Questions tagged [maseches-shabbos]

The first masechet in Seder Moed concerning bibliclal and rabbinical "Melacha" (forbidden work), and Kidush, meals etc that pertain to Shabbat

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Does knitting on Shabbos constitute avos melachos other than weaving?

I'm used to the illustration with a loom showing the melachos involved in weaving: Mesach (loading the string), Oseh Shtei Batei Nirim (loading the harness), Oreg (weaving), Potzea (un-weaving). ...
4 votes
1 answer
143 views

Source of the first verse of the sectarian

It has been proposed that Rabban Gamliel quoted from Matthew 5 17 in his debate with a sectarian in maseches Shabbos 116a-b. See here http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/6495-gamaliel-ii My ...
4 votes
1 answer
73 views

Haftorah Parshas Emor

Why would we institute the public haftorah reading for Emor, which includes one of the verses in Yechezkel that caused that seffer to almost be hidden away? See Shabbos 13b with Rashi. And while it'...
7 votes
1 answer
189 views

Why is the name Mekom P'tur indicative of being entirely permissible?

In the introduction to Tractate Shabbat in his Commentary to the Mishnah, Rambam writes: אבל מקום פטור מותר להוציא ממנו לכל אחת משלש הרשיות ומהן אליו וזה מותר לכתחלה ולפיכך נקרא מקום פטור (Kafih ...
5 votes
3 answers
234 views

Matan Torah: Coercion or out of love?

There is a Midrashic approach to "and they stood at the foot of the mountain" (Shemos 19:17), namely that G-d literally held the mountain over the heads of B'nei Yisrael, coercing them to ...
0 votes
1 answer
139 views

Moshiach and three meals

The Gemara in Shabbos 118a says: Rabbi Shimon ben Pazi said that Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said in the name of bar Kappara: Anyone who fulfills the obligation to eat three meals on Shabbat is rescued ...
4 votes
2 answers
561 views

In what sense is Hanukkah "a Yom Tov like other yamim tovim"?

The Machzor Vitry (§234) finds a scriptural source for Hanukkah in Leviticus 24:2. That the stipulation that Israelites should collect pure olive oil for the menorah should follow on from a ...
9 votes
2 answers
266 views

Why can a baby get Tzaraas?

Reference in Gemora Shabbos 133a Daf Yomi recently to tzaraas (skin disease see Leviticus 13) on the foreskin regarding mila (circumcission). This implies babies can have tzaraas. If tzaraas is not ...
4 votes
1 answer
210 views

What do the words בֶּאֱמֶת אָמְרוּ teach us in the Mishna?

Mishna Shabbat 1:3: לֹא יֵצֵא הַחַיָּט בְּמַחְטוֹ סָמוּךְ לַחֲשֵׁכָה, שֶׁמָּא יִשְׁכַּח וְיֵצֵא. וְלֹא הַלַּבְלָר בְּקֻלְמוֹסוֹ. וְלֹא יְפַלֶּה אֶת כֵּלָיו, וְלֹא יִקְרָא לְאוֹר הַנֵּר. בֶּאֱמֶת ...
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Parallels in Sotah 11a and Shabbat 33b

I noticed yesterday that there are some similarities between the story brought in Sotah 11a and the one in Shabbat 33b. In Sotah 11a it says: "Rabbi Ḥiyya bar Abba says that Rabbi Simai says: ...
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1 answer
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Which parts of Meschta Shabbos have a connection to Hilchos Shabbos in Shulchan Aruch

I'm interested in learning Meschta Shabbos אליבא דהילכתא with Shulchan Aruch. I would like to know how many pages in the meschta are relevant to Hilchos Shabbos in Shulchan Aruch. It doesn't need to ...
1 vote
1 answer
105 views

Pesukim for Hilchos Shabbos

I'm looking for a list of all the pesukim relevant to learning Hilchos Shabbos. This would preferably include pesukim in Nach. The more thorough the better. It could be either in a well-known sefer ...
1 vote
2 answers
182 views

תיקו How can we rely on Eliyohu to decide halachic issues? The Torah is to be decided on earth.

