Questions tagged [mishna]

The mishna which is part of the oral law, was written by the Tannaim in a short-form containing 6 volumes with 64 subvolumes.

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40 views

Connection between the eulogy of Shaul by Dovid and Nedarim

Two Mishnayos in Nedarim, 3:11 and 9:10, contain quotes from the eulogy of Shaul by Dovid . Both quotes are tangents, they don't directly relate to each other in context, and neither is really ...
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1answer
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What Hebrew language Mishna do you recommend?

I like Koren Publishing, and I noticed they have Bartenura and Kav V'Naki edition. I want to practice my Hebrew. I like a clean visual design, but also portability. What should I purchase? Any ...
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Does calling someone by a nickname remove one's share in the world to come?

The Mishnah states that someone who calls one by a nickname others have given him has no share in the world to come. What exactly does this mean? How is this defined? Can you not call your friend by a ...
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3answers
128 views

Why is it called Seder Nashim?

Why is Seder Nashim called Seder Nashim? The mitzvos discussed do apply to women (except for some tangents like the 7th chapter of Sotah), but so do: The overwhelming majority of Zeraim (everything ...
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1answer
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Why 1/6th - שתות in the Mishna is in Aramaic?

It appears suspicious to me, that an Aramaic word Shtut is used everywhere in the Hebrew text of the Mishnah, like in: "שׁוּם הַדַּיָּנִין שֶׁפִּחֲתוּ שְׁתוּת אוֹ הוֹסִיפוּ שְׁתוּת..." (Ksubos 11) ...
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4answers
204 views

Does Rashi's commentary on a quoted mishna reflect the true explanation?

Often the Bavli will quote a mishna from another maseches (tractate) or another part of the same maseches. Does Rashi's commentary on the Bavli's quotation of the mishna reflect his interpretation of ...
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What kind of flute was used in the temple, according to the mishna?

In Mishna there are several mentions of the use of flute, there were used at the time of the Bet Mikdash, see below a few examples. I am interested to know if we have some knowledge about the type of ...
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The Tzidokim and Halacha

During Beis Sheini, as far as i understand the tzidokim were the majority of Cohanim at the time. And as far as i understand they sat on the Sanhedrin. When we see a machlokes in the Mishnah and we ...
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148 views

Mishna Brachos 1:3 , What should have Rabbi Tarfon done?

The Mishna in Meseches Brachos 1:3 recounts the Machlokes between Beis Shammai and Beis Hillel on how one should read the Shema: (Source provided by Sefaria.org) בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, ...
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1answer
99 views

No divine form for the Oral Law?

This seriously puzzles me. The Oral Law in the form of the Mishnah (and the following Gemmorah), which is the six Sdarim, is well known, and the Gemmorah itself testifies (Shabbos 31a) its division is ...
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81 views

Is a paper Keili susceptible to tumah?

The mishnah in Keilim 2:5 states that חביות ניירות can receive Tumah. According to the RASH it is referring to "paper barrels". Would this have any ramifications to today's "paper" cups as far as ...
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Daily Mishnah Study - Reference Request

Putting into action another of the suggestions I received (@SAH) for "One Jewish Practice," I would like to begin daily studying. Specifically, I would like to participate in a Daily Mishnah study. ...
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1answer
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What is “Beyt Shamai/Beyt Hilel” for citing Mishnayot?

This question is intended to clarify D.S'.question - how-can-bet-shamai-argue-on-shamai: What exactly is called "Beyt Shammay/Hillel"? We don't find this term with other great Rabbis, such as R' ...
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How many Mishnayot are there?

How many Mishnaoyot are there? For counting purposes I am only interested in the counting of the author's. Meaning if the mishna puts two rules together under one halacha that counts as 1 and not 2. ...
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613 views

How can Bet Shamai argue on Shamai?

How do we explain that Bet Shammai is documented as arguing on their teacher Shammai? I didn't notice any of the classic Meforshim discussing this peculiarity. There are at least 4 documented cases ...
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226 views

Which came first the Mishnah Torah or the Pirush HaMishnayos

Which sefer did the Ramabm author first, was it his Mishnah Torah (Yad HaChazaka) or his commentary to Mishnayos?
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What were the “pieces” of Moses' transmission of the Oral Law?

