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Questions tagged [mishna]

Shisha Sidre Mishna - Shas

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17 views

Generally speaking, how should one interpret Mishnayos that go off-tangent?

To pose a few examples of the types of Mishnayos I'm speaking about: Pesachim 4:1-5 discusses various activities which depend on the local custom, most of which have nothing to do with Pesach Gittin ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Machlokes Hatanaim when Kriat Shema should be said

The first Blat of Berachot tells us about a Mahlokes when Krias Shema should be recited. There are almost 10 shitos there. What is the Machlokes-is there a Sevara for each shita? For instance, the ...
6
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1answer
131 views

Number of sages in the Sanhedrin of Yavneh

According to Sanhedrin 1:6, the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem had either seventy or seventy-one sages. But according to Zevachim 1:3, Yadayim 3:5 and 4:2, there were seventy-two sages in Yavneh on the day ...
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1answer
54 views

Which plants are not subject to peah, leket, and shichecha?

I'm learning mesecet Peah and we're having trouble keeping track of which fruits and crops are not subject to peah, leket, and shichecha. I believe that all fields are subject to peah, but that there ...
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2answers
71 views

Acquiring Torah without Subvocalization

The Mishnah in Avos (6.6) tells of difference ways to acquire Torah. Here is Rashi’s commentary on one of the items, translated by Sefaria.org. בַּעֲרִיכַת שְׂפָתַיִם. שֶׁאֵינוֹ מְגַמְגֵּם ...
2
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3answers
88 views

Parsing the mishna in Beitza 1:10

My question concerns the correct way to punctuate a ruling found at the very end of the first perek of Beitza (in the Mishna). There, the mishna in question provides a list of items that may or may ...
2
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2answers
73 views

What does it mean “…idleness leads to Shiamum”?

Mishnah Ketubot 5:5: רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, אַף הַמַּדִּיר אֶת אִשְׁתּוֹ מִלַּעֲשׂוֹת מְלָאכָה, יוֹצִיא וְיִתֵּן כְּתֻבָּתָהּ, שֶׁהַבַּטָּלָה מְבִיאָה לִידֵי שִׁעֲמוּם: ......
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2answers
192 views

Why does the Mishna/Gemara so rarely mention the practical Halacha?

The Mishna frequently mentions different opinions. Some opinions are generally rejected Halachicly (Rabbi Elazar, Beis Shammai). Why doesn't the Mishna mention who the Halacha follows (in general). ...
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4answers
7k views

“Anyone who saves a life is as if he saved an entire world”: Jewish life or any life?

I am puzzled by the Mishnah's original text of the famous Jewish idea that "whoever saves one life [...] saves an entire world" (Sanhedrin 4:5). The English from sefaria.org reads thus: "It was for ...
2
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1answer
68 views

How does Rambam explain why we don't ask for rain until the end of sukkos

The Mishnah in Sukkah 2:9 gives a parable to the situation of rain falling on Sukkos: מָשְׁלוּ מָשָׁל, לְמָה הַדָּבָר דּוֹמֶה, לְעֶבֶד שֶׁבָּא לִמְזוֹג כּוֹס לְרַבּוֹ, וְשָׁפַךְ לוֹ קִיתוֹן עַל ...
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0answers
35 views

Connection between the eulogy of Shaul by Dovid and Nedarim

Two Mishnayos in Nedarim, 3:11 and 9:10, contain quotes from the eulogy of Shaul by Dovid . Both quotes are tangents, they don't directly relate to each other in context, and neither is really ...
2
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1answer
46 views

What Hebrew language Mishna do you recommend?

I like Koren Publishing, and I noticed they have Bartenura and Kav V'Naki edition. I want to practice my Hebrew. I like a clean visual design, but also portability. What should I purchase? Any ...
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2answers
1k views

Does calling someone by a nickname remove one's share in the world to come?

The Mishnah states that someone who calls one by a nickname others have given him has no share in the world to come. What exactly does this mean? How is this defined? Can you not call your friend by a ...
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3answers
122 views

Why is it called Seder Nashim?

Why is Seder Nashim called Seder Nashim? The mitzvos discussed do apply to women (except for some tangents like the 7th chapter of Sotah), but so do: The overwhelming majority of Zeraim (everything ...
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1answer
67 views

Why 1/6th - שתות in the Mishna is in Aramaic?

It appears suspicious to me, that an Aramaic word Shtut is used everywhere in the Hebrew text of the Mishnah, like in: "שׁוּם הַדַּיָּנִין שֶׁפִּחֲתוּ שְׁתוּת אוֹ הוֹסִיפוּ שְׁתוּת..." (Ksubos 11) ...
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4answers
193 views

Does Rashi's commentary on a quoted mishna reflect the true explanation?

Often the Bavli will quote a mishna from another maseches (tractate) or another part of the same maseches. Does Rashi's commentary on the Bavli's quotation of the mishna reflect his interpretation of ...
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0answers
52 views

What kind of flute was used in the temple, according to the mishna?

