Skip to main content

Questions tagged [leil-shabbat]

Lit. "Shabbat Eve". Shabbat Eve occurs every Friday night after sundown. There are many laws and customs during this time.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2 votes
1 answer
128 views

Eating before hamotzi Friday night

I read somewhere online (I forgot where) that one should eat multiple different types of food and make a bracha on each before hamotzi. Then, hamotzi is said and the meal is served. Is this just a ...
Matt's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
0 answers
96 views

Eitz Chaim; Shaar Rachel v’Leah / Yahel Ohr / Derech Mitzvotecha

Can anyone point me to an English translation of Eitz Chaim - Specifically Shaar Rachel v’Leah, chapter 2 - please? I've come across a reference to it in relation to Adam and Eve's relationship and ...
ANH's user avatar
  • 273
1 vote
0 answers
52 views

Repetition of Hashem sefatai on Friday night

I've been thinking about lately whether should the prayer leader repeat ה' שפתי תפתח on Friday nights as in the morning or the afternoon? My gut feeling is that he shouldn't, because it's not a proper ...
Kazi bácsi's user avatar
  • 7,774
0 votes
0 answers
84 views

Eating Ginger instead of Garlic in Shabbat Evening

There is a practice to eat garlic on Shabbat Evening, as mentioned in the Gemara (Baba Kama 82:1) :  בגמ' בב"ק (פב.): "עשרה תקנות תיקן עזרא... ואוכלין שום בערב שבת" One of the reasons ...
Avi's user avatar
  • 1,465
1 vote
1 answer
146 views

A question on reciting the Veshamru

The Torah says: וְשָׁמְר֥וּ בְנֵֽי־יִשְׂרָאֵ֖ל אֶת־הַשַּׁבָּ֑ת לַעֲשׂ֧וֹת אֶת־הַשַּׁבָּ֛ת לְדֹרֹתָ֖ם בְּרִ֥ית עוֹלָֽם׃ בֵּינִ֗י וּבֵין֙ בְּנֵ֣י יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל א֥וֹת הִ֖וא לְעֹלָ֑ם כִּי־שֵׁ֣שֶׁת יָמִ֗ים ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
90 views

Is *HaMakom Yenachem* said Friday night in synagogue when the body's not yet buried?

If there are mourners in shul Friday night, they are greeting with HaMakom Yenachem Eschem etc. What if a relative died on Friday afternoon, but there's not enough time to bury before shabbos -- ...
Shalom's user avatar
  • 134k
2 votes
0 answers
76 views

Does the Yerushalmi mention drinking wine on Friday after bathing

Related to this question. The Otzar Yad Chaim in the picture below quotes the Bartenura who mentions a minhag to drink until tipsy before going to shul Friday night. The seffer then says the ...
user6591's user avatar
  • 33.9k
1 vote
1 answer
68 views

Difference between blessing and hallowing in Vaykhulu

We read Vaykhulu three times on the Shabbat eve, which includes the verse Bereishit 2:3: וַיְבָ֤רֶךְ אֱלֹהִים֙ אֶת־י֣וֹם הַשְּׁבִיעִ֔י וַיְקַדֵּ֖שׁ אֹת֑וֹ כִּ֣י ב֤וֹ שָׁבַת֙ מִכָּל־מְלַאכְתּ֔וֹ ...
Kazi bácsi's user avatar
  • 7,774
1 vote
0 answers
51 views

How do people in Yerushalayim manage with Purim on Friday? [closed]

In Diaspora, the only time Purim is on Friday is when 1st Pesach is on Sunday. That's a rare occurrence. I vaguely recall what I did with managing Se'udat Purim on Friday and squeezing it in between ...
DanF's user avatar
  • 70.9k
4 votes
1 answer
172 views

Why is Hashkiveinu not considered a hefsek between Ga'al Yisra'el and the Amidah (Chabad)?

Read this first: Veshameru in Chabad siddur TL;DR Many recite Veshamru (Shemot 31:16) before the Amidah in the Friday night Ma'ariv service. The custom in Chabad, however, is to not recite this ...
ezra's user avatar
  • 18.9k
1 vote
1 answer
158 views

Is it possible to get permission from a rabbi to take classes on Friday evening?

