Questions tagged [kohen-gadol]

For questions relating to the Kohen Gadol and the laws and statutes pertaining to him

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Why did rebbi Yishmael Ben Elisha as a Kohen Gadol want to bring a "Chatos Shmeina"

The Gemara in Shabbas 12b writes as follows אָמַר רַבִּי יִשְׁמָעֵאל בֶּן אֱלִישָׁע: אֲנִי אֶקְרָא וְלֹא אַטֶּה. פַּעַם אַחַת קָרָא וּבִקֵּשׁ לְהַטּוֹת. אָמַר: כַּמָּה גְּדוֹלִים דִּבְרֵי חֲכָמִים ...
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Kohen Gadol and marriage

We know that a Kohen hedyot may marry a woman who is not a giyoret, gerushah, challalah, or zonah (Lev. 21:8) and that the Kohen Gadol may only marry a betulah (ibid. 13). Given this, what would ...
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Why does it matter if the Kohen Gadol has never read the order of Yom Kippur himself before? (Yoma 1:3)

We see in Yoma 1:3 that the Kohen Gadol was read the order of Yom Kippur from the Torah as preparation during the seven days before Yom Kippur. מָסְרוּ לוֹ זְקֵנִים מִזִּקְנֵי בֵית דִּין, וְקוֹרִין ...
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Only one high priest

In the Holy of Holies, only one high priest could enter, is that correct? Sorry, but then why did Nadab and Abihu they entered together (Lev. 10,1-2)? An explanation for this contradiction?
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3 votes
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What is the earliest [illustration] of the kohen gadol

I've seen various illustrations if the kohen gadol that look like this. Sometimes the hat is wider, tzits has different styles, breastplate different sizes etc. I want to know where the "look&...
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2 votes
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Tzadok the Kohen Gadol considered greater than Aharon and his sons?

When I was recently learning Sotah I saw on daf 48b that Tzadok, during the time of Dovid HaMelech, was a rare instance during that period, of someone who asked the Urim VeTumim and was answered. רַב ...
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2 votes
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Was wearing the Ephod allowed inside Kodesh Hakodashim? [closed]

Was the use of the Ephod allowed inside the temple in the Sanctum Sanctorum?
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How was a standby wife chosen for the Kohen Gadol during Yom Kippur? [duplicate]

According to R Judah's comment in the Talmud he says seven days before Yom Kippur a standby wife was chosen for the Kohen Gadol Tractate Yoma, Daf 2a CHAPTER I MISHNAH: SEVEN DAYS BEFORE THE DAY OF ...
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Pompey and the Holy of Holies

During the Siege of Jerusalem in 63BCE, the Roman general Pompey after defeating Jewish resistance and took control of the temple, entered the Kadosh hakodashim (holy of holies). This can be found in: ...
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Why was the order of the incense offering so important?

The judges made the high priest swear to first go in to the holiest of holies and only then burn the incense, why was that so important?
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6 votes
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Discussion of tumah issues when a Kohen Gadol died on Yom Kippur

I was wondering if there is any discussion anywhere of the tumah complications that occurred when the Kohen Gadol died in the Kodesh Kodashim. At an initial glance the issue one would need to worry ...
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Was Eli the Kohen Gadol until he died?

Apparently, a blind kohen can't serve in the Mikdash: Bechorot 44a: The Sages taught in a baraita: When it is stated that a blind man [iver] is disqualified from performing the Temple service (see ...
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4 votes
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Connection between accidental murderer and Kohen ha'gadol?

Rashi does note that the Kohen ha'gadon should have prayed that there be no accidental murders. But I'm wondering if anyone has heard of a more direct relationship between the life of the murderer and ...
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Why are there no high priests today?

What happened in history so that there are no-longer high priests? If succession for the role is by descendant of Aaron, what conditions prevent a new high priest from existing.
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Why did the Kohen Gadol have to do everything on Yom Kippur?

It's clear to me why he had to carry out the special Avodah of the day described in Parashat Acharei Mot. But why did he have to do everything else, such as the Tamid and the "ordinary" Musaf similar ...
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Who must wear special clothing?

In Exodus God gives instructions in detail for the clothes the kohanim must wear. But neither the patriarchs nor Moses nor the 70 elders were instructed to wear anything special. Why the difference?
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What made Yochanan go off?

After Yochanan served as the Kohen Gadol for 80 years, he "left the fold" (Berachos 29a) ולא והא תנן אל תאמין בעצמך עד יום מותך שהרי יוחנן כ"ג שמש בכהונה גדולה שמנים שנה ולבסוף נעשה צדוקי The ...
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Philosophically, why does the death of an understudy kohen allow a manslaughterer to leave the City of Refuge?

