Questions tagged [lost-and-found]

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6
votes
1answer
179 views

How come the Rambam forbids picking up money found in the street?

I always understood that, when one sees a banknote in the street, one is allowed to keep it (and others wrote this way, e.g., R Belsky here and businesshalacha there #17). Then I saw the Rambam ...
-2
votes
1answer
75 views

Is not returning equipment to non-Jews considered theft?

If a non-Jew gave you equipment to use for a job, after the job is complete, is not returning the equipment considered theft or simply not returning a lost item? After the fact, is returning it ...
3
votes
2answers
245 views

contradiction in the aruch hashulchan

the A"H in C"M 263:2 says that mitzvas asei of hashavas aveidah(hasheiv teshiveim) applies only once you pick the object up, however in C:M 259:1 he says it starts once you see the object
4
votes
0answers
38 views

Found animals in Y'rushalayim going straight to the Mikdash without waiting for the owner?

If one finds an animal (of certain species) in or around Y'rushalayim [when the Beis Hamikdash is up and running] one can assume it was destined to be brought as a karban and give it to the custodians ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

Misplacing things and Shedim

Are there any sources in Judaism that explain that when you put something down and you lose it straight after, shedim have taken it and misplaced it to mess with you? Not sure if this is a good ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Obligated to return to a non-Jew what was stolen by accident?

After renting a place from a non-Jew, I realized I left with a small object accidentally. Am I obligated to return it as a "stolen" object, or is it considered a "lost" object that I am not obligated (...
1
vote
2answers
127 views

Received a check by mistake - should one return it?

Assume a Jew received by mistake a non-Jew's mail containing a check. The Halacha prohibits the return of an Avaidas Akum meaning an object which was lost by a non-Jew, unless it is done to bring out ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

At what point may one use an item belonging to someone else that was accidentally taken by him?

Someone who was on a supermarket check-out line accidentally took the bag of groceries belonging to another customer. He noticed this bag only when he got home. He is uncertain if the bag belongs to ...
10
votes
2answers
594 views

Returning Lost Property to a Gentile

Why is it forbidden to return lost property to a non-Jew? Its been a while since I learnt the discussion about hashovas aveido (returning lost property) in Baba Metzia; but I just learnt Sanhedrin ...
8
votes
1answer
535 views

Can you benefit from a lost animal while waiting to find the owner?

If we find a lost animal we must return it to its owner (seen most recently on Bava Metzia 30, but I know this is codified elsewhere and said directly in D'varim). I also understand that we must care ...
-3
votes
1answer
109 views

Taking Unclaimed Luggage From an Airport

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 76b says that one is not allowed to return a lost item to a non-Jew. The Gemara speaks very harshly of one who does this. The Rambam (Hilchos Gezeilah 11:3) codifies this ...
7
votes
2answers
76 views

Ownership of sunken treasure

If you discover a valuable sunken treasure, and you can identify living relatives of the treasure's original owners, must you give them what you find or keep it for yourself?
3
votes
1answer
124 views

How long must you attempt to return a mistakenly shipped item?

Scenario: You place an online order for a product. A few days later, the wrong product gets shipped to you. You contact the shipper online saying that they shipped you the wrong product; please ship ...
6
votes
0answers
61 views

A bought or found stolen mitzva item

It's pretty well known that you can't fulfill a mitzvah with something that has been stolen. However, what if you buy or find something to fulfill a mitzvah that (unbeknownst to you) had been stolen ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Returning a wrongly delivered letter

I normally think of lost property as being found in a public place (see Devorim 22 (2) “you shall bring it into your house”). If it is already in a person's house as with a wrongly delivered letter (...
7
votes
1answer
55 views

Do lost items belong to someone's heirs?

Let's say you found a dog on the street. You house and feed it, and place posters on the street. Two weeks later, the owner calls and identifies the dog, and plans to come to get it. On the way to ...
6
votes
1answer
127 views

Turning in a lost object to the “front desk”

"I" found an object left behind after a Jewish event in a public venue (let's say a hotel). "I" don't know who the owner is. The owner will likely come back to the venue to ask if the object was ...
9
votes
1answer
117 views

Magazine subscription that doesn't cancel

Many magazines (in the United States, anyway) today find the main profitability is in having higher subscriber numbers to show advertisers and really don't care if the subscriber is paying. The main ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

How long is לאלתר?

In the mishna on Gitin 27a, the rule is that if someone delivers a get (bill of divorce) from another country, loses it, and finds it again, should not deliver it to the woman unless he either finds ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

When something is lost, tie a knot

I have a question regarding a possibly Jewish tradition that I learned from my mother. My mother is from Iraq; back in the 70's Jews used to inhabit Iraq, and she said that this is who she learned it ...
6
votes
3answers
467 views

Returning lost property

Suppose I find lost property, and can return it to the owner. Am I required to return the object that was actually lost, or can I give the owner a duplicate? (And why?).
5
votes
1answer
65 views

Can a store owner avoid hashavas avaidah?

If a Jewish person owns a store where the majority of patrons are Jewish (let's say a pizza store) can he post a sign which says all lost items will be discarded after 30 days, or something similar, ...
5
votes
1answer
106 views

Lost package; who is responsible

If a seller sent an item to a customer via the postal service, the postal service claims to have left it at the house, and the customer claims it has not been received, who is responsible for the loss?...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

Must one publicize a lost object if it had been found a long time prior?

Let's say, for whatever reason, someone found a lost object but did not get around to publicizing it for over a year. Does the Mitzvah to publicize it still apply, assuming that after the long ...
9
votes
2answers
268 views

Does the mitzvah to return a lost object apply to aveirah items?

I recently saw a flyer that quoted from R' Chaim Kanievsky, Shlita as saying that if one find a smartphone that is not "kosher" there is no mitzvah obligation to return it. Is this in fact the halacha;...
6
votes
1answer
121 views

What is the Halachah if someone lost an object despite efforts to protect it?

If someone charged with guarding an object took protective precautions, but it nonetheless disappeared, what is the Halachah? Let us assume they were not paid for their guardianship, nor were they ...
9
votes
3answers
217 views

Why is המחזיר אבידה לכותי singled out?

The Gemara, Sanhedrin 76b, states that "one who returns a lost object to a כותי (or, per the marginal notes there, גוי) is censured by the Torah. Rashi there explains: "He is thereby equating the כותי ...