Questions tagged [malach-angel]

Relating to Angels in Judaism.

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What is the Samach Mem?

I hear Chassidic stories that the Samach Mem causes Jews to fight, and other evil What is it? What is it's goal? What is it's powers? Why did G-d Almighty creat it? Where can I read more about ...
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Why would G-d let angels speak on His behalf?

In regards to this question of mine I would like to ask: In Genesis 18:10 it seems that one of the men/angels visiting Avraham is saying that Sarah will give birth to a son, while in Genesis 18:14 it’...
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Why not name a Jew “Lot”? [duplicate]

I never heard of a Jew named Lot. Are there not any? Why not? What did Lot do that disqualifies him? His righteousness and (exaggerated) hospitality allowed him to be spared the fate of Sodom. ...
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Why does Rashi say Avraham thought the angels were wayfarers?

Rashi on Breishis 18:16 And the men arose from there, and they looked upon Sodom, and Abraham went with them to escort them, says to escort them: Heb. לְשַׁלְּחָם, to escort them. He thought ...
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Judging whether a rabbi resembles an angel

THe previous question "How should a rabbi resemble an angel" asked for the qualities a Rabbi should possess in order to be worthy of learning Torah from him. The Gemmarah prescribes that a rabbi must ...
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How should a Rabbi resemble an angel?

The Gemmorah in Moed Katan 17 says: א"ר יוחנן... אם דומה הרב למלאך ה' יבקשו תורה מפיו ואם לאו אל יבקשו תורה מפיו Rabbi Yoḥanan said as follows: ... If the teacher is similar to an angel [...
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Who opposes saying the Piyut מכניסי רחמים?

There is a long standing debate surrounding the piyut "מכניסי רחמים" which is said during selichot (words found here). The piyut is addressed to angels and the text aims to elicit the attributes of ...
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Why are the angels enjoined to leave at the end of “Shalom Alechem”? [duplicate]

Shalom Alechem, sung before the Shabbat Eve meal, concludes with: Tzetchem leshalom -- depart in peace. Why are the angels specifically enjoined to leave before the meal begins? I have heard that,...
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Meaning of Targum's translation of Seraph - קליא

In Parshas Chukkas, God commands Moses to make a Seraph and put in on a standard: וַיֹּאמֶר ה' אֶל־מֹשֶׁה עֲשֵׂה לְךָ שָׂרָף וְשִׂים אֹתוֹ עַל־נֵס וְהָיָה כָּל־הַנָּשׁוּךְ וְרָאָה אֹתוֹ וָחָי׃ ...
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What is the meaning of “וְדַעַת קְדֹשִׁים בִּינָה”?

The book of Mishlei contains deep wisdom with many layers of meaning which is often hard to grasp. Fortunately, such great commentators as Rashi provide clear explanations of the true meaning. However,...
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Do Angels (Still) Keep the Torah?

Both the pious pre-Talmudic Book of Jubilees1 and the Talmudic Gemara2 agree that Angels kept the Torah in Heaven long before it was finally revealed through Moses to the people of Israel.3 My ...
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Metatron an emanation from G-d?

What did Rabbi Simeon claimed when he said that ‘Metatron is a man in the image of G-d’, ‘an emanation from/of Him’? Rabbi Simeon ben Jochai commenting on the Zohar: “There is a perfect Man, who ...
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Do angels make requests of G-d?

Do angels make any requests of G-d besides praising and thanking Him?
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Why was it specifically Gavriel who is Hashem’s messenger to guide events?

Among all of the Malachim, Gavriel seems disproportionately involved in human events: He was responsible for saving Chananiah, Mishael, and Azariah from the fiery furnace (Berachos 4b, Pesachim 118a-...
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Did G-d and angels appeared dressed or naked to Adam in Eden?

First, we know that Adam and Eve were naked in Eden and didn't feel ashamed (Ber 2.25). "וַיִּהְיוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם עֲרוּמִּים הָאָדָם וְאִשְׁתּוֹ וְלֹא יִתְבֹּשָׁשׁוּ׃ The two of them were naked, ...
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Why angels are needed in a monotheistic religion? [duplicate]

Moshe's questions about angels made me think: We see that G-d "acts" in the world either through angels (Sdom) or by "Himself" with no intermediator (Exodus). Why angels are needed at all in a ...
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Source for R' Soloveitchik's teaching about why we don't stand for a baby in utero?

