Questions tagged [mitzvah]

Mitzvah - commandment. This tag is for questions about the nature of commandments or the status of being a commandment. (However, many particular commandments have their own tags.)

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5
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1answer
1k views

Making a pikuach nefesh phone call on Yom Kippur - mitzva or something to be avoided?

Outside of our synagogue on Yom Kippur, someone fainted and a doctor present decided to call an ambulance. At that time, there were multiple people present and one phone. Should people have jumped to ...
14
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1answer
314 views

Discrepancy between Sefer HaMitzvos and Sefer Hachinuch

The Rambam in Sefer HaMitzvos, Lo Saaseh 148 writes that a non-Kohen who eats kodshim/holy food breaks a negative mitzvah: שהזהירנו שלא לאכול זר מבשר קדשי הקדשים. והוא אמרו יתעלה וזר לא יאכל כי קדש ...
14
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2answers
1k views

Differences between RaMbaM and RaMbaN's mitzvah count

I know both the Rambam and Ramban listed all of the 613 mitzvos, and that they differ in some (I think like 16ish?) What are the ones upon which they differ? If possible please include why they differ ...
-1
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2answers
54 views

Mitzvah and connection. How does that work?

If you do good deeds, are you then connected to good? Do you draw blessing into your life? How does Mitzvah connection to good work?
8
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2answers
187 views

Patur from mitzvah and do it, have you fulfilled it contradiction

In Hilchos Kriyas Shema, the SA (OC 71:1) says מִי שֶׁמֵּת לוֹ מֵת שֶׁהוּא חַיָּב לְהִתְאַבֵּל עָלָיו, אֲפִלּוּ אֵינוֹ מֻטָּל עָלָיו לְקָבְרוֹ, פָּטוּר מִקְּרִיאַת שְׁמַע וּמִתְּפִלָּה. Someone whose ...
10
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2answers
155 views

Counting Sefirah in a made up language

Can one fulfill the mitzvah of counting the Omer by counting in a language that only he/she understands? What if a few people understand? An entire goup?
3
votes
4answers
131 views

Is it wrong to expect rewards for observance?

Many commentators have told us to perform the commandments for their own sake, out of love, not for the purpose of receiving rewards. The Rambam summarized this exhortation as follows : "When I ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Festive meals on Chanuka

The Shulchan Aruch states the meals on Chanuka are (only) permissible feasts (not seudas mitzvah) since these days were never instituted as days of festive meals. The Ramma quotes an opinion stating ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Is the commandment not to dwell in Egypt or not to dwell among Egyptians?

The Semag, in his Sefer Mitzvot Gadol, Negative Command 227, seems to say that the commandment not to dwell in Egypt permanently does not apply anymore because today's Egyptians are not the ...
5
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1answer
159 views

Can people take Mishloach Manot?

Is there an operative element to Mishloach Manot that requires a sending, i.e. a physical transfer from person to person? (related sources in these related questions ) If I must travel on Purim, I ...
2
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0answers
25 views

Why are some commandments relayed via “Tzav” but not others?

In the chumash, there are approximately 10 places where a law is given to the Children of Israel and is preceded by Hashem's telling Moshe to command (tzav) the people, or certain people. An example ...
-2
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1answer
145 views

How could anyone think Rashi's daughters wore Tefillin?

There is a widely-held theory that Rashi's daughters wore Tefillin. Rashi here seems to say there is a Bal Tosif (prohibition to add on a commandment) if a women does a Mitzvat Aseh Shehazman Grama (...
1
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1answer
99 views

Were the Jews commanded to go into the Promised Land?

In this week's portion, Matot, we learn that the tribes of Gad and Reuben wanted to remain on land on the east side of the Jordan, and not settle in the Promised Land. (Moses granted that, with ...
5
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2answers
770 views

Where can one get the Pri Yitzchak, a text discussing the 613 Mitzvot

Regarding the Chassidic text written in 1840 entiled Pri Yitzchak that details all 613 Mitzvot and the corresponding 248 limbs for positive mitzvot and 365 sinews for negative commandments. My Rabbi ...
8
votes
1answer
206 views

Rambam and Bahag disagree about the mitzvah of Shema?

The Rambam wrote his Sefer HaMitzvos as a polemic against the Bahag's selection of the 613 mitzvos (as is clear from reading his Shorashim). They have many disagreements, which the Rambam lays out in ...
6
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0answers
50 views

Operating a mechanical calculator on Shabbos

Are mechanical calculators Mukzte on Shabbos? Would it be considered a form of measuring? Mechanical calculators have no electric parts. Everything is purely mechanical: If it is considered measuring,...
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0answers
34 views

List of Lav HaNitak LeAseh

There's a dispute amongst the Rishonim how exactly to define what is a lav hanitak leaseh (as Artscroll translates: a negative commandment that is given over for positive rectification). I find the ...
2
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2answers
83 views

Why does Rambam list mitzvot before listing mitzvot?

