Questions tagged [malchut-royalty]

Questions about kings and monarchy in Judaism.

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When can leaders lie to their people?

I am looking for Jewish sources that discuss when leaders can justifiably lie to their people for a greater purpose. (Reasons might be to avoid a panic, to avoid revealing sensitive secrets, to spare ...
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Is anything else known about King Ahab's sister, who according to the medrish was a Judean queen?

In I Kings 16:22, Rashi quotes Seder Olam that King Asa, the righteous king of Judea, married his son Yehoshafat (also a good guy) to the daughter of the not-so-righteous King Omri of North Israel. Of ...
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melech lemech klum - What is the source? מלך למך כלם

What is the source of this abbreviation? melech is an acronym for: m = moach (brain), l = lev (heart), k = kaved (liver) if a person is as he should be, so he is melech (king) [brain rules], if a ...
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Why must Jewish kingship be hereditary?

As we see in the scriptures many kings from the line of David sinned and caused devastation in Israel. What is the logical reason for kingship being inherited no matter what kind of person is the king?...
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Whose blood did Manasseh shed in Jerusalem & why?

I ask this question based on the below verses that indicate that G-d punished Judah because of the sins of Manasseh. Are there some scriptures / texts where I can find more details? 2 Kings 21:16 ...
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Why couldn't the Jewish people return to live in Egypt? Till when was this valid? At some point later in history Jewish people did live there

One of the commandments of a Jewish king is not to have too many horses, so that the Jewish people won't go back to live in Egypt, where the best horses came from. Question: till when was this valid? ...
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Bowing at the royal coat of arms

In British Magistrate and Crown Courts the royal coat of arms is located behind the bench where the magistrates or judge sit. It is etiquette for solicitors/barristers and anyone giving evidence to ...
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Why didn't Yehoshafat intervene?

In Melachim 1:22:7-28 and in Divrei Hayamim 2:18:6-27 we're told that Yehoshafat joined his father-in-law Achav to do battle with Aram. Unsure of the future, they decide to ask prophets what will be ...
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Why is Yehoshafat called the King of Yisrael in Divrei Hayamim?

In Divrei Hayamim 2:21:2 it says: "He had brothers, sons of Jehoshaphat: Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azariahu, Michael, and Shephatiah; all these were sons of King Jehoshaphat of Israel. But ...
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What is the halachic source that allows the king of Israel to acquire a pilegesh through yichud alone?

In Mishneh Torah-The Laws of Kings 4:4 Rambam says: (The king of Israel) may take wives and pilagshim from the entire territory of Eretz Yisrael. The term 'wives' implies women who were married with ...
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Is there anything in Jewish texts says Israel must be theocratic?

Is there anything in Jewish texts says Israel must be theocratic?
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7 votes
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History of Chabad Moshiach flag

I'm working up a presentation on flags in our history, and I need information on the unofficial but commonly displayed Chabad Moshiach flag. Does anyone know when and where it was first flown, and ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Can someone with a blemish be king?

I saw somewhere recently that when Tzidkkiyahu was blinded, he was invalidated from hypothetically returning to rule over Judea as king, because he now had a halachic blemish (מום). Is this true, that ...
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Being a "son of God" among "sons of God"

During the course of Hashem's explanation of his relationship to the Children of Israel, he likens them to his child: Yirmiyahu 31:9 "כִּֽי־הָיִ֤יתִי לְיִשְׂרָאֵל֙ לְאָ֔ב וְאֶפְרַ֖יִם בְּכֹ֥רִי ...
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Why did the tribe of Yehuda merit to have the king descending from it?

What special merit did the tribe of Yehuda have to merit that all kings would descend from him?
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Who can become king of the Jews?

The Talmud says: חכם קודם למלך ישראל חכם שמת אין לנו כיוצא בו מלך ישראל שמת כל ישראל ראוים למלכות -- A Torah Sage comes before the king of Israel, because if a Sage dies, we have no one like him to ...
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2 votes
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Are a convert's children considered to be of Jewish lineage?

Last week's parsha talks about appointing a Jewish king over Israel, and that it is prohibited to appoint a king who is not of Jewish lineage, even if he is a convert. At what point are one's children ...
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Cyrus, Darius, Artexerxes - From Good to Bad?

After reading this question - I am now more confused! The Gemara in Rosh Hashanah 3b writes that Cyrus, Darius and Artaxerxes were all the same person: All three names are referring to the same ...
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How can the Rambam say anointing a King requires a Sanhedrin, when Shmuel anointed King David alone?

The Rambam says a King must be anointed by a Sanhedrin, why did Shmuel seemingly go alone in secret?
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Was Achashveirosh feeling unwell in beginning of chapter six?

In the beginning of chapter six it says that the king couldn't sleep and he was told a story of how Mordechai saved him, etc. And it them says that Haman was coming to tell the king about his plan. ...
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What is the basis in the Torah permitting a king to kill someone?

