Questions tagged [kiddush]

Sanctification of Shabbat or Holidays said over a cup of wine at the inception in the night. During the day Kidusha Rabba is recited which one only needs a Brocho on a cup of wine.

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7
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2answers
1k views

Minimum Shi'ur for Kiddush on liquor

What is the minimum Shi'ur (volume) of a cup required for making Kiddush on liquor? Is there a smaller amount required than there is for wine? What is the minimum Shi'ur of the liquor that one is ...
10
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3answers
2k views

Kiddush on Yom Kippur

If I must eat on Yom Kippur is there a Chiyuv To make Kiddush? If there is not Is there a situation where you do?
7
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2answers
378 views

Why wine for kiddush?

Why do we use wine (or grape juice - fruit of the vine) when sanctifying Shabbat? How was it first determined that wine was holy and that it is used to satisfy and make holy the coming holiday or ...
15
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2answers
738 views

Does everyone have to drink the Kiddush wine?

When making Kiddush, does everyone who is yotzei have to drink the wine or grape juice, or is merely hearing it enough? In my experience, it appears that Friday nights everyone is careful to drink, ...
10
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2answers
3k views

What makes a wine valid for Kiddush?

Where do we draw the line to define what drinks are valid to do Kidush (Shabbat)? Does it matter if it says so on the bottle? I saw that some bottle say "valid for kiddush" or something like this. I ...
11
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1answer
948 views

Kiddush between 6 and 7 o'clock - Which clock?

Many people hold that one should not make kiddush on Shabbos between the hours of 6 and 7. (Sources: Shulchan Aruch Harav and Taamei Haminhagim, (who, in turn, bring a Maharil, a Magen Avraham, and a ...
3
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3answers
206 views

What sort of covering is required for Challa and cake while making Kiddush?

The Halacha is that we cover the Challa / Cake while we make Kiddush in order not to embarass it (Talmud Yerushalmi as quoted by the Tur, Orach Chaim 271) as we are not making Hamotzi / Mezonos first. ...
9
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2answers
284 views

Singing part of kidush with the leader

Some people, although listening to another's kidush (Friday night), sing part of it along with him: specifically (in my experience), the lines starting "ki vanu vacharta" when recited with this tune. ...
8
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1answer
333 views

Opinions concerning using other beverages for kiddush and “cups of blessing”

What are the major rabbinic opinions today concerning the suitability of substituting another beverage for wine (or grape juice) for kiddush and other "cups of blessing," e.g., havdalah or Passover ...
12
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7answers
2k views

Why do we link Shabbat with the Exodus from Egypt?

My four-year-old son asked me this right after Kiddush on Friday night (more or less verbatim): Why do you say "Mitzrayim" in Kiddush every week? "Mitzrayim" is a Pesach word! In other words, why ...
11
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2answers
506 views

Should one drink from the leader's cup after kiddush?

Inspired by the upcoming holiday of Pesach, where many minhagim seem to have each person drink from his own cup, I was wondering about the custom of drinking wine from the cup upon which kiddush is ...
12
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3answers
294 views

Flexibility in choice of verses for morning Kiddush

The morning Kiddush on Shabbat and holidays consists of one or more Torah verses followed by the blessing on the wine (or perhaps other beverage). I have seen in print and in practice various ...
10
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1answer
1k views

Why do we cover the challot on Shabbos?

The answer I learned growing up was that "we don't want to embarrass the bread because we are first making kiddush" or some variation thereof. I later learned that is a zecher for the ma'n which fell ...
10
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2answers
549 views

Should a man say Shehecheyanu when lighting Yom Tov candles?

In a situation when a man will both be lighting the Yom Tov candles and making Kiddush, when should he make Shehecheyanu? Do we say only when lighting candles, since that is when the women say it ...
8
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2answers
2k views

Women Making Kiddush

Let's say a husband and wife are alone on Friday night or on Shabbos day. Can the wife make kiddush for herself and her husband?
4
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4answers
264 views

Difference between men and women regarding drinking water before the day kidush

In Chukas Hanoshim of the Ben Ish Hai chapter 43 (below) he writes that women cannot drink anything on Shabbos morning until kidush, but men can drink water before shachris. What might be his ...
3
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1answer
424 views

eating before kiddush

Is there any time in the early morning on Shabbat in which I can eat and drink something without any question of it being considered eating before davening and kiddush? For example, at 3, 4, or 5 o'...
11
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4answers
1k views

Why fill the glass all the way to the top?