In the Rambam's introduction to Mishneh Torah or just thereafter (depending where you consider the introduction to end) he lists his count of the 613 mitzvot twice. First he lists all the positive ...
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0answers
41 views

What's the practical difference between Mitzva Diorisas that Are listed as one of the 613; And those Not listed as one of the 613? [duplicate]

What's the (general) practical Difference between one of the 613 Mitzvahs ,counted by the Monay Hamotzvos,whether its an Asay or Lo-Tasay and an (Asay or Lo-Tasay) that isn't part of the 613 Mitzvahs? ...
6
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3answers
291 views

What is so special about being part of the 613 mitzvos?

There are arguments in the Rishonim about what the 613 mitzvos are. But even if you hold something's not part of the 613, it's still a mitzva, so what's so special if it is part of the 613?
1
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1answer
70 views

What is the source for non-literal understanding of V'Chai Bahem?

The concept of V'Chai Bahem - "do the mitzvos to live by them" (Vayikra 18:5) - is usually understood to refer to one's physical existence (i.e. the mitzvos should not be performed if they ...
2
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0answers
58 views

Getting back Reward for Mitzvot you Regretted

This is from Rambam Halachot Teshuva: (From Chabad.org) Anyone who changes his mind about the mitzvot he has performed and regrets the merits [he has earned], saying in his heart: "What value was ...
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0answers
32 views

Were the Mitzvos given because of counting of Bnei Yisrael in Bamidbar?

I was reading a Dvar Torah by a prominent Rosh Yeshiva where he stated that Chazal say that the connection between the end of Sefer Vayikra: אלה המצות אשר צוה יהוה את־משה אל־בני ישראל בהר סיני These ...
7
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1answer
157 views

How long must people wait in shul for a minyan?

Shulchan Aruch emphasizes the importance of davening the Amidah with the rest of the tzibbur. If one is in shul and there are 8 or 9 people, should everyone wait before starting Amidah to see if ...
8
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2answers
320 views

Is it better to do a Mitzvah now or delay to do it better (with more Hiddur) later on?

If one can do a Mitzvah now in an acceptable fashion but can do it better (with Hiddur) later on is it better to wait to do it B'Hiddur? I seem to recall that there is a Gemara somewhere from where we ...
2
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4answers
159 views

Maimonides' Responsum on Pre-Sinaic Mitzva Observance

The Maimonides Reader (p. 478) quotes Maimonides' responsum to Hasdai Ha-Levi where he states that our forefathers didn't keep the mitzvos at all. Where else can this responsum be found? (...
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2answers
55 views

Can anyone fully explain the six constant mitzvos? [closed]

I know what the six constant mitzvos are, but can anyone give a detailed explanation of them? (Preferably sourced.)
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0answers
23 views

A listing according to Rambam's four categories of mitzvos

The Rambam in Shoresh 9 of Sefer HaMitzvos says that there are four categories of mitzvos: דע שכל צוויי התורה ואזהרותיה הנה הם בארבעה דברים. בדעות ובפעולות ובמדות ובדבור Deos (Beliefs, Attitudes, ...
7
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1answer
193 views

Halacha of not being obligated to spend more than a fifth of one's money on a mitzvah

It is brought down in halacha (Orach Chaim 656) that a person is not obligated to spend more than 20% of his money on performing a positive mitzvah. Is the 20% calculated according to his total bank ...
4
votes
2answers
82 views

Why Long Life For Honoring Parents?

The Torah writes in Shemos (20:12) כַּבֵּ֥ד אֶת־אָבִ֖יךָ וְאֶת־אִמֶּ֑ךָ לְמַ֙עַן֙ יַאֲרִכ֣וּן יָמֶ֔יךָ עַ֚ל הָאֲדָמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ נֹתֵ֥ן לָֽךְ׃ (ס) Honor your father and your ...
-1
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1answer
81 views

If yibum is only for brothers , why did Ruth seduce Boaz, he wasn't Elimelech's brother?

If yibum is only for brothers, why did Ruth seduce Boaz, he wasn't Elimelech's brother?
2
votes
1answer
142 views

What are the mitzvos that are not forever?

This Shabbos, someone noted that the Sefer Hachinuch says that there are no mitzvos at all in this parsha (Bamidbar). I responded at once, That's absurd. It seems like it contains dozens of mitzvos! ...
4
votes
2answers
195 views

What is the status of the Yad we use to read from the Torah?

