Questions tagged [megillat-esther]

Concerning Esther's rise to power as queen of Achashveirosh ( Xerxes I) of Persia and her thwarting Hamans attempt to destroy the Jewish people during the era of exile after the Destruction of the First Beis Hamikdash

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1answer
65 views

Were the Jews aware of their fate?

When Haman hatches his plot to kill the Jews, and get Achashverosh to sign on, a message is sent out to all people, (Esther 3:12) מְדִינָ֤ה וּמְדִינָה֙ כִּכְתָבָ֔הּ וְעַ֥ם וָעָ֖ם כִּלְשׁוֹנ֑וֹ In ...
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Reading Megillah when it's only Purim for the listener

Residents of a walled city and unwalled cities celebrate Purim on different days. May either of these people read the Megillah for the other on whatever day the listener needs to hear Megillah? Or ...
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1answer
71 views

Was Achashveirosh feeling unwell in beginning of chapter six?

In the beginning of chapter six it says that the king couldn't sleep and he was told a story of how Mordechai saved him, etc. And it them says that Haman was coming to tell the king about his plan. ...
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1answer
81 views

Contradiction in Rashi regarding why the Jews did not take the spoils at Purim

On Esther 8:11, Rashi explains that וְהֵם בַּבִּזָּה לֹא שָׁלְחוּ אֶת יָדָם, שֶׁהֶרְאוּ לַכֹּל שֶׁלֹּא נַעֲשָׂה לְשֵׁם מָמוֹן They "did not send forth their hand in the spoils," to show ...
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Why was it a miracle that Achashveirosh's sleep was disturbed?

There's plenty of reasons why someone couldn't sleep. Maybe Achashveirosh, being the king of half the world, had a lot on his mind that he had to deal with. Maybe he just simply couldn't sleep. Maybe ...
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296 views

Microphone for Meggilah

Can one be Yotzeh Meggilah on Skype or webcast or through a microphone or telephone is there a difference between each? Does a Hearing Aid disqualify a person from being Yotzeh the Laining?
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Is there a distinction between משתה and משתה יין?

Throughout the Megillah, the term משתה is consistently used to refer to feasts (ex. 1:3,5,9; 2:18). Rashi on Esther 5:4 writes: אֶל הַמִּשְׁתֶּה. כָּל סְעוּדָה נִקְרֵאת עַל שֵׁם הַיַּיִן שֶׁהוּא ...
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1answer
108 views

Online Megilla Reading and the name of Haman

As discussed in this question about Skype Megilla reading, this year due to the extraordinary extenuating circumstances many people found it necessary or preferable to attend an online Megilla reading....
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Where is G-d's name in Megillat Esther?

In Megillat Esther, G-d’s Name is never explicitly mentioned, but what about implicitly? I was told that the Arizal (and perhaps the Vilna Gaon?) found many pesukim in which G-d’s Name is concealed. ...
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67 views

Who celebrated on the 15th originally?

In the text, Esther 9:15 reads (in part) the Jews in Shushan mustered again on the fourteenth day of Adar and slew three hundred men in Shushan... This puts them them, those in Shushan, as ...
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Who was Esther's “father's house”?

Esther is warned when she resists visiting Achashverosh that, if she demures, salvation would come from another source and וְאַ֥תְּ וּבֵית־אָבִ֖יךְ תֹּאבֵ֑דוּ "you and your father's house will perish."...
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213 views

Purim 2020 Skype megilla leining recommendation

Due to the 2020 Coronavirus epidemic, many are unable to go to shul this year to hear the Megilla. For those who are unable to find a private reading and are without their own Megilla, they have ...
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Repeating doubtful phrases: What order?

Current practice in many Ashkenazi synagogues includes the following: On shabbat zachor, repetition of (at least part of) Devarim 25:19, due to a doubt over whether the zayin of זכר is vowelized with ...
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Why is there no makaf between “Ben” and “Yair”?

Second chapter, fifth passuk of Megillat Esther reads: אִ֣ישׁ יְהוּדִ֔י הָיָ֖ה בְּשׁוּשַׁ֣ן הַבִּירָ֑ה וּשְׁמ֣וֹ מָרְדֳּכַ֗י בֶּ֣ן יָאִ֧יר בֶּן־שִׁמְעִ֛י בֶּן־קִ֖ישׁ אִ֥ישׁ יְמִינִֽי׃ In the ...
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1answer
134 views

Megillah for someone in quarantine due to coronavirus [duplicate]

I've been hearing multiple opinions as to what someone in quarantine for Coronavirus should do for Megillas Esther. The RCA quotes Rav Hershel Schachter as saying: “In a situation in which it is ...
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457 views

Why don't islands read the m'gila two days?

Bavli, M'gila 5 amud 2, cites a doubt as to when the m'gila is read in T'verya: on the fourteenth of Adar, as in most places, or on the fifteenth, as in a city walled since the time of Y'hoshua. The ...
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67 views

What makes Ksav Arizal unacceptable to some?

