Questions tagged [mitzvah]

Mitzvah - commandment. This tag is for questions about the nature of commandments or the status of being a commandment. (However, many particular commandments have their own tags.)

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44 views

Were the original tablets brought down by Moses the same as the second set?

We're taught that when Moses brought down the tablets, he shattered the first set in a rage after witnessing his people worshipping the golden calf. As soon as Moses came near the camp and saw the ...
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3answers
138 views

How is it we often see people who are on a mission to do a mitzvah get harmed?

The gemara quotes Rabbi Elazar no less than six(6) times saying, "שְׁלוּחֵי מִצְוָה אֵינָן נִיזּוֹקִין -- those on a mission to do a mitzvah are not harmed." (Pesachim 8a, 8b (twice), ...
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Source for Geonic division of mitzvos

The Rambam and those who follow suit divide the 613 mitzvos into two groups, 248 positive mitzvos and 365 negative mitzvos. This is sourced from Makkos 23b. However, many of the Geonim (for example: ...
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Is donating blood a mitzvah?

Is donating blood a mitzvah? Are there contemporary sources? I am looking for an answer from a posek, rav, etc.
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1answer
165 views

Wrapping Tefillin vs. Wearing Tefillin

When we put on tefillin, we (I am Ashkenazi) say 2 brachot -- l'haniach tefillin and al mitzvat tefillin. The second makes sense -- I am making a bracha on fulfilling the mitzvah of tefillin. But what ...
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3answers
80 views

Is there a difference between mitzvos that are counted in Taryag and mitzvos that aren't? [duplicate]

There are sources that say that there are many more mitzvos than 613, and only some are counted. My question (or chakira) is, is there any difference between the ones that are counted and the ones ...
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1answer
119 views

How many time-bound positive mitzvot are women obligated in?

Women are generally not obligated in positive mitzvot bound by time. There are some exceptions, such as eating matzah on Pesach and making kiddush on Shabbat. What other time-bound positive mitzvot ...
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1answer
90 views

Festive meals on Chanuka

The Shulchan Aruch states the meals on Chanuka are (only) permissible feasts (not seudas mitzvah) since these days were never instituted as days of festive meals. The Ramma quotes an opinion stating ...
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Is Hachnasat Orchim among the 613 Mitzvot listed by Rambam or Chinuch?

Is welcoming guests among the Mitzvot listed in these sfarim (Sefer HaMitzvot, Sefer HaChinuch)?
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Have mitzvot ever been subtracted?

In Megillah 14a the following quote appears: תָּנוּ רַבָּנַן אַרְבָּעִים וּשְׁמוֹנָה נְבִיאִים וְשֶׁבַע נְבִיאוֹת נִתְנַבְּאוּ לָהֶם לְיִשְׂרָאֵל וְלֹא פִּחֲתוּ וְלֹא הוֹתִירוּ עַל מַה שֶּׁכָּתוּב ...
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Is there a teaching that states, those who work deserve to be paid?

Is there a teaching that states, those who work deserve to be paid? The longer version is: Where in the Torah, as according to the rabbis, is there a concept or a mitzvah that states, something like, ...
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Can people take Mishloach Manot?

Is there an operative element to Mishloach Manot that requires a sending, i.e. a physical transfer from person to person? (related sources in these related questions ) If I must travel on Purim, I ...
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1answer
49 views

Definition and origin of the division between interpersonal and God-related Mitzvot

"...for transgressions between a person and God, Yom Kippur atones; however, for transgressions between a person and another, Yom Kippur does not atone until he appeases the other person." ...
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Why does the wise son ask “eidus, chukim and {then} mishpatim”?

The wise son in the hagadah says "What are the eidus, chukim and mishpatim that Hashem, our G-d, commanded you {or "us" according to another version}?" The question is: It's known {...
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Why is mitzvah 611 not in The Six Constant Mitzvot? [duplicate]

Mitzvah 611 according to the Sefer HaChinuch is to walk in HaShem's ways. Sefaria writes: "The commandment to walk in - and make oneself similar through - the ways of God, may He be blessed:"...
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1answer
52 views

Are we required to defend the omniscience of Hashem? [closed]

Commenting on Bereishit 6:6, Rashi provides examples for defending the Omniscience of HaShem by stating: "The following extract from the Midrash Rabbah I am writing in order that you may know how ...
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Exempt from mitzvah and do it, have you fulfilled it contradiction

