did Esther have the halachic status of a captive?

Esther was taken (Esther 2:8), ostensibly against her will, by king Achashveirosh. I would like to know if she had the halachic status of a captive such that, for example, the mitzvah of redeeming a ...
4
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3answers
115 views

Does Hashem reward you for keeping negative mitzvot?

Does Hashem reward you for keeping negative mitzvot or only punishes for trangressions?
0
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1answer
90 views

Sources for scientific rationale for the 613 Mizvot?

Are there any published works on the scientific rationale for any of the 613 Mizvot? For example: Handwashing: It only took the medical community did not deem it medically relevant until 2 centuries ...
4
votes
2answers
727 views

Source for it being a mitzvah to make fun of Avodah Zarah?

I've heard from multiple Rabbanim that it is a mitzvah to make fun of Avodah Zarah. I have been performing this mitzvah with pleasure for many years and I would like to know the source for it.
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0answers
51 views

Is it a “mitzvah” to accept tzedakah?

While there is a mitzvah to give tzedakah -- as per the Rambam's list Not to refrain from maintaining a poor man and giving him what he needs (Deut. 15:7) To give charity according to one's ...
3
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1answer
63 views

What are the practical parameters of Mitzvah Haba'ah B'Aveirah?

There are a few questions which ask about whether the concern of a mitzvah which is (or whose practice is) contingent upon the existence of a sin applies in specific cases. But are there any clear cut ...
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0answers
26 views

To serve, the biggest command?

Looking at the basis for our covenant with G-d, I noticed G-d said to Avraham (Bereshit 17:1): “Walk before Me”, which is sometimes understood to mean: “Serve Me”. And also (Bereshit 17:9): “You shall ...
2
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1answer
109 views

Have the 613 commandments ever been ranked by order of importance?

Has any major commentator ever attempted to rank the 613 commandments by order of importance? There are hints in the Sources about relative importance: The Ten Commandments, the Noahide Laws, the Big ...
5
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1answer
57 views

Why was Chizqia losing Olam Haba?

Talmud Berachot 10a tells the discussion between Yeshaya and Chizqia about children: מת אתה בעולם הזה ולא תחיה לעולם הבא! אמר לו מאי כולי האי?! אמר לו משום דלא עסקת בפריה ורביה. אמר לו וכולי Dead ...
4
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2answers
139 views

Can a shliach be paid?

We know that shlucho shel adam ka'moso and that the shliach is an extension of person who sent him. However, is the shliach allowed to be paid? (ie if he's coming from medinas hayam to deliver a get, ...
1
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0answers
58 views

Why does God modify commandments upon request?

I can find two instances of this in Tanach: 1) when G appoints Moshe to speak before Israel, he says he is "heavy of tongue" and G lets him use Aaron as a spokesman. 2) G commands Ezekiel (4:9) to ...
2
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0answers
122 views

Can a security camera be placed in a Mezuzah?

I saw this question posted on another forum and I didn't see any valid answers or conclusions. If a person had a Mezuzah case which was fitted with a hidden security camera, would that impact the ...
8
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1answer
319 views

Is there any reward for the intent or attempt to do a mitzvah?

As per the title, does one earn any reward/s'char for the attempt (or even just the intent) to perform a mitzvah? This evening, we all piled out of shul to say Kiddush Levana only to find that the ...
1
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2answers
167 views

Additional Oral Law classification systems?

This question is a follow-up to the "no-form-for-the-oral-law" question. These are the systems of organizing the total Oral Law (as opposed to Mitzvos Classification systems) that are known to me: ...
1
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0answers
70 views

Comparing different counting of the 613 mitzvot

I would like to make a rudimentary chart comparing the 613 mitzvot as enumerated by the Ramban, the Rahag, Saadia Gaon, et al. and highlighting in different colors what mitzvot are ubiquitous across ...
2
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3answers
65 views

Does Mechilah invalidate Kibud Av?

Following the question: "no-bracha-on-kibud-av-vaeim", some tried to say that the Sages did not set a Berocho for this Mitzvah as the father can be Mochel and there's no Mitzvah in such a case. ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Our relation relationship with Hashem

Avos states, "Do not be as servants who are serving the master in order to receive a reward, rather be as servants who are serving the master not in order to receive a reward." Yet, Mesillas Yesharim ...
4
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3answers
977 views

To what extent does the Torah make allowances for people in severe physical pain? [closed]

I have a severe progressive neurological disease and it's exceptionally painful. Current medical technology unfortunately is not able to provide much in the way of treatment or relief. Everyday things ...
0
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1answer
49 views

Is telling unpleasant truth about a person Lashon Hora?

Is telling something unpleasant, something that would portray a person in a very negative light even though it is true, considered Lashon Hora?
10
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3answers
657 views

What constitutes the Shema?

In wanting to add a Jewish practice, I am now saying the Shema daily. (It is nice to know that is a mitzvah explicitly in the Torah.) What is the "actual" Shema. When I was a kid (Reform) we would ...
1
vote
1answer
279 views

Is a Baal Keri allowed to do Mitzvot?

If a person is impure because of his nocturnal emission. Is he allowed to do mitzvot? Should he still strive to do them or should he keep low key and try to avoid them because of his impure state?
15
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8answers
592 views

One Jewish Practice

For someone who is Jewish, yet an atheist, what is one practice that is doable that they could keep? With suggestions for one doable Jewish practice, prayer, etc; please include guidelines of how to ...
1
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0answers
38 views

Is the mitzvah of accepting guest even when charging [duplicate]

From this question Is it sourced that Avrohom Avinu charged his guests payment if they did not make a Brachah? and from the fact that Rivka after serving Eliyezer got paid for it, It seems that the ...
2
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0answers
102 views

Can a mere thought break a commandment? [closed]

Can a mere thought break a commandment? If so, and given that we can't help our thoughts, the Sages would have given us advice on how to fight them. I could not find any such advice. Here is what I ...
6
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2answers
1k views

Can saying Sh'ma once satisfy two different Sh'ma obligations?

In an extenuating circumstance, one can say the night time K'riyat Sh'ma until Netz, as per this statement: If one didn’t say it then, make sure to complete it by Chatzot (midnight) and after the ...
0
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0answers
46 views

Which Mitzvot have their observance described in Tanach?

Despite the more or less direct reference to the 613 Mitzvos in the Torah, only a few of them are mentioned in the text explicitly to be observed in fact. For example, Torah mentions Abraham ...
1
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0answers
44 views

Can a non jew obey some of the 613 commandments? [duplicate]

The Noahide covenant was for the whole mankind and even a non-Jew can enter heaven by following them. However, can a non-Jew obey some of the mitzvot commandments that he wishes to obey (moral values,...
0
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1answer
76 views

Does an Ashkenazi lady say a bracha on netilat lulav on the first day of Sukkot if the lulav is borrowed?

An Ashkenazi woman wants to shake the 4 species on the first day of Sukkot. Her husband doesn't have a lulav. She goes to a friend who has a lulav, and without his knowledge (and active transfer of ...