Why is it that when people make kiddush/havdallah they insist on filling up the cup all the way to the top, sometimes till it overflows just a little? Is this a documented minhag/custom etc...?
6
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1answer
95 views

What is the qualification for chamar m'dina ? [duplicate]

The Shulchan Aruch mentions in a few places that if wine is not available then one may use chamar m'dina (a national drink), for bentching, kiddush, and havdala. chamar m'dina is also permitted if one ...
6
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2answers
163 views

Kiddush BeRov 'Am

Does BeRov 'Am Hadrath Melech (the King's glory is in the multitudes, ie., the more people praise HaShem together, the more glorious it is for Him) apply to making Kiddush? I've heard it said so ...
4
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3answers
333 views

Leishev Basukkah before Shehechiyanu or after?

According to my minhag: on the first night of Sukkos by Kiddush, Leishev Basukkah [לישב בסכה] is said before the bracha of Shehechiyanu [שהחינו]. On the second night, however, Shehechiyanu is said ...
4
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1answer
174 views

Who doesn't make Kiddush from 6-7pm?

From this question I learned that "many" people don't make Kiddush between 6-7pm. Who does this? Is this primarily a Lubavitch Minhag? If so, among Lubavitchers, how prevalent is it?
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1answer
319 views

time for shacharit and eating before this time

When is the obligation for Shacharit? Is this what is considered the morning? Is it dawn (alot hashachar), or the earliest time for tallit and tefillin, or sunrise (netz), or the latest time for ...
9
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3answers
991 views

Saying VaYhi Erev VaYehi Voker before Kiddush Friday night

The Minhag that many people have is to start Kiddush Friday night with VaYehi Erev VaYehi Voker before saying Yom HaShishi. I heard that HaRav Moshe Feinstein Zatzal did not say VaYehi Erev VaYehi ...
3
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3answers
390 views

What is the origin of the Yeke custom of washing hands before kiddush and is it done only by the person saying kiddush or everyone?

I have heard mention of a Yeke custom of washing hands before kiddush but no explanation of why or whether it is done only by the person leading kiddush or everyone. Further to the question about ...
2
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1answer
138 views

What if Kiddush was forgotten on Leil Shabbat?

Suppose Kiddush were forgotten on Leil Shabbat. Would a person be allowed or even required to do Tashlumin and then recite Kiddush during the daytime since it was missed the previous night?
11
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4answers
346 views

Washing for bread before Kiddush. Convenient for sukkos?

There is a custom followed by Jews of German extraction to wash for Hamotzi before making Kiddush. See OC 271 (12) MB{61}. This is very convenient for those who have an outside sukka and don’t want ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Drinking the wine that spills over the cup during Kiddush

There is a widespread custom among the Jewish people to fill up their kiddush cup to the point that it overflows. This overflowing of wine symbolizes Hashems blessing overflowing in our lives. I was ...
5
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2answers
169 views

When is the latest that one can have coffee before reciting the kiddush on Shabbat morning?

One is not allowed to partake of any food or drink before reciting or hearing the kiddush of the day. However, because coffee helps with concentration during prayers, there's a leniency to allow one ...
4
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2answers
258 views

kiddush for someone else, excluding myself

I would like to stop by and say Kiddush for someone who is homebound and unable to say it for themselves. This would be on Shabbat morning after schul. However, I don't want to be Yotze from this ...
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2answers
449 views

How can we use grape juice instead of wine?

There are many rituals for which we use wine. I would think that wine means a fermented grape product, or at least a fermented fruit product. On what basis do so many people use grape juice instead of ...
3
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1answer
181 views

Hefsek between netilat yadayim and hamotzi

I have been in situations where most everyone follows the common minhag of washing after kiddush before hamotzi, whereas, unless it is minhag avot for my host, I wash beforehand. ' This has prompted ...
16
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4answers
776 views

using two plastic cups for Kiddush

I know making kiddush with a plastic cup is problematic because of requirements. I have seen people using two plastic cups: what is the source for this and is it legitimate?
10
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3answers
731 views

Are disposable cups allowed for Kiddush or Havdalah?

