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Questions tagged [kiddush]

Sanctification of Shabbat or Holidays said over a cup of wine at the inception in the night. During the day Kidusha Rabba is recited which one only needs a Brocho on a cup of wine.

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32
votes
3answers
8k views

Why does my bottle of Kosher grape juice say that it's 'for sacramental purposes only'?

I recently noticed that the bottle of Kedem Kosher grape juice that I purchased has a notice on the label which reads 'FOR SACRAMENTAL PURPOSES ONLY'. I assume this means that it's being sold to be ...
16
votes
4answers
768 views

using two plastic cups for Kiddush

I know making kiddush with a plastic cup is problematic because of requirements. I have seen people using two plastic cups: what is the source for this and is it legitimate?
15
votes
2answers
730 views

Does everyone have to drink the Kiddush wine?

When making Kiddush, does everyone who is yotzei have to drink the wine or grape juice, or is merely hearing it enough? In my experience, it appears that Friday nights everyone is careful to drink, ...
12
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7answers
2k views

Why do we link Shabbat with the Exodus from Egypt?

My four-year-old son asked me this right after Kiddush on Friday night (more or less verbatim): Why do you say "Mitzrayim" in Kiddush every week? "Mitzrayim" is a Pesach word! In other words, why ...
12
votes
3answers
291 views

Flexibility in choice of verses for morning Kiddush

The morning Kiddush on Shabbat and holidays consists of one or more Torah verses followed by the blessing on the wine (or perhaps other beverage). I have seen in print and in practice various ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

Why fill the glass all the way to the top?

Why is it that when people make kiddush/havdallah they insist on filling up the cup all the way to the top, sometimes till it overflows just a little? Is this a documented minhag/custom etc...?
11
votes
1answer
937 views

Kiddush between 6 and 7 o'clock - Which clock?

Many people hold that one should not make kiddush on Shabbos between the hours of 6 and 7. (Sources: Shulchan Aruch Harav and Taamei Haminhagim, (who, in turn, bring a Maharil, a Magen Avraham, and a ...
11
votes
3answers
654 views

Kiddush cup: stemmed or not?

Is there any reason behind whether people use a stemmed kiddush cup or not? Does it have to do with minhag? Kabbalah? I would have thought that some people who have a minhag to put their palm under ...
11
votes
2answers
501 views

Should one drink from the leader's cup after kiddush?

Inspired by the upcoming holiday of Pesach, where many minhagim seem to have each person drink from his own cup, I was wondering about the custom of drinking wine from the cup upon which kiddush is ...
11
votes
4answers
345 views

Washing for bread before Kiddush. Convenient for sukkos?

There is a custom followed by Jews of German extraction to wash for Hamotzi before making Kiddush. See OC 271 (12) MB{61}. This is very convenient for those who have an outside sukka and don’t want ...
10
votes
3answers
728 views

Are disposable cups allowed for Kiddush or Havdalah?

If one doesn't have a non-disposable cup or becher available, can s/he use a disposable cup? Are there any specific types (plastic, styrofoam, paper...) of disposable cups allowed, or is any cup okay ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Kiddush on Yom Kippur

If I must eat on Yom Kippur is there a Chiyuv To make Kiddush? If there is not Is there a situation where you do?
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do we cover the challot on Shabbos?

The answer I learned growing up was that "we don't want to embarrass the bread because we are first making kiddush" or some variation thereof. I later learned that is a zecher for the ma'n which fell ...
10
votes
2answers
546 views

Should a man say Shehecheyanu when lighting Yom Tov candles?

In a situation when a man will both be lighting the Yom Tov candles and making Kiddush, when should he make Shehecheyanu? Do we say only when lighting candles, since that is when the women say it ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

What makes a wine valid for Kiddush?

Where do we draw the line to define what drinks are valid to do Kidush (Shabbat)? Does it matter if it says so on the bottle? I saw that some bottle say "valid for kiddush" or something like this. I ...
10
votes
1answer
323 views

Is there such a thing as פת מדינה?

In Bereishit, Hashem said to Adam בזעת אפך תאכל לחם This would seem to imply that bread is universal to all people. We also know that bread has a particular definition: it has to be made from one ...
9
votes
3answers
981 views

Saying VaYhi Erev VaYehi Voker before Kiddush Friday night

The Minhag that many people have is to start Kiddush Friday night with VaYehi Erev VaYehi Voker before saying Yom HaShishi. I heard that HaRav Moshe Feinstein Zatzal did not say VaYehi Erev VaYehi ...
9
votes
4answers
335 views

Why ask guest to make kiddush?

