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Questions tagged [mitzvah]

Mitzvah - commandment. This tag is for questions about the nature of commandments or the status of being a commandment. (However, many particular commandments have their own tags.)

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Can saying Sh'ma once satisfy two different Sh'ma obligations?

In an extenuating circumstance, one can say the night time K'riyat Sh'ma until Netz, as per this statement: If one didn’t say it then, make sure to complete it by Chatzot (midnight) and after the ...
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38 views

Which Mitzvot have their observance described in Tanach?

Despite the more or less direct reference to the 613 Mitzvos in the Torah, only a few of them are mentioned in the text explicitly to be observed in fact. For example, Torah mentions Abraham ...
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40 views

Can a non jew obey some of the 613 commandments? [duplicate]

The Noahide covenant was for the whole mankind and even a non-Jew can enter heaven by following them. However, can a non-Jew obey some of the mitzvot commandments that he wishes to obey (moral values,...
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1answer
54 views

Does an Ashkenazi lady say a bracha on netilat lulav on the first day of Sukkot if the lulav is borrowed?

An Ashkenazi woman wants to shake the 4 species on the first day of Sukkot. Her husband doesn't have a lulav. She goes to a friend who has a lulav, and without his knowledge (and active transfer of ...
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0answers
24 views

The sins mentioned in על חטא - why those?

This question about the "אשמנו" list is still left unanswered. My question is about the apparent inconsistency of the "על חטא שחטאנו" list - so many different categories of sins are listed in the ABC ...
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2answers
66 views

Does the Torah command only things most people would not do naturally?

I remember a teaching that all the commandments in the Torah are things most people would not do naturally. That's why they needed to be commanded. Is this correct and what is the source?
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3answers
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Sukkah: Why not tough it out?

Why specifically by Sukkah is there a concept of מצטער פטור מן הסוכה הוא (Shulchan Aruch OC 640:4) someone who is in pain in by being in the Sukkah is exempt? We don't have such a low threshold for ...
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3answers
217 views

Does ‘Love Your Neighbor As Yourself’ apply only to Jews?

This verse is obviously one of the most central & important in the whole Torah. It has helped sustain us as a kind, harmonious, & loving nation for over 3,000 years & has helped introduce ...
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1answer
56 views

Mitzvot after marriage

This question is a follow up to the questions of the connection between the Mitzvot and the number of body parts. The Facts: The Gmarrah in Makot 23b: "דרש רבי שמלאי: שש מאות ושלש עשרה מצות נאמרו ...
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Women - less Mitzvot more body parts?

According to the Gemmorah sources: Women have much less positive Mitzvot than men, as they are freed from most of the time-related Mitzvot (Mishna Kiddushin 1:7). Women have more body parts than men, ...
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2answers
91 views

Why didn't King Shlomo get lashes for marrying more than 18 wives?

It states in the 364th prohibition that a king is forbidden from having too many wives. The limit is that he may not have more than 18 wives legally bound by kesubah and kiddushin. The ...
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2answers
88 views

Is giving money to relatives considered a tzedakah?

Can giving money to my parents and relatives be considered as tzedakah?
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1answer
34 views

Rashi's reason for juxtaposition of mitzvos insufficient

The Torah (Deuteronomy 22:6-11) describes 5 mitzvos consecutively, seemingly in random order (although the last three are indeed connected): Sending away the mother bird Building a fence on your roof ...
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1answer
38 views

Is remembering Amalek, erasing the name of Amalek, or both, considered mitzvot?

Chabad says that We find a range of opinions concerning how often the mitzvah of remembering Amalek... My rabbi (an Aish graduate) told me that wiping out Amalek's name is the mitzvah. Which is ...
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1answer
92 views

Giving your z'chus to someone else

B"H, I did - or almost did - a good deed. (It will be finalized bez"H in a mazeldiker shoh.) However, when I found out a few months ago that a good result from my actions was on the horizon, I decided ...
3
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1answer
80 views

Where does R. Achay Gaon say it's a mitzva to eat meat?

Deuteronomy 12:20, with Rabbi Kaplan's translation: When God expands your borders as He promised you, and your natural desire to eat meat asserts itself, so that you say, 'I wish to eat meat,' you ...
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2answers
118 views

In the Talmud is there a way to distinguish when a verse is brought as מקור or אסמכתא?

The Talmud is full of the standard procedure of the Sages interpreting Tanakh verses to learn various laws and behaviors. Is there a way to tell when a Rabbi cites a Pasuk as a traditionally known ...
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1answer
71 views

Did Avraham Avinu daven all the tefilos or just Shacharis?