Does the Yad for reading Torah has the status of tashmish mitzvah or tashmish kedusha? Background to the question: Our shul has a BIG yad in extremely bad shape. Impossible to fix anymore. It is ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

A Jewish-slaves Mitzvahs obligations

What mitzvos is a Jewish slave (a Jew owned by a Jew mentioned Shemot 21,2) obligated in? Is a Jewish slave obligated in time bound mitzvos? or he obligated to the same mitzvos as a woman? Sources ...
27
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12answers
3k views

Why are women exempt from (many) time-bound mitzvot?

Women are generally exempt from time-bound mitzvot (Kiddushin 29a). I have heard two reasons for women being exempt from time-bound mitzvot and both seem problematic, so either there are additional ...
7
votes
1answer
174 views

Contradiction if forbidden relations are logical or beyond human reasoning

The Rambam (Shemoneh Perakim, end of Chapter 6) deals with different types of mitzvos. He says one type are logical, and thus a perfected person shouldn't want to transgress them. He says some call ...
1
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7answers
347 views

When is it a mitzvah to study science?

I remember hearing from Rabbi Yosef Mizrachi that HaShem created two Torahs, one the Oral and Written and the other the natural world. My question is, when is it a positive mitzvah to study science ...
1
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4answers
128 views

Purpose for commandments?

So I would just like some insight on the reason for the commandments in the matter of whether they are for inheriting the world to come/heaven, or for they are for fixing this world. I have heard that ...
3
votes
2answers
172 views

What are the “major” and “minor” commandments?

The Mishna says: Be quick in performing a minor commandment as a major one. [Avot 4:2] But we do not rank the commandments. The Mishna also says: Be as scrupulous in observing a minor ...
3
votes
2answers
134 views

When is desiring another man's property permitted

Reading the Rambam Hilchot G'zela V'aveda Halacha 9-10: Anyone who covets a servant, a maidservant, a house or utensils that belong to a colleague, or any other article that he can purchase from him ...
2
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0answers
20 views

Is good middot ldavka bo?

On one hand having good middot is the Mitzva of holachta bdrachav. And the mitzvah of ledavka bo is to connect to Talmidai chachomim But I see that ledavka bo is also explained as having good middot (...
2
votes
3answers
129 views

Why are “Remember and don't forget Amalek” two separate commandments?

Why did the Rambam list these as two distinct commandments: P189- Remember what Amalek did to the Israelites. [Deut. 25:17] N59- Don't forget what Amalek did to the Israelites. [Deut. 25:19] Aren't ...
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0answers
55 views

Shehechyanu levatala on Purim

Before the morning reading of Megillat Esther, the reader says 3 brachot including Shehechyanu (according to Ashkenazic practice). This applies, to some degree, and in some way to that morning's ...
21
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5answers
6k views

Is there a list of Mitzvot and their corresponding body parts?

The Talmud (Makkot 23B)and the Zohar (1:170B - unverified English translation here) say that the 248 positive commandments correspond to the 248 limbs of the human body. (The Mishna (Ohalot 1:8) lists ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

What are the practical parameters of Mitzvah Haba'ah B'Aveirah?

There are a few questions which ask about whether the concern of a mitzvah which is (or whose practice is) contingent upon the existence of a sin applies in specific cases. But are there any clear cut ...
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votes
1answer
72 views

The limits of “Do not covet”

The Rambam writes [Hilchot Gezelah v’Avedah 1:9]: Anyone who covets a male or female servant, or the house or the goods of his neighbor, or anything that he can buy from him, and he exerts friendly ...
4
votes
2answers
558 views

Why can't we light Channukah Candles in the Day

We are commanded to light Channukah candles at night, to usher in each day of the holiday, and, if my memory serves me, we may light as long as there are people outside who can see the candles (ad ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Why Gid-Haneshe is counted as a Mitzvah if it wasn't commanded?

עַל־כֵּן לֹא־יֹאכְלוּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת־גִּיד הַנָּשֶׁה אֲשֶׁר עַל־כַּף הַיָּרֵךְ עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה כִּי נָגַע בְּכַף־יֶרֶךְ יַעֲקֹב בְּגִיד הַנָּשֶׁה׃ That is why the children of Israel to this ...
2
votes
6answers
186 views

Commandments/Laws followed by Avraham

Genesis 26:5 states: Because that Avraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws. What were these laws, statutes, and commandments that Avraham was ...
6
votes
3answers
509 views

Why did Avraham ask Eliezer to swear in the way he did?

Avraham asks his servant Eliezer to place his hand under his thigh to swear an oath regarding finding a daughter for his son. Chazal explain that he asked him to hold his (Avraham's) milah (male ...

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