Questions tagged [mitzvah]

Mitzvah - commandment. This tag is for questions about the nature of commandments or the status of being a commandment. (However, many particular commandments have their own tags.)

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2answers
234 views

How many Mitzvos does the Mishnah cover?

How many (out of the 613 Deoraytah) Mitzvos are explicitly discussed in the 6 Sdarim of the Mishah (not including those that are only mentioned tangentially, like Kibud Av at the beginning of Peah)?
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31 views

While it says in Kiddushin 40b that torah is the more important than Mitzvot in Pirkei Avot it says otherwise?

It says in Kiddushin 40b נענה ר"ע ואמר תלמוד גדול נענו כולם ואמרו תלמוד גדול שהתלמוד מביא לידי מעשה (Rabbi Akiva answered and said: Study is greater. Everyone answered and said: Study is greater, as ...
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Is it a mitzvah to create a situation for others to be mekayem a mitzvah?

I recall reading (though I can't find it) that the person who was punished for collecting sticks on Shabbat was actually doing so in an effort to help others see the laws of Shabbat in practice (or ...
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1answer
243 views

Source for: Abstaining from sin being considered a mitzvah in Talmud Bavli

I remember seeing a passage in Talmud Bavli saying something along the lines of: "every moment that a person sits and does not engage in sin, he is considered to be doing a mitzvah." I'm not able to ...
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60 views

How does Rambam decide what defines a Mitzvah?

Rambam in Sefer Hamitzvos lists 14 rules that guided him in writing his Sefer Hamitzvos. Practically all of them focus on what does not consitute a Mitzvah Deoraytah: השרש הראשון שאין ראוי למנות ...
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1answer
37 views

Newer edition of Zohar HaRakiah

The Rashbatz (Rabbi Shimon Ben Tzemach, 15th century) authored a commentary on Rashbag's (Rabbi Shlomo ibn Gabirol, 11th century) Azharos (poem on the 613 mitzvos) called Zohar HaRakiah. There's an ...
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35 views

Getting Back Mitzvot One Regretted

Can one get the reward for mitzvot he regretted back, if he does teshuva for regretting them, or regrets that he regretted doing them?
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54 views

Milkhemet Mitzvah necessary conditions

What are the conditions necessary for a war to be milkhemet mitzvah according to the rishonim?
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71 views

Comprehensive list of punishments for all 365 negative commandments

Is there a comprehensive list of all the punishments for the 365 negative commandments? The Rambam in Hilchos Sanhedrin reveals 243 (see below)-- what are the punishments for transgressing the ...
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418 views

Does ‘Love Your Neighbor As Yourself’ apply only to Jews?

This verse is obviously one of the most central & important in the whole Torah. It has helped sustain us as a kind, harmonious, & loving nation for over 3,000 years & has helped introduce ...
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Counting parts of a Mitzvah as a Mitzvah (Rambam's 12th principle)

Rambam in Sefer Hamitzvos lays [his own] principles of what counts as a Mitzvah and what's not. The 12th principle says that: שאין ראוי למנות חלקי המלאכה מהמלאכות שבא הצווי בעשייתם כל חלק וחלק בפני ...
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1answer
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Did G-d command or not on sending the spies?

The Torah's Pshat in P. Shlach is very straightforward - G-d commands Moses to send the spies. There are plenty of other places where Moses (and Bney Israel) are commanded using לך language (e.g. ועשו ...
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Are we supposed to know which transgressions are light or severe?

I remember learning that we cannot know which commandments are more important than which others -- God gave them all to us and we don't say that we prioritize some over others (aside from the special ...
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110 views

When is it a mitzvah to study science?

I remember hearing from Rabbi Yosef Mizrachi that HaShem created two Torahs, one the Oral and Written and the other the natural world. My question is, when is it a positive mitzvah to study science ...
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3answers
651 views

Is the first of the 10 Commandments considered a mitzvah?

I realize that the English translation of עשרת הדברים / דברות is better translated as "Ten pronouncements" rather than "10 Commandments". However, in viewing the text, 2 - 10 seem to be commanding ...
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1answer
65 views

Meaning of the mitzvah to not eat Gid Hanashe

Why is the fact that the angel dislodged Yaakov's hip a reason not to eat the gid hanashe? What is the connection, since what happened was to a person and the gid hanashe is part of an animal? What's ...
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1answer
70 views

Why doesn't the Talmud provide a list of the 613 commandments?

