Questions tagged [mishneh-torah]

Questions about Rambam's magnum opus also know as Yad HaChazaka.

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9
votes
3answers
543 views

Praise of Mishneh Torah amongst the Rishonim

The Mishneh Torah is often described as one of the cornerstones of Jewish literature. The Rambam, in his introduction to this magnum opus, describes his book as being written: כֻּלָּן בְּלָשׁוֹן ...
8
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1answer
266 views

Why did Rambam order Mishnah Torah in this particular structure?

The 14 books and contained chapters and Halachos of the Rambam's Mishneh Torah don't seem to have any particular order based on the Mitzvos, Mishnah or Gemara. Why did the Rambam order his books and ...
7
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2answers
222 views

Which opinion of the Rambam is followed, the Mishneh Torah or the Responsum?

If there is a contradiction between something the Rambam wrote in the Mishneh Torah and his responsum letters, which is considered his final ruling? Is there a general rule or is it a case by case?
6
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2answers
592 views

How many halachot are detailed in the Mishneh Torah? [closed]

How many halachot are detailed in the Mishneh Torah? To clarify, I am interested in the counting of the author's (i.e. if the Mishneh Torah details two rules under one halacha that counts as one and ...
6
votes
3answers
179 views

How can the Rambam say that Kiddushin is a Mitzvah, against the Gemara?

The Rambam in Hilchos Ishus 1:1 makes the following statement: כֵּיוָן שֶׁנִּתְּנָה תּוֹרָה נִצְטַוּוּ יִשְׂרָאֵל שֶׁאִם יִרְצֶה הָאִישׁ לִשָּׂא אִשָּׁה יִקְנֶה אוֹתָהּ תְּחִלָּה בִּפְנֵי עֵדִים ...
6
votes
1answer
669 views

Why does the Mishneh Torah detail how to free a slave if it is forbidden?

Mishneh Torah Hilkhot Avadim 5:1-3 details how a Canaanite slave is freed (with money or a document). However, 9:6 states that one may not free a Canaanite slave (though if one does, the slave is free)...
5
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1answer
576 views

Maggid Mishnah on relying on approximations for π and √2

In a previous discussion, it was stated: The Maggid Mishnah in Hilchos Shabbos (17:26) says that one may rely on π=3, but he says in Hilchos Eiruvin (3:2) that one may not rely on √2=1.4. I can't ...
5
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2answers
179 views

Sources for the Rambam's hierarchy of angels

Traditional meforshim of Yechezkel 1 (for example, the Malbim) explain that the three often-mentioned classes of angels (ofanim, chayos and seraphim) correspond to the notions of the 3 lower worlds (...
5
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1answer
213 views

Was the Rambam successful?

The Rambam is said to have written the Mishneh Torah to replace the study of the Talmud (although what he really said was that he intended it to be a compendium of all the rulings of the Talmud so ...
5
votes
1answer
107 views

Sources used by Maimonides in Mishneh Torah-Avodat Kochavim 1:1

In Mishneh Torah-Avodat Kochavim 1:1 Rambam states: "During the times of Enosh, mankind made a great mistake, and the wise men of that generation gave thoughtless counsel. Enosh himself was one ...
5
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1answer
241 views

Is there a practical difference between different ways of food becoming obligated in ma'aser?

The Rambam (Ma'aser 3:3), apparently based on the Yerushalmi (Ma'asrot 4:1), lists six things that make food fixed (קבע) in the obligation for ma'aser: bringing it into a courtyard, buying/selling, ...
5
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0answers
23 views

Why does Rambam change the list of items in Keilim 29:2 that combine for tumah and hazayah?

In the mishnah Keilim 29:2, we see a list of items and an indication of how many can be attached to each other and still be considered joined with regards to tumah and hazayah (sprinkling for ...
5
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0answers
231 views

On which precise halachic source did Rambam claim that the pilegesh is forbidden to all Jewish men except the kings of Israel?

I’m an Italian noahide. This question covers my exclusively intellectual curiosity, being an halachic case that does not concern the Gentiles but only the Jews. We read in Mishneh Torah -Melachim ...
4
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2answers
408 views

How do most Rabbis justify teaching Torah to conversion candidates?

According to the Rambam (Shoftim ~ Melachim uMilchamot ~ Chapter 10 ~ Halacha 9), a non-Jew who studies Torah is obligated to die and a non-Jew should only study his Seven mitzvot. I reason that it ...
4
votes
2answers
176 views

Contradiction in Maimonides?

Maimonides felt that G-d is transcendent, that G-d has no body and is one, though we cannot attribute any description to G-d. At best, we can say what G-d is not. Thus it is impossible to describe G-d ...
4
votes
1answer
67 views

Do objects of idolatry contaminate?

