Questions tagged [maseches-eruvin]

About making an "eruv Chatzeiros" inorder to carry on Shabbat, and "Eruv Techumin" to walk out of the city

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14
votes
4answers
582 views

Why was a bat kol able to settle the dispute between Battei Hillel and Shammai?

Eiruvin 13b recounts an argument between Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai. The argument grew very heated until a bat kol intervened and stated the famous line elu v'elu divrei elohim chayim ("These and ...
3
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2answers
90 views

What were they thinking following contradictory leniencies in Challah 4:7?

Among other places, the following Braisa appears in Eruvin 6b: לעולם הלכה כבית הלל והרוצה לעשות כדברי בית שמאי עושה כדברי בית הלל עושה מקולי ב"ש ומקולי ב"ה רשע מחומרי ב"ש ומחומרי ב"ה עליו הכתוב ...
4
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1answer
105 views

Why in Yom Kippur davening do we make mention of the Gemara that it would have better not to have been created?

In Nusach Ashkenaz, following Al Cheit in Chazaras HaShatz of Mussaf Yom Kippur, there are two passages that describe our pleas that Hashem fulfill His promise to cleanse us if only we repent. ...
10
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3answers
517 views

How could we learn behavior from animals?

The gemarah in Eruvin 100b says that had the Torah not been give we would have learned various behaviors from certain animals, such as modesty from the cat. To me this presupposes that had the Torah ...
4
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0answers
61 views

Moving things around “opposite the gap” in an enclosure on Shabbat

On Shabbat there are mitigating structures whose presence can enclose an area physically, constituting a necessary ingredient in allowing movement of objects within that area. There are several ...
6
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1answer
101 views

Why did Mordechai push to have Esther visit Achashveirosh at that time?

Mordechai seems to push Esther to entreat Achashveirosh right after telling her about Haman's decree (Esther 4:14) כִּ֣י אִם־הַֽחֲרֵ֣שׁ תַּֽחֲרִישִׁי֮ בָּעֵ֣ת הַזֹּאת֒ רֶ֣וַח וְהַצָּלָ֞ה יַֽעֲמ֤וֹד ...
1
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1answer
56 views

Why Aharon, Itamar and Elazar were not part of the 70 elders?

Rambam Sanhedrin 2:2 says that the Kohanim are the first to sit in the Sanhedrin: "וּמִצְוָה לִהְיוֹת בְּסַנְהֶדְרִין גְּדוֹלָה כֹּהֲנִים וּלְוִיִּים שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים יז ט) "וּבָאתָ אֶל ...
4
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1answer
65 views

Are there any mavoi-chatzer structures in active use?

A lot of Eiruvin assumes that people live in houses, which open into a walled courtyards (chatzer), with a few courtyards opening into a walled street (mavoi). An eruv chatzeiros allows carrying from ...
2
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0answers
58 views

What were the “pieces” of Moses' transmission of the Oral Law?

BT Eruvin 54b presents the method of Moses' Torah study: תנו רבנן: כיצד סדר משנה? משה למד מפי הגבורה. נכנס אהרן ושנה לו משה פירקו ... נכנסו בניו ושנה להן משה פירקן ... וכו' The Sages taught: ...
2
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1answer
448 views

Netzach, Selah, Vaed - what is the difference between these words?

Eruvin 54a says that it was taught by Rabbi Eliezer ben yaakov that wherever it says Netzach, Selah, or Vaed it means it will remain so forever. "כל מקום שנאמר 'נצח' 'סלה' 'ועד' – אין לו הפסק עולמית" ...
2
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0answers
18 views

What happens when you have conflicting conditions?

Eruvin 3:8: מַתְנֶה אָדָם עַל עֵרוּבוֹ וְאוֹמֵר, אִם בָּאוּ גוֹיִים מִן הַמִּזְרָח, עֵרוּבִי לַמַּעֲרָב. מִן הַמַּעֲרָב, עֵרוּבִי לַמִּזְרָח. ... אִם בָּא חָכָם מִן הַמִּזְרָח, עֵרוּבִי לַמִּזְרָח. ...
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0answers
27 views

Why can you pick your eruv if one is his Rebbe Muvhak, according to R’ Yehuda?

On the topic of making conditions on Eiruvei Techumin, Eruvin 3:5 rules: אִם בָּא חָכָם מִן הַמִּזְרָח, עֵרוּבִי לַמִּזְרָח. מִן הַמַּעֲרָב, עֵרוּבִי לַמַּעֲרָב. בָּא לְכָאן וּלְכָאן, לִמְקוֹם ...
2
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1answer
34 views

Orally designating a Shabas place without a landmark

The Mishna, Eruvin 4:7, says that someone approaching his home before Shabas can designate a spot between his home and his current location as his Shabas location, and he gets a 2000-ama radius around ...
1
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0answers
30 views

Why does the Mishnah in Kilayim repeat halachos taught elsewhere?