The Talmud says that there are 613 commandments in the Torah: Rabbi Simlai, when preaching, said: 613 precepts were communicated to Moses: 365 negative precepts, corresponding to the number of ...
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9answers
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Avot keeping Mitzvot

How are we to understand the tradition that the patriarchs kept all of the mitzvot in the Torah (see for example: the last mishna in Kiddushin (4:14), Rashi on Bereshit 32:5, etc.) in light of the ...
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1answer
219 views

Did Rabbi Joseph Albo say the mitzvoth will be abolished?

According to Rabbi Israel Drazin, the Babylonian Talmud, Nidah 61b, expresses the opinion of Rabbi Joseph: “The mitzvot [commandments] will be abolished in the time to come.” What does this mean? G-d ...
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1answer
81 views

Motivation for Miztvot

According to Bava Kamma 79b, the penalty difference between a ganav and a gazlan is that the robber does not disrespect Hashem -- he commits his crime in full view of anyone, man or God but the thief ...
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Are all mitzvos forbidden near a grave? If not, why not? If yes, why not say so?

The Talmud (Bavli, B'rachos 18 amud 1) mentions a prohibition on wearing tzitzis or t'filin, or reading from a Torah scroll, in a cemetery, based on "one who taunts the pauper, that makes him a ...
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137 views

What was the Chiddush (novelty) in the 10 commandments?

I'm trying to imagine myself exiting Egypt and arriving at Matan Torah. I expect that for 49 days the Jewish people expect G-d to give them something they didn't already know. Instead, G-d recites the ...
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What is the source for Beis Din's obligation to enforce mitzvos

The Gemarra in Kesubos 86a and Chullin 132b teaches the following: במצות עשה כגון שאומרין לו עשה סוכה ואינו עושה לולב ואינו עושה מכין אותו עד שתצא נפשו With regard to positive mitzvot, for ...
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Why did the Rambam leave out Beis Din's obligation to enforce mitzvos

The Gemarra in Kesubos 86a and Chullin 132b teaches the following: במצות עשה כגון שאומרין לו עשה סוכה ואינו עושה לולב ואינו עושה מכין אותו עד שתצא נפשו With regard to positive mitzvot, for ...
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1answer
53 views

Is there ever a Torah obligation to divorce one's wife?

There are many cases throughout the Mishnayos and Gemarra of women who one is obligated to divorce. I believe all of them are Rabbinic. I'm wondering if there's ever a case where the Torah would ...
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4answers
242 views

Will we keep Mitzvoth when Moshiach comes? If not, isn't this vs. the Torah?

I have heard that when the mashiach comes, we won’t be obligated to keep the mitzvoth. If this is so, doesn't this go against the Torah? The Torah says that we will always keep the mitzvoth ...
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2answers
465 views

Where are we commanded to wrap ourselves in Tzitzit?

When we put on a tallit, we say a blessing (copied from here) Barukh atah Adonai, Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam Blessed are you, Lord, our God, sovereign of the universe asher kidishanu b'mitz'votav v'...
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1answer
32 views

What “types” of reward are promised for keeping particular Mitzvos?

Trying to generalize Alicht's question. Although the Mishnah in Avos states that we don't know the [true] reward of keeping Mitzvos: "וֶהֱוֵי זָהִיר בְּמִצְוָה קַלָּה כְבַחֲמוּרָה, שֶׁאֵין אַתָּה ...
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5answers
149 views

Commandments/Laws followed by Avraham

Genesis 26:5 states: Because that Avraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws. What were these laws, statutes, and commandments that Avraham was ...
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132 views

Arba Misos Beis Din- 1 Mitzvah or 4?

Tosfos on Makos 2a (Kol Hazomemin) brings a Tosefta which says that if you can't give someone their destined Arba Misos (meaning the one their Aveira warranted), you can give them a different one, ...
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2answers
82 views

Don't do as non-Jews do?

Are there things Jews are not allowed to do, per halacha, simply on the grounds that some non-Jews do it, and not because these things are bad in themselves? (These non-Jews may have a bad overall ...
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1answer
260 views

Why do some of the Ten Commandments include Noahide Laws?

Of the Seven Noahide Laws, at least three are identical to one of the Ten Commandments. To be specific I am referring to Do not murder Do not steal Do not deny God Do not blaspheme I understand that ...
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44 views

Source of a quote about the value of mitzvot involving pain

This quote is attributed to the Yerushalmi: One mitzvah involving pain is worth a hundred mitzvot that do not. Do you have the exact reference? Is this the only place this thought is expressed?
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70 views

Seudat Mitzvah on a Personal Fast Day

May a person who accepts upon himself a personal fast eat a seudat mitzvah? For example, if a person finds himself at a bris on the day he accepted to fast, is he able to eat?
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Rambam and Bahag disagree about the mitzvah of Shema?