In Hilchos Kriyas Shema, the SA (OC 71:1) says מִי שֶׁמֵּת לוֹ מֵת שֶׁהוּא חַיָּב לְהִתְאַבֵּל עָלָיו, אֲפִלּוּ אֵינוֹ מֻטָּל עָלָיו לְקָבְרוֹ, פָּטוּר מִקְּרִיאַת שְׁמַע וּמִתְּפִלָּה. Someone whose ...
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1answer
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Sefer Hamitzvot vs. Sefer HaChinuch

I have a few questions regarding these two amazing sefarim. Looking through them, of course, my first glaring question is the orders: why are they different. Sefer HaChinuch was based off the Rambam's ...
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1answer
102 views

What’s the mitzvah or deed you can do that could absolve you of a sin you did 70 years ago?

If I’m not mistaken, I read about such a mitzvah in Mesechet Taanit, but then I couldn’t find it and now it’s annoying me. Though, I could have also simply seen it somewhere else. So does anyone know ...
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366 views

Ben Noah and his obligations regarding vows

A hypothetical case (based on a somewhat similar real one): Ben Noah in the process of giyur. Stood before the Beis Din and was asked question 'Will you follow the mitzvot as fully as a goy can up ...
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218 views

Halacha of not being obligated to spend more than a fifth of one's money on a mitzvah

It is brought down in halacha (Orach Chaim 656) that a person is not obligated to spend more than 20% of his money on performing a positive mitzvah. Is the 20% calculated according to his total bank ...
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Midrash on commandments for non-Jews

Note: I had recalled seeing this or a similar question somewhere on the site but couldn't find it. There's a midrash that appears in two versions (that I know of), one in Midrash Tehillim 21:1: "...
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Can Tzara'at appear on Mitzvah apparel?

Was it possible for Tzara'at to appear on Tefillin/Tefillin straps, which theoretically one could argue clothes the person? Or on Tzitzis, or Kohanic garments, like the Tzitz, or other clothing items ...
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53 views

What is a child held responsible for?

Related is a animal more responsible then a child? if yes why? Tangentially, to a statement made in this question: At what age is a Ben Noach responsible to perform his "mitzvot"? A child ...
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2answers
114 views

Can one make a שבועה to be מקיים a מצוה?

The Mishnah in Shvuos 27a says: If one takes an oath to refrain from performing a mitzva and he does not refrain, he is exempt from bringing an offering for an oath on an utterance. If he takes an ...
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37 views

Are there reasons for duties of the heart?

For example, is there a reason for the mitzvah of bitachon? Of emunah? I think this is important to know because the Chovos Halevavos here appears to say one should do rational mitzvos both because ...
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What's the practical difference between Mitzva Diorisas that Are listed as one of the 613; And those Not listed as one of the 613? [duplicate]

What's the (general) practical Difference between one of the 613 Mitzvahs ,counted by the Monay Hamotzvos,whether its an Asay or Lo-Tasay and an (Asay or Lo-Tasay) that isn't part of the 613 Mitzvahs? ...
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27 views

Fearing beyond parents

The commandment of respecting parents (kabed et avicha v'et imecha) has "extra" words (et and v'et) which are used in the gemara to include others in the halacha of respect (for a discussion ...
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1answer
54 views

Does one get punished for not keeping positve mitzvos?

Does one get punished for not keeping positive mitzvos? Or is it the case that you just do not get the reward for keeping them and punishments are for transgressing negative mitzvos?
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58 views

Question about כַּבֵּד אֶת אָבִיךָ וְאֶת אִמֶּךָ

I am not a very knowledgeable Jew. I am the product of a mixed marriage (Mom is Jewish/Dad is not). However, I was raised in a Jewish household. Over the years I have leaned more towards observance ...
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1answer
54 views

What was the Terumas Halishka used for? Where did the machatzis hashekel go?

Firstly, what was the terumas halishka? Secondly, was it used for the machatzis hashekel? If yes, was it possible to donate to the terumas halishka without giving to it the machatzis hashekel? If it ...
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22 views

How many times did the Kohanim carry the Aron?

We know that it is a mitzvah for the Kohanim to transport the Aron. Do we know how many times this mitzvah was performed?
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79 views

Sefer Yereim divided into 613 mitzvos

The Sefer Yereim by Rav Eliezer MiMitz is an important work on halacha. It's also a list of the 613 mitzvos, as that is how he organized this halachic work. What many do not know is he based his list ...
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68 views

Mitzvahs without action?