In Mishna there are several mentions of the use of flute, there were used at the time of the Bet Mikdash, see below a few examples. I am interested to know if we have some knowledge about the type of ...
4
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0answers
55 views

The Tzidokim and Halacha

During Beis Sheini, as far as i understand the tzidokim were the majority of Cohanim at the time. And as far as i understand they sat on the Sanhedrin. When we see a machlokes in the Mishnah and we ...
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2answers
120 views

Mishna Brachos 1:3 , What should have Rabbi Tarfon done?

The Mishna in Meseches Brachos 1:3 recounts the Machlokes between Beis Shammai and Beis Hillel on how one should read the Shema: (Source provided by Sefaria.org) בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, ...
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1answer
85 views

No divine form for the Oral Law?

This seriously puzzles me. The Oral Law in the form of the Mishnah (and the following Gemmorah), which is the six Sdarim, is well known, and the Gemmorah itself testifies (Shabbos 31a) its division is ...
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2answers
64 views

Is a paper Keili susceptible to tumah?

The mishnah in Keilim 2:5 states that חביות ניירות can receive Tumah. According to the RASH it is referring to "paper barrels". Would this have any ramifications to today's "paper" cups as far as ...
2
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0answers
80 views

Daily Mishnah Study - Reference Request

Putting into action another of the suggestions I received (@SAH) for "One Jewish Practice," I would like to begin daily studying. Specifically, I would like to participate in a Daily Mishnah study. ...
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0answers
46 views

Online mishna with vowels (according to Livorno/Sephardic nusach)

I would appreciate if anybody could help me in finding an online mishna vowelised in accordance with the sephardic tradition (i.e. following the Livorno prints opposed to the Vilna ones). Thanks in ...
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1answer
62 views

What is “Beyt Shamai/Beyt Hilel” for citing Mishnayot?

This question is intended to clarify D.S'.question - how-can-bet-shamai-argue-on-shamai: What exactly is called "Beyt Shammay/Hillel"? We don't find this term with other great Rabbis, such as R' ...
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2answers
2k views

How many Mishnayot are there?

How many Mishnaoyot are there? For counting purposes I am only interested in the counting of the author's. Meaning if the mishna puts two rules together under one halacha that counts as 1 and not 2. ...
10
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2answers
596 views

How can Bet Shamai argue on Shamai?

How do we explain that Bet Shammai is documented as arguing on their teacher Shammai? I didn't notice any of the classic Meforshim discussing this peculiarity. There are at least 4 documented cases ...
12
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2answers
207 views

Which came first the Mishnah Torah or the Pirush HaMishnayos

Which sefer did the Ramabm author first, was it his Mishnah Torah (Yad HaChazaka) or his commentary to Mishnayos?
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48 views

What were the “pieces” of Moses' transmission of the Oral Law?

BT Eruvin 54b presents the method of Moses' Torah study: תנו רבנן: כיצד סדר משנה? משה למד מפי הגבורה. נכנס אהרן ושנה לו משה פירקו ... נכנסו בניו ושנה להן משה פירקן ... וכו' The Sages taught: ...
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47 views

Mishnah formulations: positive and negative

I'm a bit of a nagger, but I think the question is legit: I start with an assumption that the formulation of the Mishnah was purposeful and not circumstantial, that Rebbe did put much thought in ...
2
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3answers
127 views

What was Rabbi Yehuda Hanassi's role in compiling the Mishnah?

I have always heard that Rabbi Yehuda Hanassi "compiled" the mishna. What were his roles in compiling it in the form that we currently have it? Specifically, did he perform any of these roles: ...
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0answers
47 views

3000 forgotten Halachot - out of how many?

The Mishnah we have counts around 4200. THe Gemmorah in Temura 16a says: שלשת אלפים הלכות נשתכחו בימי אבלו של משה three thousand halachot were forgotten during the period of mourning for Moses ...
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0answers
52 views

Mishnah wording - why use questions?

The Mishnah is supposedly THE codex of the Jewish Law. I'm trying to understand the purpose of the questions in the Mishnah. It appears to be gratuitous as it adds no information. Compare the ...
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0answers
30 views

Mitzvot that “are practiced” vs Chayav and Patur

The Mishnah Kiddushin (1:8-9) and the following Gemmorah (35-36) use the word "מצוות נוהגות" instead of the accepted "אנשים חייבים" or "נשים פטורות": "הַסְּמִיכוֹת,..., וְהַקַּבָּלוֹת, נוֹהֲגִין ...
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0answers
32 views

“Not being precise” (Rashi) in recording the Oral Torah

This is a very loaded question, but I would like to work it out intellectually, please. I would like to understand a basic premise of Rashi that reflects on my understanding of the transferring of ...
3
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1answer
117 views

How does “tongs, made with tongs” fit in with the rest of the group?