The Rambam wrote his Sefer HaMitzvos as a polemic against the Bahag's selection of the 613 mitzvos (as is clear from reading his Shorashim). They have many disagreements, which the Rambam lays out in ...
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Why doesn't Rambam mention how many mitzvot are violated by not wearing tzitzit and not having a mezuzah?

In Hilchot Tefillin 4:26 Rambam writes: וכל שאינו מניח תפילין עובר בשמונה עשה שהרי בארבע פרשיות צוה על תפילין של ראש ועל תפילין של יד Whoever does not wear tefillin transgresses eight positive ...
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134 views

Can a shliach be paid?

We know that shlucho shel adam ka'moso and that the shliach is an extension of person who sent him. However, is the shliach allowed to be paid? (ie if he's coming from medinas hayam to deliver a get, ...
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1answer
29 views

Is there an obligatory gathering on Shabat or the Moadim?

In Devarim it is commanded to gather — Hakhel — at the end of the sabbatical year. But is there a command to gather together on (every) Shabat or the Moadim? Vayikra 23 calls such days Mikra ...
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2answers
830 views

What are the mitzvot that a gentile is forbidden to do?

I know that some mitzvot like keeping shabbat, putting tefillin are forbidden for a gentile to do because they are a sign of the covenant between Israel and HaShem. What are the full list of the ...
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1answer
89 views

Patur from mitzvah and do it, have you fulfilled it contradiction

In Hilchos Kriyas Shema, the SA (OC 71:1) says מִי שֶׁמֵּת לוֹ מֵת שֶׁהוּא חַיָּב לְהִתְאַבֵּל עָלָיו, אֲפִלּוּ אֵינוֹ מֻטָּל עָלָיו לְקָבְרוֹ, פָּטוּר מִקְּרִיאַת שְׁמַע וּמִתְּפִלָּה. ...
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1answer
111 views

Can people take Mishloach Manot?

Is there an operative element to Mishloach Manot that requires a sending, i.e. a physical transfer from person to person? (related sources in these related questions ) If I must travel on Purim, I ...
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260 views

Honoring parental requests that don't benefit the parents

If one's parents ask him to do something that is not beneficial to the parents in any way whatsoever (though not harmful to the parents, the child, or anyone else, either), is he nonetheless obligated ...
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2answers
413 views

Should you tell Jews they are breaking a commandment?

The Talmud says: It is better to transgress unintentionally than intentionally. Betzah 30a The Midrash adds: Rabbi Shim'on ben Halafta said: One who studies the commandments of the Torah, but ...
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1answer
42 views

Cleaning for Pesach - what Mitzvahs exactly is it?

Cleaning the regular utensils that are also used for Pesach that might have some Chometz leftovers is a clear Mitzvah of Not eating Chometz or mixtures of it. However, cleaning the rest of the house ...
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2answers
900 views

Differences between RaMbaM and RaMbaN's mitzvah count

I know both of the Rambam and Ramban listed all 613 mitzvos, and they differ in some (I think like 16ish?) What are the ones upon which they differ? If possible please include why they differ in ...
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1answer
71 views

What is the order of Mitzvot in Rambam's Sefer Hamitzvot?

What is the order of the positive and the negative Mitzvot in Rambam's Sefer Hamitzvot? While some are grouped together, are they all ordered by any logic?
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29 views

Why for Rambam learning and teaching Torah are not two different Mitzvos?

Rambam in Sefer Hamitzvos #11 and in Mishne Torah Hil. Talmud Torah rules that studying and teaching Torah are one Mitzvah: היא שצונו ללמוד תורה וללמדה וזהו הנקרא תלמוד תורה, והוא אמרו ושננתם ...
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17 views

Why fearing the Temple is a Mitzvah on its own?

Rambam Positive Mitzvos #21: היא שצונו לירא מן המקדש הזה מאד עד שנשים בנפשנו משא הפחד והיראה וזה מיראת מקדש והוא אמרו יתעלה את מקדשי תיראו. Rambam brings Safri that explains: ושם נאמר גם כן לא ...
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5answers
489 views

Why the specific commandments in the Aseret haDibrot

What is HKBH trying to teach us by his choice of commandments that make up the Aseret haDibrot
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46 views

List of Mitzvot Kiyumis? (ie voluntary/ conditional mitzvot)

Does a list of Mitzvot Kiyumis (voluntary/ conditional mitzvot) exist? Some examples I remember learning: Vilna Gaon (Ma'aseh Rav 185)- Eating Matzah the last 7 days of Pesach Rav Moshe Feinstein ...