Are all Mitzvahs related to an action in thought speech or deed? I always thought that there are mitzvot "to do" and "not to do". But it seems some mitzvot are not related to an ...
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125 views

Do we have an obligation to love the Erev Rav?

Does the mitzvah of loving other Jews(Vayikra 19:18) apply to the Erev Rav?
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1answer
223 views

Do women get reward for not shaving their payos and beard

Do woman/non-Jews get a reward for not doing things they are permitted to do, and men / Jews are forbidden to do? I know that if someone does a mitzvah they are not commanded doing, they get a reward....
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1answer
365 views

Discrepancy between Sefer HaMitzvos and Sefer Hachinuch

The Rambam in Sefer HaMitzvos, Lo Saaseh 148 writes that a non-Kohen who eats kodshim/holy food breaks a negative mitzvah: שהזהירנו שלא לאכול זר מבשר קדשי הקדשים. והוא אמרו יתעלה וזר לא יאכל כי קדש ...
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Can a single-parent father be exempt from time-bound mitzvot?

Rabbis such as Abudraham have explained a woman's exemption from positive time-bound commandments (mitzvot shehazman grama) in terms of a woman's ongoing and preliminary role in supporting her ...
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How accurate do I have to be in performing mitzvos to time?

We can now measure time more accurately than in the past (see this question). What are the implications? I do not ask about situations where the time is critical for a Torah law where obviously one ...
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118 views

Why Long Life For Honoring Parents?

The Torah writes in Shemos (20:12) כַּבֵּ֥ד אֶת־אָבִ֖יךָ וְאֶת־אִמֶּ֑ךָ לְמַ֙עַן֙ יַאֲרִכ֣וּן יָמֶ֔יךָ עַ֚ל הָאֲדָמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ נֹתֵ֥ן לָֽךְ׃ (ס) Honor your father and your ...
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1answer
1k views

Making a pikuach nefesh phone call on Yom Kippur - mitzva or something to be avoided?

Outside of our synagogue on Yom Kippur, someone fainted and a doctor present decided to call an ambulance. At that time, there were multiple people present and one phone. Should people have jumped to ...
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Differences between RaMbaM and RaMbaN's mitzvah count

I know both the Rambam and Ramban listed all of the 613 mitzvos, and that they differ in some (I think like 16ish?) What are the ones upon which they differ? If possible please include why they differ ...
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55 views

Mitzvah and connection. How does that work?

If you do good deeds, are you then connected to good? Do you draw blessing into your life? How does Mitzvah connection to good work?
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164 views

Counting Sefirah in a made up language

Can one fulfill the mitzvah of counting the Omer by counting in a language that only he/she understands? What if a few people understand? An entire goup?
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4answers
149 views

Is it wrong to expect rewards for observance?

Many commentators have told us to perform the commandments for their own sake, out of love, not for the purpose of receiving rewards. The Rambam summarized this exhortation as follows : "When I ...
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1answer
78 views

Is the commandment not to dwell in Egypt or not to dwell among Egyptians?

The Semag, in his Sefer Mitzvot Gadol, Negative Command 227, seems to say that the commandment not to dwell in Egypt permanently does not apply anymore because today's Egyptians are not the ...
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27 views

Why are some commandments relayed via “Tzav” but not others?

In the chumash, there are approximately 10 places where a law is given to the Children of Israel and is preceded by Hashem's telling Moshe to command (tzav) the people, or certain people. An example ...
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1answer
178 views

How could anyone think Rashi's daughters wore Tefillin?

There is a widely-held theory that Rashi's daughters wore Tefillin. Rashi here seems to say there is a Bal Tosif (prohibition to add on a commandment) if a women does a Mitzvat Aseh Shehazman Grama (...
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1answer
103 views

Were the Jews commanded to go into the Promised Land?

In this week's portion, Matot, we learn that the tribes of Gad and Reuben wanted to remain on land on the east side of the Jordan, and not settle in the Promised Land. (Moses granted that, with ...
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2answers
890 views

Where can one get the Pri Yitzchak, a text discussing the 613 Mitzvot

Regarding the Chassidic text written in 1840 entiled Pri Yitzchak that details all 613 Mitzvot and the corresponding 248 limbs for positive mitzvot and 365 sinews for negative commandments. My Rabbi ...

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