In my limited experiences in Baltimore and Lakewood, it seems hosts often ask guests if they would like to "make their own kiddush" with a separate cup of wine. Is there a reason why guests wouldn't ...
9
votes
2answers
282 views

Singing part of kidush with the leader

Some people, although listening to another's kidush (Friday night), sing part of it along with him: specifically (in my experience), the lines starting "ki vanu vacharta" when recited with this tune. ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Women Making Kiddush

Let's say a husband and wife are alone on Friday night or on Shabbos day. Can the wife make kiddush for herself and her husband?
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Making Kiddush with Grape Juice or White Wine

Lechatchila (a priori, by standard Halacha), can you make kiddush with grape juice or white wine? Can you fufill the mitzvah of drinking your 4 cups on Pesach with white wine or grape juice, bedieved ...
8
votes
1answer
329 views

Why is mevushal wine good enough for kiddush, but not good enough for avoda zara?

So the reason why we use mevushal (cooked) wine is that it's seen as a wine inferior and incapable of being offered to an idol (Shulchan Aruch, YD 123). I understand why one can drink mevushal wine in ...
8
votes
1answer
460 views

Kiddush on Bread: When to Wash?

Many (most?) rishonim, with the notable exception of the Rabbeinu Tam, hold that if there is no wine (or if you prefer bread) then you can make kiddush, on Shabbos/Yom Tov evening, with bread. At ...
8
votes
1answer
332 views

Opinions concerning using other beverages for kiddush and “cups of blessing”

What are the major rabbinic opinions today concerning the suitability of substituting another beverage for wine (or grape juice) for kiddush and other "cups of blessing," e.g., havdalah or Passover ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Minimum Shi'ur for Kiddush on liquor

What is the minimum Shi'ur (volume) of a cup required for making Kiddush on liquor? Is there a smaller amount required than there is for wine? What is the minimum Shi'ur of the liquor that one is ...
7
votes
4answers
319 views

Is it permitted to make kiddush before Torah reading on Shabbat?

I know it's acceptable to have kiddush before Mussaf. Is it acceptable to have kiddush after the kaddish shalem of Shacharit but before the sefer Torah is taken out to be read? (I believe I've heard ...
7
votes
2answers
393 views

Eating after Kiddush Friday Night without Motzi?

In many synagogues, it is common to have an informal food gathering after services on Shabbat morning. This is very rarely, if ever, done Friday night. On Shabbat morning the way it's done is usually ...
7
votes
1answer
142 views

Can Pesach Mitzvot be performed before sunset?

I had an argument with a friend about when you can perform the Pesach seder mitzvot of eating a kezayit of shmurah matzah and drinking four glasses of wine (beginning with kiddush). My friend said ...
7
votes
1answer
412 views

Eating a Yom Tov meal on Yom Kippur

If someone must eat on Yom Kippur, do they make kiddush on wine and have two challah rolls, plus meat and fish like he would on any other Yom Tov?
7
votes
2answers
374 views

Why wine for kiddush?

Why do we use wine (or grape juice - fruit of the vine) when sanctifying Shabbat? How was it first determined that wine was holy and that it is used to satisfy and make holy the coming holiday or ...
7
votes
1answer
297 views

Making Kiddush Hoshanah Rabah morning

My family has a Minhag (practice) to make Kiddush Hoshanah Raba morning before the meal. does anyone know if there's a source to this Minhag and what it is?
7
votes
1answer
132 views

Making a bracha for someone else, can then use for one's self?

Consider the following 2 situations: Reuvan is unable to make kiddush and has asked Shimon (who already made kiddush for himself) to make kiddush for him (Reuvan). Shimon, however, says he can't ...
7
votes
1answer
531 views

Askinu Seudasa and Azamer Bishvachin before Kiddush

There is a variety of placement in siddurim which include Askinu Seudasa and Azamer Bishvachin. Some (Tefila Yeshara, Artscroll if memory serves correctly) put both before Kiddush. Some (Tehilas ...
7
votes
0answers
322 views

How does one proceed at a stand-up Kiddush?

