Questions tagged [lulav-etrog-arba-minim]

The 4 plant species (citron, willow, myrtle, and palm), that are used for the mitzvah of lulav during the holiday of Sukkot.

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56 views

Why do some people require shaking Arba Minim (four species) in the Succah?

Related (but not a duplicate of) the old question here inquiring the logical connection between Arba Minim and the holiday of Succot. My question is in a slightly different vein - if the Arba Minim ...
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63 views

Why are the lulav, aravot and haddasim bundled?

Why are the lulav, hadassim and aravot bundled together? What's wrong with leaving them separated? Why not bundle the etrog with them? Why is it separate? Are there any hints / references in the these ...
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55 views

What's the connection between Aravos and Heaven?

What is the connection between the Aravos we take as part of the daled minim on Sukkos and the Aravos of Heaven which the Almighty "rides" on? Tehillim (68:5) שִׁירוּ לֵאלֹהִים זַמְּרוּ ...
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135 views

What's the reason behind the minhag of shaking the lulav in the sukkah?

I understand that not everybody has this minhag, but at most Sephardi shuls I've gone to, there's a definite minhag to walk outside after chazarat haShatz, go to the sukkah, say a beracha on the lulav ...
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41 views

Is the Ethrog upside down? [duplicate]

I have a question regarding waving the lulav and ethrog. The mesorah (sukkah 45b, Mishneh Brurah 651:16) tells us to wave/hold the arba minim in the direction that it grows. But the tradition is to ...
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196 views

How can a Sukkah be used as a protection from “Storm and Rain”?

According to the last verse of "Yeshayahu - Isaiah - Chapter 4", a Sukkah is "for a shelter and for a covert from stream and from rain" (Chabad) or "for a refuge and for a ...
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236 views

What are the references or terms for the word sukkah?

Which words or descriptions serve as references for the word sukkah? I will accept any and all sources that are accepted here at mi yodeya.
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75 views

How to give back a lulav that was given to you al menas l'hachzor

The Mishnah Berurah rules that in order to fulfill the mitzvah of lulav with someone else's lulav, and the owner of the lulav doesn't know that one has to own the lulav in order to fulfill the mitzvah ...
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41 views

Is a yachid the congregation or the chazzan?

When saying the Hallel on Sukkot one waves the 4 species at certain points. According to the Artscroll Machzor that I use, there are wavings that differ for the chazzan from what the kahal does (page ...
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Eretz Yisrael Esrog (Ordang)

From my understanding, standard Eretz Yisrael Esrogim are Ordang Esrogim, because virtually all of the Esrogim in Eretz Yisrael were safek murkav (possibly grafted) or produced exceptionally low ...
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Can I refrigerate an esrog?

I recall a teshuva of R Moshe (which I can’t find and may be remembering wrong) that says that an esrog that was stored in a vacuum from last year is not kosher even though it’s perfectly yellow and ...
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Hadasim: Righteous or not?

The Midrash (Vayikra Rabba 30:12) says Hadasim refer to Jews who have good deeds but lack Torah: וַעֲנַף עֵץ עָבֹת, אֵלּוּ יִשְׂרָאֵל, מָה הֲדַס יֵשׁ בּוֹ רֵיחַ וְאֵין בּוֹ טַעַם, כָּךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל ...
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Why take the Eitz HaDaas on Sukkos?

The Ramban (Vayikra 23:40) writes ועל דרך האמת "פרי עץ הדר" הוא הפרי שבו רוב התאוה ובו חטא אדם הראשון שנאמר (בראשית ג ו) ותרא האשה כי טוב העץ למאכל וכי תאוה הוא לעינים ונחמד העץ להשכיל ותקח ...
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Why is height the determining factor for the the blessing on the Lulav?

The Gemara Sukkah (37b) writes ואמר רבה לולב בימין ואתרוג בשמאל מ"ט הני תלתא מצות והאי חדא מצוה א"ל ר' ירמיה לר' זריקא מאי טעם לא מברכינן אלא על נטילת לולב הואיל וגבוה מכולן ולגבהיה לאתרוג ...
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114 views

Gezerah D'Rabbah in the Beit Hamikdash?

Rabbah publicized a Gezerah (command / decree) that Lulav and Shofar should not be used on Shabbat because of a fear someone may violate the Melacha of Hotzaah. I heard that there was another case ...
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77 views

A different Lulav set?