A certain rabbi said that Megillas Ester written in Ksav Arizal should not be used in nussach Sefard shul because people won't be yotze with its reading. What makes Ksav Arizal so different as to make ...
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1answer
68 views

Why is the word Purim in plural?

Esther 9:26: עַל־כֵּ֡ן קָֽרְאוּ֩ לַיָּמִ֨ים הָאֵ֤לֶּה פוּרִים֙ עַל־שֵׁ֣ם הַפּ֔וּר Therefore, these days are called Purim (in plural) after the name of the Pur (lot - in singular). There seems to ...
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Why does the Targum switch the order when identifying Memuchan and Hasach?

Targum on Esther identifies Memuchan as Haman (in 1:16): ממוכן הוא המן Memuchan, who is Haman Yet on 4:5, when he identifies Hasach as Daniel, he switches the order: דניאל דמתקרי התך ...
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Why do we need to know that Bigsan and Seresh are Tarsians?

The Gemara in Megillah 13b says that Bigsan and Seresh were two Tarsians: אמר רבי יוחנן בגתן ותרש שני טרסיים הוו והיו מספרין בלשון טורסי R' Yochanan said: Bigsan and Seresh were two Tarsians, ...
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101 views

Why is the word כטוב spelled sometimes with a Sheva and other times with a Patach?

Why is the word כטוב spelled sometimes with a Sheva (as in Ester 1:10), and sometimes with a Patach (as in Ester 3:11)? Ester 1:10: בַּיּוֹם, הַשְּׁבִיעִי, כְּטוֹב לֵב-הַמֶּלֶךְ, בַּיָּיִן--אָמַר ...
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102 views

Who did the Jews fight on Purim if nobody could oppose them?

נִקְהֲלוּ הַיְּהוּדִים בְּעָרֵיהֶם בְּכָל־מְדִינוֹת הַמֶּלֶךְ אֳחַשְׁוֵרוֹשׁ לִשְׁלֹחַ יָד בִּמְבַקְשֵׁי רָעָתָם וְאִישׁ לֹא־עָמַד לִפְנֵיהֶם כִּי־נָפַל פַּחְדָּם עַל־כָּל־הָעַמִּים׃ (Ester 9.5 ...
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Did Achashverosh know about Haman's hatred for Mordechai?

On the one level, I might think he didn't since why would the king keep track of Haman's personal vendettas. However, when he tells Haman to go honor Mordechai, he tells him exactly where to find him -...
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Which passages in Megillat Esther are read with a different trope? [duplicate]

It's common practice to chant certain passages of Megillat Esther with a different trope. For example, 8:6 is read to the trope of Eichah, as are several other passages; in addition, certain passages ...
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179 views

Why would Haman “restrain himself”?

In Esther (5:9), when Haman leaves the king's palace after Queen Esther's first party, all happy and feeling on top of the world, gets very upset when he sees Mordechai sitting there, and not bowing ...
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Why was Mordechai wearing royal clothing a second time? [duplicate]

In Esther 8:15 Mordechai goes out wearing royal clothing again. This seems to be a singular reward; what precipitated this?
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Why not keep Pesach to be saved on Purim?

וַיַּעֲבֹר מָרְדֳּכָי וַיַּעַשׂ כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר־צִוְּתָה עָלָיו אֶסְתֵּר׃ So Mordecai passed and did just as Esther had commanded him. (Ester 4.17) Targum says (first): וּנְסֵס וּכְנֵס ...
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Does anyone draw a parallel between Haman selling himself to Mordechai and Esav selling the birthright to Yaakov?

There’s a famous Yalkut Shimoni (Nach 1056:18, referenced by Rashi in explaining Megillah 15a), which reads as follows: א"ר חסדא זה בא בפרוזבולי וזה בא בפרוזבוטי, פעם אחת נתן המלך ממון ושגרם בראשי ...
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What Beit Ester survived?

Mordechai warns Ester that if she does not partake in saving the Jews: כִּ֣י אִם־הַחֲרֵ֣שׁ תַּחֲרִישִׁי֮ בָּעֵ֣ת הַזֹּאת֒ רֶ֣וַח וְהַצָּלָ֞ה יַעֲמ֤וֹד לַיְּהוּדִים֙ מִמָּק֣וֹם אַחֵ֔ר וְאַ֥תְּ ...
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What is the explanation of spelling the same word with a Patach instead of a Sh'va in Megillat Esther?

In Megillat Esther, why is the word "maidens" spelled with a sh'va under the first letter (נְעָרוֹת) in verses 2:2, 2:8, 2:9, but with a patach (נַעֲרוֹת) in verse 4:4?
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108 views

Kiddush Levana the night of Purim

It is the night of Purim and for some reason the majority of the Shul has not yet said Kiddush Levana. Should Kiddush Levana be said prior to Megila due to "Tadur" it being more frequent? (source)
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117 views

According to Rashi, why does Esther split up her argument?