Disclaimer: I'm not Jewish, and this question is not about me. I'm not very well versed in these subjects. I've previously read questions asked here on Mi Yodeya, as I find it very interesting. I ...
Benceno's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
157 views

Explain beginning of "Magen Avot"

During the Friday night service, there is a short paragraph that begins: מגן אבות בדברו My translation: "The shield of the fathers, with his saying" What does the term בדברו mean in this context? ...
DanF's user avatar
  • 70.9k
11 votes
2 answers
1k views

Shalom Aleichem and Eishet Chayil at the Pesach Seder?

When the (first) Seder falls out on Friday night (as it did this year), the custom at my family's Seder is not to say Shalom Aleichem and Eishet Chayil. I have looked in all of the Machzorim and ...
Avi Ray's user avatar
  • 491
1 vote
0 answers
320 views

Shalom Aleichem -- "shuvchem" instead of "tzeitchem"?

I've heard a setting (by Debbie Friedman) of the song "Shalom Aleichem" that, in the last verse, says "shuvchem" instead of "tzeitchem" (recording, mixed group of singers). A rabbi who knew her told ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
76 views

When does a place become a shul w/r/t saying me'ein sheva Friday nights?

Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chaim 268:10 plus commentaries gives the rule that me'ein sheva (magen avot etc) isn't said at a private home, because it lacks the regularity of a shul. If someone has a ...
Scimonster's user avatar
  • 23.2k
3 votes
1 answer
236 views

Is the traditional "Blessing of the Children" allowed?

There is a traditional blessing a parent/father says for his children in many communities on returning from the synagogue on the nights of the high holy days or all Friday nights, etc. The text ...
Loewian's user avatar
  • 17.8k
1 vote
2 answers
556 views

What is the correct bowing order?

In the end of the Amidah, in Ose Shalom, we bow to one side, to the other side and to the front, this is also done in the end of Lecha Dodi. I've always done this starting with left and then right (in ...
Gabriel12's user avatar
  • 4,636
4 votes
0 answers
2k views

Why does the Chazzan Wear a Tallit on Friday Night?

Generally, the Chazzan \ Shaliach Tzibbur for Maariv does not wear a Tallit. However, on Friday Nights, he does. Why is this night different than all other nights?
Shmuel's user avatar
  • 10.6k
4 votes
2 answers
721 views

Do any Chasidim still accept Shabbos according to Rabbeinu Tam zman?

Apparently there is a story that Rav Moshe Feinstein asked the Satmar Rebbe to not have his followers begin shabbos with zman Rabbeinu Tam. Is there still a minhag amongst chasidim to take on shabbos ...
jj2's user avatar
  • 1,194
1 vote
0 answers
55 views

Davening Ma'ariv Early on Friday Night [duplicate]

How is it that we can daven Ma'ariv early before Shkia on Friday night when bringing Shabbos early? Differently then the rest of the week? People that usually daven after tzais hakochavim during ...
Zachary Greenberg's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
408 views

Custom of singing Aishes Chayil before kiddush

It seems that not everyone [always] sang/sings Aishes Chayil with Sholom Aleichem at the Friday night Shabbos table. When and how did the custom of singing Aishes Chayil at the table begin? Who ...
SAH's user avatar
  • 20k
5 votes
2 answers
453 views

Should "Me'en Sheva" (Magen Avot) be recited at a hotel on Friday night?

The prayer "Me'en Sheva" or "Magen Avot" which is recited in shul in Friday nights after the silent Shemoneh Esreh was instituted to accommodate late-comers so that people would walk home from shul ...
DanF's user avatar
  • 70.9k
2 votes
2 answers
116 views

If צאת is late, then פלג is late. When does one light the מנורה on Friday?