BT Eruvin 54b presents the method of Moses' Torah study: תנו רבנן: כיצד סדר משנה? משה למד מפי הגבורה. נכנס אהרן ושנה לו משה פירקו ... נכנסו בניו ושנה להן משה פירקן ... וכו' The Sages taught: ...
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3answers
153 views

What was Rabbi Yehuda Hanassi's role in compiling the Mishnah?

I have always heard that Rabbi Yehuda Hanassi "compiled" the mishna. What were his roles in compiling it in the form that we currently have it? Specifically, did he perform any of these roles: ...
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Mishnah wording - why use questions?

The Mishnah is supposedly THE codex of the Jewish Law. I'm trying to understand the purpose of the questions in the Mishnah. It appears to be gratuitous as it adds no information. Compare the ...
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Mitzvot that “are practiced” vs Chayav and Patur

The Mishnah Kiddushin (1:8-9) and the following Gemmorah (35-36) use the word "מצוות נוהגות" instead of the accepted "אנשים חייבים" or "נשים פטורות": "הַסְּמִיכוֹת,..., וְהַקַּבָּלוֹת, נוֹהֲגִין ...
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“Not being precise” (Rashi) in recording the Oral Torah

This is a very loaded question, but I would like to work it out intellectually, please. I would like to understand a basic premise of Rashi that reflects on my understanding of the transferring of ...
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How does “tongs, made with tongs” fit in with the rest of the group?

Mishna Avos 5:6 - משנה אבות פרק ה משנה ו. עֲשָׂרָה דְבָרִים נִבְרְאוּ בְּעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת בֵּין הַשְּׁמָשׁוֹת, וְאֵלּוּ הֵן, פִּי הָאָרֶץ, וּפִי הַבְּאֵר, וּפִי הָאָתוֹן, וְהַקֶּשֶׁת, וְהַמָּן, ...
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Why there's no Mishnah Bavli?

The question might seem odd, I admit, but In the beginning pages of the Bavli Sanhedrin (5a), it states that the power of the ראש גלותא in Babylon was bigger than that of נשיא in the land of Israel in ...
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Difference between the Mishnah, Gemara and the Talmud

As a non-Jew, I would like to know the difference between the Mishnah, Gemara and the Talmud. I understand that the Oral Law was not written down until after the destruction of the second temple. That ...
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Mishnah on looking down while walking in street

I recall reading a Mishna that disparages one who looks down while walking in public and as a result bumps into obstacles. I believe the commentaries explained (Bartenura?) that his display of display ...
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is there a list of the 93 vessels used in the temple daily?

The mishna in tamid 3:4 indicates there were 93 keilim used in the Beit HaMikdash daily. Is there a source which lists all 93?
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What is the logic underlying the Mishna's chapter breaks

The Mishna was separated into chapters by R Yehuda HaNasi. I see that at times there is a chapter break in the middle of a topic (today's example: Menachot chapter 1 & 2 - more examples here). It ...
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647 views

Zeraim Moed Nashim Nezikim Kodshim Taharos - why not Moadim?

The names of the Shisha Sidrei Mishna (Six Orders of Mishnah) are: Zeraim, Moed, Nashim, Nezikim, Kodshim, Taharos. All of them besides Moed are in plural form. However Moed is in singular form. Why ...
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Is the Number of Chapters Per Tractate Relevant?

Much has been written about the sequence of tractates in each mishnaic order. Perhaps most famously, Rambam (in his introduction to Commentary on Mishnayos) explained the position of each tractate ...
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Why is Shekalim in Moed?

Maseches Shekalim is the fourth Masechta in Seder Moed. While it opens up with the fact that the Beis HaMikdash treasurers would collect the Shekalim every Adar, the rest of the Masechta talks about ...
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How does the Kohen determine if the Sotah's bosom is beautiful?

The Mishna in Sotah 1:5 states וְכֹהֵן אוֹחֵז בִּבְגָדֶיהָ, אִם נִקְרְעוּ נִקְרָעוּ, אִם נִפְרְמוּ נִפְרָמוּ, עַד שֶׁהוּא מְגַלֶּה אֶת לִבָּהּ, וְסוֹתֵר אֶת שְׂעָרָהּ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אִם ...
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1answer
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Why were the baraitot excluded from the mishnayot?

The Gemara (or Talmud) is full of Tannaitic teachings known as baraitot (or baraita in the singular). Nevertheless, these teachings were not codified in the Shishah Sidre'i Mishnah (Six Orders of The ...
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Do any of the differences between the various printings of Shas (Mishnah and Gemara) have halachic significance?