Halachic discussions in the Gemoro can end with the word תיקו. According to one view in Hebrew Wikpedia it stands for תשבי יתרץ קושיות ובעיות. שמשמעותן: השאלה תעמוד ותוכרע רק כאשר יבוא התשבי -אליהו ...
0 votes
1 answer
174 views

Hashem has doubt? [duplicate]

Masechet Shabbat says that when you give the benefit of the doubt, Hashem will give you benefit of the doubt. However, Hashem cannot have the benefit of the doubt. The benefit of the doubt relies on ...
-1 votes
1 answer
75 views

Why does Nedarim 37b contradict Shabbat 86a?

Why does Nedarim 37b contradict Shabbat 86a? In Nedarim 37b, Children should not read a Torah passage [for the first time] on Shabbat : Rather, with regard to Shabbat, this is the reason that children ...
6 votes
2 answers
261 views

What is known about the Sage מונבז?

מונבז is mentioned in Shabbos 68b. I know there were two Kings of this name. What is known about the Sage of this name?
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Can you translate Rabbi Yosef's commentary on Shabbat 146a?

Could someone translate the following: בשעה שבא נחש על חוה. פשט המאמר הוא כמו שאמרו המפרשים ז"ל, דלא בא עליה ח"ו ביאה ממשית גופא בגופא, אלא ביאה מחשבית והטיל בה זוהמא בראיה, ואותה הזוהמא ...
1 vote
1 answer
74 views

Handling food valued as currency on Shabbos

What is the status of a food item on Shabbos which a country declares as legal tender? For example, if a developing country designates chocolate as legal tender, may one consume, handle, or "...
2 votes
2 answers
273 views

Was Shammai a builder?

Encyclopaedia Judaica says that “Nothing is known of the early life of Shammai except for the statement that he was a builder by occupation (Shab. 31a).” But that passage, the standing on one foot ...
5 votes
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Why did the guy on Shabbat 127b change the order of events?

The following story appears in the Babylonian Talmud on Shabbat 127b: Our Rabbis taught: He who judges his neighbour in the scale of merit is himself judged favourably. Thus a story is told of a ...
8 votes
1 answer
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Can three Talmudic passages about mitzvot "protecting" and mitzvot "saving" be reconciled?

The Talmud in Shabbat 49a records the following story: שפעם אחת גזרה מלכות רומי הרשעה גזירה על ישראל שכל המניח תפילין ינקרו את מוחו והיה אלישע מניחם ויוצא לשוק ראהו קסדור אחד רץ מפניו ורץ אחריו וכיון ...
0 votes
1 answer
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Why is it not called a דבר שאינו מדעת?

Why is it called a דבר שאינו מתכיון. Since twice in Gemara Shabbos Rashi understanding and explaining to us what forgetting is when one leaves a rock on top of a barrel says this first on Shabbos 125b ...
13 votes
5 answers
1k views

Do angels have jealousy?

In a famous Midrash in Shab. 87a-b, the angels object to the Torah being given to humans, until Moshe proves that it is only relevant to humans because of their nature. In one example, he asks ...
1 vote
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41 views

Does casting metal entail a melacha (assuming it's already liquid)?

The Torah says to cast gold rings when building the Mishkan. Obviously you'd have to do the melachos of extinguishing to make charcoal, burning to then ignite said charcoal, and cooking to liquefy the ...
7 votes
1 answer
312 views

Was R. Shimon Bar Yochai not part of "R. Shimon Bar Yochai and his companions"?

The Talmud in Shabbat 11a states that those like R. Shimon Bar Yochai whose occupation is Torah study are exempt from prayer: דתניא חברים שהיו עוסקין בתורה מפסיקין לק"ש ואין מפסיקין לתפלה א"...
4 votes
0 answers
38 views

How did the Rabbis know that people were intentionally leaving food on the stove?

The Talmud (Shabbat 38a) records the following rabbinic decree: מאי גזירתא דאמר רב יהודה בר שמואל א"ר אבא אמר רב כהנא אמר רב בתחילה היו אומרים המבשל בשבת בשוגג יאכל במזיד לא יאכל וה"ה לשוכח ...
4 votes
1 answer
78 views

How did King David think he could thwart God's plan?

