Questions tagged [kohen-priest]

A patrilineal descendant of the biblical Aaron, a male kohen (plural kohanim) could serve in the Temple in Jerusalem when it was standing; various other laws apply to kohanim also, male and female.

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What were (some of) the names of the 24 families of Kohanim?

We know that the Kohanim were split into 24 mishmaros. Each was a distinct family, with a distinct family name. What were (some of) the names of the 24 families of Kohanim?
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How is it concluded from Yerushalmi Shevi'it 6:1 that Rabbi Yishmael b'Rabbi Yosei was a kohen?

I heard a number of months ago that it can be concluded from Yerushalmi Shevi'it 6:1 that Rabbi Yishmael b'Rabbi Yosei was a kohen (this topic in itself is debated, see a short summary in his Hebrew ...
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Did the Levites and Priests Ever Teach the Oral Law? If not, Why not?

I've learned that the basic transmission of the oral law was: Moses > Joshua > Elders > Prophets > Great Assembly > Specific Rabbis But this seems to run contradictory from what we'd ...
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Can a kohen have a child by IVF with a divorce. What is the status of the child?

Is there any workaround avialable for thousands of kohanim who want to have children but are older singles and can't get married because of the high percentage of divorcees in the female population ...
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If a cohen's wife has an affair with a non-Jew after they are married do they have to get divorced?

I know that someone is considered a zona if they have had forbidden relations including with non-Jews and those in their family but what if this were found to happen whilst they are already married so ...
7 votes
2 answers
493 views

What type of olive oil was used for the shemen hamishcha (Anointing oil)?

I have looked through the relevant gemoros in Menachos and Krisos as well as the Rambam in H' Klei Hamikdosh but I can't find a source for what quality of olive oil was used for the shemen hamishchah. ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Am I a Kohen if [closed]

If a non-observant Kohen marries a non-observant divorcée, is there a way it would be possible that the sons from this marriage could be kosher Kohenim? What if the last name of this family is Cohen, ...
4 votes
1 answer
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Are Kohanim of a mishmar REQUIRED to work, or can they opt not to?

Background: Mishna Yevamos 100. The mishna discusses a Kohen of uncertain lineage citing an example of someone who may be the son of two different men, both of whom are Kohanim. We KNOW for certain ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Kohen marriage after cohabitation?

If a cohen cohabits, lives with publicly and may even have had a child with a jewish woman, born jewish, can they marry afterwards? What if there is a time in which they are not living together ...
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1 answer
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Am I a Kohen if mother's grand father is a Kohen

My mother's father was a kohen but my father is not Jewish, growing up I was never told I was Jewish it was hidden from me and my sister so when my parents got divorced I learned from a rabbi at a ...
2 votes
1 answer
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How did Aharon and his sons manage to handle the Mishkan service by themselves?

In later generations, there were hundreds and thousands of kohanim that could potentially assist with the very full schedule of managing the Mishkan/Mikdash on a day-to-day basis. However, in the ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Kohen Gadol and marriage

We know that a Kohen hedyot may marry a woman who is not a giyoret, gerushah, challalah, or zonah (Lev. 21:8) and that the Kohen Gadol may only marry a betulah (ibid. 13). Given this, what would ...
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Marriage of a Cohen to a woman with a non-Jewish father: Are the sons Cohanim?

Asking because it is not answered here: If, as suggested in the linked question, a Cohen may b'dieved (but not l'chatchila) marry a woman whose father is a non-Jew, will the sons from such a marriage ...
17 votes
3 answers
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Can a kohen be a mamzer?

A friend and I were discussing this. Generally speaking, it seems that it should be impossible for a person to be a kohen (rather than a chalal) and also a mamzer, because the set of women whom a ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Kohanim names. Am I a Kohan [closed]

My last name is Herskowitz. I was told that I am a Kohan. After reading Kohan names are Cohen and Katz. Am I truly a Kohan?
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What if there were no kohanim?

I don't know if this question was asked before, but: If, hypothetically, when the Mikdash will be built, somehow it was discovered that all kohanim were genealogically invalidated - chalalim in the ...
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What did the sages of blessed memory say about this phrase "sons of the priests"?

