Questions tagged [mishna]

The mishna which is part of the oral law, was written by the Tannaim in a short-form containing 6 volumes with 64 subvolumes.

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3
votes
2answers
127 views

Why there's no Mishnah Bavli?

The question might seem odd, I admit, but In the beginning pages of the Bavli Sanhedrin (5a), it states that the power of the ראש גלותא in Babylon was bigger than that of נשיא in the land of Israel in ...
5
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2answers
15k views

Difference between the Mishnah, Gemara and the Talmud

As a non-Jew, I would like to know the difference between the Mishnah, Gemara and the Talmud. I understand that the Oral Law was not written down until after the destruction of the second temple. That ...
5
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2answers
2k views

Mishnah on looking down while walking in street

I recall reading a Mishna that disparages one who looks down while walking in public and as a result bumps into obstacles. I believe the commentaries explained (Bartenura?) that his display of display ...
5
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0answers
143 views

is there a list of the 93 vessels used in the temple daily?

The mishna in tamid 3:4 indicates there were 93 keilim used in the Beit HaMikdash daily. Is there a source which lists all 93?
7
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1answer
75 views

What is the logic underlying the Mishna's chapter breaks

The Mishna was separated into chapters by R Yehuda HaNasi. I see that at times there is a chapter break in the middle of a topic (today's example: Menachot chapter 1 & 2 - more examples here). It ...
20
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5answers
629 views

Zeraim Moed Nashim Nezikim Kodshim Taharos - why not Moadim?

The names of the Shisha Sidrei Mishna (Six Orders of Mishnah) are: Zeraim, Moed, Nashim, Nezikim, Kodshim, Taharos. All of them besides Moed are in plural form. However Moed is in singular form. Why ...
10
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2answers
216 views

Is the Number of Chapters Per Tractate Relevant?

Much has been written about the sequence of tractates in each mishnaic order. Perhaps most famously, Rambam (in his introduction to Commentary on Mishnayos) explained the position of each tractate ...
7
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2answers
55 views

Why is Shekalim in Moed?

Maseches Shekalim is the fourth Masechta in Seder Moed. While it opens up with the fact that the Beis HaMikdash treasurers would collect the Shekalim every Adar, the rest of the Masechta talks about ...
4
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1answer
133 views

How does the Kohen determine if the Sotah's bosom is beautiful?

The Mishna in Sotah 1:5 states וְכֹהֵן אוֹחֵז בִּבְגָדֶיהָ, אִם נִקְרְעוּ נִקְרָעוּ, אִם נִפְרְמוּ נִפְרָמוּ, עַד שֶׁהוּא מְגַלֶּה אֶת לִבָּהּ, וְסוֹתֵר אֶת שְׂעָרָהּ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אִם ...
6
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1answer
127 views

Why were the baraitot excluded from the mishnayot?

The Gemara (or Talmud) is full of Tannaitic teachings known as baraitot (or baraita in the singular). Nevertheless, these teachings were not codified in the Shishah Sidre'i Mishnah (Six Orders of The ...
2
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1answer
119 views

Do any of the differences between the various printings of Shas (Mishnah and Gemara) have halachic significance?

I recently watched a video by Rabbi David bar Hayim about the "18 minute matzah fallacy." While I don't think I know nearly enough to weigh into this debate in particular, he brings an odd proof. He ...
13
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2answers
611 views

Sh'kalim, Kinim, Midos in daf yomi

Why are Sh'kalim (Y'rushalmi) and Kinim and Midos (mishnayos) learned as part of the standard daf yomi cycle for Talmud Bavli? And if the answer relies on some fact of publication, then (a) why ...
2
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1answer
143 views

Where can I find help with Mishnayos learning?

I signed up to learn Mishnayos for someone's Neshama, but then I pushed it off for too long. I now only have less than a week and I don't know if I'll be able to finish on time. I have 2 questions. 1....
6
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3answers
151 views

How were the Rabbis allowed to trick Karkamit?

According to Akavya ben Mehallel, Eduyot 5:6 states that a freed maidservant was made to drink fake sotah water (this is how most commentators interpret the phrase). I assume, though I have not seen ...
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0answers
45 views

What are “rashei pispasin”?