Mishna Avos 5:6 - משנה אבות פרק ה משנה ו. עֲשָׂרָה דְבָרִים נִבְרְאוּ בְּעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת בֵּין הַשְּׁמָשׁוֹת, וְאֵלּוּ הֵן, פִּי הָאָרֶץ, וּפִי הַבְּאֵר, וּפִי הָאָתוֹן, וְהַקֶּשֶׁת, וְהַמָּן, ...
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2answers
120 views

Why there's no Mishnah Bavli?

The question might seem odd, I admit, but In the beginning pages of the Bavli Sanhedrin (5a), it states that the power of the ראש גלותא in Babylon was bigger than that of נשיא in the land of Israel in ...
4
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2answers
14k views

Difference between the Mishnah, Gemara and the Talmud

As a non-Jew, I would like to know the difference between the Mishnah, Gemara and the Talmud. I understand that the Oral Law was not written down until after the destruction of the second temple. That ...
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0answers
31 views

Why doesn't our decrease of joy extend beyond Tish'a B'Av?

Citing from here There is a famous Mishnah that is cited towards the end of Masechet Ta’anit (4:6) that states: “Mishenichnas Av, Mema’atin Besimcha” “When the month of Av arrives, we ...
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2answers
2k views

Mishnah on looking down while walking in street

I recall reading a Mishna that disparages one who looks down while walking in public and as a result bumps into obstacles. I believe the commentaries explained (Bartenura?) that his display of display ...
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0answers
114 views

is there a list of the 93 vessels used in the temple daily?

The mishna in tamid 3:4 indicates there were 93 keilim used in the Beit HaMikdash daily. Is there a source which lists all 93?
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1answer
68 views

What is the logic underlying the Mishna's chapter breaks

The Mishna was separated into chapters by R Yehuda HaNasi. I see that at times there is a chapter break in the middle of a topic (today's example: Menachot chapter 1 & 2 - more examples here). It ...
19
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5answers
602 views

Zeraim Moed Nashim Nezikim Kodshim Taharos - why not Moadim?

The names of the Shisha Sidrei Mishna (Six Orders of Mishnah) are: Zeraim, Moed, Nashim, Nezikim, Kodshim, Taharos. All of them besides Moed are in plural form. However Moed is in singular form. Why ...
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2answers
197 views

Is the Number of Chapters Per Tractate Relevant?

Much has been written about the sequence of tractates in each mishnaic order. Perhaps most famously, Rambam (in his introduction to Commentary on Mishnayos) explained the position of each tractate ...
6
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1answer
80 views

When the Mishnayos were compiled, were they compiled into the perakim we have today, or were they just compiled into masechtos?

Many times throughout Shas, it seems as if the Perakim are sliced in completely arbitrary places. To name a few examples: In Maseches Shabbos, the halachos of Tzad, trapping, are discussed in 13:5-14:...
2
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0answers
34 views

What is a Safek Muchlat? (i.e. unsure if he's a full-fledged Metzora)

The Mishna in Nazir 8:2 (Daf 59b and various other times in tractate Nazir) discusses a person who may or may not be a Metzora that is supposed to be sent out of the city walls. To quote with the ...
3
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0answers
33 views

Why do we prepend Shanu Raboseinu to the sixth Perek of Avos and not other Perakim appended from Braisos?

The sixth Perek of Avos begins שנו רבותינו בלשון המשנה ברוך שבחר בהם ובמשנותם The Rabbis taught in the language of the Mishnah. Blessed is He Who chose them and their teachings. Here I ask ...
7
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2answers
49 views

Why is Shekalim in Moed?

Maseches Shekalim is the fourth Masechta in Seder Moed. While it opens up with the fact that the Beis HaMikdash treasurers would collect the Shekalim every Adar, the rest of the Masechta talks about ...
4
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1answer
124 views

How does the Kohen determine if the Sotah's bosom is beautiful?

The Mishna in Sotah 1:5 states וְכֹהֵן אוֹחֵז בִּבְגָדֶיהָ, אִם נִקְרְעוּ נִקְרָעוּ, אִם נִפְרְמוּ נִפְרָמוּ, עַד שֶׁהוּא מְגַלֶּה אֶת לִבָּהּ, וְסוֹתֵר אֶת שְׂעָרָהּ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אִם ...
2
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1answer
166 views

Hebrew/Aramaic names with Nekudot for Mishna Tractates

What are the names of the Mishna Tractates and Seders in Hebrew/Aramaic with Nekudot? When I come across Tractate and Seder names (eg. מועד, גיטין, אבות, etc) they never have Nikkud. Are the names ...
6
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1answer
112 views

Why were the baraitot excluded from the mishnayot?

The Gemara (or Talmud) is full of Tannaitic teachings known as baraitot (or baraita in the singular). Nevertheless, these teachings were not codified in the Shishah Sidre'i Mishnah (Six Orders of The ...