Questions tagged [kavana-intent]

A tag for all questions about davar-sh'eino-miskavein, davar sh'eina tzrichah l'gufah, and within shabbos - psik reisha and meleches machsheves. Not to be confused with kavana-concentration. (This tag should probably be renamed Miskavein-intent.)

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
3
votes
3answers
314 views

Better less with kavannah than more without?

Right at the beginning of the Tur and Shulchan Aruch, siman 1, it says that it is better to pray a little with kavannah (proper concentration?) than more without. I don't know that anyone argues. I ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Intend not to fulfill Krias Hatorah

May one have in mind not to be yoitzeh krias hatorah in a minyan that he is participating in order to be metzaref for another minyan later? For example (according to the opinion that on Mon,Thu you ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Why don't some do yibum today, l'chatchilah?

According to the Mishna (Bechorot 1:7) the reason not to perform yibum nowadays is people don't have intention l'shem mitzva when performing yibum. Firstly I would like to know if there are any other ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Doing the mehadrin level differently -- does it invalidate the mitzvah?

On Channukah, the mitzvah is for a light to be lit in each household, as the Rambam (Hil Purim/Channukah, 4:1) writes, "מצותה שיהיה כל בית ובית מדליק נר אחד." If one wants to perform a "...
9
votes
0answers
172 views

When during IVF are the parents' thoughts determining the level of the soul of their baby

I have read that the thoughts of a couple during marital relations does determine and effect the level of the soul they draw down for their baby. What about a couple using IVF to conceive? When ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Is not protesting tantamount to intentionally doing something -- ramifications

If a Jew sees another Jew about to do an aveira (chas veshalom), and knows that if he speaks in a certain way to protest the action, the other Jew might listen to him, but doesn't do so, is he liable ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

Kavana or Ma’aseh? What Matters?

Ohr Hachaim explains Breishit 50:20 by way of a mashal: someone intended to give his fellow poison but ended up giving him wine. The perpetrator is not deemed to be chayav for what he intended to do. ...
4
votes
0answers
45 views

Can a natural hollow become an Ohel for Tum'ah through human use?

In Mas. Sukkah 20b, R' Yehudah states his opinion that for something to be an ohel enough to shelter Tumah (and create a situation where that Tumah is transmitted within) the shelter has to be man ...
5
votes
1answer
375 views

Will a "lower" Berachah made MiSafek exempt a different food that requires that Berachah (and vice versa)?

Let's say you aren't sure which Berachah to make on a food before you eat it. Generally the rule of thumb is that you make the most specific Berachah that you know will capture the essence of that ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Is Bitul Chameitz effective on unknown chameitz?

When one is mevateil chameitz, does he have to have in mind the chameitz he intends to be mevatel? If not, how could there be anything found on Pesach that he would have to burn? According to this ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

If the בעל קורא had in mind a specific person while reading the תוכחה (curses) is that considered מקלל חבירו?

The Ohr Zarua writes: האור זרוע (שו"ת ח"א סי' קיד) כתב, ומורי הר"ר יהודה חסיד אמר לי שצריך הש"ץ [הקורא בתורה בפרשת הקללות בפ' בחוקתי ובפ' כי תבוא] להיות אהוב לציבור, שאם לא כן, כשקוראים התוכחה, ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

With what intention should you immerse in the Mikvah?

I've just been reading Maimonides and he says in the Mishneh Torah (Immersion Pools chapter 11) Therefore the sages have said, if a man immerses himself, but without special intention, it as ...
4
votes
0answers
107 views

Sotah saving herself by disqualifying the mincha

The gemara in Zevachim 47a quotes the opinion of Rabbi Elazar Bar Rabbi Yose who holds that not only the kohen who is being makrev a korban can disqualify, but even the owner can disqualify. Upon ...
4
votes
2answers
124 views

Can one walk on snow on Shabbos when there is another route one can take?

