Questions tagged [mishna]

The mishna which is part of the oral law, was written by the Tannaim in a short-form containing 6 volumes with 64 subvolumes.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Whoever saves one soul is like saving the whole world - Mishna edition [duplicate]

There is a famous quote from the Talmud: "Whoever saves one soul is like saving the whole world". The origin of this quote in the Babylonian Talmud is a Mishna (Sanhedrin 4:5), but the translation is ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

What time of day was the afternoon korban mincha offered in the beit hamikdash, according to hazal?

At what halachic hour did chazal think the korban mincha was actually offered, assuming ideal circumstances? I.e. when they say "from the time of the mincha and onwards" (e.g. Rosh Hashana 4:4) what ...
7
votes
1answer
231 views

Why does the Mishnah use the terms poor person and homeowner when discussing carrying on Shabbat?

This first Mishna in Shabbat (2a) describes the transfer of an item from a private domain to a public domain. The Mishna describes the individuals involved in this transfer as העני עומד בחוץ ובעל ...
5
votes
1answer
260 views

Why record retracted opinions in the mishnah?

The mishna Keilim 9:2 records a disagreement between Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai, and then records that Beit Hillel retracted their opinion and agreed with Beit Shammai. ‮חבית שהיא מלאה משקין ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Writing/drawing in the sand on Shabbos

The Mishnah (Shabbos 12:5) rules that writing in the sand is permitted: כָּתַב בְּמַשְׁקִין, בְּמֵי פֵרוֹת, בַּאֲבַק דְּרָכִים, בַּאֲבַק הַסּוֹפְרִים, וּבְכָל דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ מִתְקַיֵּם, פָּטוּר ...
7
votes
1answer
94 views

Does the Mishnah have Taamei Mikrah?

In this book (end of #20, in bold), R' Shmaryahu Horowitz quotes the book "Maase Efod" by R' Yitzhak ben Moshe Halevy (1350-1415), that lists the proper ways of Torah learning and mentions that there ...
4
votes
1answer
492 views

Why teaching kids Torah is the only forbidden profession for singles Yihud-wise?

The Mishnah in Kiddushin (4,12-14) outlines the laws of Yihud. While the Toseftah provided in #14 warns in general about teaching "his son a woman’s trade", the only profession that is explicitly ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Source for translating סופר as scribe in Kiddushin

The Sefaria's translation of the Mishnah in Kiddushin 4, 13 says: לֹא יִלְמַד אָדָם רַוָּק סוֹפְרִים, וְלֹא תִלְמַד אִשָּׁה סוֹפְרִים. An unmarried man must not learn to be a scribe, nor may a ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Reasons for divorcing a woman (sourcing a chiddush)

The Mishna in Gittin 9:10 provides a few different interpretations of ערות דבר (Deuteronomy 24:1). While the school of Shammai hold that for a man to divorce his wife he needs to find significant ...
5
votes
1answer
205 views

How to determine who offered the second Korban Tamid of the day?

The mishnah in Tamid 3:1 and Yoma 2:3 says there was a daily lottery for who would bring the (morning) Korban Tamid. There was another Korban Tamid every day. How was the person for the second Tamid ...
5
votes
0answers
53 views

Why do mishnayot teach historical halachot?

Why are there mishnayot which discuss halachot of situations that occured in history and can never occur again? As an example of this phenomenon, consider Nega'im 7:1: אֵלּוּ בֶהָרוֹת טְהוֹרוֹת. ...
-1
votes
1answer
99 views

How can one say “my son is Mamzer”?

הָאוֹמֵר, בְּנִי זֶה מַמְזֵר ... רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר (להלכה), נֶאֱמָנן: If a man declares, “this son of mine is a mamzer” ... Rabbi Judah says: he is believed. (Mishnah Kiddushin 4,8 adopted) ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

What does R. Meir hold about the case in Nega'im 6:2?

Nega'im 6:3: בַּהֶרֶת כַּגְּרִיס וּבָהּ מִחְיָה פְחוּתָה מִכָּעֲדָשָׁה ... רָבְתָה הַמִּחְיָה, טְמֵאָה. נִתְמַעֲטָה, רַבִּי מֵאִיר מְטַמֵּא, וַחֲכָמִים מְטַהֲרִים, שֶׁאֵין הַנֶּגַע פּוֹשֶׂה ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Why is pekida used instead of bedika?