Vayikra/Leviticus 23:40 וּלְקַחְתֶּם לָכֶם בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן, פְּרִי עֵץ הָדָר כַּפֹּת תְּמָרִים, וַעֲנַף עֵץ-עָבֹת, וְעַרְבֵי-נָחַל ; וּשְׂמַחְתֶּם, לִפְנֵי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם--שִׁבְעַת יָמִים. On ...
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Why ban Lulav on Shabbos in places with eruvin?

Being that many people carry on Shabbos due to established city - eruvim, why shouldn't they take the Lulav on Shabbos if they are already carrying their tallis and other objects?
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Practical advice for keeping tallis on while waving 4 species

Whenever I wave my four species in shul, I always find that my tallis repeatedly slips off my head and shoulders. I typically have to adjust it every single set of waves, which is rather distracting. ...
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Can Etrog and Lulav be too cheap?

In the last years, in Israel, on Erev Chag Succot, about 4 hours before the Chag begins, we witness an interesting phenomenon - incredible price drop for the 4 Minim, especially the expensive Etrog ...
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68 views

Four Minim at the time of the Great Revolt

This is a 5 Agorot coin bearing a copy of a coin from the 4th year of the Great Revolt (70AD) that pictures the 4 Minim: I can spot two oddities relative to what's commonly accepted: there are two ...
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91 views

Did the Chofetz Chaim check his esrogim with a magnifying glass?

Many people hold that an esrog can be checked with the naked eye, but in practice many people use a magnifying glass. Did the saintly Chofetz Chaim zy”a use a magnifying glass when inspecting his own ...
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Is it Better to Buy a Pitom-less Esrog?

Although the Rema (648:7) says a grown pitom-less esrog is valid אם לא היה לו דד מעולם כשר וכן הם רוב האתרוגים שמביאים במדינות אלו are there any Jewish sources which encourage purchasing a pitom-...
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Rambam's decision to merge Shofar with Succah and Lulav?

When subdividing his 14 books, Rambam decided to merge Hilchos Shofar with Succah and Lulav, allocating the first 3 chapters to the first and the last 5 to the laters (see here) with no seeming ...
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Derech g'dilasan: the requirement for mitzva objects to be used in the manner in which they grew

The mishna quotes Rabbi Yosi (Suka 3:14) saying that if one carried a lulav in the public domain without thinking on the first day of Sukos which was also shabas it would not count as a violation of ...
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Popular Contemporary Aravoth Species

Vayikra 23:40 provides the commandment to take up the 4 species on Sukkot: וּלְקַחְתֶּ֨ם לָכֶ֜ם בַּיּ֣וֹם הָֽרִאשׁ֗וֹן פְּרִ֨י עֵ֤ץ הָדָר֙ כַּפֹּ֣ת תְּמָרִ֔ים וַֽעֲנַ֥ף עֵץ־עָבֹ֖ת וְעַרְבֵי־נָ֑חַל ...
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115 views

Blessing for lulav and esrog [duplicate]

Why do we recite the blessing with the words al netilat lulav and not al netilat etrog (or using both), or al daled minim?
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81 views

Who are the מאמ“ר and the כה”ח?

I found a reference to turning the body when waving the lulav. The text reads ויש נוהגים גם להפנות את הגוף לארבע רוחות (מאמ"ר יג; כה"ח צו). What, please, is the meaning of the abbreviations used ...
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Smashing the Aravos/Jews without Torah or Mitzvos

According to the understanding that the aravos symbolize the Jews without Torah or Mitzvos (Vayikra Rabba 30:12 מָה עֲרָבָה זוֹ אֵין בָּהּ טַעַם וְאֵין בָּהּ רֵיחַ, כָּךְ הֵם יִשְׂרָאֵל יֵשׁ בָּהֶם ...
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Saying Hashem's name quickly in Hallel on Sukkos

During Hallel on Sukkos, we shake the lulav during the הודו לה' כי טוב and אנא ה' הושיעה נא. The standard practice I've seen is the one the Mishna Berurah describes there - one direction per word in ...
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Why do we wave the Lulav / etrog?

The mitzvah mentioned in the Torah just says to "take" 4 species. The Torah doesn't mention anything about waving them. The Talmud mentions waving them at certain points in Hallel, but there doesn't ...
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97 views

Does an Ashkenazi lady say a bracha on netilat lulav on the first day of Sukkot if the lulav is borrowed?

An Ashkenazi woman wants to shake the 4 species on the first day of Sukkot. Her husband doesn't have a lulav. She goes to a friend who has a lulav, and without his knowledge (and active transfer of ...
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238 views

Which etrog is closest to the gemara's description of “the taste of the tree trunk and its fruit are alike”?

