Questions tagged [malchut-royalty]

Questions about kings and monarchy in Judaism.

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2
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1answer
235 views

Do Rome and Persia's kingdoms still exist?

The Gemara in Avoda Zara 2b says: וכי מאחר דחזו לקמאי דלא מהני ולא מידי מ"ט עיילי סברי הנך אישתעבדו בהו בישראל ואנן לא שעבדנו בישראל מאי שנא הני דחשיבי ומאי שנא הני דלא חשיבי להו משום דהנך משכי ...
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1answer
101 views

Theoretically, in a perfect environment, what would happen if a king would commit a capital crime?

The Mishna (according to the Gemara) says that kings of the house of Yehuda (basically, the good kings) and all kings before King Yannai would be judged, and the Radvaz writes that (in theory), a king ...
9
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1answer
371 views

How do we determine the nature of the reign of the kings when the numbers don't seem to add up?

In the book of 2 Kings, the kingdoms of Judah and Israel were separate. In Amaziah's (Judah) 15th year, Jeroboam (Israel) began to reign. In Jeroboam's (Israel) 27th year, Azariah (Judah) began to ...
7
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2answers
240 views

what is the status when there are two anointed kings at the same time?

The Rabbi's teach that one kingship does not overlap with another even a hairbreadth (Yoma 38b). I understand this to mean that there may be only 1 Jewish king ruling at a time, or in the case where ...
-2
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2answers
170 views

Is there a spiritual significance to the fact one of the most heavily Jewish neighborhoods in NYC is “Crown” Heights? [closed]

This may seem like a strange question but I was curious if there was any religious significance to this. Possibly, Jews following the opinion of a Rabbi who saw the name as signifying a place of ...
3
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2answers
360 views

Does Moshiach have to be a king?

Partially based on this question, I would like to know what the source is that Moshiach will be a king.
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2answers
46 views

How can the Rambam say anointing a King requires a Sanhedrin, when Shmuel anointed King David alone?

The Rambam says a King must be anointed by a Sanhedrin, why did Shmuel seemingly go alone in secret?
4
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1answer
71 views

Was Achashveirosh feeling unwell in beginning of chapter six?

In the beginning of chapter six it says that the king couldn't sleep and he was told a story of how Mordechai saved him, etc. And it them says that Haman was coming to tell the king about his plan. ...
4
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1answer
217 views

How old was Pharaoh relative to Moses?

BSD We know Moses was raised in Pharaoh's kingdom. From Exodus 7:7 we know Moshe was around 80 when he lead the Jewish people out of Egypt. But how old was Pharaoh during all of this?
3
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1answer
63 views

Why was King David allowed to mourn on the floor?

I heard from my rav that one of the laws of a king is that during mourning, he is not allowed to sit on the floor. Rather he sits on a couch, so as not shame his status as the king. If this is true, ...
6
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1answer
140 views

What happens if a Jewish king marries a 19th wife?

The mishna on Sanhedrin 21a teaches us that a king may not have more than 18 wives, and this is also codified by The Rambam (Hilchos Malachim 3:2): לֹא יַרְבֶּה לוֹ נָשִׁים. מִפִּי הַשְּׁמוּעָה ...
3
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1answer
113 views

What is the basis in the Torah permitting a king to kill someone?

Rambam in the laws of kings 3:10 states כל ההורג נפשות שלא בראיה ברורה. או בלא התראה. אפלו בעד אחד. או שונא שהרג בשגגה. יש למלך רשות להרגו ולתקן העולם כפי מה שהשעה צריכה. והורג רבים ביום אחד ותולה ...
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2answers
112 views

Can a levirate marriage yield a legitimate heir to the throne?

If a king dies, and his brother lives, can his brother marry the dead king's wife to raise an heir to the throne? Or would a new line of kings begin? Deuteronomy 25:5-6 כִּי-יֵשְׁבוּ אַחִים ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Tribe of Hoshea Ben Eileh

What tribe was Hoshea Ben Eilah, the last king of Malchus Yisrael, from? Seder Hadoros says he was from Reuven, but in the same sentence it says that in his days Zechus Avos stopped. The thing is ...
0
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1answer
72 views

What is the Chidush that Parashat Hamelech is read off the Torah scroll in Hebrew?

ואלו נאמרין בלשון הקודש: מקרא ביכורים, וחליצה, ... ברכת כהנים,... ופרשת המלך... (Sotah 32a) these are recited only in the sacred tongue, Hebrew: Bikkurim and Chalitzah and the blessings and ...
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2answers
95 views

What is the official title for the wife of a Jewish king?

The Rambam in Hilchos Melachim U'Milchamot 1:5 writes: אֵין מַעֲמִידִין אִשָּׁה בְּמַלְכוּת שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים יז טו) "עָלֶיךָ מֶלֶךְ" וְלֹא מַלְכָּה. We may not appoint a woman to the ...
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0answers
39 views

Underage Jewish King in Judaism

Parshas Shoftim deals with some Mitzvos for a Jewish King. IIRC, a son inherits his father king and can be appointed as such at any age1 - Solomon, for example, was 12 and Yoash was 7 ("בֶּן-שֶׁבַע ...
3
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3answers
191 views

Name of Pharaoh that we were enslaved to in Mitzrayim

Do we know what the name of Pharaoh (i.e. king or president) whom we were enslaved to when we were in Mitzrayim was?
4
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1answer
177 views

Why didn't the Jews appoint a king before rebuilding the temple?