Mishnah Nida 1.1: שַׁמַּאי אוֹמֵר, כָּל הַנָּשִׁים דַּיָּן שְׁעָתָן. הִלֵּל אוֹמֵר, מִפְּקִידָה לִפְקִידָה, וַאֲפִלּוּ לְיָמִים הַרְבֵּה. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, לֹא כְדִבְרֵי זֶה וְלֹא כְדִבְרֵי זֶה,...
3
votes
1answer
204 views

Hebrew/Aramaic names with Nekudot for Mishna Tractates

What are the names of the Mishna Tractates and Seders in Hebrew/Aramaic with Nekudot? When I come across Tractate and Seder names (eg. מועד, גיטין, אבות, etc) they never have Nikkud. Are the names ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Online mishna with vowels (according to Livorno/Sephardic nusach)

I would appreciate if anybody could help me in finding an online mishna vowelised in accordance with the sephardic tradition (i.e. following the Livorno prints opposed to the Vilna ones). Thanks in ...
2
votes
2answers
173 views

Difference in Nikkud for לא כי in Torah and Mishna

The phrase "Lo Ki" occurs in Tanach (Genesis 18, 15): וַיֹּ֥אמֶר ׀ לֹ֖א כִּ֥י צָחָֽקְתְּ׃ and in Mishna: רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, לֹא כִי, אֶלָּא חֲצִי בָצָל גָּדוֹל (Trumot 2, 5) אָמַר לוֹ ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

Why are doubtful nega'im (generally) pure? (Nega'im 5:1)

Nega'im 5:1 teaches that all cases of doubtful nega'im are to be ruled pure, with two exceptions: A case where it is unclear whether white hairs in a nega' appeared before or after the nega' itself. ...
13
votes
2answers
345 views

Differences between Bat Kol and prophecy

A bat kol, lit. a 'daughter of a voice', is understood by Marcus Jastrow as a divine voice, a substitute for prophecy. The instance of a bat kol occurs many times in the Talmud1. There are sources ...
4
votes
0answers
86 views

Becoming Deaf and Mute

It was my understanding that the halakha differentiates between a person who cannot hear and one who can neither speak nor hear, despite the fact that the Hebrew word חרש is used for both (cf, for ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Stringing nuts together: a question on the Bartenura, Uqtzin 2:5

In explaining the Mishna, the Bartenura often clarifies obscure words by providing a cognate word in either Hebrew or Aramaic - the latter usually taken from the Targum, but sometimes from the Bavli ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

If Beis Din knew the time of the molad, why have witnesses testify? [duplicate]

In the second parek of Rosh Hashana, the mishna explains how the court would interrogate witnesses who claimed to see the new moon. Only if their testimony agreed with the court's prediction of the ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Why is the case of the near-simultaneous deaths in Y'vamos chapter 7?

The seventh chapter of Mishayos Y'vamos discusses under what circumstances someone related to a kohen can eat t'ruma, depending on their relation and on what other relatives are alive. But in the ...
9
votes
5answers
801 views

Reading Mishnayos without understanding

Is it considered Talmud Torah if one just reads mishnayos without understanding what he's saying?
0
votes
2answers
75 views

Why is a statement by רבי included in a beraisa and not in a mishnah?

On Shabbos 147b the phrase is found: דתניא אמר רבי כשהיינו למדין תורה אצל רבי שמעון בתקוע I understand that the word “רבי" refers to Rebbi Judah ha-Nasi, the compiler of the mishnah, and that the ...
11
votes
5answers
649 views

What should I use for Mishna study?

I'm new to Mishna study, and I want to participate in a communal effort to study Mishna. I picked out a section to study, and now I need to find a convenient resource to learn from. I don't ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Why Mishnah doesn't mention Halochos of Mishloach Manot, Matanot laEvionim and the Seudah?

Following my previous question on the origin of Purim Halochos, I wondered why the Mishnah doesn't mention Halochos of Mishloach Manot, Matanot laEvionim, and the Seudah and only mentions a lot of ...
9
votes
1answer
380 views

Confessing to Adultery

In the Mishna, Sotah 1:3 and 3:3 both speak of instances in which a woman suspected of having committed adultery admits of her crime before drinking the water. Given that the penalty for adultery is ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Name of avoda zara in the mishna?

Avoda Zara 3, 4: שאל פרוקלוס... שהיה רוחץ במרחץ של אפרודיטי Proclus asked... because he was washing in the bathroom of aphroditi ... Given it is forbidden to say name of avoda zara (Sanhedrin ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Why are some Mishnayot formulated positively and some negatively?

I'm a bit of a nagger, but I think the question is legit: I start with an assumption that the formulation of the Mishnah was purposeful and not circumstantial, that Rebbe did put much thought in ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Concerning the time when Esther must be read

The first Mishnah in Tractate Megilla says: מגילה נקראת באחד עשר, בשנים עשר, בשלושה עשר, בארבעה עשר, ובחמישה עשר--לא פחות ולא יתר. The Megilla is read sometimes on the 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Mishnayot not in Bavli

Does anyone know of a list of all Mishnayot to which there is no Gemara in Talmud Bavli? I.e., those Mishnayot that are not quoted at the head of a section of their own Gemara. Apologies if this ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

5 or 6 - Written vs Oral Torah (Z"A vs Malchus)

This question is intended only for those familiar with some basic Kabbalistic concepts. As we know (from יהו"ה), that ו (Vav, number 6) stands for Z"A (masculine) and ה (He, number 5) stands for ...
8
votes
1answer
123 views

When the Mishnayos were compiled, were they compiled into the perakim we have today, or were they just compiled into masechtos?