Rambam in Mishneh Torah, Foreign Worship and Customs of the Nations 7:9 speaking about idolatrous objects says that "everything it mingled with and its identity lost" is forbidden property. Is Rambam ...
4
votes
1answer
221 views

Why learn either Rambam or Shas?

Why learn either Rambam or Shas being that we don't pasken straight from a Gemara nor do we Ashkenazim from the Rambam? And being that the Rambam says in his introduction that his work (Yad Chazakah) ...
3
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3answers
462 views

Recommendation for edition of Mishne Torah with sources

I am learning Rambam's Mishne Torah following the Chabad's perek-a-day rhythm. I find it fascinating. I learn in Hebrew, and use two texts the new Koren's Mishne Torah from R Steinsaltz. It is very ...
3
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2answers
111 views

Did Rambam say that God closes the gate of Teshuvah?

R' Yossi Mizrachi mentions in a YouTube video that the Rambam (Maimonides) writes in Hilchos Teshuvah: The biggest punishment to a Jew is God closing the gate of teshuvah (repentance) in his face. ...
3
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0answers
72 views

Idols made by robots/machines

Maimonides says in Avodat Kochavim, Chapter Eight: It is permitted to derive benefit from anything that has not been manipulated by man or that was not made by man, even though it was worshiped [as a ...
3
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0answers
58 views

Was Moses really angry or pretending?

The Rambam said in his Mishneh Torah that it's sometimes useful to act angry: If one desires to instill reverence in his children and his household, or in public if he is the head of a community, and ...
3
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0answers
171 views

Rav Yosef Karo's Kesef Mishneh: is there online an English translation?

Do you know of online an English translation of Rav Yosef Karo's Kesef Mishneh? Unless I'm mistaken, it is a fundamental work to better understand the Mishneh Torah.
2
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1answer
305 views

Source for this Rambam quote?

I am looking for a source for the quote below. I assume it is the Mishneh Torah but have no basis for such belief. The quote (roughly translated by a non-Jewish “quotes” website) is: One should see ...
2
votes
2answers
190 views

Responsum of Maimonides Regarding Translating Mishne Torah

The Maimonides Reader (p. 478) quotes Rambam's responsum to Ibn Gabir regarding translating the MT (also referenced here). He responds to a request from this Arabic speaker who was able to learn ...
2
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1answer
134 views

Learning to read Mishneh Torah

I have taken a number of classes covering Hebrew grammar and basic vocabulary and my proficiency level is basic but sufficient to navigate the Siddur, and with a dictionary (looking up many words) I ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Resources for learning the shorshei mitzvos of the Rambam

The Rambam lays down 14 principles, which he terms shorshei mitzvos, to determine which mitzvos are part of the 613. Besides the commentaries in the standard Mishne Torah, are there any other books ...
2
votes
2answers
301 views

No atonement for adultery without punishment?

If I understand correctly, proper teshuva for sins between man and G-d removes punishment (Hilchot Teshuvah 2:9): Neither repentance nor the Day of Atonement atone for any save for sins committed ...
2
votes
1answer
212 views

To whom is it not a mitzvah to give tzedakah?

I seem to recall a Rambam that says that if someone can work and chooses not to, there is no mitzvah to support such a person. But I can't find it. Am I mis-remembering? EDIT: Is there something on ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

What is the halachic source that allows the king of Israel to acquire a pilegesh through yichud alone?

In Mishneh Torah-The Laws of Kings 4:4 Rambam says: (The king of Israel) may take wives and pilagshim from the entire territory of Eretz Yisrael. The term 'wives' implies women who were married with ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Clarifications on Mishneh Torah (Ishut 10:16)

הַמְאָרֵס אֶת בִּתּוֹ קְטַנָּה וּתְבָעָהּ הַבַּעַל לְנִשּׂוּאִין. בֵּין הִיא בֵּין אָבִיהָ יְכוֹלִין לְעַכֵּב שֶׁלֹּא תִּנָּשֵׂא עַד שֶׁתַּגְדִּיל וְתֵעָשֶׂה נַעֲרָה וְאִם רָצָה לְכָנְסָהּ כּוֹנֵס. ...
2
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0answers
67 views

Is there a list of important sugyos in the mishneh Torah [closed]

I heard Rav Lichtenstein made a list of important sugyos in the mishneh Torah to learn. Does anyone have it or something similar?
2
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0answers
84 views

Is adultery a sin between man and G-d or between man and man?

