Questions tagged [malchut-royalty]

Questions about kings and monarchy in Judaism.

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Being a “son of God” among “sons of God”

During the course of Hashem's explanation of his relationship to the Children of Israel, he likens them to his child: Yirmiyahu 31:9 "כִּֽי־הָיִ֤יתִי לְיִשְׂרָאֵל֙ לְאָ֔ב וְאֶפְרַ֖יִם בְּכֹ֥רִי ...
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Who can become king of the Jews?

The Talmud says: חכם קודם למלך ישראל חכם שמת אין לנו כיוצא בו מלך ישראל שמת כל ישראל ראוים למלכות -- A Torah Sage comes before the king of Israel, because if a Sage dies, we have no one like him to ...
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1answer
863 views

Are a convert's children considered to be of Jewish lineage?

Last week's parsha talks about appointing a Jewish king over Israel, and that it is prohibited to appoint a king who is not of Jewish lineage, even if he is a convert. At what point are one's children ...
3
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1answer
108 views

Cyrus, Darius, Artexerxes - From Good to Bad?

After reading this question - I am now more confused! The Gemara in Rosh Hashanah 3b writes that Cyrus, Darius and Artaxerxes were all the same person: All three names are referring to the same ...
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2answers
54 views

How can the Rambam say anointing a King requires a Sanhedrin, when Shmuel anointed King David alone?

The Rambam says a King must be anointed by a Sanhedrin, why did Shmuel seemingly go alone in secret?
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1answer
73 views

Was Achashveirosh feeling unwell in beginning of chapter six?

In the beginning of chapter six it says that the king couldn't sleep and he was told a story of how Mordechai saved him, etc. And it them says that Haman was coming to tell the king about his plan. ...
3
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1answer
117 views

What is the basis in the Torah permitting a king to kill someone?

Rambam in the laws of kings 3:10 states כל ההורג נפשות שלא בראיה ברורה. או בלא התראה. אפלו בעד אחד. או שונא שהרג בשגגה. יש למלך רשות להרגו ולתקן העולם כפי מה שהשעה צריכה. והורג רבים ביום אחד ותולה ...
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What is the Chidush that Parashat Hamelech is read off the Torah scroll in Hebrew?

ואלו נאמרין בלשון הקודש: מקרא ביכורים, וחליצה, ... ברכת כהנים,... ופרשת המלך... (Sotah 32a) these are recited only in the sacred tongue, Hebrew: Bikkurim and Chalitzah and the blessings and curses ...
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What is the official title for the wife of a Jewish king?

The Rambam in Hilchos Melachim U'Milchamot 1:5 writes: אֵין מַעֲמִידִין אִשָּׁה בְּמַלְכוּת שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים יז טו) "עָלֶיךָ מֶלֶךְ" וְלֹא מַלְכָּה. We may not appoint a woman to the ...
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Underage Jewish King in Judaism

Parshas Shoftim deals with some Mitzvos for a Jewish King. IIRC, a son inherits his father king and can be appointed as such at any age1 - Solomon, for example, was 12 and Yoash was 7 ("בֶּן-שֶׁבַע ...
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1answer
237 views

Do Rome and Persia's kingdoms still exist?

The Gemara in Avoda Zara 2b says: וכי מאחר דחזו לקמאי דלא מהני ולא מידי מ"ט עיילי סברי הנך אישתעבדו בהו בישראל ואנן לא שעבדנו בישראל מאי שנא הני דחשיבי ומאי שנא הני דלא חשיבי להו משום דהנך משכי ...
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180 views

Why didn't the Jews appoint a king before rebuilding the temple?

In the times of Ezra and Nechemia the temple was rebuilt. Rambam codifies that the mitzvah to appoint a king comes before the mitzvah to build the temple. If that is the case why didn't the Jews ...
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1answer
44 views

Why isn't there a specific number given for the amount of horses and gold/silver that a king is allowed to own?

The Rambam in Hilchos Melachim 3:2 writes how a king can't have more than 18 wives: לֹא יַרְבֶּה לוֹ נָשִׁים. מִפִּי הַשְּׁמוּעָה לָמְדוּ שֶׁהוּא לוֹקֵחַ עַד שְׁמוֹנֶה עֶשְׂרֵה נָשִׁים בֵּין ...
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1answer
49 views

Does the King have to ask for forgiveness?

If the King of Israel sins against another Jew, (e.g cursing, speaking badly, etc.) is he obligated to ask for forgiveness?
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155 views

When can the brother of a man who died childless do neither yibbum nor chalitzah?

I was under the impression that if a man dies childless and has a brother, then the brother must do either yibbum (marrying his wife) or chalitzah (rejecting the marriage) -- his choice, but he has to ...
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1answer
72 views

Why was King David allowed to mourn on the floor?

I heard from my rav that one of the laws of a king is that during mourning, he is not allowed to sit on the floor. Rather he sits on a couch, so as not shame his status as the king. If this is true, ...
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64 views

Why would becoming king or kohein gadol exempt one from atoning for past sins?