How does one proceed at a Kiddush where the one making Kiddush can sit down but everyone else stands? The cake is not covered before kiddush. In every case attendees make a brocho before eating or ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Making Kiddush/Havdalah Twice

Is it okay to say kiddush or havdalah twice in order to be Motzi someone else (e.g. wife)?
6
votes
2answers
442 views

What did people say in Shemoneh Esrei and Kiddush of Shavuos when it didn't fall out on the 6th of Sivan?

During Shemoneh Esrei and Kiddush of Shavuos, we describe the Yom Tov as "this day of the holiday of Shavuos, the time of giving our Torah" (יום חג השבועות הזה זמן מתן תורתינו). Before we had a fixed ...
6
votes
2answers
537 views

Source of shabbat evening kiddush text?

The beginning of the shabbat evening kiddush (vayehi erev, vayehi boker, yom hashishi...) is from Bereshit, 1:31 ff. Where does the second part (khi hu yom tehilah lemikraei kodesh...) come from? Is ...
6
votes
2answers
559 views

Making Kiddush/Havdala if I did not keep Shabbos

Lately I have stopped being fully Shomer Shabbos, spending Shabbos afternoons in the bedroom surfing the internet on my phone and texting non-Jewish friends. My wife and children think I'm sleeping ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Kiddush cup handoff

Why do some Jews (Sephardic, Hasidic, et al.) place the kiddush cup into the hands of another?
6
votes
2answers
163 views

Kiddush BeRov 'Am

Does BeRov 'Am Hadrath Melech (the King's glory is in the multitudes, ie., the more people praise HaShem together, the more glorious it is for Him) apply to making Kiddush? I've heard it said so ...
6
votes
2answers
246 views

Covering the Cake During Kiddush

Many times there is cake, cookies or various other foods out on the table during Kiddush. Is it necessary to cover them (as I sometimes see people do)? Would it make a difference if the cake is going ...
6
votes
1answer
333 views

Where is the text of Friday night Kiddush from?

There is a fairly uniform text for Kiddush Friday night. There are some differences between the Ashkenazi and Sfardi versions, but they are mostly very similar. What is the source for the text? As ...
6
votes
1answer
95 views

What is the qualification for chamar m'dina ? [duplicate]

The Shulchan Aruch mentions in a few places that if wine is not available then one may use chamar m'dina (a national drink), for bentching, kiddush, and havdala. chamar m'dina is also permitted if one ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Drinking the wine that spills over the cup during Kiddush

There is a widespread custom among the Jewish people to fill up their kiddush cup to the point that it overflows. This overflowing of wine symbolizes Hashems blessing overflowing in our lives. I was ...
6
votes
0answers
165 views

Borei P'ri or Borei F'ri hagefen?

Have heard a few mizrahi recordings for qiddush and am noticing that some of them use borei f'ri hagefen. When i looked up Qiddush in my Egyptian siddur (Farhi Siddur) i noticed the Pei had no dagesh. ...
5
votes
1answer
120 views

Why is there no havdallah when going from Yom Tov into Shabbat?

When Yom Tov begins on Motza'ei Shabbat, havdallah is included in the Yom Tov Kiddush. However, when Shabbat follows a Friday Yom Tov, there is no Havdallah included in the Friday night Kiddush. Why ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

When to make kiddush at a Seder with no wine?

What is one supposed to do on Seder night if he has no wine (nor chamar medinah if that’s relevant) at all? On a regular Friday night one would make kiddush on bread under these circumstances (...
5
votes
2answers
194 views

Why do Yekkes follow Beis Shammai?

Brachos 8:2 records a dispute between Beis Shammai and Beis Hillel whether one should wash before or after Kiddush. The Yekke minhag is to wash before Kiddush. Why do they follow Beis Shammai? (In ...
5
votes
2answers
166 views

When is the latest that one can have coffee before reciting the kiddush on Shabbat morning?

One is not allowed to partake of any food or drink before reciting or hearing the kiddush of the day. However, because coffee helps with concentration during prayers, there's a leniency to allow one ...
5
votes
2answers
360 views

Why does Chabad not do Kiddush before Davening?

The custom in Chabad is to eat Mezonos before Davening (to enable one to daven later and meditate on Hashem). The only reason we don't do kiddush before davening is because "the time didn't come yet" ...