1 Chronicles 9:30 And some of the sons of the priests were compounders of the mixture for the spices. https://www.chabad.org/library/bible_cdo/aid/16529/showrashi/true Ezra 10:18 And it was found of ...
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Why paint Kohanim in ram's blood?

In parshas Tetzaveh 29:20 the Torah explains the details about painting different parts of the Kohen in ram's blood. I get the whole idea of the symbolism of the different parts of the body (...
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Only one high priest

In the Holy of Holies, only one high priest could enter, is that correct? Sorry, but then why did Nadab and Abihu they entered together (Lev. 10,1-2)? An explanation for this contradiction?
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Did the kohanim wear tefillin during their Temple services?

The Torah and the Gemara (especially in Yoma) gives us fascinating detail about the bigdei kahuna (clothes of the priests) that were worn in the Holy Temple. What is not clear is whether tefillin ...
3 votes
1 answer
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What is the earliest [illustration] of the kohen gadol

I've seen various illustrations if the kohen gadol that look like this. Sometimes the hat is wider, tzits has different styles, breastplate different sizes etc. I want to know where the "look&...
2 votes
1 answer
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Would the kohen place his hands under a woman's hand when she brought bikkurim?

In Devarim 26 and tractate Bikkurim it describes the bikkurim ritual including the fact that the kohen would place his hands under the hands of the person bringing the bikkurim during the waving of ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Which Mishmar did the descendants of Eli Kohen Gadol belong to?

Kohenim serving in the Beit haMikdash were divided into mishmarot. Do we know which one the descendants of Eli Kohen Gadol and his sons were members of?
6 votes
1 answer
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Minimal number of kohanim working in the Mikdash

A couple of months ago, I heard someone say that in his opinion, when the Hellenist Kohen Gadol Jason created the Gymnasium which drew many kohanim (Maccabees 2:4:12-16), the kohanim made sure that ...
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Why does a Kohain (or Kohain's wife) take challah? [duplicate]

It is a mitzvah to take challah from dough before baking when making the requisite amount of bread. All Jews are obligated in this mitzvah. When the Temples were still standing (may this be the ...
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Bimei Matisyahu ben Yochanan Kohen Godol

In "Al Hanisim" we say "Bimei Matisyahu ben Yochanan Kohen Godol", "in the days of Matisyahu the son of Yochanan the Kohen Gadol (=high priest)". Who was the Kohen Godol: Matisyahu or Yochnan?
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3 answers
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Kohain going into the Mearas HaMachpela

Is a Kohain allowed to enter the Mearas HaMachpela?
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Is there any practical implication to the Avot's being priests?

According to various sources, Malkitzedek was punished for blessing Avraham before blessing Hashem by having his "priesthood" status taken away and placed on Avraham. This status is then ...
5 votes
2 answers
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Where are the 24 places that Kohanim are called Leviim?

In numerous places the gemara quotes Rabbi Yehoshua Ben Levi as saying there are 24 places that Kohanim are called Leviim, but the gemara only ever quotes the pasuk in Yechezkel 44 15. See for ...
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Why did both Nadav and Avihu go up?

This question asks why didn't Elazar and Itamar go up Har Sinai like Nadav and Avihu. I'm wondering why both Nadav and Avihu went up. There's a disagreement who were the kohanim that went up the ...
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Having a descendant read about Aharon's death on its anniversary

This week is the somewhat rare Shabbat Rosh Chodesh Av. When that happens, we always read the section containing Numbers 33:38 about Aharon's death on Rosh Chodesh Av. In most communities this week a ...
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Was Yirmiyahu HaNabi a descendant of Pinchas HaKohen?

While reading this week's Torah and Haftarah portions Pinchas (פִּינְחָס‎) & Yirmiyahu (Jeremiah), I began to wonder if Yirimiyahu HaNabi was of the line of Pinchas HaKohen. Outside of both ...
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Relative fractions of Kohanim and Levi'im

Does anyone have reliable statistics (and barring that, reasonable anectdotal evidence) of the fraction of Kohanim, Levi'im, and Yisraelim in various Jewish communities today? By "communities&...
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Only Kohanim get reward for mitzvos in this world