The Talmud (Shabbat 30a) relates the following interesting tale about King David's death: And as to what Solomon said, 'for a living dog is better than a dead lion', — that is as Rab Judah said in ...
3 votes
1 answer
324 views

What is a תלא אילן that looks like the תחש?

Shabbat 28a discusses the תחש skin that was used as a covering for the Mishkan. One opinion there (R' Nechemya) says: רבי נחמיה אומר מכסה אחד היה ודומה כמין תלא אילן והא תלא אילן טמא הוא ה"ק ...
4 votes
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How many times does the law follow Samuel in ritual practice?

The Talmud (Shabbat 22a) records the following: איתמר רב אמר אין מדליקין מנר לנר ושמואל אמר מדליקין רב אמר אין מתירין ציצית מבגד לבגד ושמואל אמר מתירין מבגד לבגד רב אמר אין הלכה כרבי שמעון בגרירה ...
18 votes
5 answers
959 views

How could Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai eat from the carob tree?

The gemarah (Shabbat 33b) states that when Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai and his son Rav Elazar were hiding in a cave a carob tree miraculously sprouted from which they ate. How could they eat from this ...
2 votes
1 answer
145 views

Explanation of Mishna in Shabbat

The Mishna in Shabbat (1: 7) states that: בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, אֵין מוֹכְרִין לַנָּכְרִי וְאֵין טוֹעֲנִין עִמּוֹ וְאֵין מַגְבִּיהִין עָלָיו, אֶלָּא כְּדֵי שֶׁיַּגִּיעַ לְמָקוֹם קָרוֹב. וּבֵית ...
2 votes
3 answers
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Why do we burn Tamei and Passul Karbanos Pesach on the 15th?

The Mishnah in Pesachim (82a,83a) states: הפסח שיצא או שנטמא ישרף מיד. נטמאו הבעלים או שמתו תעובר צורתו וישרף בט״ז. ר׳ יוחנן בן ברוקה אומר אף זה ישרף מיד לפי שאין לו אוכלין. העצמות והגידין והנותר ...
4 votes
3 answers
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What does the Shabbos Shel Mi mean?

In Maseches Shabbos, in between the perakim of Bameh Ishah and Bameh Beheimah, the Shabbos Shel Mi writes the following: דרשינן סמוכים פ' במה בהמה ובמה אשה כל הקרב הקרב כי לא לחנם הלך זרזיר אצל ...
8 votes
2 answers
322 views

Sukkos and Chanukah Connection

There are many parallels between Sukkos and Chanuka: The Gemara in Shabbos 21b gives an explanation for Beis Shammai's opinion that one should count down candles throughout Chanukah that it's just ...
7 votes
1 answer
126 views

Rashi's misquoting in Parashat Pinchas?

Shalom everybody, We read lately Parashat Pinchas. The parsha deals with the story of B'not Tzelofchad (Barmidbar 27:1-11). Rashi on verse 27:3 quotes the Gemara Shabbat 96b in order to identify who ...
5 votes
3 answers
145 views

How can Hashem judge a person לזכות, favourably, as in הדן חבירו לכף זכות דנין אותו לזכות

The Gemoro Shabbos 127b brings three stories illustrating the principle, הדן חבירו לכף זכות דנין אותו לזכות “He who judges his neighbour in the scale of merit is himself judged favourably.”...
5 votes
2 answers
247 views

Who was the "Tana Dvei Rabbi Yishmael"?

What are the teachings labeled "Tana Dvei Rabbi Ishmael"? Are they Braisos or Amoraic teachings? On one hand, on Shabbos 26b we find it arguing on Rabbi Shimon ben Elazar (a Tana). On the other ...
4 votes
0 answers
395 views

Are the talmudic "Prushim" the Rabbinic Pharisees?

In Masechet Sotah, 20a, the mishna details harmful forces and reads (translation from dafyomi.co.il) The following destroy the world - a foolish Chasid, a crafty evildoer, a woman who is Perushah, ...
2 votes
0 answers
108 views

to grate cheese with a saw not Toveled?