As we know, there are two types of sins: sins between man and man, and sins between man and G-d. I used to think that adultery is a sin between man and man. However, reading Mishneh Torah, I ...
1
vote
3answers
449 views

Parnassah and Marriage: Rambam vs. The Lubavitcher Rebbe

Reading Rambam's Mishneh Torah, Human Dispositions 5:11, we stumble upon the following opinion: The way of sensible people: A man should first select a permanent vocation out of which to derive a ...
1
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1answer
126 views

"Censorship" via not translating verses from the Torah - Rambam

In hilchot Tefillah (12:12) in the Mishneh Torah, the Rambam outlines certain passages in the Torah that a metargem is not allowed to translate in public. Seemingly, in the time of the Rambam, a ...
1
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1answer
152 views

Rambam Hilchot Melachim 10:9 Translation

I would like to share with you two different English translations of the same passage(s) from the above Halacha: עַכּוּ''ם שֶׁעָסַק בַּתּוֹרָה חַיָּב מִיתָה. (...) וְאִם עָסַק בַּתּוֹרָה אוֹ שָׁבַת ...
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0answers
186 views

Article of R. Dr. Twersky on Mishne Torah

Is R. Dr. Yitzchak Twersky's article: "Some Non-Halakhic Aspects of the Mishneh Torah," published in: Jewish Medieval and Renaissance Studies, ed. A. Altmann (Cambridge, 1967), pp. 95-118, available ...
0
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2answers
164 views

Ambiguity in the Rambam: Who Is Pursuing Whom?

The following has already been translated, but upon closer examination, something seems amiss: אֲבָל יִשְׂרָאֵל הַבָּא עַל הַכּוּתִית ... כֵּיוָן שֶׁבָּא עַל הַכּוּתִית בְּזָדוֹן הֲרֵי זוֹ נֶהֱרֶגֶת ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

The twelve months not necessarily be observed? [closed]

According to various rabbinic sources, after an engagement twelve months (one year) must follow for effective coexistence (Nisuin): Talmud, mKetubot 5,2; 57b; mNedarin 10.5 but also Mishneh Torah, ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Translating Maggid Mishneh (Issurei Biah 12:10)

My previous three questions on this topic dealt with the Rambam's original text, touching upon matters of both translation and interpretation, the two being inexorably linked; in this follow-up, ...
0
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2answers
155 views

Ambiguity in the Rambam: What Types of בָּא Are Covered by the Term?

This is a follow-up to my previous two questions: Within the following excerpt, does the term בָּא (which occurs thrice: twice with one meaning, and once with another), include all possible types of ...
0
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1answer
83 views

Ambiguity in the Rambam: Does בְּזָדוֹן Imply Mutual Consent?

This is a follow-up to my previous question: In the following excerpt, does the term בְּזָדוֹן imply mutual consent, or simply a unilateral decision on the part of one of the two people involved, ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Is a sin only counted if it was committed three times or more?

According to the Rambam (Teshuvah 3,5): "בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁשּׁוֹקְלִין עֲוֹנוֹת אָדָם עִם זְכֻיּוֹתָיו אֵין מְחַשְּׁבִין עָלָיו עָוֹן שֶׁחָטָא בּוֹ תְּחִלָּה וְלֹא שֵׁנִי אֶלָּא מִשְּׁלִישִׁי ...
0
votes
3answers
143 views

Can a yeshiva be holier than Beis Hamikdosh?

Rambam in his Mishneh Torah (Prayer and the Priestly Blessing 11:14) states that a hall of study is holier than a synagogue. This raises an interesting question if a hall of study can be holier than ...
0
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1answer
141 views

Ma'ase Merkava inside Rambam's 'The Basics of the Torah'

Rambam Yesodey HaTorah 2 wrote: "דְּבָרִים אֵלּוּ שֶׁאָמַרְנוּ בְּעִנְיָן זֶה בִּשְׁנֵי פְּרָקִים אֵלּוּ כְּמוֹ טִפָּה מִן הַיָּם הֵם מִמַּה שֶּׁצָּרִיךְ לְבָאֵר בְּעִנְיָן זֶה. וּבֵאוּר כָּל ...
0
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1answer
112 views

Scan Mishneh Torah

I'm looking a scan (photo) of paper (Mishneh Torah, Sefer Nashim, Ishut 3,11) translated by the rabbi Rabbi Eliyahu Touger. Can someone please send me this page? I need it for a translation comparison-...
0
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0answers
94 views

Ramban’s interpretation of the expression "leshem zenut" in Mishneh Torah-Hilchot Ishut 1: 4

We read in Mishneh Torah-Hilchot Ishut 1:4 “Before the Torah was given, when a man would meet a woman in the marketplace, and he and she desired, he could give her payment, engage in relations with ...
0
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2answers
196 views

Are there any contradictions between the Rambam's Mishneh Torah and his Moreh Nevuchim?

The Rambam wrote the Mishneh Torah before he wrote the Moreh Nevuchim. This led me to wonder if he changed his mind on certain topics that might be reflected by an apparent contradiction between the ...