In Middot 2:6 and 4:5, it says that רָאשֵׁי פִסְפָּסִין divided between different areas of the Beit haMikdash, specifically between the Ezrat Kohanim and Ezrat Yisrael, and between the areas above the ...
-2
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1answer
76 views

What are the most well known mishnayot (excluding avot)? [closed]

Trying to get a gage on what some of the most well known mishnayot. Which are your personal favorite? Wondering mostly about halacha -- excluding aggadot and masechet Avot.
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2answers
145 views

A question on the Mishna, Negaim 11:7

In Negaim 11:5, the mishna lists one of the preconditions for burning a garment: if its green or red discolouration hasn't changed for two weeks. Two mishnayot later, in 11:7, Rabbi Eliezer is asked ...
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1answer
63 views

Where can one find the tractate Middoth?

Where can one find the tractate Middoth in English? Are there things to consider in regard to the translation? Are there books that explain it?
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2answers
834 views

What is “piggul”? A question on the Bartenura

The Mishna (Zevachim 2:3) clearly defines piggul (פגול) as resulting from one of the four sacrificial procedures (slaughter, collection of the blood, walking to the altar and sprinkling) being ...
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0answers
36 views

Why is מועד the only סדר משניות that is singular? [duplicate]

In שבת לא. it brings the names of the 6 sederim of משניות. All of them are plural (זרעים נשים נזיקין קודשים טהרות) apart from מועד that is singular. Does anyone know is this issue is dealt with ...
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0answers
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Middah keneged middah vs Moddedin

I've seen two expressions used by Chazal: Hashem judges a person מידה כנגד מידה, measure for measure, for example Nedarim 32a במידה שאדם מודד בה מודדין לו, by the measure a person uses They use to ...
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0answers
74 views

Did the entire generation of the wilderness lose their Olam Haba

What does the Gemara mean when it says (Sanhedrin 108), The generation of the wilderness have no share in the future world and will not stand at the [last] judgement, as it is written in this ...
10
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1answer
204 views

Who is the author of the 5th parek of pirkei avot?

Most of pirkei avot is very specific about attribution of various ethical teachings, with the notable exception of the 5th parek, mishnayot 1-19, which are all anonymous. Is there a tradition of who ...
2
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1answer
94 views

What are the “thirteen covenants made upon” circumcision?

What are the "thirteen covenants made upon" circumcision? My question came from, "Rabbi Ishmael says: Great is circumcision, since thirteen covenants were made upon it." https://www.sefaria.org/...
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1answer
236 views

Mishna was a book in time of Gemara?

Rabbi Jacob Bar Abba asked Abaye: Is it permitted to a disciple in a district under his Master's jurisdiction to give a ruling that was as authoritative as those contained in the Scroll of Fast-Days, ...
3
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2answers
997 views

Is there a transliterated version of what you need to say at the end of the complete Mishna?

My Hebrew is not very strong and I have to say everything at the end of Uktzin for a group of people that completed the entire Mishna in honour of a friend that passed away. Does anyone have this ...
8
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1answer
627 views

What is the source of the 'elu devarim' text printed in siddurim?

The girsa of the 'elu devarim' text that appears in many siddurim after birkot hatorah cannot be sourced, so far as I can tell, to any particular rabbinic text. Here's the version that appears in ...
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1answer
303 views

Mamzeirim and Slaves

If Reuben's sister, Hanna, is a slave and she and Reuben have sexual intercourse, are their children slaves or mamzeirim? Acc. to the Mishna in Yevamot 4:12-13, the offspring of a forbidden union,...
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2answers
91 views

Were there any Tanaim in Bavel?

In the time of the Gemara (since at least the time of Rav), there were famous Rabbis in Bavel (and, at least in the early years, there were also famous Rabbis in Israel). But before that time, you ...
2
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1answer
121 views

Mishna Demai 5:11: why can't you take teruma from vadai on demai?

(Lomdus alert: this question is not for beginners.) In Maseches Demai (5:10-11) we learn that taking teruma from a vadai (=untithed produce) on demai (=possibly untithed produce) does not work, even ...
1
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1answer
67 views

Kol Hamarbeh Haray Zeh Mishoebach

The Mishnah in Peah and in Davening in the morning for those who say Korbanot we list Mitzvot which have no shiur (limitations) it seems one important one is missing we say in the Haggadah "Kol ...
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5answers
444 views

How does salt “add heat” (mishna in Shabbos 4(1))

The mishna in Shabbos 4(1) tells us which materials may not be used to insulate foods for Shabbos because they "add heat". One of these materials is salt. Can anyone explain how salt can add heat ...
2
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2answers
110 views

Explanation needed - Rambam Mishnah Brachos 1:5

I am trying to understand the Rambam Peirush HaMishnayos to Brachos 1:5, but I am having trouble fitting an understanding into the words. I need this done by Tuesday night for I am meant to be ...
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3answers
466 views

Can a convert to Judaism have a Jewish mother?