In the times of Ezra and Nechemia the temple was rebuilt. Rambam codifies that the mitzvah to appoint a king comes before the mitzvah to build the temple. If that is the case why didn't the Jews ...
4
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1answer
43 views

Why isn't there a specific number given for the amount of horses and gold/silver that a king is allowed to own?

The Rambam in Hilchos Melachim 3:2 writes how a king can't have more than 18 wives: לֹא יַרְבֶּה לוֹ נָשִׁים. מִפִּי הַשְּׁמוּעָה לָמְדוּ שֶׁהוּא לוֹקֵחַ עַד שְׁמוֹנֶה עֶשְׂרֵה נָשִׁים בֵּין ...
4
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1answer
48 views

Does the King have to ask for forgiveness?

If the King of Israel sins against another Jew, (e.g cursing, speaking badly, etc.) is he obligated to ask for forgiveness?
3
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2answers
140 views

When can the brother of a man who died childless do neither yibbum nor chalitzah?

I was under the impression that if a man dies childless and has a brother, then the brother must do either yibbum (marrying his wife) or chalitzah (rejecting the marriage) -- his choice, but he has to ...
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1answer
79 views

Why was a king necessary in the first place?

When Moshe led the Jewish people, there came a time where he spoke with Hashem and asked for him to relieve his burden. He needed help with the responsibility that had been placed upon him. This led ...
3
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1answer
64 views

Why would becoming king or kohein gadol exempt one from atoning for past sins?

To atone for certain transgressions, the torah (Vayikra 4) mandates different offerings depending on the status of the person who transgressed. Horayot 3:3, talking about the king or the kohein gadol,...
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2answers
181 views

Does the Torah require a Jewish Monarchy

Does the Torah require a Jewish Monarchy? When the people asked Nevi Samuel to appoint a King he strenuously objected to the appointment of a King! (1 Samuel 8:6, 11-18) Maimonides (Hilchos ...
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2answers
268 views

Why did Jewish kings wear crowns?

It appears that Jewish kings wore crowns. See for example Shmuel Bet 1:10, 12:30. The Torah does not instruct a king to wear a crown. Obviously the king can wear pretty much whatever he wants within ...
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0answers
23 views

Do the 3 Mitzvos of entering Israel apply to the Second Temple?

וכן היה רבי יהודה אומר ג' מצות נצטוו ישראל בכניסתן לארץ: להעמיד להם מלך ולהכרית זרעו של עמלק ולבנות להם בית הבחירה (Sanhedrin 20b) Rabbi Yehuda says: Three mitzvot were commanded to the Jewish ...
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2answers
125 views

What happened to Zerubbabel? [duplicate]

Regarding the curse of Jenconiah and his descendants (Jeremiah 22:28-30). I am a little confused to what happened with Zerubbabel. He appears in the oracles of Zechariah and Haggai but no clear ...
3
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1answer
91 views

Four kings with special abilities

I heard from one rabbi about 4 king, each of them has a special ability: one ran fast, one saw far away, one has a good memory. And Hashem punished them accordingly: the first was ill with a gout, the ...
8
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1answer
205 views

Would a non-Israeli Jewish king need to write a sefer Torah?

In Deuteronomy/Devorim 17:14, and 17:18-20 we see that a king of Israel is required to write a copy of the Torah to read and keep with him always. Would a convert to Judaism, who is a king of another ...
2
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1answer
159 views

Why did the people want a king?

Why did the people want a king? Why couldn't they just find another shofet ("judge"-ruler, as in the book of Judges)? Can't also shofets lead in battle (Joshua, et al.)?
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5answers
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If kings were supposed to be from Shevet Yehuda, why was Shaul from Binyamin anointed?

If kings were supposed to be from Shevet Yehuda, why was Shaul from Binyamin anointed?
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0answers
95 views

Can a King execute Kohen Gadol that he thinks is מורד במלכות?

While Kohen Gadol is a citizen, he belongs to a different "authority" that a King is obligated to respect (see Rambam Melachim 2, 5): "אבל כהן גדול אינו בא לפני המלך אלא אם רצה ואינו עומד לפניו ...
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0answers
76 views

The Four Authorities of a theoretical Halachic Jewish State

I have found traditionally four types of authorities for the governing/ruling of the Jewish nation: A Prophet (like Moses or Shmuel) A Kohen Gadol (Pinchas) Sanhedrin with Nessi A King (Saul, David) (...
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0answers
24 views

Clarification on the verse on Yehoshua's right to kill the rebels

This is a preliminary clarification question on the fundamental verse used by the Gemmorah (Sanhedrin 49a) and Rambam for allowing King to kill his rebels (following "where-does-the-power-of-a-jewish-...
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1answer
80 views

Where does the power of a Jewish king to sentence to death come from?