One cannot light the Chanuka lights before p'lag hamincha (Shulchan Aruch 672:1), not even on Friday evening (Mishna B'rura 679:2). If he did so, his lighting is invalid (Shaar Hatziyun 672:4). P'lag ...
msh210's user avatar
  • 73.4k
2 votes
1 answer
230 views

Shir Hashirim passage after L'chah Dodi

In this Moroccan recording of L'chah Dodi, sung by Sami Elmaghribi, there is an interesting passage directly following it, containing four verses from Shir Hashirim: Yishakeni min'shikot pihu, ki ...
Mauro Braunstein's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
83 views

Why no אמן after "קונה שמים וארץ"?

In the Friday night davening, I have noticed that after the chazan says the bracha "קונה שמים וארץ", the congregation always goes immediately on to saying "מגן אבות" without responding אמן to the ...
Daniel's user avatar
  • 25k
9 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the reason for the specific items listed in Pirkei Avot 5:6 being created just before Shabbat?

Pirkei Avot chapter 5, mishnah 6 says: Ten things were created at twilight of Shabbat eve. These are: the mouth of the earth [that swallowed Korach]; the mouth of [Miriam's] well; the mouth of [...
DanF's user avatar
  • 70.9k
5 votes
2 answers
322 views

Making early shabbos and tefillin

If someone accepted shabbos early (tosafot shabbat), and remembered he didn't put on tefillin that day, may he put on Tefilin in order not to miss a day of performing that mitzva, or is he already ...
David Feigen's user avatar
  • 1,962
3 votes
1 answer
378 views

How do you bench on a Friday rosh chodesh if you eat after kabbolas shabbos before nightfall

Do we say yaaleh v'yovo or r'tsai or both if one eats today which is Friday rosh chodesh after being mekabel shabbos but before nightfall. Does it make a difference if you finish before or after ...
preferred's user avatar
  • 483
4 votes
1 answer
275 views

ORDER OF krias shma, benshing and the omer

In summer when one davens early on Friday night and one finishes the meal at night, what is the correct order of saying these three things. Krias shma, Benshing and Omer.
preferred's user avatar
  • 483
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Having Oneg Shabbos with a non-Jew?

I've heard some frum families not allowing non-Jews at the shabbos table for the Friday night meal, because oneg shabbos is specifically for Jews. Is there a source for this in any writings?
shmuel's user avatar
  • 41
3 votes
1 answer
261 views

סימן יתק״ק and Shir Hashirim

In the copy of Echa I used this past 9 Av, the final p'sukim were followed by the notation "סימן יתק״ק". These stand for "ישעיה",‎ "תרי עשר",‎ "קהלת", and "קנות" (i.e. Echa). These are ...
msh210's user avatar
  • 73.4k
3 votes
2 answers
213 views

When Chanuka begins on Shabbos and one lit the Menora prior to Davening Mincha

When Chanuka begins on Shabbos and one lit the Menora prior to Davening Mincha should he say Al HaNisim at Mincha for Erev Shabbos? (Sources)
Gershon Gold's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
126 views

Order of blessing children on Erev Shabbos

When blessing children on erev Shabbos, is there a correct or preferred order (oldest to youngest, boys first or girls), or may parents decide however they like? If there is not a correct order, can ...
Premundane's user avatar
  • 4,530
3 votes
2 answers
284 views

Why "מלאכי השרת" in only the first stanza of "Shalom Alechem"?

The first stanza of the popular Friday-night song "שלום עליכם" calls angels "מלאכי השלום מלאכי השרת מלאכי עליון" (or, in other versions, just "מלאכי השרת מלאכי עליון"). The other stanzas call them ...
msh210's user avatar
  • 73.4k
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Leaving work in time for Shabbat

Candle-lighting time in my city starts 5 mins after I technically finish work, but it takes me about 15 minutes to drive home from work - sometimes longer if the traffic is bad. Is this a violation of ...
Malka S's user avatar
  • 2,169
3 votes
1 answer
258 views

Origin of using priestly blessing on Friday night

I know why we use Ephraim and Menashe when blessing the children on Friday nights, (see: Why Does Hashem Bless Us Like Efraim And Menashe?) but why do we use Birkat Kohanim? Is there any specific ...
andrewmh20's user avatar
  • 2,482
2 votes
1 answer
270 views

Who wears a talis on leil Shabbos?

