Questions tagged [levites-leviyim]

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17
votes
2answers
23k views

Why do people keep saying 12 tribes of Israel when there are 13?

The Encyclopædia Britannica article “Twelve Tribes of Israel” says (emphasis added), Jacob’s first wife, Leah, bore him six sons: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun. Each was the ...
17
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3answers
500 views

Adoptee a Cohen or Levi?

If a Cohen or Levi adopts a non-Jew, upon their conversion are they a Cohen or Levi as well or are they a Yisroel?
10
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2answers
140 views

In Bamidbar 4:3 they had to be 30 yrs old; in Bamidbar 8:24 they were 25 yrs old; why?

Bamidbar 4:3 "...from thirty years old and above even to fifty years old, all who enter the service to do the work in the tabernacle of meeting." Bamidbar 8:24 "...from twenty-five years old and ...
10
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2answers
177 views

Limud for Levi not being part of the spies

Devarim 1:23 reads: וַיִּיטַב בְּעֵינַי הַדָּבָר וָאֶקַּח מִכֶּם שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר אֲנָשִׁים אִישׁ אֶחָד לַשָּׁבֶט׃ And the matter pleased me; so I took twelve men from you, one man for each ...
9
votes
4answers
581 views

Can a non-Yisrael get Maftir Yonah?

At the Torah Service on Yom Kippur Mincha, can a Kohen or a Levi be called up to read Maftir Yonah (Book of Jonah)? The "maftir" aliyah is also the third aliyah which in general goes to a Yisrael, not ...
9
votes
1answer
490 views

Who gets shelishi if there are no Israelim?

Imagine that the Cohen family reunion is on a Monday. A minyan is planned with a sefer Torah. However, the gabbai, a kohen, looks around and sees that the minyan has nine kohanim and one levi - who ...
9
votes
2answers
225 views

42 camps and 42 non-refuge Levite cities (Masei)

What is the significance of the numerical correspondence between the 42 camps or waypoints mentioned in the recounting of the forty years of wandering (Bamidbar 33) and the fact that 42 of the 48 ...
9
votes
1answer
176 views

Does the Levi who washes the hands of the Kohanim have to be over bar mitzvah?

The Leviim wash the hands of the Kohanim when they go up to bless the people. If a Levi is not available a first born (to the mother) can wash (according to the Askenazi custom) instead, Orach Chaim ...
8
votes
3answers
354 views

relative fractions of Kohanim and Levi'im

Does anyone have reliable statistics (and barring that, reasonable anectdotal evidence) of the fraction of Kohanim, Levi'im, and Yisraelim in various Jewish communities today. By "communities" I don't ...
8
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2answers
818 views

Why do the Leviim wash the hands of the Kohanim when they go up to bless the people?

When the Kohanim washed their hands and feet in the Beis HaMikdosh they did not have anyone to help. Why then do the Kohanim need others to wash their hands when they go up to bless the people? Why ...
8
votes
1answer
539 views

how to call up a kohen/levi as acharon

Shulachan Aruch (OC 135:10) holds, and Rama (there) seems to also hold, that if a kohen (or levi, m.m.) is called as acharon then the gabai should say "af al pi shehu kohen". The purpose of this is to ...
8
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1answer
267 views

How do you decide how the aliyos should be arranged when there are not sufficient yisroelim in a minyan?

(This is a question based on an event. A shaaloh was asked. The object of the question is to examine the underlying reasons for the dinim in the situation.) A family minyan meeting once only on ...
7
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2answers
2k views

Where did the Levitical priesthood go?

Has the sacrificial system of the Torah been abandoned? Do those in the Tribe of Levi still act as priest? I have just never seen or heard of anyone making sacrifices of animals or going to a ...
7
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1answer
296 views

Washing Kohen's Hands

Following kedusha during mussaf on a day when there is birchas kohanim (duchening), the Leviyim and Kohanim assemble at the sink and a Levi washes each Kohen's hands. What procedure of hand-washing ...
7
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1answer
362 views

When there is no Levi, why do we call up the SAME Kohen “bimkom Levi” - “in place of a Levi.”

The Torah.org halakha class says, If a kohen is present in the synagogue, he must be called to receive the first aliyah. After the Kohen, a Levi is called. If a Levi is not present, the same ...
7
votes
1answer
485 views

What did Levites do before they turned 30?

The book of B'midbar (Numbers) tells us that the Levites served in the temple from either the age of 25 (8:24) or 30 (4, various verses), until they were 50. What did they do the rest of the time? Did ...
7
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1answer
249 views

Did women and Levites survive the 40 years in the wilderness?