Rambam in the laws of kings 3:10 states כל ההורג נפשות שלא בראיה ברורה. או בלא התראה. אפלו בעד אחד. או שונא שהרג בשגגה. יש למלך רשות להרגו ולתקן העולם כפי מה שהשעה צריכה. והורג רבים ביום אחד ותולה ...
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What is the Chidush that Parashat Hamelech is read off the Torah scroll in Hebrew?

ואלו נאמרין בלשון הקודש: מקרא ביכורים, וחליצה, ... ברכת כהנים,... ופרשת המלך... (Sotah 32a) these are recited only in the sacred tongue, Hebrew: Bikkurim and Chalitzah and the blessings and curses ...
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What is the official title for the wife of a Jewish king?

The Rambam in Hilchos Melachim U'Milchamot 1:5 writes: אֵין מַעֲמִידִין אִשָּׁה בְּמַלְכוּת שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים יז טו) "עָלֶיךָ מֶלֶךְ" וְלֹא מַלְכָּה. We may not appoint a woman to the ...
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Underage Jewish King in Judaism

Parshas Shoftim deals with some Mitzvos for a Jewish King. IIRC, a son inherits his father king and can be appointed as such at any age1 - Solomon, for example, was 12 and Yoash was 7 ("בֶּן-שֶׁבַע ...
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Do Rome and Persia's kingdoms still exist?

The Gemara in Avoda Zara 2b says: וכי מאחר דחזו לקמאי דלא מהני ולא מידי מ"ט עיילי סברי הנך אישתעבדו בהו בישראל ואנן לא שעבדנו בישראל מאי שנא הני דחשיבי ומאי שנא הני דלא חשיבי להו משום דהנך משכי ...
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Why didn't the Jews appoint a king before rebuilding the temple?

In the times of Ezra and Nechemia the temple was rebuilt. Rambam codifies that the mitzvah to appoint a king comes before the mitzvah to build the temple. If that is the case why didn't the Jews ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Why isn't there a specific number given for the amount of horses and gold/silver that a king is allowed to own?

The Rambam in Hilchos Melachim 3:2 writes how a king can't have more than 18 wives: לֹא יַרְבֶּה לוֹ נָשִׁים. מִפִּי הַשְּׁמוּעָה לָמְדוּ שֶׁהוּא לוֹקֵחַ עַד שְׁמוֹנֶה עֶשְׂרֵה נָשִׁים בֵּין ...
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Does the King have to ask for forgiveness?

If the King of Israel sins against another Jew, (e.g cursing, speaking badly, etc.) is he obligated to ask for forgiveness?
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4 votes
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When can the brother of a man who died childless do neither yibbum nor chalitzah?

I was under the impression that if a man dies childless and has a brother, then the brother must do either yibbum (marrying his wife) or chalitzah (rejecting the marriage) -- his choice, but he has to ...
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3 votes
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Why was King David allowed to mourn on the floor?

I heard from my rav that one of the laws of a king is that during mourning, he is not allowed to sit on the floor. Rather he sits on a couch, so as not shame his status as the king. If this is true, ...
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4 votes
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Why would becoming king or kohein gadol exempt one from atoning for past sins?

To atone for certain transgressions, the torah (Vayikra 4) mandates different offerings depending on the status of the person who transgressed. Horayot 3:3, talking about the king or the kohein gadol,...
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6 votes
1 answer
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What happens if a Jewish king marries a 19th wife?

The mishna on Sanhedrin 21a teaches us that a king may not have more than 18 wives, and this is also codified by The Rambam (Hilchos Malachim 3:2): לֹא יַרְבֶּה לוֹ נָשִׁים. מִפִּי הַשְּׁמוּעָה ...
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Do the 3 Mitzvos of entering Israel apply to the Second Temple?

וכן היה רבי יהודה אומר ג' מצות נצטוו ישראל בכניסתן לארץ: להעמיד להם מלך ולהכרית זרעו של עמלק ולבנות להם בית הבחירה (Sanhedrin 20b) Rabbi Yehuda says: Three mitzvot were commanded to the Jewish ...
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What happened to Zerubbabel? [duplicate]

Regarding the curse of Jenconiah and his descendants (Jeremiah 22:28-30). I am a little confused to what happened with Zerubbabel. He appears in the oracles of Zechariah and Haggai but no clear ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why was a king necessary in the first place?

When Moshe led the Jewish people, there came a time where he spoke with Hashem and asked for him to relieve his burden. He needed help with the responsibility that had been placed upon him. This led ...
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-2 votes
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Is there a spiritual significance to the fact one of the most heavily Jewish neighborhoods in NYC is "Crown" Heights? [closed]

This may seem like a strange question but I was curious if there was any religious significance to this. Possibly, Jews following the opinion of a Rabbi who saw the name as signifying a place of ...
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4 votes
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Can a King execute Kohen Gadol that he thinks is מורד במלכות?