Many times throughout Shas, it seems as if the Perakim are sliced in completely arbitrary places. To name a few examples: In Maseches Shabbos, the halachos of Tzad, trapping, are discussed in 13:5-14:...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Is it important to learn Mishnah before Talmud?

I have recently started learning Talmud / Gemara recently, and though I am enjoying the experience greatly, something tells me that it would be helpful if I actually went about learning Mishnayot ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Tefillat Shav in Mishna Masechet Berachot

I don't understand what is teffilat shav as in Mishna Berachot. Does it mean that one is not allowed to pray for something that is already known to be fixed and would surely occur? I was thinking if ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Why do we prepend Shanu Raboseinu to the sixth Perek of Avos and not other Perakim appended from Braisos?

The sixth Perek of Avos begins שנו רבותינו בלשון המשנה ברוך שבחר בהם ובמשנותם The Rabbis taught in the language of the Mishnah. Blessed is He Who chose them and their teachings. Here I ask ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Machlokes Hatanaim when Kriat Shema should be said

The first Blat of Berachot tells us about a Mahlokes when Krias Shema should be recited. There are almost 10 shitos there. What is the Machlokes-is there a Sevara for each shita? For instance, the ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Which plants are not subject to peah, leket, and shichecha?

I'm learning mesecet Peah and we're having trouble keeping track of which fruits and crops are not subject to peah, leket, and shichecha. I believe that all fields are subject to peah, but that there ...
2
votes
3answers
100 views

Parsing the mishna in Beitza 1:10

My question concerns the correct way to punctuate a ruling found at the very end of the first perek of Beitza (in the Mishna). There, the mishna in question provides a list of items that may or may ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

What does it mean “…idleness leads to Shiamum”?

Mishnah Ketubot 5:5: רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, אַף הַמַּדִּיר אֶת אִשְׁתּוֹ מִלַּעֲשׂוֹת מְלָאכָה, יוֹצִיא וְיִתֵּן כְּתֻבָּתָהּ, שֶׁהַבַּטָּלָה מְבִיאָה לִידֵי שִׁעֲמוּם: ......
5
votes
2answers
202 views

Why does the Mishna/Gemara so rarely mention the practical Halacha?

The Mishna frequently mentions different opinions. Some opinions are generally rejected Halachicly (Rabbi Elazar, Beis Shammai). Why doesn't the Mishna mention who the Halacha follows (in general). ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

How does Rambam explain why we don't ask for rain until the end of sukkos

The Mishnah in Sukkah 2:9 gives a parable to the situation of rain falling on Sukkos: מָשְׁלוּ מָשָׁל, לְמָה הַדָּבָר דּוֹמֶה, לְעֶבֶד שֶׁבָּא לִמְזוֹג כּוֹס לְרַבּוֹ, וְשָׁפַךְ לוֹ קִיתוֹן עַל ...
3
votes
0answers
40 views

Connection between the eulogy of Shaul by Dovid and Nedarim

Two Mishnayos in Nedarim, 3:11 and 9:10, contain quotes from the eulogy of Shaul by Dovid . Both quotes are tangents, they don't directly relate to each other in context, and neither is really ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

What Hebrew language Mishna do you recommend?

I like Koren Publishing, and I noticed they have Bartenura and Kav V'Naki edition. I want to practice my Hebrew. I like a clean visual design, but also portability. What should I purchase? Any ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Does calling someone by a nickname remove one's share in the world to come?

The Mishnah states that someone who calls one by a nickname others have given him has no share in the world to come. What exactly does this mean? How is this defined? Can you not call your friend by a ...
1
vote
3answers
128 views

Why is it called Seder Nashim?

Why is Seder Nashim called Seder Nashim? The mitzvos discussed do apply to women (except for some tangents like the 7th chapter of Sotah), but so do: The overwhelming majority of Zeraim (everything ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Why 1/6th - שתות in the Mishna is in Aramaic?

It appears suspicious to me, that an Aramaic word Shtut is used everywhere in the Hebrew text of the Mishnah, like in: "שׁוּם הַדַּיָּנִין שֶׁפִּחֲתוּ שְׁתוּת אוֹ הוֹסִיפוּ שְׁתוּת..." (Ksubos 11) ...
10
votes
4answers
202 views

Does Rashi's commentary on a quoted mishna reflect the true explanation?

Often the Bavli will quote a mishna from another maseches (tractate) or another part of the same maseches. Does Rashi's commentary on the Bavli's quotation of the mishna reflect his interpretation of ...
6
votes
0answers
66 views

What kind of flute was used in the temple, according to the mishna?

In Mishna there are several mentions of the use of flute, there were used at the time of the Bet Mikdash, see below a few examples. I am interested to know if we have some knowledge about the type of ...