Questions tagged [maseches-shabbos]

The first masechet in Seder Moed concerning bibliclal and rabbinical "Melacha" (forbidden work), and Kidush, meals etc that pertain to Shabbat

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Tosafoth's unique opinion that Building is biblically allowed on Yom Tov, contradicted by a simple Gemara in Beitzah?

Beitzah 9b seems to undermine a famous Tosafoth in Shabbath 95a that introduces a fascinating Hiddush that Boneh (construction) on Yom Tov should be Mutar, but is forbidden because of rabbinic ...
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Rashi's "בטל" w.r.t. r'shuyos

In the Bavli, Shabas 7, amud 1, Rashi twice uses the word "בטל" in contexts where I don't understand its meaning. I wonder whether anyone can help. The first time is: ברשות הרבים כי האי ...
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How is there a Rshus Harabim according to R' Yehuda?

There is an argument how many walls does a Rshus Harabim need to have to make it a Rshus Hayachid (Deoraisa). R' Yehuda says that one needs two walls, while the Chachamim said one needs three. The ...
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Is there an opinion that plowing and harvesting on Shabbos are not punishable by Kareis and Skilah? If not, why?

Shabbos 70a records a dispute between R' Nassan and R' Yosi on how to interpret the seemingly extra passuk (Shemos 35:3): לֹא־תְבַעֲר֣וּ אֵ֔שׁ בְּכֹ֖ל מֹשְׁבֹֽתֵיכֶ֑ם בְּי֖וֹם הַשַּׁבָּֽת׃ Do ...
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How far should one read into Megalgelin Zechus?

There is a concept called מגלגלין זכות על ידי זכאי וחוב על ידי חייב, that good things and bad things come via those who are fitting to be their messengers (Shabbos 32a). How far should one read into ...
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Different things falling through the air

Rava has a question: What is the halacha regarding something which you throw through a house, that goes in one window and out the other? Do we say that something that passes through the house's ...
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to grate cheese with a saw not Toveled?

The mishna in Masechet Shabbat says: A man may take a hammer to split nuts, a chopper to cut [a round of] pressed figs, a saw for sawing cheese, a spade to scoop dried figs, a winnowing shovel and ...
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On moist and dry plants (שבת פב ע״א)

The Bavli, Shabas 82 amud 1: If before him [after defecating] were a pebble and grasses — [the proper course of action was a matter of dispute between two amoraim,] R. Chisda and R. Hamnuna. One [of ...
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Why "ומייתי להו בשגגה" for a סולם and not for other equipment?

The fifth chapter of Shabas in the Bavli discusses various things an animal can wear in the street on Shabas. Some of them are forbidden because the item may fall off the animal and a person may come ...
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Why does רש״י say (שבת דף לז ע״א) stoves were moveable and put on the ground?

The Bavli, Shabas 37 amud 1, wonders about the permissibility of placing a pot of food adjacent to a stove-oven (rather than atop or in it). איבעיא להו מהו לסמוך בה תוכה וגבה אסור אבל לסמוך בה ...
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תיקו How can we rely on Eliyohu to decide halachic issues? The Torah is to be decided on earth.

Halachic discussions in the Gemoro can end with the word תיקו. According to one view in Hebrew Wikpedia it stands for תשבי יתרץ קושיות ובעיות. שמשמעותן: השאלה תעמוד ותוכרע רק כאשר יבוא התשבי -אליהו ...
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Gemarah Shabbos -Chanukah Connection

Why is the Sugyah (discussion) of Chanukah in the Gemarah Shabbos?
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What is the source that the תרמודאי were wood merchants?

In gemara Shabbat 21b it says עד שתכלה רגל מן השוק ועד כמה אמר רבה בר בר חנה אמר ר' יוחנן עד דכליא ריגלא דתרמודאי: The expression until traffic in the marketplace ceases is mentioned here, and ...
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How to translate העלם in the context of שבת

The beginning of the seventh chapter of Bavli Shabas (and its commentaries) speaks of instances in which someone forgets that the day is Shabas, forgets that there is such a thing as Shabas altogether,...
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Geirim and accepting Mitzvos

The Gemara in Shabbos says that a Geir Shenisgayer Bein Hagoyim is considered Jewish and has to bring a Chatas for his chillul Shabbos. If he grew up among goyim, how can he actually accept the ...
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"The סיפא is about a coin." But so is the רישא‎! (‎שבת דף ס״ה‎)

The mishna Shabas, daf 65 in the Bavli: Medeans [may go out on Shabas] with p'rifa. Anyone [may], but the rabbis spoke about what occurs. That is, Medeans do p'rifa, so the rabbis mentioned that ...
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How are we kings' children and why does it matter?