Kilayim 4:3-4 teaches various halachos about walls, as a wall could divide between fields to allow planting on either side. Among those halachos taught are: A wall must be 10 tefachim tall. A ditch ...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

Mikvah Math for the Sea of Shlomo

In calculating the number of Mikvas that the "Sea of Shlomo" could hold, the Gemara (Eruvin 14b) calculates that it would hold 150. The Gemara asks, that being that the Sea was round, and the area/...
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0answers
278 views

The names of Gehinnom

Babylonian Talmud, ‘Erubin 19a' Joshua b. Levi said: The Gehenna/Gehinnom has seven names; Sheol, Abaddon, Beer Shahat, Tit ha-Yawen, Sha’are Mawet, Sha’are Zalmawet, and Gehenna. What exactly is ...
4
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1answer
178 views

How does this math work out?

The Gemara Eiruvin 56b said that the Migrash (the orange area) is one quarter of the area of the sados (the green area). Let's look at the math. (This is how I understood the maskana) greenArea = (2r+...
0
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1answer
64 views

תעשה vs עשה (Ta'aseh vs Assei)

The Gemara in Eiruvin 54b says: באהבתה תשגה תמיד כגון רבי (אליעזר) בן פדת אמרו עליו על רבי (אליעזר) שהיה יושב ועוסק בתורה בשוק התחתון של ציפורי וסדינו מוטל בשוק העליון של ציפורי (תניא) א''ר יצחק בן ...
6
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1answer
607 views

What did Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai argue about for three years?

Eiruvin 13b records a dispute between Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai that went on for three years, after which a bat kol (voice from heaven) intervened. The point of bringing this story here in the g'...
0
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2answers
147 views

Explanation of Eruvin 41b

(Eruvin 41b) "Someone who has a bad wife will not see Gehinom" What does this mean exactly?
7
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2answers
634 views

What were the arguments for and against man's creation?

The gemara in Eiruvin 13b teaches that for two and a half years there was a dispute between Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel - these said that it was better for man not to have been created than to have ...
1
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1answer
110 views

What would be the problem with these strange walls?

The Gemara discusses whether a fence made with just Shesi (horizontal component) or just Eirev (vertical component) is a wall. Some opinions say that its not. Then there is another Gemara which ...
2
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0answers
464 views

How is a ten tefachim wall hard to use?

The Gemara in Eiruvin 77a says that when a ten tefachim wall is between two courtyards, but is less than that to one courtyard (the floor of the courtyard is heigher), we give it to the one which is ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

What is the basis for the ruling that adding to a tent is permissible on Shabbath?

The Gemara in 'Eruving 102a quotes Rav as telling Rav Huna that in order to provide shade for his flock in the daytime on Shabbath yet roll back the cover in the evening for ventilation, all he has to ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Can a woman make an eiruv for her minor children?

The g'mara on Eiruvin 82b explains that a man can make an eiruv for his minor children and Canaanite slaves without their consent, but for adult children, his wife, and Hebrew slaves they must consent....
6
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0answers
117 views

Why can't Eliyahu come on Shabbos Erev Pesach?

The Gemara in Pesachim (13a) writes that R' Elazar Ben Yehuda from Bartosa says that if the day before Pesach falls on Shabbos (when one can't burn Chametz), one should destroy all his Chametz on ...
1
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1answer
72 views

Is there a law of Hachana?

The Gemara (Eiruvin 38) says that R' Eliezer holds of Hachana or else one would be allowed to lechatchila make an eiruv on the second day. On the other hand, when R' Chisda says that there is such a ...
2
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2answers
82 views

Why don't merchants have torah, according to R. Yochanan?

The g'mara on Eiruvin 55a, expounding "it is not in heaven...nor across the sea" (D'varim 30:12-13), says (Soncinco translation): Raba expounded, It is not in heaven, it is not to be found with him ...
4
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2answers
133 views

Can we really estimate halachic distances?

A mishna on Eiruvin 41b tells of a ship that was coming into harbor at dusk coming into Shabbat. Since Shabbat had already begun when the ship docked, those on board asked R. Gamaliel if they could ...
4
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2answers
197 views

Should a torah scholar be cruel to his family?

Eiruvin(21b-22a): His locks are curled (Shir HaShirm 5:11). Mar Ukva says that teaches us that we are to make many interpretations on every point of the letters of the Torah. black as a raven – With ...
4
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1answer
132 views

How were long-running talmudic discussions actually conducted?

Eiruvin 13b records two years-long disputes between Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai, and surely these are not the only long-running debates. How did that work in practice? Did they really have a single ...
5
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0answers
138 views

Following the stringencies of different opinions

There is a tangential discussion in 'Eruvin, Daf 6b-7a about whether or not we can take the stringencies of two conflicting opinions. The Gemara seems adamant that we cannot, though there are examples ...
8
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1answer
282 views

How does the food part of an eiruv work?

I have heard (and daf yomi is reinforcing the impression) that an eiruv depends on two things: the boundary, and that there is some sort of communal food that is shared by those in the enclosed ...
6
votes
2answers
148 views

How did Avraham save Terach?

The gemarah (eiruvin 19a) states that Avraham Avinu sits at the entrance to gehinom and doesn't allowed anyone circumcised to enter there. The Ariz'l (Sefer Likkutim, Parsha Vayera) states that the ...
4
votes
2answers
204 views

Eruv around towns for the purpose of carrying

I was learning the first few chapters of Eyruvin, and I wondering which of the mishnas are the source (or inspiration more likely) for the idea of a string around an area that allows one to carry ...