There's a famous teaching from Niddah 30b that a baby is taught the entire Torah in utero. Someone once referenced this gemara and asked The Rav, if that's the case why don't we stand for a pregnant ...
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Where is Heaven located?

God is infinite, omnipresent, beyond time and space, but what about angels and heaven? Surely they have limitations with regard to time and space? In the (Tehilas hashem) siddur, before Shema, it ...
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Why does HaShem say, “I rebuke you Satan” in Zech 3:1-2.?

If Satan is obedient to G-d and works under his authority, why did HaShem reprimand him in Zechariah 3:1-2?
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Can one see an angel?

Are there any sources saying how one can see or call an angel?
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Does the Midrash say we have guardian angels?

The Midrash quotes Rabbi Hama on the story where Jacob wrestled an angel but, not just any ordinary angel, but the guardian of Esau. Needless to say, Maimonides, I think said it was a symbolic ...
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How did the angel in “בבואו מאדום” Zemer make three mistakes?

I have always been puzzled by "בבואו מאדום" Zemer that many sing at Seuda Shlishis (actually found in the Bentcher as part of "Boruch Hashem Yom Yom"): בְּבוֹאוֹ מֵאֱדוֹם חֲמוּץ בְּגָדִים, זֶבַח ...
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Is the one who fights with Jacob in Genesis 32: 25-31 a simple emissary of Esau according to a current of Jewish tradition?

I am an Italian noahide. I read the following words written by an Italian Orthodox Jew about the figure of one who fights with Jacob in Genesis 32: 25-31 This figure is defined by the tradition "...
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Why are there angels?

I understand that the translation of the Hebrew word מלאך means "messenger" and an angel is "G-d's messenger." We see angels mentioned in various roles. Frequently, angels appear in dreams. Sometimes,...
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Eisav's angel fought Yaakov. Why Eisav's angel and not Gavriel?

I saw this dvar torah in a forum. "וַיֵּאָבֵק אִישׁ עִמּוֹ" (לב/כה) פירש רש"י ז"ל : "הוא שרו של עשיו" שואלים: בפסוק הנאמר על יוסף "וַיִּמְצָאֵהוּ אִישׁ וְהִנֵּה תועֶה בַּשָּׂדֶה" (לז/טו) אומר ...
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Angels Frequently Visiting Avraham

Rashi (Bereishis 16:13) notes that Hagar wasn't frightened to see angels because she normally saw angels frequenting Avraham's household: לְשׁוֹן תֵּמַהּ; וְכִי סְבוּרָה הָיִיתִי שֶׁאַף הֲלוֹם ...
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Guests are masters?

Rashi to Genesis 19:2 said that Lot called the angels his masters because: "וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֶּה נָּא־אֲדֹנַי סוּרוּ נָא אֶל־בֵּית עַבְדְּכֶם וְלִינוּ וְרַחֲצוּ רַגְלֵיכֶם וְהִשְׁכַּמְתֶּם ...
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Won’t let go unless you bless me

In the moment Yaakov is wrestling a adversary he says: ‘לא אשלחך כי אם ברכתני’, I wondered if there are any commentaries which reads this differently. I noticed that Rabbi Hirsch connects the root ...
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Source for angels surrounding one’s bed at night?

Nusachei Ashkenaz and Sefard include the following phrase in Krias Shema at bedtime: בשם ה׳ אלקי ישראל מימיני מיכאל ומשמאלי גבריאל ומלפני אוריאל ומאחורי רפאל ועל ראשי שכינת קל In the Name of ...
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Angel helping to find a proper wife?

At one point in time Avraham asks his servant Eliezer to go out and search a wife for his son. In Bereshit 24:7 Avraham tells him that HaShem will send His messenger (malach) before him.. Eliezer ...
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How to define the Malach Panav from the book of Isaiah?

In Yeshayahu 63:9 there’s a mention of a ‘malach panav (מַלְאַךְ פָּנָיו)’, why is this malach refered to in this kind of way; why this specific entitlement; what does the combination of the words ...
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Malach HaShem, Malach HaElohim and the way it presents itself

I’ve a question about Shemot 14:19 in which the malach ha’elohiem (מלאך האלהים) is mentioned. This verse explicitly says that this messenger who went before the camp, removed and went behind them ...
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Can a person who died count to a minyan?

There are many stories, such as an account that one year when there was a person missing for the minyan in Chevron for the Yamim Neoraim Avraham Avinu showed up to be the tenth, (an angel? with Rav ...
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What is the minimum number to comprise a band (גדוד)?