Rambam, Laws of the Murderer and Preservation of Life 7:9. ואחד כוהן גדול העובד, ואחד הכוהן שעבר [The person guilty of manslaughter -- rotzeach beshogeg -- is no longer exiled to a City of Refuge ...
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What were the stones mentioned in Shemos chapter 28

The following information is from Rabbi Kaplan’s “Living Torah”. Artscroll don’t translate the names of the stones. Two Sardonyx stones on the eiphod. Breastplate 1st row on breastplate: ...
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Why would becoming king or kohein gadol exempt one from atoning for past sins?

To atone for certain transgressions, the torah (Vayikra 4) mandates different offerings depending on the status of the person who transgressed. Horayot 3:3, talking about the king or the kohein gadol,...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Did each Kohen Gadol wear his predecessor's garments?

Did the Kohen Gadol wear the same garments his predecessor wore, going back to Aharon HaKohen, or did he have new garments specially tailored to fit him? In other words, were the garments each Kohen ...
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Why the story of a kohen gadol marrying a widow (יבמות ו:ד)?

Y'vamos, chapter 6, mishna 4, reads, in part: אירס את האלמנה ונתמנה להיות כהן גדול יכנוס. ומעשה ביהושע בן גמלא שקידש את מרתא בת ביתוס ומינהו המלך להיות כהן גדול וכנסה.‏ If someone kidushin-betrothed ...
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Anointed priests

Last week it caught my eyes that the term anointed priest was used in multiple verses (Vayikra 4:3, 5, 16). Here's the first one: אִ֣ם הַכֹּהֵ֧ן הַמָּשִׁ֛יחַ יֶֽחֱטָ֖א לְאַשְׁמַ֣ת הָעָ֑ם וְהִקְרִ֡יב ...
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Did the Kohen Gadol wear Tzitzit? [duplicate]

When reading about the Kohen Gadol's 8 garments you don't see any mention of Tzitzit! Is it mentioned anywhere if the Kohen Gadol wore Tzitzit? I know that a man is only obligated to wear Tzitzit on ...
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What was the significance of Pomegranates?

What was the significance of Pomegranates on the Kohen Gadol's "Me'il"? Why specifically Pomegranates and not any other shape?
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7 votes
1 answer
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What name did the Kohen Gadol Say?

On Yom Kippur, the kohen gadol, during the day's service, said a particular name of Hashem. I had always thought that he said the 4 letter name, but in shul, the rabbi mentioned that it was the 42 ...
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4 votes
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Can a King execute Kohen Gadol that he thinks is מורד במלכות?

While Kohen Gadol is a citizen, he belongs to a different "authority" that a King is obligated to respect (see Rambam Melachim 2, 5): "אבל כהן גדול אינו בא לפני המלך אלא אם רצה ואינו עומד לפניו ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Mareh Kohen Origin

This question was alluded to but ignored in Origin of Mareh Kohen tune. Who composed the piyut Mareh Cohen, and when was it written? (This will help me put the piyut in context, perhaps give an ...
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3 votes
1 answer
180 views

What is the minimum age for a cohen gadol?

What is the minimum age for a cohen gadol? I understand that a kohen gadol is a position that is inherited (halacha 20 here), what age must one be to be able to be a kohen gadol? Halacha 15 here ...
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Why were the ox and the goat intertwined before taking them out to be burnt?

Why did the Kohen Godol intertwine the ox and the goat before taking them out to be burnt as it says in the Mishnah Yoma 6 (7) בָּא לוֹ אֵצֶל פָּר וְשָׂעִיר הַנִּשְׂרָפִין. קְרָעָן וְהוֹצִיא אֶת ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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How did the High Priest get to the position between the two staves of the ark on Yom Kippur?

On Yom Kippur, in the first Temple, the High Priest placed the fire pan between the two staves of the Aron as it says in the Mishnah Yoma 5 (1) . The outer curtain was looped on the south side and ...
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4 votes
0 answers
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What are the meanings of the different stones for different sons of Yisrael? [duplicate]

Shemot 28:17-21 describes the stones that are placed in the breastpiece (choshen) worn by the kohein gadol. There are twelve different stones, each inscribed with the name of one of the sons of ...
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4 votes
1 answer
230 views

What did the haircut of Ben Elasha look like?

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 22b states: (Source from Sefaria.org) :שאלו את רבי איזהו תספורת של כ"ג אמר להן צאו וראו מתספורת של בן אלעשה They asked Rebbe "What is the haircut of the Kohen Gadol?&...
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