The mishna in Masechet Shabbat says: A man may take a hammer to split nuts, a chopper to cut [a round of] pressed figs, a saw for sawing cheese, a spade to scoop dried figs, a winnowing shovel and ...
4 votes
1 answer
158 views

Did Rav Papa issue a halachic ruling in order to benefit financially?

In the Gemara Shab. 140b Rav Papa is recorded saying that one who drinks wine while able to drink beer violates “ba’al tashchit”. Maharsh”a comments that Rav Papa’s disapproval of consuming wine ...
0 votes
1 answer
111 views

A puzzle in the Steinsaltz’ Talmud commentary

It is written in Shabbos 83a in the Steinsaltz edition of the Talmud that gentiles are designated the status of zav. The commentary explains that the reason is “So that a Jewish child will not grow ...
6 votes
1 answer
148 views

G-d's Divine Presence vs Omnipresence?

In Shabbat 12b, G-d is called the Omnipresent several times, implying to me that G-d is present everywhere. But then it says this: אין מלאכי השרת מכירין בלשון ארמי שאני חולה דשכינה עמו "Anyone ...
7 votes
1 answer
255 views

Why does the Mishnah use the terms poor person and homeowner when discussing carrying on Shabbat?

This first Mishna in Shabbat (2a) describes the transfer of an item from a private domain to a public domain. The Mishna describes the individuals involved in this transfer as העני עומד בחוץ ובעל ...
3 votes
0 answers
73 views

Why is one who's influenced by a Persian priest liable to death?

It says in Shabbat 75b that if a magosh tries to influence a Jew to adopt even a single one of his customs, that Jew should be put to death: אמר רב זוטרא בר טוביה אמר רב: ... והלומד דבר אחד מן המגוש ...
5 votes
2 answers
483 views

Why did the angels object to the Torah being given to Moshe – what did the angels think?

The well-known Gemoro Shabbos 88b reports the angels protesting against HKB”H giving the Torah to Israel. HKB”H tells Moshe to answer the angels and Moshe shows that the Torah is only applicable to ...
0 votes
1 answer
47 views

Is softening a linen garment the end of the laundry process and therefore forbidden on Shabbos (Shabbos 140a)?

Shabbos 140a. Rav Safra permits softening a laundered linen shirt. (Translation and elucidation of the Gemoro below according to Sefaria) - original is: מיסתמיך ואזיל רב אחא בר יוסף אכתפיה דרב נחמן ...
5 votes
2 answers
915 views

Why 40 minus 1 - why not just say 39 Melachot?

In describing the Melachos of Shabbos, the Mishna in Shabbos 73a says that there are "40-1" Melachos. Why not say 39? Side note: There are some answers as to why Malkus is also described that way, ...
2 votes
0 answers
28 views

Is there an opinion that plowing and harvesting on Shabbos are not punishable by Kareis and Skilah? If not, why?

Shabbos 70a records a dispute between R' Nassan and R' Yosi on how to interpret the seemingly extra passuk (Shemos 35:3): לֹא־תְבַעֲר֣וּ אֵ֔שׁ בְּכֹ֖ל מֹשְׁבֹֽתֵיכֶ֑ם בְּי֖וֹם הַשַּׁבָּֽת׃ Do ...
4 votes
1 answer
69 views

"This is R. M'nachem." So? (שבת עה ע״ב)

The Bavli, Shabas 75 amud 2, quotes from a tosefta as follows: If he wrote a single large letter, in whose space there's room to write two, he's exempt [from offering a korban chatas]. If he erased ...
1 vote
1 answer
60 views

How is this a proof that the Rabbis hold that one cannot continue a stopped circumcision on Shabbat (Shabbat 133b)

The gemara (Shabbat 133b) is trying to identify the Tanna of the Braita above: המל כל זמן שהוא עוסק במילה חוזר בין על הציצין המעכבין את המילה בין על הציצין שאין מעכבין את המילה. פירש על ציצין ...