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Mitzvah - commandment. This tag is for questions about the nature of commandments or the status of being a commandment. (However, many particular commandments have their own tags.)

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Giving your z'chus to someone else

B"H, I did - or almost did - a good deed. (It will be finalized bez"H in a mazeldiker shoh.) However, when I found out a few months ago that a good result from my actions was on the horizon, I decided ...
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60 views

Where does R. Achay Gaon say it's a mitzva to eat meat?

Deuteronomy 12:20, with Rabbi Kaplan's translation: When God expands your borders as He promised you, and your natural desire to eat meat asserts itself, so that you say, 'I wish to eat meat,' you ...
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66 views

Did Avraham Avinu daven all the tefilos or just Shacharis?

We learn (Brachot 26b): תניא כוותיה דרבי יוסי בר' חנינא אברהם תקן תפלת שחרית שנא' וישכם אברהם בבקר אל המקום אשר עמד שם ... יצחק תקן תפלת מנחה שנאמר ויצא יצחק לשוח בשדה לפנות ערב ואין שיחה אלא תפלה ....
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A man tells us he raped a woman

The Torah says the following about a man who rapes a woman (Deuteronomy 22:29). וְ֠נָתַן הָאִ֨ישׁ הַשֹּׁכֵ֥ב עִמָּ֛הּ לַאֲבִ֥י הנער [הַֽנַּעֲרָ֖ה] חֲמִשִּׁ֣ים כָּ֑סֶף וְלֽוֹ־תִהְיֶ֣ה לְאִשָּׁ֗ה ...
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49 views

Mezuzah scroll upside-down on the door. Is the mitzva being fulfilled?

I observe that a mezuzah is attached to the door with the top of the mezuzah directed to the top of the door. I am looking for sources to answer this question: If a mezuzah were (accidentally) ...
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81 views

Does R. Avraham Ben HaRambam really hold that only one child is necessary for peru u'revu?

There is a dispute between Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel as to what constitutes a fulfillment of the commandment to "be fruitful and multiply" (peru u'revu). Yevamot 61b מתני' לא יבטל אדם מפריה ...
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103 views

Do woman get reward for not shaving their payos and beard

Do woman/non-Jews get a reward for not doing things they are permitted to do, and men / Jews are forbidden to do? I know that if someone does a mitzvah they are not commanded doing, they get a reward....
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35 views

Murder in Eretz Yisrael

The Gemara in Yoma (85a) argues that murder is more chamur than chilul Shabbos because it "contaminates the land and drives away the Shechina" ושפיכות דמים מטמא את הארץ וגורם לשכינה שתסתלק מישראל ...
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56 views

If two people simultaneously do the same thing for each other, instead of each one doing it for himself, is that considered gemilus chesed?

If two people simultaneously do the same thing for each other, instead of each one doing it for himself, is that considered Gemilus chesed? For example, if each of two people, need a chair to sit at ...
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36 views

How long does “bikur cholim” last?

When someone visits the sick and fulfils the mitzvah of bikur cholim, when is he "finished" or is he constantly fulfilling the mitzvah as long as the choleh wants him to stay? If he is constantly ...
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1answer
44 views

Is an Onein Patur from EVERY positive mitzvah?

After the death of a close relative, a person enters the state of aninut, during which he is exempt from a variety of mitzvot. It seems (from the limited write ups which I have read) that this ...
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29 views

According to the Ramban, Did all the descendants of all the Sh'vatim observe the Torah before it was given?

From the Ramban in Beraishis 26:5 it seems that not only Avraham Avinu kept the Torah, but also his descendants, including Yaakov, Yosef, Amram, Moshe etc. He derives this from the passuk "that he [...
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1answer
585 views

Is there a formal prohibition of stealing time from someone?

Is there a formal prohibition of stealing time from someone? For instance, making an appointment and coming late? Or telling someone to come 30 minutes before the start of an event to ensure he will ...
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1answer
44 views

Do non-Jews have the mitzvah of tzedoko?

Some one told me the Lubavicher Rebbe told non jews to do charity Are there sources that they have a commandment to do so? By them doing it it is only them doing a mitzvah they were not commanded to ...
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1answer
106 views

What mitzvos did Adam have in Gan Eden?

Which mitzvos did Adam have before eating from the tree? Posible options: 1 - Not to eat from the tree. 2 - (the above +) to have children. 8 - (the above +) 6 mitvos 9 - (the above +) tzedoko
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3answers
123 views

How can geirus (conversion to Judaism) be done without the prospective convert knowing at least the basics of ALL the mitzvos?

When discussing the procedure of conversion to Judaism - Geirus, The Rambam (Hilchos Isurei Biah 14:2) Writes: וּמוֹדִיעִין אוֹתוֹ עִקְּרֵי הַדָּת שֶׁהוּא יִחוּד הַשֵּׁם וְאִסּוּר עַכּוּ''ם. ...
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Is serving Hashem in order to receive reward in Olam Habah ideal?