There's a concept of שכר מצוות בהאי עלמא ליכא, there is no reward for mitzvos in this world (Kiddushin 39b). Much has been written on what this means and why it's true, but I found a innovative idea ...
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Kohen k'rav ya'amod

Inspired by this question. When we call up a Kohen (or when not present, a Levi or Yisrael) we use a special formula: ויעזר on Shabbat and yom tov (Shacharit) and ותיגלה on weekdays (and Minchah). In ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Kohen Entering the Taj Mahal

Can a kohen enter the Taj Mahal? When visiting India is a kohen allowed to enter even certain parts of the Taj Mahal? The tombs themselves are of non-Jews, of course, and they are buried beneath the ...
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Non Kohen Blessing a Kohen

Is it permissible for a non Kohen such as an Israelite or a Levi to give any type of blessing to a Kohen?
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Moshe losing kehuna

After Moshe asks Hashem to 'send by the hand of whomever You will send' (Shemos 4:13), Rashi notes on (14) that Moshe loses the kehuna to Aharon. Why does Moshe deserve to lose the kehuna based on his ...
2 votes
4 answers
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Why are kohanim mentioned in connection with judgement

In Devarim 17:8-9 we read: If there arise a matter hidden from thee in judgment, between blood and blood, between verdict and verdict, and between plague and plague, even matters of controversy ...
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Yeshv'av-Chutzpit connection?

Any connection between the mishmar kehunah Yeshv'av, which was also nicknamed "Chutzpit-Shuchin" (also known as Shuchim or Shichin, the town where they settled in) (see here for example) and ...
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1 answer
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Why does the torah repeat itself regarding מומין in Kohanim?

In Emor, perek:21 posuk:17 the Torah says: דַּבֵּ֥ר אֶֽל־אַהֲרֹ֖ן לֵאמֹ֑ר אִ֣ישׁ מִֽזַּרְעֲךָ֞ לְדֹרֹתָ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר יִהְיֶ֥ה בוֹ֙ מ֔וּם לֹ֣א יִקְרַ֔ב לְהַקְרִ֖יב לֶ֥חֶם אֱלֹהָֽיו׃ Speak to Aaron and ...
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Did the Kohen Gadol minister barefoot?

Just read an article (Wikipedia) that when the Kohen Gadol was carrying out his service in the Tabernacle he was barefoot. Tried to find some information in the Tanakh to that effect but couldn't find ...
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How long did it take to consecrate a new high priest after the death of the incumbent?

One example that comes to mind is the record in the Torah how Eleazar succeeds his father Aaron whilst he was still alive. Numbers 20:25 NASB 25 Take Aaron and his son Eleazar, and bring them up to ...
13 votes
1 answer
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What if the Kohen Gadol accidentally kills someone?

An ordinary person who accidentally kills someone has to go to an Ir Miklat (city of refuge) until the Kohen Gadol dies. But what if it's the Kohen Gadol himself who accidentally kills? He would ...
6 votes
1 answer
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Are there any Jewish records of Ananus ben Ananus aside from Josephus?

In Josephus' Antiquities of the Jews, he records an incident that led to the removal from office of the high priest of the Temple. According to this account, the Roman proconsul of Judaea, Porcius ...
5 votes
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May a Kohen with Auto-Brewery Syndrome Duchan?

This question is related to another question asked (How much alcohol does one need to consume in order to be halachically drunk or intoxicated?). Auto-Brewery Syndrome is a condition in which fungi or ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Why were Mishmarot a concern in the Qumran calendar?

I'm researching various sources regarding the Qumran calendar. I don't understand why there was a concern for incorporating the 24 priestly "watches" (mishmarot) (Refer to I Chronicles 4 for ...
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What was the spiritual significance of the blood being used as a means of atonement, dedication, and purification?

Blood played a significant role within Israelite Culture ceremoniously and ritualistically. For example (including but not limited to) for confirmation of a covenant, as part of the dedication of the ...
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1 answer
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Do Beta Israel have Kohens?

Does the Beta Israel community have Kohens? Are Kahens equivalent? If so, are they descended from Aaron?
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What's the Juxtaposition of the two sections?

In this week's parasha, Emor, we have at the beginning of it talking about what the Kohanim can and can't do. Next, we have later in the same parasha details of the Yomim Tovim. What's the connection: ...

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