If one doesn't have a non-disposable cup or becher available, can s/he use a disposable cup? Are there any specific types (plastic, styrofoam, paper...) of disposable cups allowed, or is any cup okay ...
9
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4answers
343 views

Why ask guest to make kiddush?

In my limited experiences in Baltimore and Lakewood, it seems hosts often ask guests if they would like to "make their own kiddush" with a separate cup of wine. Is there a reason why guests wouldn't ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Making Kiddush with Grape Juice or White Wine

Lechatchila (a priori, by standard Halacha), can you make kiddush with grape juice or white wine? Can you fufill the mitzvah of drinking your 4 cups on Pesach with white wine or grape juice, bedieved ...
7
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2answers
403 views

Eating after Kiddush Friday Night without Motzi?

In many synagogues, it is common to have an informal food gathering after services on Shabbat morning. This is very rarely, if ever, done Friday night. On Shabbat morning the way it's done is usually ...
5
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2answers
364 views

Why does Chabad not do Kiddush before Davening?

The custom in Chabad is to eat Mezonos before Davening (to enable one to daven later and meditate on Hashem). The only reason we don't do kiddush before davening is because "the time didn't come yet" ...
4
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1answer
341 views

Non-observant Jew making kiddush

Can a Jew who does not observe Shabbat say kiddush for others?
4
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1answer
150 views

Israeli attending second seder Motzaei Shabbat - How should he behave during Kiddush?

If an Israeli attends your 2nd Seder this year, when it's Motzaei Shabbat, how should he behave at your Seder table for the 1st cup of wine? You will do a combo Kiddush / havdalah. He does no Kiddush ...
3
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2answers
282 views

Why is “Vayechulu” said 3 times on Leil Shabbat?

I'm curious about the specific number 3 here. Is there a reason or "meaning" (such as from Zohar, etc.) as to why Vayechulu (Breishit 2:1-3) is said 3 times on Friday night (a non-Yom-Tov one)? In ...
3
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2answers
150 views

Do some abridge the Shabbat evening Kiddush?

I came across this video from the IDF. The man leading the group leaves off the last verse of Shalom Aleichem. He also omits sections of the last blessing of Kiddush, specifically כי הוא יום תחלה ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Why are different terms used for “remembrance” of creation?

At the end of the Magen Avot prayer, commonly recited in shul Friday night, the last few words end in the phrase, לעם מדושני עונג זכר למעשה בראשית However, in the nighttime Kiddush, the phrase is:...
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2answers
227 views

Posture for listening to Kiddush and Havdalah

I heard that when anyone else is listening to someone make kiddush or havdalah, l’chatchilah they must be either sitting or standing depending on what the person making kiddush or havdalah is doing. ...
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0answers
47 views

Minimum amount required to drink when making Kiddush on Liquor [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Minimum Shi'ur for Kiddush on liquor What is the minimum Shi'ur that one is required to consume when making Kiddush on liquor?
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2answers
452 views

What is the correct wine for kiddush in accordance with all the poskim.?

I have heard of mevushal not being used for kiddush. Now most wine labels indicate whether the wine is mevushal. But are there other things to be concerned about? The following are halakhic concerns ...
1
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1answer
67 views

In the phrase זכר למעשה בראשית in Kiddush, is the word זכר an adjective?

Usually, a word that has a segol such as "zecher" gets a tzerei when it becomes an adjective. Example - "mateh" becomes "matei" when used as an adjective as in "matei Levi". Q - in the phrase זכר ...
1
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1answer
475 views

Yom tov kiddush tune

There's a popular tune used for kidush on the nights of the shalosh r'galim. (It's available on YouTube (but ignore the "shehechiyanu" part of that recording).) What's its origin? Does it have the ...
1
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1answer
182 views

Cookies for kiddush

Many people, including Chabad, eat cookies before shacharis which raises a question about kiddush asked here. I understand that they do this because cookies don't count as a seudah.1 The flip side of ...
0
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1answer
200 views

Throwing away leftover kiddush wine

In keeping with the general rule that mitzvah objects, including comestibles, be discarded respectfully (as well as possibly baal tashchis), how should one get rid of leftover kiddush wine? It's not ...