To atone for certain transgressions, the torah (Vayikra 4) mandates different offerings depending on the status of the person who transgressed. Horayot 3:3, talking about the king or the kohein gadol,...
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145 views

What happens if a Jewish king marries a 19th wife?

The mishna on Sanhedrin 21a teaches us that a king may not have more than 18 wives, and this is also codified by The Rambam (Hilchos Malachim 3:2): לֹא יַרְבֶּה לוֹ נָשִׁים. מִפִּי הַשְּׁמוּעָה ...
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25 views

Do the 3 Mitzvos of entering Israel apply to the Second Temple?

וכן היה רבי יהודה אומר ג' מצות נצטוו ישראל בכניסתן לארץ: להעמיד להם מלך ולהכרית זרעו של עמלק ולבנות להם בית הבחירה (Sanhedrin 20b) Rabbi Yehuda says: Three mitzvot were commanded to the Jewish ...
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162 views

What happened to Zerubbabel? [duplicate]

Regarding the curse of Jenconiah and his descendants (Jeremiah 22:28-30). I am a little confused to what happened with Zerubbabel. He appears in the oracles of Zechariah and Haggai but no clear ...
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1answer
81 views

Why was a king necessary in the first place?

When Moshe led the Jewish people, there came a time where he spoke with Hashem and asked for him to relieve his burden. He needed help with the responsibility that had been placed upon him. This led ...
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172 views

Is there a spiritual significance to the fact one of the most heavily Jewish neighborhoods in NYC is “Crown” Heights? [closed]

This may seem like a strange question but I was curious if there was any religious significance to this. Possibly, Jews following the opinion of a Rabbi who saw the name as signifying a place of ...
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99 views

Can a King execute Kohen Gadol that he thinks is מורד במלכות?

While Kohen Gadol is a citizen, he belongs to a different "authority" that a King is obligated to respect (see Rambam Melachim 2, 5): "אבל כהן גדול אינו בא לפני המלך אלא אם רצה ואינו עומד לפניו ...
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76 views

The Four Authorities of a theoretical Halachic Jewish State

I have found traditionally four types of authorities for the governing/ruling of the Jewish nation: A Prophet (like Moses or Shmuel) A Kohen Gadol (Pinchas) Sanhedrin with Nessi A King (Saul, David) (...
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Clarification on the verse on Yehoshua's right to kill the rebels

This is a preliminary clarification question on the fundamental verse used by the Gemmorah (Sanhedrin 49a) and Rambam for allowing King to kill his rebels (following "where-does-the-power-of-a-jewish-...
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1answer
80 views

Where does the power of a Jewish king to sentence to death come from?

Rambam Melachim 3:8: "כָּל הַמּוֹרֵד בְּמֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל יֵשׁ לַמֶּלֶךְ רְשׁוּת לְהָרְגוֹ. אֲפִלּוּ גָּזַר עַל אֶחָד מִשְּׁאָר הָעָם שֶׁיֵּלֵךְ לְמָקוֹם פְּלוֹנִי וְלֹא הָלַךְ אוֹ שֶׁלֹּא יָצָא ...
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3answers
338 views

Why did Jewish kings wear crowns?

It appears that Jewish kings wore crowns. See for example Shmuel Bet 1:10, 12:30. The Torah does not instruct a king to wear a crown. Obviously the king can wear pretty much whatever he wants within ...
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39 views

A source for the suggestion that Moshe Rabbeinu was raised in the house of Pharaoh so that he would see real Malchus

A speaker remarked that the Divine plan called for Moshe to be raised in the house of Pharaoh so that he (Moshe) would see real Malchus. To me the suggestion seemed to be that in some way Pharaoh was ...
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184 views

Does the Torah require a Jewish Monarchy

Does the Torah require a Jewish Monarchy? When the people asked Nevi Samuel to appoint a King he strenuously objected to the appointment of a King! (1 Samuel 8:6, 11-18) Maimonides (Hilchos ...
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If someone engaged in one of the activities that disqualify one from being King or High Priest, without pay, is he still disqualified?

In Mishneh Torah Laws of Kings and their Wars 1:6 it states (from Sefaria): ואין מעמידין מלך ולא כהן גדול. לא קצב. ולא ספר. ולא בלן [א.] ולא ברסי. לא מפני שהן פסולין אלא הואיל ואמנותן נקלה העם ...
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Why Yehoshua was not anointed as a king?

I admit I don't have a decent understanding of the idea of Torah kingdom and kingship. I know it is a מחלוקת whether the kingship is לכתחילה or בדיעבד, but based on Rambam's Hilhot Melachim 1, 1: ...
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Malchut Shamyim working through us?

I learned that "Kabalat Ol Malchut Shamayim"--acceptance of the "yoke" of heaven (accepting the Heavenly Kingdom)--is refering to G-ds rule/reign and thus means 'accepting the the Authority of Heaven'....
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1answer
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Did Samuel annoint David in Publicly?

