Questions tagged [masechet-yoma]

Tractate of Mishna dealing mostly with the laws of Yom Kippur.

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15
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1answer
431 views

How does the kohein gadol's substitute wife work?

The first mishna of Yoma1 explains that before Yom Kippur, a substitute wife is prepared for the kohein gadol lest his wife die -- because the torah says he makes atonement for himself and "his house",...
10
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1answer
155 views

How did someone know which portion of 'manna' was his?

The gemara (Yoma 75a) writes that the more righteous someone was, the closer to them the manna would fall. Given that there were two million people encamped in close proximity, how did someone know ...
9
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4answers
1k views

What is the purpose of the goat for Azazel, as opposed to conventional offerings?

I've long been confused by the two goats on Yom Kippur. The kohein gadol confesses his and his house's sins on the bull that is offered; in addition, there is a goat that is offered (without ...
8
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2answers
132 views

How could anybody confuse moonlight and sunlight?

The mishna in Yoma 3:1 talks about watching for dawn to know if it's time for the morning offering, and then Yoma 3:2 asks: וְלָמָה הֻצְרְכוּ לְכָךְ, שֶׁפַּעַם אַחַת עָלָה מְאוֹר הַלְּבָנָה ...
7
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1answer
45 views

Why is וחי בהם taught in the context of one of its exceptions?

Yoma 85b expounds from Vayikra 18:5 that one should violate mitzvos if the other option is death. Sanhedrin 74a gives three major exceptions to this rule: idolatry, immorality, and murder. Now, let's ...
7
votes
1answer
181 views

Why is sleeping with shoes on a taste of death?

The gemarah in Yoma 78b teaches that sleeping with shoes is a taste of death. This is also codified in halacha. I would like to understand why this is the case. What is it about sleeping with shoes ...
6
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2answers
117 views

Are we supposed to know which transgressions are light or severe?

I remember learning that we cannot know which commandments are more important than which others -- God gave them all to us and we don't say that we prioritize some over others (aside from the special ...
6
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1answer
104 views

When beseeching God, why does the kohein gadol appeal to “the torah of Moshe” and not directly to “your torah”?

Yoma 6:2 reports what the kohein gadol says over the goat to be offered: “Please, ‘Hashem’! They have done wrong, they have transgressed, they have sinned before You, Your people the House of ...
6
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0answers
148 views

Why does the Kohen Gadol need to divorce his wife in such a complicated manner?

On Yom Kippur, the Kohen Gadol must be married to exactly one wife. We are also concerned about her passing away. So the Gemara suggests that he gives a get to one wife on condition that the other ...
6
votes
2answers
208 views

what is the status when there are two anointed kings at the same time?

The Rabbi's teach that one kingship does not overlap with another even a hairbreadth (Yoma 38b). I understand this to mean that there may be only 1 Jewish king ruling at a time, or in the case where ...
5
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1answer
205 views

How to determine who offered the second Korban Tamid of the day?

The mishnah in Tamid 3:1 and Yoma 2:3 says there was a daily lottery for who would bring the (morning) Korban Tamid. There was another Korban Tamid every day. How was the person for the second Tamid ...
5
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2answers
132 views

Why did they cancel the kohein races over an isolated incident?

Mishna Yoma 2:1-2: ב,א בראשונה, כל מי שהוא רוצה לתרום את המזבח, תורם; בזמן שהן מרובין, רצין ועולים בכבש, וכל הקודם את חברו לתוך ארבע אמות זכה. ואם היו שניהם שווין, הממונה אומר להן הצביעו: מה הן ...
5
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2answers
353 views

How could the time of when the Azazel red strip turns to white be imprecise?

In Yoma on 67a, in the middle, it talks about the where the strip of red wool should be tied before sending the goat off the side of the mountain. As far as I understand (and with the help of the ...
4
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1answer
153 views

Why do they offer food and drink to the one leading the goat for Azazel, instead of replacing the person if he can't complete the task?

We know from the torah that eating or drinking on Yom Kippur is forbidden. Yoma (in chapter 8) lists some exceptions that all have to do with extreme need (health). But, aside from pikuach nefesh, ...
4
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1answer
80 views

Does Teshuva protect from punishment or not?

The Rambam says in Hilchos Teshuva, chapter 6: There are other sins for which justice determines that retribution be exacted in the world to come with no damages coming to the transgressor in ...
4
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2answers
242 views

How big was the Lishkas HaGazis?

This question asks about how the elders were seated in the Lishkah. Seeing how poorly-sourced the OP’s dimensions were, I thought I’d ask it myself. We’re told that the Lishkah was halfway in the ...
4
votes
1answer
130 views

How could the Temple have become tamei?

At Yoma 41a, there is a discussion regarding the appropriate offering for someone who causes the Temple to become Tamei (ritually impure)? But what are we talking about becoming tamei? The utinsels ...
4
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1answer
62 views

Why was it important that the smoke from the ketoret went up in a straight column?

According to the discussion by Chazal (mYoma 3:11, bYoma 38a) it would seem that there was a preference or benefit to the fact that the smoke from the burning of the ketoret (incense) in the Beit ...
4
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1answer
70 views

Why is “affliction of the soul” interpreted differently in two places?

The Torah (Leviticus 23:32) says regarding Yom Hakippurim וְעִנִּיתֶם אֶת נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם "and you shall afflict your souls." The Mishna (Yoma 8:1) gives the prohibitions of Yom Hakippurim as follows: ...
4
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1answer
35 views

Where was the “beis Ha'Sereifah”?