The mishna, Shabas 14:4 (daf 111 amud 1), cites R. Shim'on as stating that "all Jews are children of kings" (and therefore can use a certain oil on their skin on Shabas). In what sense is it the case ...
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Tachshitim on Shabbath

The Gemara Shabbath (several pages, but look anywhere from 59a through at least 62a for several discussions) contains a great deal of discussion about wearing "Tachshitim" (ornaments/jewelry) on ...
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Handling food valued as currency on Shabbos

What is the status of a food item on Shabbos which a country declares as legal tender? For example, if a developing country designates chocolate as legal tender, may one consume, handle, or "...
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In what sense is fear of God alone wisdom?

In the Mesilat Yesharim, the Ramchal brings the talmud in Shabbat 31b: "Hen fear of God - this is wisdom" (Job 28:28). Our Sages of blessed memory commented (Shab 31b), "'Hen' [hints to] 'one', ...
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How is this a proof that the Rabbis hold that one cannot continue a stopped circumcision on Shabbat (Shabbat 133b)

The gemara (Shabbat 133b) is trying to identify the Tanna of the Braita above: המל כל זמן שהוא עוסק במילה חוזר בין על הציצין המעכבין את המילה בין על הציצין שאין מעכבין את המילה. פירש על ציצין ...
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Explanation of obscure Rashi (שבת דף יד)

The Bavli, Shabas 13 amud 2, quotes a mishna in Zavin that lists some people and things that, by touching t'ruma, invalidate it so that it cannot be eaten. The Bavli says that these restrictions were ...
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Who is greater than whom?

From the fact that Levi was in Bavel, Rav derived that R' Efes passed away. He derived it like this: After Rebbi passed away, R' Efes took over Rebbi's position. Rav Chanina was equal (or greater) ...
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Did Yishai sin?

Did Yishai sin? The gemarah (shabbat 55b) states pretty clearly that he did not; however, the midrash (Yalkut HaMakiri, cited here) seems to indicate that he separated from his wife for an extended ...
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Parallels in Sotah 11a and Shabbat 33b

I noticed yesterday that there are some similarities between the story brought in Sotah 11a and the one in Shabbat 33b. In Sotah 11a it says: "Rabbi Ḥiyya bar Abba says that Rabbi Simai says: ...
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Does casting metal entail a melacha (assuming it's already liquid)?

The Torah says to cast gold rings when building the Mishkan. Obviously you'd have to do the melachos of extinguishing to make charcoal, burning to then ignite said charcoal, and cooking to liquefy the ...
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Does knitting on Shabbos constitute avos melachos other than weaving?

I'm used to the illustration with a loom showing the melachos involved in weaving: Mesach (loading the string), Oseh Shtei Batei Nirim (loading the harness), Oreg (weaving), Potzea (un-weaving). ...
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Mistaken identity of "Rabbi Chanina" in some siddurim

In the Kabbalas Shabbos service, which concludes with "Omar Rabbi Elozor," the previous paragraph is taken from Shabbos 12a. תניא חנניא אומר חייב אדם למשמש בבגדו ע"ש עם חשכה אמר רב יוסף הלכתא רבתי ...
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Why the extra "בֶן" in חֲנַנְיָה's name?

The Mishna in Shabbos (1:4) references חֲנַנְיָה בֶן חִזְקִיָּה בֶן גֻּרְיוֹן, with two בֶן's, but when referenced in Menachos (45a): אמר רב זכור אותו האיש לטוב וחנינא בן חזקיה שמו the Tanna's ...
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Is there a Halachic problem with cursing? [duplicate]

Our tradition mentions the serious transgression of "nivul peh" and the punishments that Hashem brings down on the world due to this sin (Shabbos 33a, Vayikra Rabba 24-7). What I want to know is if ...
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Why does R. Nachman b. Yitzchak say a blessing, and why does the Bavli include it? (שבת דף מו)‎

The Bavli, Shabas 46: Rav Aviya came to Rava's house; his boots were gross with clay. He set [them] on a bed in front of Rava. Rava minded; [Rava] wanted to bother him. [Rava] said to him: Why did ...
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רש״י's use of the קל וחומר after it's been discredited (שבת כו ע״ב)‎

The Bavli, Shabas 26 amud 2, derives from some wording in Vayikra that a three-finger-by-three-finger piece of wool or linen fabric can become tame. It then proposes that the verse teaches us only ...
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Holes in walls above ten tefach

The Bavli, Shabas 7 amud 2, has a discussion about holes in walls, where things might land if thrown. Holes on the r'shus-hayachid-facing side of a wall are deemed r'shus hayachid, so tossing ...
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The Gemara says (mesechet shabbat) that one can survive with a rivi'it of blood

The Gemara says (mesechet shabbat 31b) that one can survive with a rivi'it of blood. How is it possible when we know one can't even survive with a 40% blood loss?
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What is the case of a burning thrown object?