We learn (Brachot 26b): תניא כוותיה דרבי יוסי בר' חנינא אברהם תקן תפלת שחרית שנא' וישכם אברהם בבקר אל המקום אשר עמד שם ... יצחק תקן תפלת מנחה שנאמר ויצא יצחק לשוח בשדה לפנות ערב ואין שיחה אלא תפלה ....
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A man tells us he raped a woman

The Torah says the following about a man who rapes a woman (Deuteronomy 22:29). וְ֠נָתַן הָאִ֨ישׁ הַשֹּׁכֵ֥ב עִמָּ֛הּ לַאֲבִ֥י הנער [הַֽנַּעֲרָ֖ה] חֲמִשִּׁ֣ים כָּ֑סֶף וְלֽוֹ־תִהְיֶ֣ה לְאִשָּׁ֗ה ...
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1answer
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Mezuzah scroll upside-down on the door. Is the mitzva being fulfilled?

I observe that a mezuzah is attached to the door with the top of the mezuzah directed to the top of the door. I am looking for sources to answer this question: If a mezuzah were (accidentally) ...
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1answer
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Does R. Avraham Ben HaRambam really hold that only one child is necessary for peru u'revu?

There is a dispute between Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel as to what constitutes a fulfillment of the commandment to "be fruitful and multiply" (peru u'revu). Yevamot 61b מתני' לא יבטל אדם מפריה ...
5
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1answer
111 views

Do woman get reward for not shaving their payos and beard

Do woman/non-Jews get a reward for not doing things they are permitted to do, and men / Jews are forbidden to do? I know that if someone does a mitzvah they are not commanded doing, they get a reward....
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0answers
35 views

Murder in Eretz Yisrael

The Gemara in Yoma (85a) argues that murder is more chamur than chilul Shabbos because it "contaminates the land and drives away the Shechina" ושפיכות דמים מטמא את הארץ וגורם לשכינה שתסתלק מישראל ...
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2answers
63 views

If two people simultaneously do the same thing for each other, instead of each one doing it for himself, is that considered gemilus chesed?

If two people simultaneously do the same thing for each other, instead of each one doing it for himself, is that considered Gemilus chesed? For example, if each of two people, need a chair to sit at ...
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0answers
37 views

How long does “bikur cholim” last?

When someone visits the sick and fulfils the mitzvah of bikur cholim, when is he "finished" or is he constantly fulfilling the mitzvah as long as the choleh wants him to stay? If he is constantly ...
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1answer
45 views

Is an Onein Patur from EVERY positive mitzvah?

After the death of a close relative, a person enters the state of aninut, during which he is exempt from a variety of mitzvot. It seems (from the limited write ups which I have read) that this ...
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According to the Ramban, Did all the descendants of all the Sh'vatim observe the Torah before it was given?

From the Ramban in Beraishis 26:5 it seems that not only Avraham Avinu kept the Torah, but also his descendants, including Yaakov, Yosef, Amram, Moshe etc. He derives this from the passuk "that he [...
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1answer
587 views

Is there a formal prohibition of stealing time from someone?

Is there a formal prohibition of stealing time from someone? For instance, making an appointment and coming late? Or telling someone to come 30 minutes before the start of an event to ensure he will ...
4
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1answer
51 views

Do non-Jews have the mitzvah of tzedoko?

Some one told me the Lubavicher Rebbe told non jews to do charity Are there sources that they have a commandment to do so? By them doing it it is only them doing a mitzvah they were not commanded to ...
3
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1answer
121 views

What mitzvos did Adam have in Gan Eden?

Which mitzvos did Adam have before eating from the tree? Posible options: 1 - Not to eat from the tree. 2 - (the above +) to have children. 8 - (the above +) 6 mitvos 9 - (the above +) tzedoko
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3answers
131 views

How can geirus (conversion to Judaism) be done without the prospective convert knowing at least the basics of ALL the mitzvos?

When discussing the procedure of conversion to Judaism - Geirus, The Rambam (Hilchos Isurei Biah 14:2) Writes: וּמוֹדִיעִין אוֹתוֹ עִקְּרֵי הַדָּת שֶׁהוּא יִחוּד הַשֵּׁם וְאִסּוּר עַכּוּ''ם. ...
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4answers
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Is serving Hashem in order to receive reward in Olam Habah ideal?

משנה אבות פרק א משנה ג אַל תִּהְיוּ כַעֲבָדִים הַמְשַׁמְּשִׁין אֶת הָרַב עַל מְנָת לְקַבֵּל פְּרָס, אֶלָּא הֱווּ כַעֲבָדִים הַמְשַׁמְּשִׁין אֶת הָרַב שֶׁלֹּא עַל מְנָת לְקַבֵּל פְּרָס, וִיהִי ...
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Is “Gemilus Chasadim”, Doing favors for others, (other than lending money), a מצוה חיובית מן התורה - a mandatory Mitzvah of the Torah

Is "Gemilus Chasadim", Doing favors for others, (other than lending money), a מצוה חיובית מן התורה - a mandatory Mitzvah of the Torah, or is it a Mitzvah Kiyumis, If one does it he is rewarded, ...
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37 views

Mitzvos from the 613 that are not included in the Ten Commandments

The Chasam Sofer to parshas Nasso says (Toras Moshe I, ד"ה ושמו שמי) that it is known that even though the Ten Commandments contain all the 613 mitzvos (see Rashi and here), the three mitzvos that ...
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1answer
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Why was it important that the smoke from the ketoret went up in a straight column?