משנה אבות פרק א משנה ג אַל תִּהְיוּ כַעֲבָדִים הַמְשַׁמְּשִׁין אֶת הָרַב עַל מְנָת לְקַבֵּל פְּרָס, אֶלָּא הֱווּ כַעֲבָדִים הַמְשַׁמְּשִׁין אֶת הָרַב שֶׁלֹּא עַל מְנָת לְקַבֵּל פְּרָס, וִיהִי ...
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Is “Gemilus Chasadim”, Doing favors for others, (other than lending money), a מצוה חיובית מן התורה - a mandatory Mitzvah of the Torah

Is "Gemilus Chasadim", Doing favors for others, (other than lending money), a מצוה חיובית מן התורה - a mandatory Mitzvah of the Torah, or is it a Mitzvah Kiyumis, If one does it he is rewarded, ...
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33 views

Mitzvos from the 613 that are not included in the Ten Commandments

The Chasam Sofer to parshas Nasso says (Toras Moshe I, ד"ה ושמו שמי) that it is known that even though the Ten Commandments contain all the 613 mitzvos (see Rashi and here), the three mitzvos that ...
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1answer
44 views

Why was it important that the smoke from the ketoret went up in a straight column?

According to the discussion by Chazal (mYoma 3:11, bYoma 38a) it would seem that there was a preference or benefit to the fact that the smoke from the burning of the ketoret (incense) in the Beit ...
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2answers
53 views

From where/Why do you get more reward for doing a obligated mitzvah than a non obligated mitzvah?

Ive heard (not sure where)that you get more reward for doing a obligated mitzvah than a non obligated mitzvah. Where is this brought down, and whats the reason for this?
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mitzvos and middos

i heard the idea that mitzvos are to improves character what is/are the source/s for this? do others argue? what i found is in the name of the Ramban here and here but were it the original Ramban? ...
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34 views

Having two conflicting kavannot at once

Regarding putting on Tefillin on Chol Hamo'ed, after mentioning the opinions which say to put them on and those who say not to, and those who say to say the blessing in a whisper, the Mishna Berurah ...
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Patur from mitzvah and do it, have you fulfilled it contradiction

In Hilchos Kriyas Shema, the SA (OC 71:1) says מִי שֶׁמֵּת לוֹ מֵת שֶׁהוּא חַיָּב לְהִתְאַבֵּל עָלָיו, אֲפִלּוּ אֵינוֹ מֻטָּל עָלָיו לְקָבְרוֹ, פָּטוּר מִקְּרִיאַת שְׁמַע וּמִתְּפִלָּה. ...
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What do we mean by “kavanah” in “mitzvot tzrichot kavanah”?

There is a halakhic concept of "mitzvot tzrichot kavanah," that you fulfill a mitzvah only if you had the intent to fulfill it. What do we mean by "kavanah" here? The intent to fulfill a commandment ...
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the status of illegitimate children re; 'peru ooevoo' [duplicate]

If a man or woman had children out of wedlock or in an adulterous affair, assuming they had no other children, would they be have fulfilled the biblical commandment, be fruitful and multiply?
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52 views

Missing father's obligations on sons (Kiddushin 29)

According to the Mishna in Kiddushin 29, backed by the Braitah (in place), father's Mitzvos (definition not clear) upon his son(s) are only the follows: Circumcise Redeem the firstborn Teach ...
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3answers
142 views

Is the mitzva of 'Shikcha' the act of forgetting, or the act of not going back to collect what was forgotten?

Someone asked me a riddle: what mitzva can be done without kavana? Answer: Shikcha. I contended that the mitzva is the act of seeing what was forgotten and not going back to collect it, therefore it ...
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69 views

Can people take Mishloach Manot?

Is there an operative element to Mishloach Manot that requires a sending, i.e. a physical transfer from person to person? (related sources in these related questions ) If I must travel on Purim, I ...
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What is the Current Understanding of Mitzvah?

According to Maimonides there are 613 Mitzvot that God commanded us. To the best of my knowledge most traditional halakhic authorities clearly state that “good-deed” is not an accurate translation of ...
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אל תחמיצנה - details

What are the limits of [Nazir 23b] לעולם יקדים אדם לדבר מצוה and of [Mechilta 12, Rashi Megilla 6b] מצוה הבאה לידך אל תחמיצנה If (a) the mitzvah itself could be better later? (e.g. in travel, ...
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I'd love to but Hashem doesn't let

Rashi in parshas Kedoshim brings a Toras Kohanim: רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן עֲזַרְיָה אוֹמֵר מִנַּיִן שֶׁלֹּא יֹאמַר אָדָם נַפְשִׁי קָצָה בִּבְשַׂר חֲזִּיר, אִי אַפְשַׁי לִלְבּוֹשׁ כִּלְאַיִם, אֲבָל יֹאמַר אַפְשַׁי ...
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1answer
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Does חֵטְא וְעָוֹן include violating positive commandments