At the end of parsha 20 in Pesikta Rabbati, it refers to various bands (גדוד) of angels being shown to Moshe. Is there any minimum number as defined in Torah as to how many comprise a band?
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Can an angel perform multiple agencies?

Bereishis Rabbah 50:2 states that one angel cannot perform multiple tasks: אין מלאך אחד עושה שתי שליחות ולא שתי מלאכים עושים שליחות אחד. One angel cannot perform two agencies, nor can two ...
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What are the angels doing in the blessing on light?

In the Yotzer Ohr prayer, we praise God for creating the light. It then moves on to an interlude about the ministering angels. What does that have to do with the light?
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Why did the angel who destroyed Sodom have to visit Avraham? [duplicate]

רש"י בראשית \ וירא יח,ב והנה שלשה אנשים אֶחָד לְבַשֵׂר אֶת שָׂרָה וְאֶחָד לַהֲפֹךְ אֶת סְדוֹם וְאֶחָד לְרַפְּאוֹת אֶת אַבְרָהָם, ... וּרְפָאֵל שֶׁרִפָּא אֶת אַבְרָהָם הָלַךְ מִשָּׁם לְהַצִּיל אֶת ...
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Can Angels “fall”?

According to this answer, the Pirkei D'Rabbi Eliezer (among other works) references an idea that angels "fell" -- were somehow separated from their holiness and "became" human. This answer states ...
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Source that Song of Songs was spoken by the Cherubs in the temple

In a sermon on Passover a guest Rabbi stated that Song of Songs was actually the conversation spoken by the Cherubs in the Holy of Holies. He quoted a 'Rabbi Heller' in the latter's introduction to a ...
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Please specify the identity and function of Metatron in Judaism

The title is pretty much self-explanatory. I know that Christianity doesn't support the existence of Metatron, as the Scripture in which Metatron is mentioned isn't a part of the Christian Bible. ...
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Why did Metatron receive 60 lashes?

In the story of the 4 who entered Pardes (Chagigah starting on 14b) it says that Elisha ben Abuyah saw Metatron the angel sitting and therefore became a heretic. In order to show Elisha that Metatron ...
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Is it possible to lodge an appeal for a soul that has gone to Gehenom?

Unsong is a work of online serial fiction by Scott Alexander which is based heavily on Judaism. (I highly recommend it to Jews and Gentiles alike.). As I discussed in my earlier question here, the ...
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How could the angel of the sea disobey?

The Midrash in Bamidbar Rabbah 18:22 expounds Iyov 26:12 that when HaShem created the world, he told Rahav, the angel in charge of the ocean, to "open his mouth and swallow all the waters of Creation" ...
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Source for exclusively learning/seeking Torah from someone whose face is glowing like an angel?

I remember several times coming across a text that asked something along the lines of: "Who should one seek/learn Torah from?" or "How does one know whether to seek/learn Torah from a certain Rabbi?" ...
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Does a killer with permission lose his צלם אלקים?

Haamek Davar (ad loc.) explains that צלם אלקים (in Genesis 1:26–27) refers to an angel, also called a person's מזל, which envelops each of us and protects him from harm. He (to 4:14) explains further ...
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Is there any mention in Tanach of Angels have the ability to shapeshift into a human form

Is there any mention in Tanach of Angels have the ability to shapeshift into a human form? I ask because Matthew Henry Commentary says: 18:1-8 Abraham was waiting to entertain any weary traveller, ...
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Are there descriptions of angels as female?

Are there any examples in tanach, talmud or midreshay chazal of an angel(s) who are described specifically as being female?
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Looking for a Maggid Meisharim with footnotes/he'arot

I'm looking for an edition of Rav Yosef Karo's Maggid Meisharim that has footnotes as well as some sort of scholarly historical background to the sefer. Does anyone know of something like that?
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Maggidim (angelic mentors) in Jewish history. How new is it?

Did the phenomenon of "maggidim" (celestial/angelic mentors) who come to teach a person kabbalistic mysteries and other revelations, but begin with those who studied Lurianic kaballah in the 1500's - ...
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Michoel/Gavriel Wrestling Yaakov

Although Rashi follows Chazal in identifying the angel which wrestled with Yaakov as the Sar (archangel) Shel Esav, the Yalkut Shimoni (132), Zohar Bo (51b), and the Pirkei D'Rav Elazar all identify ...