In Bamidbar 14:29-30 God decrees the consequences of the people believing a bad report from the spies: בַּמִּדְבָּר הַזֶּה יִפְּלוּ פִגְרֵיכֶם וְכָל-פְּקֻדֵיכֶם, לְכָל-מִסְפַּרְכֶם, מִבֶּן ...
7
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2answers
112 views

Should Cohanim and Levi'im prioritize their knowledge and study of sacrificial laws, today?

My understanding of Mashi'ach related to this question: According to one of Maimonides's principles, we are to expect it to come at any time The Temple will be rebuilt and sacrifices will be offered, ...
7
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1answer
268 views

Source for bechorot losing/reclaiming priesthood

At a parshat hashavua shiur that I regularly attend, the rabbi has stated on multiple occasions that the bechorot (firstborn sons of Israel) were supposed to serve the purpose that the Leviim and ...
6
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3answers
150 views

How did the Levites erect the mishkan at each stop if they couldn't the first time?

In Exodus 39:32–33, the Jews finished building the various parts of the Tabernacle and brought them to Moses. The commentary of Rashi: They brought the Tabernacle, etc., because they couldn't ...
6
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3answers
504 views

Why don't we distribute Ma'aser Rishon or Ma'aser 'Ani nowadays?

Produce grown in the Land of Israel has to have Teruma, two of three different kinds of Ma'aser, and Terumat Ma'aser removed, as described in this OU Kosher article. Of these five separations, three - ...
6
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1answer
54 views

Source for Ir Miklat used to improve one's character

I heard in a shiur that one purpose for sending an accidental killer to the arei miklat, the cities of refuge, was so that he could improve his character. He would be surrounded by the Leviim, and ...
6
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2answers
384 views

Musical Instruments of the Levi'im

Does there appear anywhere in Torah Sheb'al Peh a sufficiently detailed description of the musical instruments played by the Levi'im in the Beit Hamikdash that they could theoretically be ...
5
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2answers
283 views

What do you do if there is no Levi or Bechor to wash the Kohain's hands?

What do you do by Duchaning when there is no Levi or Bechor to wash the Kohain's hands?
5
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1answer
98 views

Why don't Kohanim and Levi'im thank Hashem for not making them regular Israelites?

As answers to Why don't we thank God for making us men/women? say, men thank Hashem for not making them a woman because the obligations or mitzvot that a man has is greater in number than that of ...
5
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1answer
120 views

Are there leviyim in the Beta Israel Community?

Are there leviyim in the Beta Israel Community? If so, how does their role in the Beta Israel Community differ from other Jewish Communities? (Do they get the second aliyah, etc.)
4
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2answers
209 views

Who was in charge of l'viyim and their jobs?

L'viyim (Levites) in the bes hamikdash (Temple in Jerusalem) had various roles: some sang, some had overnight guard positions, etc. The kohanim ("priests", if you will) had a rosh bes av (family head) ...
4
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1answer
60 views

Does anyone say the “extra” pesukim in Yehoshua about the cities from Reuven belong there?

Some versions of Yehoshua, including Sefaria, print two extra pesukim (identical to the ones in Divrei Hayamim) about the cities that Shevet Reuven gave to the Leviyim. The Radak, quoted by the ...
4
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2answers
192 views

Must Shevet Levi Follow Dina Demalchusa Dina In The Land Of Israel?

The Ran in Nedarim (28a) states: The Law of Dina Demalchusa only applies to a non Jewish King, for the land is entirely his, and he can say if you do not follow my edicts I will banish you from the ...
4
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1answer
93 views

Korach's progeny

In Parshas Pinchas it says that the children of Korach did not die. Is there anyone alive today that is aware that they are from the descendents of Korach?
4
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3answers
96 views

Multiple Leviyim Washing the Kohanim's hands

The minhag I've seen is that a levi washes the hands of the kohen before he recites the birchas kohanim. I have often seen numerous Levittes teaming up to wash a kohen together - each of them grasps ...
4
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2answers
239 views

Did the Levi'im who sang in the Temple have choir practice?

I understand that the Levi'im sang in the Bet Hamikdash. Considering that both of them lasted several hundred years, they undoubtedly went through numerous rounds of Levi Singers (sounds like a rock ...
4
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1answer
132 views

Were there Bigdei Leviim (and if not why not?), what did the Leviim wear in the Mishkan?

Were there Bigdei Leviim (special clothing for the Leviim)? If not why did they not have any? They were in the public eye, as were the Kohanim, and all people in a royal court have a specific costume ...
4
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3answers
101 views

Why is Korach's rebellion referred to as בְּנֵי לֵוִי?