Do the words commonly mentioned in scripture E.g exedos 34,6 ֶפֶַשע חֵטְא וְעָוֹן specifically refer to negative commandments that one transgresses or do they include not performing positive ...
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68 views

Reversal of the number of positive and negative precepts

The Gemara in Makkos 23b states: דרש רבי שמלאי שש מאות ושלש עשרה מצות נאמרו לו למשה שלש מאות וששים וחמש לאוין כמנין ימות החמה ומאתים וארבעים ושמונה עשה כנגד איבריו של אדם R. Simlai when ...
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Why is remembering the Exodus fulfilled by Shema and not first parashah of tefillin or Song of the Sea?

I was taught we fulfill the daily commandment to remember the exodus from Egypt at the end of the Shema, when we read: אֲנִ֞י יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר הוֹצֵ֤אתִי אֶתְכֶם֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם ...
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1answer
51 views

Who was uncircumcised, and by whom at which time and why was this person sought to be killed?

What exactly is happening in the passage about the circumcision of Shemot 4:24-26? First of all, who was met, sought to kill and let from - at which time in the story did this occur - and by whom? ...
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2answers
240 views

what is the minimum requirement of onah (marital obligation) on the husband

(to my poor understanding it seems that usually, mitzovs have specific guidelines, of what is the minimum needed to be done to fulfill them) what is the minimum requirement of onah? (biblical and ...
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175 views

Where did the Semag Go?

Premise - the Semag was one of the popular/accepted works by a Rishon, and thus was chosen to be placed in the Ein Mishpat/Ner Mitzvah with Rambam and Tur. The Semak was written based off of it, as ...
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1answer
45 views

Sefer of Kabbalistic sources of the mitzvots

I am looking for a book, in English, that elucidates the kabbalistic reasons for the mitzvos.
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1answer
107 views

Will we keep Mitzvoth when Moshiach comes? If not, how doesn’t this go against the Tora?

I have heard that when the moshiach comes, we won’t be obligated to keep the mitzvoth. If this is so, how does this not go against the Torah? I mean the Torah says that we will always keep the ...
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1answer
33 views

Why do we recite “v'tzivanu” in mitzvos which come from the Rabbis? [duplicate]

'בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱלֹקֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ וגו Blessed are You, L-rd our G-d, King of the universe, who sanctified us with His commandments and ...
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41 views

The difference between terms for mitzvot

Before certain parts, my siddur (Tefillah Hashalem, Ashkenaz) has "Yehi Ratzon" sections to help one prepare. These paragraphs (found AFTER the bracha for Tzitzit, but before the others) outline the ...
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1answer
37 views

Kibud and Hidur

Does providing the person you are supposed to honor, such as one's father and Rebbi, the opportunity to do a mitzvah in a more mihudar way at the expense of your own hiddur fall under what is required ...
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1answer
40 views

Why is the mitzvah called “Shiluach haken”? [duplicate]

Why is the mitzvah of sending away the mother bird before taking the young called שילוח הקן (Shiluach haken; "sending the nest")? It's not the nest you send away; it's the mother bird. I would have ...
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1answer
98 views

Are gentiles free from Mitzvot?

It is declared that Torah were given to nations, only Jews were willing to receive, therefore Jews became special persons before HaShem. Accordingly, does HaShem require different responsibility(ies) ...
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0answers
130 views

Marriage and p'ru urvu

An answer here states: The mitzva of Pru Urvu covers only marrying someone believed to be fertile. And one here: "The mitzva per se of pru urvu means: "marry someone who is able to bear ...
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2answers
128 views

Tosafos - Not a mitzvah to live in Israel since can't keep the land mitzvos

In Kesubos 110b, Tosafos writes הוא אומר לעלות כו' - ...והיה אומר רבינו חיים דעכשיו אינו מצוה לדור בא"י כי יש כמה מצות התלויות בארץ וכמה עונשין דאין אנו יכולין ליזהר בהם ולעמוד עליהם: He says ...
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1answer
48 views

The prohibition of eating the Korban Pesach uncooked/boiled and the definition of Issur DiOraysa

The Sefer HaChinuch writes regarding the prohibition of eating the Korban Pesach uncooked and/or boiled the following (Mitzva 7) (Partial Quote) (Source from Sefaria.org) ענין הזה, שלא יאכל אותו ...
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0answers
43 views

Rebuke for what commandments?

A person is obligated to rebuke a person from sinning Rambam Deot 6.7 It is a mitzvah for a person who sees that his fellow Jew has sinned or is following an improper path [to attempt] to correct ...
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0answers
50 views

How will the nullification of mitzvot be communicated?

I have held off asking this question for a while because I have only seen the premise in parsha flyers at chabad but a chance look at Wikipedia gave me the sources (below). It is said that certain ...