The Mishna, Bikkurim 1:4, speaks of converts to Judaism who bring their first fruits to the temple, or who pray within a synagogue: אלו מביאין ולא קורין הגר מביא ואינו קורא שאינו יכול לומר אשר נשבע ...
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7answers
20k views

List of Number of Mishnayos by chapter / masechta

I'm looking for a list that enumerates the number of Mishnayos in each perek, as well as totals by masechta. Does anyone here know of such a list (or have the ability to quickly produce one)?
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0answers
55 views

For the Sake of an Argument?

In the Mishna, Miqvaos 7:1, Rabbi Akiva quotes Rabbi Ishmael as having declared that snow does not count towards the completion of a mikva, but the people of Meibeba then testify that Rabbi Ishmael ...
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1answer
1k views

Source for believing the world was created for me

I believe there is a Gemara or Mishna that says that each Jew should believe that the world was created for them alone. Does anyone know where this source is.
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0answers
54 views

Sanhedrin 6:6 - Halacha or common practice?

The Mishna in Sanhedrin 6:6 speaks about after a Sanhedrin kills a someone who is liable the death penalty: והקרובים באים ושואלין בשלום הדיינים. ובשלום העדים. כלומר שאין בלבנו עליכם כלום. שדין אמת ...
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2answers
219 views

German and Ethiopian Jews in the time of the Mishna?

According to Negaim 3:1, the laws of negaim only apply to Jews (הכל מטּמאין בנגעים חוץ מגוים), but according to Negaim 2:1 they apply to people from Germany (גרמני) and Ethiopia (or Numibia, etc; ״כוש״...
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0answers
109 views

Is “HaGevurah” really a name of God?

I am translating the "Thirteen Foundations of the Torah" (י"ג יסודות תורתנו) from the Qafih ("Kapach") edition of the Rambam's Pirush HaMishnayot. As usual, I run into philosophical difficulties with ...
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2answers
250 views

What's so special about the Bartenura on Mishnayos? [closed]

Nowadays there are many peirushim that have been written on Mishnayis that are written clearly with full details and attention to all facets of understanding the mishna. Why is it that some people ...
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2answers
192 views

Are there two or more editions of the Rambam's Peirush HaMishnayos?

I heard that there are differences between the Rambam's Peirush Hamishnayos found most commonly in the Mishnayos Zecher Chanoch and the version found in Mishnayos which are paired with the Rash. Is ...
9
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1answer
156 views

Who was the author/compiler of the Ikkar Tosfos Yom Tov?

I've noticed when learning Mishnayos that with the more basic layouts consist of the Mishna and the commentaries of Rav Ovadia M'Bartenura and the Ikkar Tosfos Yom Tov. It is known that Rav Yom-Tov ...
4
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2answers
85 views

Liability for damage caused by a fallen wall or fence

Who is liable for the damage caused if a person's fence or wall falls into public property? According to Bava Qama 3:2, if a person's fence falls into a public thoroughfare and somebody is harmed, the ...
19
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1answer
353 views

Why was the side door to the hechal unlocked so oddly?

The hechal (central room) of the bes hamikdash had its main entrance on its eastern end. To either side of that entrance were cubicles, and the main-floor cubicles on each side had a door to the east ...
7
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3answers
182 views

Can the Mishnah be interpreted according to both peshat and drash?

There's a statement attributed to the Vilna Gaon (quoted in the introduction to Binas Mikra and in several other places) that the Mishnah can be interpreted according to 'peshat' which can sometimes ...
1
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1answer
144 views

Was Rashbi a member of Beth Shammai or Beth Hillel?

Do you know if Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai was a follower of Hillel or Shammai? There are partial lists of followers of each of them here, but he's not on either of them. Was he a follower of one of them,...
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0answers
53 views

Maaser Kesafim and Al Tarbeh

There are a variety of opinions regarding the halachic status of the obligation of Maaser Kesafim. It is at least a minhag (possibly Minhag Yisroel) which may have the force of a neder for those ...
3
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2answers
177 views

Is there an organisation behind the Mishna Yomis cycle?

There is a fairy popular seder to finish shisa sedrei mishna every 5.8 years, by doing two mishnayos every day. I know that there is one pretty much standardized cycle as every calendar that I've seen ...
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1answer
63 views

Were the בגדי לבן‎ 30 ‎מנה in weight or value?

I'm studying משניות מסכת יומא and have come across this passage (in chapter 3 mishna 7, found in the Bavli on page 34:2): בשחר היה לובש פלוסין של שנים עשר מנה ובין הערבים הנדוין של שמונה מאות זוז ...