At the beginning of Esther 7, Esther makes her plea for the Jewish people. Rashi (to v. 3) makes a very interesting comment: וְעַמִּי. יִנָּתֵן לִי "בְּבַקָּשָׁתִי" שֶׁלֹּא יֵהָרְגוּ. וְאִם תּאמַר: ...
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345 views

Why דָּת in Esther but דַּת in kidushin?

There are two places "דָּת" appears in Tanach in a form that means "the law of": Esther 2:12 and 9:13. In both places it appears as "דָּת" with a kamatz.[1] Yet, when we marry, according to the ...
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149 views

Would Mordechai have to check the king's clothing for shatnez?

In Esther 6:11 Mordechai was dressed in the royal clothing. Did Mordechai have to ascertain whether or not the clothes contained shatnez or was he allowed to wear them without checking?
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What does Avot 6:6 mean when it invokes redemption?

The last element of the list of forty-eight habits of Torah-acquisitive people in Avot 6:6 is, unlike the previous forty-seven, presented with a statement about its particular positive consequences: ...
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Can a woman write a megillah?

I know that a woman can't write a sefer torah. What about Megillat Esther? If a female soferet wrote a Megillah Esther, would it be kosher?
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Keter Yerushalayim (Jerusalem Crown) tanach on the ten sons of Haman

I'm currently writing a paper on the famed "purimfest 1946." In attempt to respond to all rebuttals that are brought up, I need to take a glance at the most authoritative tanach, the Aleppo Codex. ...
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What does the Dikduk Hataamim of Ben Asher (the A. Dotan edition) say in reguard to the 10 sons of Haman?

After the ensuing back and forth on this post regarding the authenticity of the small שׁ ,ת, and ז and the large ו by the ten sons of Haman, I would like to consult the A. Dotan edition of Ben Asher's ...
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Were Persian-Median kings illiterate?

In the Megillah, we read (6:1): בַּלַּיְלָה הַהוּא נָדְדָה שְׁנַת הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֹּאמֶר לְהָבִיא אֶת־סֵפֶר הַזִּכְרֹנוֹת דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים וַיִּהְיוּ נִקְרָאִים לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ On that night, ...
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61 views

Friends and experts of Haman

Haman had a wife and friends. When a misfortune happened to him, the Megila doesn't speak anymore about his friends but about "chachsmav", which we can perhaps translate as his experts. Are they the ...
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333 views

Why do we read the Megillah by night and by day?

Why do we read the Megillah by night and then again by day? Wouldn't it be enough to read it once!
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259 views

When is the “main” mitzvah of hearing the Megillah?

If someone has a choice of hearing the Megilla read either at night or during the day, (e.g. the person is disabled and can't make it to a shul, and no one can come to read both times) but not both, ...
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3answers
118 views

Why risk to rush to Achashverosh if the decree is due in 11 months?

Someone related this question at the s'udas Purim: Haman's decree was promulgated on the 13th of Nisan and would not take effect until the 13th of Adar following. Yet, Mord'chay urged Ester to seek ...
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76 views

Why didn't Haman just kill Mordechai?

Why didn't Haman just kill Mordechai? Assuming he was a high official, didn't he have the authority to kill someone that disrespected him? In other words, since Mordechai violated the King's decree ...
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4answers
169 views

Why was Achashverosh so angry about Haman's plot?

In Megilas Esther 7:4, Esther tells Achashveros that someone is planning on wiping out her people: כִּי נִמְכַּרְנוּ אֲנִי וְעַמִּי, לְהַשְׁמִיד לַהֲרוֹג וּלְאַבֵּד; וְאִלּוּ לַעֲבָדִים ...
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3answers
404 views

How did Achashveirosh not know that Esther was Jewish?

In the Megila, Esther is taken from the house of Mordechai - who was clearly known as a Jew, and then Mordechai is constantly expressing interest in Esther: (2:11) ובכל יום ויום מרדכי מתהלך לפני ...
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2answers
876 views

Why only ten? Why not all of Haman's children?

According to the Gemara Megila 15b Haman had 208 children. Why did they only hang 10 of them?
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62 views

Were the ten sons of Haman specifically Zeresh's sons?

Megillah 15b records three opinions as to how many children Haman had: Rava: Ten died in childhood, ten died at the end of the Megillah, and ten were reduced to poverty, totaling 30. Rabbanan: There ...
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0answers
44 views

Why the Megillah does not mention Ester marrying Achashverosh?

The Megillah (2.16) mentions taking Ester into the Palace, loving here [more than other girls] and crowning her as the queen but no mention of the marriage or being Achashverosh's wife: וַתִּלָּקַח ...
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Mordechay's decree: “kill women and children, AND/OR plunder their possessions”?

I'm a bit confused here, so maybe the title is not worded well. Achashverosh let Mordechay write the letters to his own wording: "ואתם כתבו על־היהודים כטוב בעיניכם בשם המלך" And you may ...

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