According to the discussion by Chazal (mYoma 3:11, bYoma 38a) it would seem that there was a preference or benefit to the fact that the smoke from the burning of the ketoret (incense) in the Beit ...
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2answers
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From where/Why do you get more reward for doing a obligated mitzvah than a non obligated mitzvah?

Ive heard (not sure where)that you get more reward for doing a obligated mitzvah than a non obligated mitzvah. Where is this brought down, and whats the reason for this?
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1answer
54 views

mitzvos and middos

i heard the idea that mitzvos are to improves character what is/are the source/s for this? do others argue? what i found is in the name of the Ramban here and here but were it the original Ramban? ...
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34 views

Having two conflicting kavannot at once

Regarding putting on Tefillin on Chol Hamo'ed, after mentioning the opinions which say to put them on and those who say not to, and those who say to say the blessing in a whisper, the Mishna Berurah ...
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1answer
62 views

Patur from mitzvah and do it, have you fulfilled it contradiction

In Hilchos Kriyas Shema, the SA (OC 71:1) says מִי שֶׁמֵּת לוֹ מֵת שֶׁהוּא חַיָּב לְהִתְאַבֵּל עָלָיו, אֲפִלּוּ אֵינוֹ מֻטָּל עָלָיו לְקָבְרוֹ, פָּטוּר מִקְּרִיאַת שְׁמַע וּמִתְּפִלָּה. ...
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What do we mean by “kavanah” in “mitzvot tzrichot kavanah”?

There is a halakhic concept of "mitzvot tzrichot kavanah," that you fulfill a mitzvah only if you had the intent to fulfill it. What do we mean by "kavanah" here? The intent to fulfill a commandment ...
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0answers
28 views

the status of illegitimate children re; 'peru ooevoo' [duplicate]

If a man or woman had children out of wedlock or in an adulterous affair, assuming they had no other children, would they be have fulfilled the biblical commandment, be fruitful and multiply?
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0answers
52 views

Missing father's obligations on sons (Kiddushin 29)

According to the Mishna in Kiddushin 29, backed by the Braitah (in place), father's Mitzvos (definition not clear) upon his son(s) are only the follows: Circumcise Redeem the firstborn Teach ...
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3answers
145 views

Is the mitzva of 'Shikcha' the act of forgetting, or the act of not going back to collect what was forgotten?

Someone asked me a riddle: what mitzva can be done without kavana? Answer: Shikcha. I contended that the mitzva is the act of seeing what was forgotten and not going back to collect it, therefore it ...
3
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1answer
73 views

Can people take Mishloach Manot?

Is there an operative element to Mishloach Manot that requires a sending, i.e. a physical transfer from person to person? (related sources in these related questions ) If I must travel on Purim, I ...
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2answers
56 views

What is the Current Understanding of Mitzvah?

According to Maimonides there are 613 Mitzvot that God commanded us. To the best of my knowledge most traditional halakhic authorities clearly state that “good-deed” is not an accurate translation of ...
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0answers
15 views

אל תחמיצנה - details

What are the limits of [Nazir 23b] לעולם יקדים אדם לדבר מצוה and of [Mechilta 12, Rashi Megilla 6b] מצוה הבאה לידך אל תחמיצנה If (a) the mitzvah itself could be better later? (e.g. in travel, ...
5
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1answer
86 views

I'd love to but Hashem doesn't let

Rashi in parshas Kedoshim brings a Toras Kohanim: רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן עֲזַרְיָה אוֹמֵר מִנַּיִן שֶׁלֹּא יֹאמַר אָדָם נַפְשִׁי קָצָה בִּבְשַׂר חֲזִּיר, אִי אַפְשַׁי לִלְבּוֹשׁ כִּלְאַיִם, אֲבָל יֹאמַר אַפְשַׁי ...
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1answer
31 views

Does חֵטְא וְעָוֹן include violating positive commandments

Do the words commonly mentioned in scripture E.g exedos 34,6 ֶפֶַשע חֵטְא וְעָוֹן specifically refer to negative commandments that one transgresses or do they include not performing positive ...
3
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1answer
72 views

Reversal of the number of positive and negative precepts

The Gemara in Makkos 23b states: דרש רבי שמלאי שש מאות ושלש עשרה מצות נאמרו לו למשה שלש מאות וששים וחמש לאוין כמנין ימות החמה ומאתים וארבעים ושמונה עשה כנגד איבריו של אדם R. Simlai when ...
9
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1answer
98 views

Why is remembering the Exodus fulfilled by Shema and not first parashah of tefillin or Song of the Sea?

I was taught we fulfill the daily commandment to remember the exodus from Egypt at the end of the Shema, when we read: אֲנִ֞י יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר הוֹצֵ֤אתִי אֶתְכֶם֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם ...