Questions tagged [mitzvah]

Mitzvah - commandment. This tag is for questions about the nature of commandments or the status of being a commandment. (However, many particular commandments have their own tags.)

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6
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0answers
48 views

Operating a mechanical calculator on Shabbos

Are mechanical calculators Mukzte on Shabbos? Would it be considered a form of measuring? Mechanical calculators have no electric parts. Everything is purely mechanical: If it is considered measuring,...
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31 views

List of Lav HaNitak LeAseh

There's a dispute amongst the Rishonim how exactly to define what is a lav hanitak leaseh (as Artscroll translates: a negative commandment that is given over for positive rectification). I find the ...
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2answers
79 views

Why does Rambam list mitzvot before listing mitzvot?

In the Rambam's introduction to Mishneh Torah or just thereafter (depending where you consider the introduction to end) he lists his count of the 613 mitzvot twice. First he lists all the positive ...
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40 views

What's the practical difference between Mitzva Diorisas that Are listed as one of the 613; And those Not listed as one of the 613? [duplicate]

What's the (general) practical Difference between one of the 613 Mitzvahs ,counted by the Monay Hamotzvos,whether its an Asay or Lo-Tasay and an (Asay or Lo-Tasay) that isn't part of the 613 Mitzvahs? ...
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1answer
69 views

What is the source for non-literal understanding of V'Chai Bahem?

The concept of V'Chai Bahem - "do the mitzvos to live by them" (Vayikra 18:5) - is usually understood to refer to one's physical existence (i.e. the mitzvos should not be performed if they ...
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1answer
72 views

Were the Jews commanded to go into the Promised Land?

In this week's portion, Matot, we learn that the tribes of Gad and Reuben wanted to remain on land on the east side of the Jordan, and not settle in the Promised Land. (Moses granted that, with ...
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55 views

Getting back Reward for Mitzvot you Regretted

This is from Rambam Halachot Teshuva: (From Chabad.org) Anyone who changes his mind about the mitzvot he has performed and regrets the merits [he has earned], saying in his heart: "What value was ...
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32 views

Were the Mitzvos given because of counting of Bnei Yisrael in Bamidbar?

I was reading a Dvar Torah by a prominent Rosh Yeshiva where he stated that Chazal say that the connection between the end of Sefer Vayikra: אלה המצות אשר צוה יהוה את־משה אל־בני ישראל בהר סיני These ...
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2answers
319 views

Is it better to do a Mitzvah now or delay to do it better (with more Hiddur) later on?

If one can do a Mitzvah now in an acceptable fashion but can do it better (with Hiddur) later on is it better to wait to do it B'Hiddur? I seem to recall that there is a Gemara somewhere from where we ...
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2answers
55 views

Can anyone fully explain the six constant mitzvos? [closed]

I know what the six constant mitzvos are, but can anyone give a detailed explanation of them? (Preferably sourced.)
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A listing according to Rambam's four categories of mitzvos

The Rambam in Shoresh 9 of Sefer HaMitzvos says that there are four categories of mitzvos: דע שכל צוויי התורה ואזהרותיה הנה הם בארבעה דברים. בדעות ובפעולות ובמדות ובדבור Deos (Beliefs, Attitudes, ...
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1answer
79 views

If yibum is only for brothers , why did Ruth seduce Boaz, he wasn't Elimelech's brother?

If yibum is only for brothers, why did Ruth seduce Boaz, he wasn't Elimelech's brother?
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1answer
141 views

What are the mitzvos that are not forever?

This Shabbos, someone noted that the Sefer Hachinuch says that there are no mitzvos at all in this parsha (Bamidbar). I responded at once, That's absurd. It seems like it contains dozens of mitzvos! ...
2
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1answer
90 views

A Jewish-slaves Mitzvahs obligations

What mitzvos is a Jewish slave (a Jew owned by a Jew mentioned Shemot 21,2) obligated in? Is a Jewish slave obligated in time bound mitzvos? or he obligated to the same mitzvos as a woman? Sources ...
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4answers
127 views

Purpose for commandments?

So I would just like some insight on the reason for the commandments in the matter of whether they are for inheriting the world to come/heaven, or for they are for fixing this world. I have heard that ...
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Is good middot ldavka bo?

On one hand having good middot is the Mitzva of holachta bdrachav. And the mitzvah of ledavka bo is to connect to Talmidai chachomim But I see that ledavka bo is also explained as having good middot (...
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3answers
127 views

Why are “Remember and don't forget Amalek” two separate commandments?