Rabbi Chanina would don his talis gadol on erev Shabbos (Mas. Shabbos 25b, Rambam Hilchos Shabbos 30:2). While this has been practiced by individuals, is it today the practice of any particular ...
yoel's user avatar
  • 7,311
3 votes
3 answers
2k views

Minhag of throwing Challah at the Friday night Seuda

Aruch HaShulchan 167:31 and Be'er Hataiv 167:22 both say that it is forbidden to throw the (Challah) bread. I have heard that there are some people (I heard that there are some Rabannim who do so) ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
184 views

Torah personalities chosen for blessings on Friday nights

Why do we bless our children on Friday nights with non-correlated blessings between the boys and the girls? I can understand that we want our daughters to emulate the Matriarchs. Yet we don't bless ...
Seth J's user avatar
  • 41.7k
2 votes
1 answer
191 views

When should we light shabbat candles?

On page 188 of my סדור רינת ישראל (or p. 196 in this edition) the instructions for lighting shabbat candles begins as follows: כשהחמה בראש האילנות, מדליקים נר של שבת. My limited Hebrew has me ...
rosends's user avatar
  • 38.3k
7 votes
2 answers
777 views

Eating after Kiddush Friday Night without Motzi?

In many synagogues, it is common to have an informal food gathering after services on Shabbat morning. This is very rarely, if ever, done Friday night. On Shabbat morning the way it's done is usually ...
Chalutzhanal's user avatar
  • 2,292
6 votes
4 answers
771 views

Shalom Aleichem to angels?

The zemer "Shalom Aleichem" is obviously addressed to angels. The Tur (OC Siman 3) gives a short text to says before entering the bathroom: התכבדו מכובדים משרתי עליון, etc. (also obviously addressed ...
b a's user avatar
  • 24.9k
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Mincha after plag hamincha without minyan [closed]

If on Friday night somebody begins Mincha before Plag byechidus, but ends after Plag & then would like to daven Maariv after Plag with a minyan, would that be permitted? This question is based on ...
Daniel's user avatar
  • 19
4 votes
1 answer
3k views

Are marital relations on Friday nights a "double mitzvah"?

An uncle of mine once told me that a rabbi told him that having marital relations on Friday nights is a "double mitzvah," presumably because one would be fulfilling both the obligation to have ...
Adam Mosheh's user avatar
  • 6,039
11 votes
2 answers
1k views

Kiddush Levanah on Friday night

Why do we avoid making the Bracha of Kiddush Levanah on Friday night and the nights of Yomim Tovim?
simchastorah's user avatar
  • 9,069
6 votes
1 answer
420 views

Where is the text of Friday night Kiddush from?

There is a fairly uniform text for Kiddush Friday night. There are some differences between the Ashkenazi and Sfardi versions, but they are mostly very similar. What is the source for the text? As ...
JXG's user avatar
  • 3,130
9 votes
3 answers
536 views

Can one say Vayechulu Friday Night alone?

If one Davened an extra-long Shemoneh Esrei, and missed saying ויכולו... with the congregation, can he say it by himself? Or must he say it with someone else?
yydl's user avatar
  • 38.6k
9 votes
3 answers
1k views

Saying VaYhi Erev VaYehi Voker before Kiddush Friday night

The Minhag that many people have is to start Kiddush Friday night with VaYehi Erev VaYehi Voker before saying Yom HaShishi. I heard that HaRav Moshe Feinstein Zatzal did not say VaYehi Erev VaYehi ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
8 votes
5 answers
554 views

Kol Mekadesh - sung Friday Night - המאחרים לצאת מן השבת וממהרים לבא

In Kol Mekadesh that is sung Friday night it says המאחרים לצאת מן השבת וממהרים לבא which seems out of order. Do we not first rush into Shabbos and then delay its departure? Then why do we sing it in ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
266 views

When to Stand Friday Night by Hashkiveinu?

It seems on Friday night that various people rise at various times towards the end of השכיבנו (and before beginning ושמרו). When is the actual proper moment to rise? (Sources, please.)
yydl's user avatar
  • 38.6k