On daf 68 of Yoma, we learn that the par chotas (chatos bull) and seir Hashem (goat for God) were intertwined and taken by cohanim to the "beis Ha'sereifah", outside the camp, to be burned. We also ...
4
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1answer
68 views

Yoma 45b Ner Tamid - How to light it?

I'm trying to figure out what the text of Yoma 45b is teaching it's reader. There is this part (verse 6) about the 'perpetual fire' of the outer court of the mikdash as in Vayikra 6:6. And from this ...
4
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2answers
141 views

How did the water climb so high?

The Gemara in Sota 34 says וכיון שניטבלו רגלי כהנים במים חזרו המים לאחוריהם שנאמר וכבוא נושאי הארון עד הירדן וגו' ויעמדו המים היורדים מלמעלה קמו נד אחד וכמה גובהן של מים שנים עשר מיל על שנים עשר ...
3
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1answer
155 views

Why make the Kohen burning the Para Aduma rabbinically impure?

The Gemara says that we make the Kohen burning the Para Aduma (the red heifer) impure and then dip him in the Mikva. The reason given is that there is an argument between the Rabbis and the Sadducees ...
3
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2answers
189 views

amount of wood needed for the mizbeach (altar)

The Talmud (Yoma 39a) says that during the 40 years shimon hatzadik was high priest only two logs were added to the altar in the temple every day. Is this to be taken literally? Also, what was the ...
3
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0answers
65 views

Bigdei Kehuna and the Shechina

The Yerushalmi Yoma 2b writes:א"ר תנחום בר יודן ותני לה כל שבעת ימי המילואים היה משה משמש בכהונה גדולה ולא שרתה שכינה על ידיו וכיון שלבש אהרן בגדי כהונה גדולה ושימש שרתה שכינה על ידיו מה טעמא (ויקרא ט)...
2
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2answers
125 views

why are bad thoughts worse than actual sin?

The Talmud states "sinful thoughts are worse than the sin itself" (Yoma 29a) in what senses is this true? it seems for example that actual adultery is worse than thinking about it. for it irreparably ...
2
votes
1answer
259 views

Masheches Yuma or Yoma?

I remember hearing Rabbeim call the mashechta "Yuma", but shouldn't it be called "Yoma", which I have also heard? I know mashechta Beitzah is sometimes called "Beiah" based off the Magen Avraham or ...
2
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0answers
23 views

The Gemoro (& Bartenura on the mishna) quotes pessukim out of order; why?

Bartenura comments on the mishna in Yoma Perek 8(1) that there are five Torah references to affliction of the soul on Yom Kippur. The pessukim in the order in which he quotes them are: Vayikro 23:32 ...
2
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0answers
37 views

How do we know that R' Yehuda does not think writing is a good way to remember something?

The gemara Yoma on page 55a quotes a mishna which has R' Yehuda saying that there were no boxes of money for people to donate for kinei chova offerings because the kohanim could confuse that box with ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Seeing the Kohen Gadol or seeing the burning of the bull in the Mikdash?

The Mishna in Yoma 7:2 writes: "The one who sees* the High Priest while he is reading does not see the bull and he-goat that are burned, and the one seeing the bull and the he-goat being burned ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Halachic differences in the Yom Kippur avodah between piyutim

There are various piyutim said by different communities to describe the avodah on Yom Kippur. Are there halachic differences between any of these piyutim? For example, do they pasken like different ...
1
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1answer
157 views

Do any Rishonim or Achronim view Rava’s opinion of Mordechai as a negative one?

Recently I was browsing some source sheets on Sefaria regarding Purim, and I stumbled upon this sheet, which, based on various comments of Rava’s throughout Shas, argues that, in Rava’s opinion, ...
1
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0answers
14 views

Is one allowed to endanger his life for learning Torah like Hillel did?

The famous story about Hillel's devotion to Torah learning, in Yoma 25b, tells that Hillel endangered his life by trying to listen to Shmayah and Avtalyon in extremely cold weather until he fell ...
1
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0answers
25 views

Do sales follow the common usage of the term, or the Gemara’s usage?

Yoma 44b-45a says there are seven types of gold: gold, good gold, Ophir gold, Mufaz gold, Shachut gold, Sagur good, and Paryavam gold, and proceeds to explain what they are. Let’s say that Reuven ...
0
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1answer
138 views

How was the world created through the even shesiya?

In Yoma 54, it says the world was created with the Even Shesiya (primordial rock). Is this to be taken literally and if yes, do we have details into this process?
0
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1answer
63 views

Were the בגדי לבן‎ 30 ‎מנה in weight or value?

I'm studying משניות מסכת יומא and have come across this passage (in chapter 3 mishna 7, found in the Bavli on page 34:2): בשחר היה לובש פלוסין של שנים עשר מנה ובין הערבים הנדוין של שמונה מאות זוז ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Why doesn't Rosh HaShanah precede Yoma in Daf Yomi? [duplicate]

In two sets of Sha"S Bavli that I own, and logically, Rosh HaShanah precedes Yoma. But it doesn't in the Daf Yomi cycle. Why not? My first thought was that, perhaps, my sets deviate from the ...
-2
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1answer
28 views

Differential Pikuach Nefesh according to Shmayah and Avtalyon?

The famous story about Hillel's devotion to Torah learning in Yoma 25b tells that Hillel endangered his life by trying to listen to Shmayah and Avtalyon in extremely cold weather until he fell ...