Why did the Rambam list these as two distinct commandments: P189- Remember what Amalek did to the Israelites. [Deut. 25:17] N59- Don't forget what Amalek did to the Israelites. [Deut. 25:19] Aren't ...
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1answer
152 views

How long must people wait in shul for a minyan?

Shulchan Aruch emphasizes the importance of davening the Amidah with the rest of the tzibbur. If one is in shul and there are 8 or 9 people, should everyone wait before starting Amidah to see if ...
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2answers
80 views

Why Long Life For Honoring Parents?

The Torah writes in Shemos (20:12) כַּבֵּ֥ד אֶת־אָבִ֖יךָ וְאֶת־אִמֶּ֑ךָ לְמַ֙עַן֙ יַאֲרִכ֣וּן יָמֶ֔יךָ עַ֚ל הָאֲדָמָ֔ה אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֶ֖יךָ נֹתֵ֥ן לָֽךְ׃ (ס) Honor your father and your ...
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The limits of “Do not covet”

The Rambam writes [Hilchot Gezelah v’Avedah 1:9]: Anyone who covets a male or female servant, or the house or the goods of his neighbor, or anything that he can buy from him, and he exerts friendly ...
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1answer
118 views

Why Gid-Haneshe is counted as a Mitzvah if it wasn't commanded?

עַל־כֵּן לֹא־יֹאכְלוּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת־גִּיד הַנָּשֶׁה אֲשֶׁר עַל־כַּף הַיָּרֵךְ עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה כִּי נָגַע בְּכַף־יֶרֶךְ יַעֲקֹב בְּגִיד הַנָּשֶׁה׃ That is why the children of Israel to this ...
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1answer
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Festive meals on Chanuka

The Shulchan Aruch states the meals on Chanuka are (only) permissible feasts (not seudas mitzvah) since these days were never instituted as days of festive meals. The Ramma quotes an opinion stating ...
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1answer
47 views

Is it considered 'bikur cholim' to call someone who's sick?

When someone calls a friend who is sick to see how he's doing and to wish him a refuah shleima, is that technically a fulfillment of mitzvahs bikur cholim?
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2answers
119 views

Does the mitzvah of knowing Torah exist as separate from mitzvah of learning Torah?

According to views of some authorities (Shulchan Aruch HaRav and others), learning without pronouncing words or listening to Torah recordings does not qualify as the mitzvah of Talmud Torah. ...
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1answer
108 views

If Jews don't believe in heaven, what reason do they have to follow a moral code? [closed]

In Christianity for example, some people argue that you should be good on this Earth in order to get your reward in heaven. In Judaism as there is no heaven, what is the reason given to follow the ...
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3answers
113 views

Why Adam wasn’t explicitly commanded to pass his knowledge on to others?

I'm still trying to grasp the way of transmission of the Torah knowledge from day 1. This question can equally deal with two phenomena: the commandment of eating the forbidden fruit or the commandment ...
6
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1answer
59 views

Why did Da'as Zekeinim leave out the mitzvah to procreate?

Da'as Zekeinim (compilations of teachings from the Ba'alei Tosafos) to Genesis 1:1 ask a question on one of the first comments of Rashi: ועוד פרש"י א"ר יצחק לא היה צריך להתחיל התורה וכו', וקשה שהרי ...
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1answer
1k views

Why don't we say a blessing before giving charity?

Before doing many mitzvos (commandments), we are required derabanan to say a blessing. Why is this not the same for giving tzedakah (charity)?
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1answer
1k views

Making a pikuach nefesh phone call on Yom Kippur - mitsva or something to be avoided?

Outside of our synagogue on Yom Kippur, someone fainted and a doctor present decided to call an ambulance. At that time, there were multiple people present and one phone. Should people have jumped to ...
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0answers
40 views

If someone does a sin that both his parents and the Torah prohibited, did he do two sins?

For example: Someone tells his son not to steal, and it says in the Torah not to steal. This kid goes out and steals anyway, and his parents find out. Is he chayav for both stealing and not ...
3
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1answer
469 views

Why does Chinuch confuse Parashat Nitzavim and Vayelech?

Why does [this edition of] Minchas Chinuch list the two Mitzvos of Parashat Vayelech under Parashat Nitzavim?
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Dependency on the 5 parts of Mitzvat Hakhel

According to Rambam (CHagigah 3), the Mitzva of Hakhel has five parts: the people: men, women and children, that come to hear the reading by a king that reads the portion of the Torah Scroll in ...
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1answer
387 views

Lists of chukkim and mishpatim?

There are two types of commandments: chukkim and mishpatim. Mishpatim are those for which a good reason quickly comes to mind, such as "Do not steal". Chukkim are those for which a good reason does ...
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1answer
54 views

If we aren't obligated in 613, why ask for reward for 613?