While Kohen Gadol is a citizen, he belongs to a different "authority" that a King is obligated to respect (see Rambam Melachim 2, 5): "אבל כהן גדול אינו בא לפני המלך אלא אם רצה ואינו עומד לפניו ...
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The Four Authorities of a theoretical Halachic Jewish State

I have found traditionally four types of authorities for the governing/ruling of the Jewish nation: A Prophet (like Moses or Shmuel) A Kohen Gadol (Pinchas) Sanhedrin with Nessi A King (Saul, David) (...
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Clarification on the verse on Yehoshua's right to kill the rebels

This is a preliminary clarification question on the fundamental verse used by the Gemmorah (Sanhedrin 49a) and Rambam for allowing King to kill his rebels (following "where-does-the-power-of-a-jewish-...
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1 vote
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Where does the power of a Jewish king to sentence to death come from?

Rambam Melachim 3:8: "כָּל הַמּוֹרֵד בְּמֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל יֵשׁ לַמֶּלֶךְ רְשׁוּת לְהָרְגוֹ. אֲפִלּוּ גָּזַר עַל אֶחָד מִשְּׁאָר הָעָם שֶׁיֵּלֵךְ לְמָקוֹם פְּלוֹנִי וְלֹא הָלַךְ אוֹ שֶׁלֹּא יָצָא ...
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12 votes
3 answers
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Why did Jewish kings wear crowns?

It appears that Jewish kings wore crowns. See for example Shmuel Bet 1:10, 12:30. The Torah does not instruct a king to wear a crown. Obviously the king can wear pretty much whatever he wants within ...
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1 vote
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A source for the suggestion that Moshe Rabbeinu was raised in the house of Pharaoh so that he would see real Malchus

A speaker remarked that the Divine plan called for Moshe to be raised in the house of Pharaoh so that he (Moshe) would see real Malchus. To me the suggestion seemed to be that in some way Pharaoh was ...
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Does the Torah require a Jewish Monarchy

Does the Torah require a Jewish Monarchy? When the people asked Nevi Samuel to appoint a King he strenuously objected to the appointment of a King! (1 Samuel 8:6, 11-18) Maimonides (Hilchos ...
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If someone engaged in one of the activities that disqualify one from being King or High Priest, without pay, is he still disqualified?

In Mishneh Torah Laws of Kings and their Wars 1:6 it states (from Sefaria): ואין מעמידין מלך ולא כהן גדול. לא קצב. ולא ספר. ולא בלן [א.] ולא ברסי. לא מפני שהן פסולין אלא הואיל ואמנותן נקלה העם ...
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Why Yehoshua was not anointed as a king?

I admit I don't have a decent understanding of the idea of Torah kingdom and kingship. I know it is a מחלוקת whether the kingship is לכתחילה or בדיעבד, but based on Rambam's Hilhot Melachim 1, 1: ...
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Malchut Shamyim working through us?

I learned that "Kabalat Ol Malchut Shamayim"--acceptance of the "yoke" of heaven (accepting the Heavenly Kingdom)--is refering to G-ds rule/reign and thus means 'accepting the the Authority of Heaven'....
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1 vote
1 answer
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Did Samuel annoint David in Publicly?

It seems from I Samuel 16 that Samuel pretended to come in peace, and then anointed David. Also, if it was done publicly, how come nobody told Saul, look, someone claiming to be prophets is anointing ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Why does the king need to extend the scepter to Esther a second time?

In Esther 8:4 it says וַיּ֤וֹשֶׁט הַמֶּ֙לֶךְ֙ לְאֶסְתֵּ֔ר אֵ֖ת שַׁרְבִ֣ט הַזָּהָ֑ב וַתָּ֣קָם אֶסְתֵּ֔ר וַֽתַּעֲמֹ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י הַמֶּֽלֶךְ׃ The king extended the golden scepter to Esther, and Esther ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Why was Mordechai dressed in royal clothing a second time?

Esther 8:15 says וּמָרְדֳּכַ֞י יָצָ֣א ׀ מִלִּפְנֵ֣י הַמֶּ֗לֶךְ בִּלְב֤וּשׁ מַלְכוּת֙ תְּכֵ֣לֶת וָח֔וּר וַעֲטֶ֤רֶת זָהָב֙ גְּדוֹלָ֔ה וְתַכְרִ֥יךְ בּ֖וּץ וְאַרְגָּמָ֑ן וְהָעִ֣יר שׁוּשָׁ֔ן צָהֲלָ֖ה ...
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Sefer haKabbalah: How long did Jehoshaphat reign?

In the book of Melachim Alef 22:42 it says: Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. Seder Olam (see here) agrees with ...
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