The mishnah in Shabbos (102a) states that if one throws an object on Shabbos, forgetting that it's Shabbos, and it never reaches its intended target, he is not liable. One of the examples given is an ...
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Pesukim for Hilchos Shabbos

I'm looking for a list of all the pesukim relevant to learning Hilchos Shabbos. This would preferably include pesukim in Nach. The more thorough the better. It could be either in a well-known sefer ...
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Hashem has doubt? [duplicate]

Masechet Shabbat says that when you give the benefit of the doubt, Hashem will give you benefit of the doubt. However, Hashem cannot have the benefit of the doubt. The benefit of the doubt relies on ...
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Can you translate Rabbi Yosef's commentary on Shabbat 146a?

Could someone translate the following: בשעה שבא נחש על חוה. פשט המאמר הוא כמו שאמרו המפרשים ז"ל, דלא בא עליה ח"ו ביאה ממשית גופא בגופא, אלא ביאה מחשבית והטיל בה זוהמא בראיה, ואותה הזוהמא ...
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A puzzle in the Steinsaltz’ Talmud commentary

It is written in Shabbos 83a in the Steinsaltz edition of the Talmud that gentiles are designated the status of zav. The commentary explains that the reason is “So that a Jewish child will not grow ...
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Sinai and hatred

What is the exact meaning of this Gemara [Shabbat 89a]: דרב חסדא ורבה ברי' דרב הונא דאמרי תרווייהו מאי הר סיני הר שירדה שנאה לעכו"ם עליו It is usually translated as: Rav Ḥisda and Rabba, son of ...
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Why "בשלמא לרבי יוחנן" on שבת דף סט ע״א?

Various types of m'lacha (labor) are forbidden on the sabbath, and the punishment is a particular form of death called kares (if the perpetrator doesn't get killed by a human-run court). However, if ...
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Shir Hashirim: a dialogue between G-d and His bride Yisrael

On Shabbos 88a, where the Gemara discusses the teaching of R'Chama bar R'Chanina: Rabbi Ḥama, son of Rabbi Ḥanina, said: What is the meaning of that which is written: “As an apple tree among the ...
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Which parts of Meschta Shabbos have a connection to Hilchos Shabbos in Shulchan Aruch

I'm interested in learning Meschta Shabbos אליבא דהילכתא with Shulchan Aruch. I would like to know how many pages in the meschta are relevant to Hilchos Shabbos in Shulchan Aruch. It doesn't need to ...
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Why is it not called a דבר שאינו מדעת?

Why is it called a דבר שאינו מתכיון. Since twice in Gemara Shabbos Rashi understanding and explaining to us what forgetting is when one leaves a rock on top of a barrel says this first on Shabbos 125b ...
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Is softening a linen garment the end of the laundry process and therefore forbidden on Shabbos (Shabbos 140a)?

Shabbos 140a. Rav Safra permits softening a laundered linen shirt. (Translation and elucidation of the Gemoro below according to Sefaria) - original is: מיסתמיך ואזיל רב אחא בר יוסף אכתפיה דרב נחמן ...
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Moshiach and three meals

The Gemara in Shabbos 118a says: Rabbi Shimon ben Pazi said that Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said in the name of bar Kappara: Anyone who fulfills the obligation to eat three meals on Shabbat is rescued ...
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What is the sugya for wall-writing?

Where is the sugya in Shabbat for the prohibition of reading text written on a wall on shabbat? I learned this the other week, but I cannot remember the daf.
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Is one allowed to sin a small sin to save himself from bringing a Chatas?

The Gemara in Shabbos says that Bibi bar Abaye asks if one can violate a Rabbinic commandment (unsticking a loaf from an oven) to save oneself from being "chayav a chattas". The Gemara says that ...
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Why does Nedarim 37b contradict Shabbat 86a?

Why does Nedarim 37b contradict Shabbat 86a? In Nedarim 37b, Children should not read a Torah passage [for the first time] on Shabbat : Rather, with regard to Shabbat, this is the reason that children ...
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Quote from Meseches Shabbos

I saw a quote in Meseches Shabbos that said, "If you want to do good, Hashem will help you accomplish it." Does anyone know where in that Gemara I can find it?

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