This is based on some preconceived notions I have so if my premises are wrong, please let me know. I am not bound to all 613 mitzvot. I get this from here, and through a look at the Rambam's list. ...
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1answer
192 views

Halacha of not being obligated to spend more than a fifth of one's money on a mitzvah

It is brought down in halacha (Orach Chaim 656) that a person is not obligated to spend more than 20% of his money on performing a positive mitzvah. Is the 20% calculated according to his total bank ...
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41 views

In reward-and-punishment system, what is the meaning of curses?

In Sefer Dvorim the Torah does not spare curses for general misbehaving or misbelieving, etc. In my understanding, the Torah presents a clear system of reward and punishment (Rambam's principles) - do ...
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1answer
117 views

Thinking about a mitzvah

Coming from a Reform Jewish perspective, since one is obligated to make as many mitzvot as possible, can one do machshava k’ma’ase’ for doing an actual mitzvah instead? If you think about a mitzvah, ...
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56 views

Wearing or not wearing a tallit gadol

Related to Why do we don the tallit gadol? and Is there any basis for Chabad minhagim regarding tallit gadol? I'm not really clear on the rules of when someone who is called for a function during ...
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0answers
53 views

Fulfilling commandment to be fruitful & multiply w/ a Gentile? [duplicate]

If a Jewish man without children lives in a place where there are no other Jews and does not have the resources to leave that place and move, then is he permitted to fulfill the Torah commandment to ...
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2answers
114 views

What is the logic in sending away the mother bird? [duplicate]

In Deuteronomy 22:6, we read the following command: “If you chance upon a bird’s nest along the road, in any tree or on the ground, with fledglings or eggs, and the mother is sitting over the ...
3
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2answers
161 views

What are the “major” and “minor” commandments?

The Mishna says: Be quick in performing a minor commandment as a major one. [Avot 4:2] But we do not rank the commandments. The Mishna also says: Be as scrupulous in observing a minor ...
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1answer
70 views

How come that the 200 Mitzvos of Chumash Dvorim weren't presented to Dor Hamidbar?

Please correct me if I'm wrong, the last book of the Torah - Dvorim - is all about what Moses said on his last day(s) to Dor Ha'Aretz, as the Torah testifies: אֵלֶּה הַדְּבָרִים אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר מֹשֶׁה ...
5
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1answer
76 views

What is the mitzvah of tzedakah dependent on?

We learn in the Rambam commentary on Avos (3:19) that it is preferable to give a little bit of tzedakah to many people than a few large amounts to a few people. When does one fulfil the mitzvah of ...
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1answer
172 views

Contradiction if forbidden relations are logical or beyond human reasoning

The Rambam (Shemoneh Perakim, end of Chapter 6) deals with different types of mitzvos. He says one type are logical, and thus a perfected person shouldn't want to transgress them. He says some call ...
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4answers
344 views

Does a jail-cell need a mezuzah?

Does one in jail need to put a mezuzah on his cell? Assuming this is a standard American jail. If it is a jail owned by a Jew, is there an obligation on the inmate or the owner?
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4answers
195 views

According to Ibn Ezra should we not follow all the commandments?

In a question I asked (“Health benefits for eating kosher”), I wrote that ibn Ezra said that all the mitzvot have to have a rational explanation for them and if a single commandment went against ...
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0answers
47 views

Source for Geonic division of mitzvos

The Rambam and those who follow suit divide the 613 mitzvos into two groups, 248 positive mitzvos and 365 negative mitzvos. This is sourced from Makkos 23b. However, most of the Geonim (for example: ...
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1answer
88 views

Why there's no Deoraytah prohibition of altering Torah scroll?

Following my other question "no-anti-altering-failsafe-measures". Please correct me if I'm wrong, one who alters one letter of a Torah scroll invalidates it in whole (שו"ע יו"ד רעד). But I don't ...
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0answers
47 views

Weren't Dor Hamidbar exempt from all Mitzvos as “already sentenced to death”? [duplicate]

IIRC, one who was sentenced to death is considered already dead (גברא קטילא)(San 85a, but exact source needed) (or is it only about losing his property?). When G-d sentenced all 20-60 y.o. Jews to die ...
4
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3answers
191 views

Is P'ru Ur'vu a Mitzvah Bein Adom l'Chaveiro?

פרו ורבו (Being fruitful and multiplying) is generally understood to be the Mitzvah of having children, or attempting to have children. Are there any sources to indicate if פרו ורבו is considered a ...

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