The gemara in Sukkah 35a describes one of the characteristics of the etrog as a tree that the taste of its tree trunk and the taste of its fruit are alike dinonline expands The Kapos Temarim (...
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91 views

Esrog only passul when under magnifying glass

What is the halacha if I checked an esrog and it is perfectly fine and then decide to get a closer look with a magnifying glass and see that this esrog has a pasul. Do we say its passul now since we ...
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69 views

Seventy Aravos on Succos

While listening to a shiur from Rav Heinemann, he noted a Rabbi Riff - Rav in Camden and descendant of the Netziv - who was stringent for a Hagahos Ashri which says you’re supposed to have seventy ...
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Kitzur Hilchot Arba' Minim

When I went to purchase my arba' minim for Sukkot this year, I realised that I was ignorant of most of the halachot. I told myself that I would learn these halachot before next Sukkot בלי נדר but I ...
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117 views

Is there a chatzitzah if one holds the lulav while wearing a gold ring around one's finger?

The Rabbi of my shul said that it is not considered a proper "lekicha" if one has a ring on their finger while taking the 4 minim. This is especially relevant to women who have jewelry (and men who ...
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72 views

Threw someones esrog on the floor on chol hamoed

If someone took someone's esrog on chol hamoed and threw it on the floor and the pitum fell off. How do we evaluate how much the damager has to pay the damagee? Since on the second day (chol hamoed ...
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51 views

What to buy for Sukkot

If one is poor, should he buy an Etrog for Sukkot or food for his family? I am researching the halacha with regard to this as a response to the story by Agnon.
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49 views

Source that Lulav is a banner representing life

I am reading a Devar Torah by an esteemed Rosh Yeshiva which says "Furthermore, the Midrash explains that when we lift our lulavim and esrogim on Sukkos, it is essentially a celebration of life. The ...
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235 views

Seemingly Hefker Esrog - used for the Mitzva

This past Erev Succos I arrived at a local synagogue that had a fellow selling Lulavim and Esrogim in their Simcha hall. The fellow left three Esrogim (not in the greatest condition - yet Kosher) on ...
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233 views

Is there a specific type of myrtle/hadass for sukkot?

It is well known that one can't just use any citrus for sukkot, but rather, one has to use an etrog/citron. But what about for the hadass? I know the branches used should have "3 leaves that surround."...
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79 views

Why is the mitzvah of the four species especially appropriate for the holiday of Succot?

What connection is there between the mitzvah of the four species and the theme of Succot? Why is this mitzvah especially appropriate for this holiday specifically? I am aware that there are different ...
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130 views

If a shul buys arbah minim (etrog, lulav, etc.) by using membership dues, does everyone have an automatic ownership?

From this M.Y. answer: On the first two days of Sukkot, the mitzvah can be fulfilled only using one’s own Four Kinds. As such, if using someone else’s set, it needs to be given as “a present, ...
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116 views

An esrog or a lulav: which one to buy?

If a person had to choose between buying an esrog or a lulav, which one should he buy? For example, if he cannot afford to buy both or supplies are extremely limited.
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35 views

Ethrogh “Lineage”

I've been reading a lot about ethruggim lately, and there is talk of Assad strands, and Morning Star Temoni lineage. Is the "Morning Star Temoni" lineage different than all the normal Yemenite ...
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86 views

Can I find the etrog “hay”?

Until about 10 years ago, etrogim were wrapped in hemp (flax weed). It was messy, but it kept the etrogim fresh for much longer than the foam does. I also find that the combination of the foam and the ...
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61 views

Can a partially moldy shmittah etrog be disposed?

In a recent pamphlet from Sh'or Yashuv Yeshiva (5 Towns), I read that a shemittah etrog must either be eaten or left to rot until it is inedible. Usually, when people see mold on food, they throw the ...
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1answer
95 views

Turning to the right vs. practice

Mishna Berura 676:10 quotes our sages: "Whenever you make a turning, it should only be towards the right". However, it appears to me that we usually turn to the left (counter-clockwise) when shaking ...
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1answer
83 views

Israeli esrogim after shemittah [duplicate]

Regarding esrogim the year after shemittah, when you prepare them to be made into jam, is it muttar to throw away the seeds?
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1answer
404 views

What is the bracha for Etrog marmalade that has visible chunks of etrog pieces and / or rind?

My understanding and intention on asking this: Fruit products that have visible fruit pieces, such as applesauce, I have read in a number of Brachot booklets, state to say ha'etz, since the fruit is ...