I recently watched a video by Rabbi David bar Hayim about the "18 minute matzah fallacy." While I don't think I know nearly enough to weigh into this debate in particular, he brings an odd proof. He ...
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686 views

Sh'kalim, Kinim, Midos in daf yomi

Why are Sh'kalim (Y'rushalmi) and Kinim and Midos (mishnayos) learned as part of the standard daf yomi cycle for Talmud Bavli? And if the answer relies on some fact of publication, then (a) why ...
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1answer
144 views

Where can I find help with Mishnayos learning?

I signed up to learn Mishnayos for someone's Neshama, but then I pushed it off for too long. I now only have less than a week and I don't know if I'll be able to finish on time. I have 2 questions. 1....
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How were the Rabbis allowed to trick Karkamit?

According to Akavya ben Mehallel, Eduyot 5:6 states that a freed maidservant was made to drink fake sotah water (this is how most commentators interpret the phrase). I assume, though I have not seen ...
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What are “rashei pispasin”?

In Middot 2:6 and 4:5, it says that רָאשֵׁי פִסְפָּסִין divided between different areas of the Beit haMikdash, specifically between the Ezrat Kohanim and Ezrat Yisrael, and between the areas above the ...
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What are the most well known mishnayot (excluding avot)? [closed]

Trying to get a gage on what some of the most well known mishnayot. Which are your personal favorite? Wondering mostly about halacha -- excluding aggadot and masechet Avot.
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145 views

A question on the Mishna, Negaim 11:7

In Negaim 11:5, the mishna lists one of the preconditions for burning a garment: if its green or red discolouration hasn't changed for two weeks. Two mishnayot later, in 11:7, Rabbi Eliezer is asked ...
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1answer
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Where can one find the tractate Middoth?

Where can one find the tractate Middoth in English? Are there things to consider in regard to the translation? Are there books that explain it?
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873 views

What is “piggul”? A question on the Bartenura

The Mishna (Zevachim 2:3) clearly defines piggul (פגול) as resulting from one of the four sacrificial procedures (slaughter, collection of the blood, walking to the altar and sprinkling) being ...
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Why is מועד the only סדר משניות that is singular? [duplicate]

In שבת לא. it brings the names of the 6 sederim of משניות. All of them are plural (זרעים נשים נזיקין קודשים טהרות) apart from מועד that is singular. Does anyone know is this issue is dealt with ...
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Middah keneged middah vs Moddedin

I've seen two expressions used by Chazal: Hashem judges a person מידה כנגד מידה, measure for measure, for example Nedarim 32a במידה שאדם מודד בה מודדין לו, by the measure a person uses They use to ...
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75 views

Did the entire generation of the wilderness lose their Olam Haba

What does the Gemara mean when it says (Sanhedrin 108), The generation of the wilderness have no share in the future world and will not stand at the [last] judgement, as it is written in this ...
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1answer
214 views

Who is the author of the 5th parek of pirkei avot?

Most of pirkei avot is very specific about attribution of various ethical teachings, with the notable exception of the 5th parek, mishnayot 1-19, which are all anonymous. Is there a tradition of who ...
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1answer
103 views

What are the “thirteen covenants made upon” circumcision?

What are the "thirteen covenants made upon" circumcision? My question came from, "Rabbi Ishmael says: Great is circumcision, since thirteen covenants were made upon it." https://www.sefaria.org/...
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1answer
237 views

Mishna was a book in time of Gemara?

Rabbi Jacob Bar Abba asked Abaye: Is it permitted to a disciple in a district under his Master's jurisdiction to give a ruling that was as authoritative as those contained in the Scroll of Fast-Days, ...
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2answers
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Is there a transliterated version of what you need to say at the end of the complete Mishna?

My Hebrew is not very strong and I have to say everything at the end of Uktzin for a group of people that completed the entire Mishna in honour of a friend that passed away. Does anyone have this ...
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1answer
639 views

What is the source of the 'elu devarim' text printed in siddurim?

The girsa of the 'elu devarim' text that appears in many siddurim after birkot hatorah cannot be sourced, so far as I can tell, to any particular rabbinic text. Here's the version that appears in ...
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317 views

Mamzeirim and Slaves

If Reuben's sister, Hanna, is a slave and she and Reuben have sexual intercourse, are their children slaves or mamzeirim? Acc. to the Mishna in Yevamot 4:12-13, the offspring of a forbidden union,...