Rambam Melachim 3:8: "כָּל הַמּוֹרֵד בְּמֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל יֵשׁ לַמֶּלֶךְ רְשׁוּת לְהָרְגוֹ. אֲפִלּוּ גָּזַר עַל אֶחָד מִשְּׁאָר הָעָם שֶׁיֵּלֵךְ לְמָקוֹם פְּלוֹנִי וְלֹא הָלַךְ אוֹ שֶׁלֹּא יָצָא ...
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0answers
88 views

Sefer haKabbalah: How long did Jehoshaphat reign?

In the book of Melachim Alef 22:42 it says: Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. Seder Olam (see here) agrees with ...
4
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2answers
121 views

Why Yehoshua was not anointed as a king?

I admit I don't have a decent understanding of the idea of Torah kingdom and kingship. I know it is a מחלוקת whether the kingship is לכתחילה or בדיעבד, but based on Rambam's Hilhot Melachim 1, 1: ...
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0answers
37 views

A source for the suggestion that Moshe Rabbeinu was raised in the house of Pharaoh so that he would see real Malchus

A speaker remarked that the Divine plan called for Moshe to be raised in the house of Pharaoh so that he (Moshe) would see real Malchus. To me the suggestion seemed to be that in some way Pharaoh was ...
6
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0answers
149 views

Why do we greatly honor the Davidic line of kings?

I have trouble understanding why we greatly honor the Davidic line of kings, why we pray for the restoration of the dynasty. Taking as examples the last six major kings of the Davidic line, they ...
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0answers
51 views

If someone engaged in one of the activities that disqualify one from being King or High Priest, without pay, is he still disqualified?

In Mishneh Torah Laws of Kings and their Wars 1:6 it states (from Sefaria): ואין מעמידין מלך ולא כהן גדול. לא קצב. ולא ספר. ולא בלן [א.] ולא ברסי. לא מפני שהן פסולין אלא הואיל ואמנותן נקלה העם ...
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2answers
355 views

Secret Ops, The President, and The Blessing On a King

One of the conditions to make the brocha on kings is that they have the power to kill you (see Radvaz 1:296 as well as the Orchot Chaim Brachos 49 that say that this brocha is recited on any monarch ...
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0answers
47 views

Malchut Shamyim working through us?

I learned that "Kabalat Ol Malchut Shamayim"--acceptance of the "yoke" of heaven (accepting the Heavenly Kingdom)--is refering to G-ds rule/reign and thus means 'accepting the the Authority of Heaven'....
2
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2answers
240 views

How does Judaism reconcile the prohibition against Moabites/Ammonites joining the congreration and their royal lineage?

Wikipedia says that Naamah, wife of Solomon, was an Ammonite. That is the mom of Rehabeam. King of Judah. Ruth is a Moabite. That is one ancestor of David. Okay, so Jews have these prohibition ...
0
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1answer
56 views

Did Samuel annoint David in Publicly?

It seems from I Samuel 16 that Samuel pretended to come in peace, and then anointed David. Also, if it was done publicly, how come nobody told Saul, look, someone claiming to be prophets is anointing ...
2
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2answers
129 views

Why was Mordechai dressed in royal clothing a second time?

Esther 8:15 says וּמָרְדֳּכַ֞י יָצָ֣א ׀ מִלִּפְנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ בִּלְב֤וּשׁ מַלְכוּת֙ תְּכֵ֣לֶת וָח֔וּר וַעֲטֶ֤רֶת זָהָב֙ גְּדוֹלָ֔ה וְתַכְרִ֥יךְ בּ֖וּץ וְאַרְגָּמָ֑ן וְהָעִ֣יר שׁוּשָׁ֔ן צָהֲלָ֖ה ...
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2answers
124 views

Why does the king need to extend the scepter to Esther a second time?

In Esther 8:4 it says וַיּ֤וֹשֶׁט הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ לְאֶסְתֵּ֔ר אֵ֖ת שַׁרְבִ֣ט הַזָּהָ֑ב וַתָּ֣קָם אֶסְתֵּ֔ר וַֽתַּעֲמֹ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ׃ The king extended the golden scepter to Esther, and ...
5
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1answer
176 views

No Monarchy = No Need for a Davidic Dynasty?

If it is true that "som tasim - Placing you shall place" (cf. Devarim 17:15) is not a mitzvah, but a reshut (cf. Ibn Ezra there). And if what the Abarbanel (to Devarim 16:18-21:9) and the Netziv (on ...
7
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1answer
155 views

Pharaoh or King of Egypt?

In parashat shemot, how come pharoah is sometimes called the "king of Egypt" and sometimes called "Pharaoh"? The term Melech Mitzrayim appears in the Bible close to fifty times, while the word Pharaoh ...
9
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2answers
3k views

Why did Bigtan and Teresh want to kill the king?

I am very puzzled by the whole episode with Bigtan and Teresh (Esther 2:21-23). What exactly made them so mad that they wanted to kill the king? The gemarah (megillah 13b) says they were complaining ...