It seems from I Samuel 16 that Samuel pretended to come in peace, and then anointed David. Also, if it was done publicly, how come nobody told Saul, look, someone claiming to be prophets is anointing ...
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2answers
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Why does the king need to extend the scepter to Esther a second time?

In Esther 8:4 it says וַיּ֤וֹשֶׁט הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ לְאֶסְתֵּ֔ר אֵ֖ת שַׁרְבִ֣ט הַזָּהָ֑ב וַתָּ֣קָם אֶסְתֵּ֔ר וַֽתַּעֲמֹ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ׃ The king extended the golden scepter to Esther, and Esther ...
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2answers
147 views

Why was Mordechai dressed in royal clothing a second time?

Esther 8:15 says וּמָרְדֳּכַ֞י יָצָ֣א ׀ מִלִּפְנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ בִּלְב֤וּשׁ מַלְכוּת֙ תְּכֵ֣לֶת וָח֔וּר וַעֲטֶ֤רֶת זָהָב֙ גְּדוֹלָ֔ה וְתַכְרִ֥יךְ בּ֖וּץ וְאַרְגָּמָ֑ן וְהָעִ֣יר שׁוּשָׁ֔ן צָהֲלָ֖ה ...
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Sefer haKabbalah: How long did Jehoshaphat reign?

In the book of Melachim Alef 22:42 it says: Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. Seder Olam (see here) agrees with ...
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1answer
59 views

Tribe of Hoshea Ben Eileh

What tribe was Hoshea Ben Eilah, the last king of Malchus Yisrael, from? Seder Hadoros says he was from Reuven, but in the same sentence it says that in his days Zechus Avos stopped. The thing is ...
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1answer
95 views

Can jews elect non jewish king?

Not that you would given that Israel is not monarchy and that kings are not exactly elected. But can it? Would that be halacha? I've heard we have issues like this during, herod. I just want to ...
8
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2answers
280 views

What is the status when there are two anointed kings at the same time?

The Rabbi's teach that one kingship does not overlap with another even a hairbreadth (Yoma 38b). I understand this to mean that there may be only 1 Jewish king ruling at a time, or in the case where ...
3
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1answer
131 views

Mitzvah of seeing a king

The Shulchan Aruch in Orach Chaim 224:9 says that one should strive to see a king at least once in one's lifetime. To what type of "king" does this law apply to. Does a constitutional monarch count, ...
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1answer
68 views

Different kinds of ruling and excercising dominion

There seem to be different words to express some form of ruling (or exercising dominion). Could someone explain me the difference in meaning between these hebrew words when used in the Tenach? What ...
7
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1answer
192 views

Is bowing at the end of lecha dodi considered Avodah Zarah?

Someone recentley asked me if bowing at the end of lecha dodi is considered Avodah Zarah, since we are bowing to the Shabbat Malkah and not to Hashem. I responded that it is like the way we used to ...
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0answers
146 views

Texts of Currently Used Prayers for a Monarch

I am looking for the texts of currently used prayers for monarchs/royal families around the world. I was able to easily find the text of the British Jewish community's prayer for the royal family (...
3
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1answer
91 views

Four kings with special abilities

I heard from one rabbi about 4 king, each of them has a special ability: one ran fast, one saw far away, one has a good memory. And Hashem punished them accordingly: the first was ill with a gout, the ...
6
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1answer
114 views

halachic status of the Nasi in the talmud

I would like to understand the status of the Nasi in the times of the talmud. It seems that this was both an inherited position as well as something that could be lost/taken away and given to another ...
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2answers
210 views

King's haircut, every hair the same length?

I think I remember seeing somewhere in the Talmud that the King's haircut entailed that each hair should be exactly the same length. Am I mistaken, or does anyone know the source?
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47 views

יר"ה honorific for a king in Mishnah Berurah — a reference to a specific monarch?

In סימן דש, סקכ"ו the Mishnah Berurah says as follows: במקום שהמלך יר"ה גזר שאין שום אדם... My edition of Mishnah Berurah the acronym is expanded as: "יָרוּם הוֹדוֹ", which I believe means May his ...
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1answer
152 views

Is there a Mitzvah to obey a king?

10 So Samuel spoke all the words of the Lord to the people who had asked of him a king. 11 He said, “This will be the [d]procedure of the king who will reign over you: he will take your sons and ...
5
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1answer
180 views

No Monarchy = No Need for a Davidic Dynasty?

If it is true that "som tasim - Placing you shall place" (cf. Devarim 17:15) is not a mitzvah, but a reshut (cf. Ibn Ezra there). And if what the Abarbanel (to Devarim 16:18-21:9) and the Netziv (on ...
7
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1answer
950 views

Why does David refuse to kill Shimi b. Gera, but then later tell Shlomo to kill him?

II Samuel 16:5-14 And king David came to Bahurim and, behold, there came out of there a man from the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera, coming forth and cursing. ...