In Bamidbar 16:7, Moshe chastises Korach and his congregation saying, רַב לָכֶם בְּנֵי לֵוִי. However, other than Korach himself being from Levi, the rest of the co-conspiritors seemed to be mainly ...
4
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2answers
124 views

Levi'im drinking from the ground-up golden calf waters

Moshe made everyone drink from the ground-up golden calf waters (Sh'mos 32:20). Did he force the Levi'im as well?
4
votes
1answer
513 views

Does 'Levi-' as half of a surname indicate a family of Levites?

I've come across a number of surnames of the form Levi-[Something]: Tullio Levi-Civita was from an Italian Jewish family. Claude Lévi-Strauss was from an Alsatian Jewish family. Rita Levi-Montalcini ...
4
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0answers
135 views

Ki Tisa with no Kohen

The first two aliyot of Ki Tisa are very long. This is to ensure that a Levi has the aliyah about the golden calf, since his ancestors didn't participate. Yesterday I was in a shul with no kohen. ...
3
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2answers
112 views

When the Leviim guarded the temple, did they sit down?

In Tamid 25b, at the end of the explanation for the term "היו עליות", Rashi writes that no one, except from members of the House of David, could sit down in the Azarah. The Cohanim stood "above" Beit ...
3
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2answers
255 views

Levi does not want to wash Kohen's hands

Suppose there is only one Levi in Shul and he does not want to leave the Shul to wash the Kohain's hands since he will lose the Amein's during the time he is out of the Shul. Should the Levi be ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Could a Levi be the one who leads Birkas Kohanim?

In Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim, Siman 128 Sif 22, the Mechaber writes that, regarding Birkas Kohanim, "we attempt to have the caller [i.e. the one who says the words of the Bracha before the Kohanim] ...
3
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2answers
221 views

No Cohen - use a Levi or Yisra'el Gadol?

Mishna Berura note 9 on O.C. 135:3 says that if there is no Cohen in the shul during public Torah reading, we call up the wisest person in the shul. In many shuls that I have attended, they call up a ...
3
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0answers
33 views

Levi's role before Golden Calf

On the one hand it appears the tribe of Levi was granted their role as those who serve in the Mishkan/Beis Hamikdash from Bamibdar (3:12) וַאֲנִ֞י הִנֵּ֧ה לָקַ֣חְתִּי אֶת־הַלְוִיִּ֗ם מִתּוֹךְ֙ ...
3
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0answers
28 views

In Numbers 4:32 was each son of Merari responsible for a single part of the tabernacle?

In the census of Numbers 4, the workmen available were 3,200: JPS Numbers 4: 42And those that were numbered of the families of the sons of Merari, by their families, by their fathers’ houses,...
2
votes
1answer
676 views

Hacohen and Halevi in Hebrew names

Does every Jew who is a cohen or a levi use "Hacohen"/"Halevi" in his official Hebrew name (i.e. for a religious document)? If one is the son or daughter of a cohen or a levi, does the "hacohen"/"...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Are there any concerns about levitical cities today?

We currently do not observe the property aspects of the yovel year because, as I understand it, it's not practical until the ingathering of the exiles. (We don't own all the affected land now so we'...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

When did the Levites say to their father and mother “I have not seen him” as mentioned in Deuteronomy 33:9?

When did the Levites say to their father and mother "I have not seen him" as mentioned in Deuteronomy 33:9 ? And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one, whom thou didst ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

What happened to Leviim as teachers?

In the Torah it seems pretty clear that the Kohanim/Leviim were supposed to be the teachers and moral guides of Bnei Yisrael (e.g., Devarim 33:10): יוֹרוּ מִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ לְיַעֲקֹב וְתוֹרָתְךָ ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Why were the Levi'im not enslaved?

Rashi on Shemot 5:4 says: GO YE UNTO YOUR BURDENS — Go to your work which you have to do at home; but it cannot signify “go to your labours as slaves”, for he was speaking to Moses and Aaron who ...
2
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0answers
40 views

Why would they beat up Leviim who fell asleep on the job and burn their clothes?

Middos 1:2 reads (translation from Sefaria: אִישׁ הַר הַבַּיִת הָיָה מְחַזֵּר עַל כָּל מִשְׁמָר וּמִשְׁמָר, וַאֲבוּקוֹת דּוֹלְקִין לְפָנָיו, וְכָל מִשְׁמָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ עוֹמֵד, אוֹמֵר לוֹ אִישׁ הַר ...
2
votes
0answers
199 views

What did the Levi'im sing in the Bet Hamikdash?

From Talmud Tamid 7:4 we know that each day, the Levi'im sang a different Psalm. What else did they sing? Did they sing the same Psalms daily, and did they use the same tunes?