In OC 320, the Shulchan Aruch discusses the prohibition of crushing on Shabbos. In §13, he rules: דורס שלג ברגליו ואינו חושש: One can stomp snow with his feet and not be concerned. The ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Violating commandments with good intentions [duplicate]

The Talmud says, in two places: "Rav Naḥman bar Yitzḥak says: A transgression performed for the sake of Heaven is greater than a commandment performed not for its own sake." [Nazir 23b, Horayot 10b] ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Difference between Pesik Reshe Delo Niha Le, Pesik Reshe Delo Ichpat Le, & Melacha She'en Sarich LeGufa

What is the practical difference between actions considered Pesik Reshe Delo Niha Le, Pesik Reshe Delo Ichpat Le, and Melecha She'en Sarich Legufa? What is an example that can demonstrate the ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Credit for a mitzvah done wrong

Hypothetical case: I have been putting tefillin on every applicable morning for many years now. This morning, in shul, someone came up to me and said, "Your shel yad is placed completely incorrectly! ...
1
vote
1answer
315 views

Can photographs be considered idols?

Can photographs of people be considered idols? Is it the kavanot that the viewer ascribes that is important or is it inherent in a 2D image of a face?
6
votes
0answers
47 views

In prayer for sick, can one name count for two people?

On Shabbat morning, the gabbai prays for the sick to be healed and reads out a list of names of sick people, that was provided by the community. In the case where two sick people have the same name (...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Walking by an Automatic Door on Shabbos

Is one allowed to walk by an automatic door on Shabbos, if he/she has no benefit of the door opening (i.e. not walking in)? How does this case compare/contrast to the walking by an automatic light on ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Unintentional closing and opening of electrical circuits on shabbat

As a non Jew, after reading Why are Shabbat loopholes a good thing? I have been pondering the above question: The Torah forbids closing/opening electrical circuits on Shabbat. - Danny Schoemann ...
4
votes
1answer
186 views

Who pays for replacement korban?

When the kohen does an avodah shelo l'shma and the baal must bring another, who pays for the second animal?
6
votes
1answer
452 views

Is a psik reisha d'lo nicha or d'lo echpat judged against a communal standard?

If I perform an action on Shabbos which will cause a secondary (forbidden) action, the secondary action is assessed as to whether it is desirable, detrimental or neutral (as per Difference between ...
3
votes
2answers
170 views

What is the intention when we recite the blessing "who didn't make me..."?

There are three blessings containing nine words which are grouped together in the morning blessings. Namely, 1) Who didn't make me a goy (גוי), 2) Who didn't make me a servant (עבד), and 3) who didn't ...
6
votes
1answer
402 views

Does Birkas Hamazon eliminate the need for bracha acharona on foods eaten before?

Someone ate something which, in and of itself, requires a bracha achrona (e.g. Al Hamichya or Borei Nefashos) and carelessly moved on to eating bread before reciting said bracha achrona. Should one ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What exactly is "Psik Reisha"?

What exactly is "Psik Reisha"? I know this has something to do with the laws of Shabbat, and possibly something to do with unintended consequences that are allowed, but what exactly is it, and in what ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Is dvar sheina mitchaven permitted if the melacha is inevitable?

My question refers to the class of permitted actions that may inadvertently cause melachas as byproducts. (For example, with hair brushing, the intention is not to pull out the hair, but this does ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Pulling out hairs while wiping yourself on Shabbat

Religious Jews are normally careful not to pull out hairs during Shabbat. After Mr. Ploni defecates, he wipes his rear end carefully. But he knows that it's impossible for him to clean his bottom to ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

What are the mitzvot that require intent?

Forgive me in that I do not know the proper nomenclature. Some mitzvot are complete by the simple action (or refrain from action) Some mitzvot require action and intent, besides the problem of ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Has anyone found any reliable sources for tefilin meditation?

I recently began putting on tefilin, and I had heard of meditations that one can do when putting on the tefilin. Does anyone know of any good meditative practices surrounding tefilin? Or is their any ...
5
votes
3answers
273 views

The Rambam on a forced get

The famous Rambam(Hilchos Geirushin 2:20) where he writes that if a man is required to divorce his wife (which were enumerated in Hilchos Ishus) and he doesn't want to divorce her ,beis din can force ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Does one have to make multiple blessings of "Shehakol" on hot coffee? [duplicate]

One buys hot coffee and keeps in a thermos the entire day. When he buys it, he takes a few sips (enough to qualify to make a bracha) and has in mind that he will be sipping from the thermos throughout ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

The Anshei Knesses Hagedola and the mitzvas succah

In the text of the רבון כל העולמים that many people say as part of the welcoming of the אושפיזין, we find the words: וכאילו כיונתי בכל הכונות שכונו בה אנשי כנסת הגדולה. I am having trouble ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Intentions of chesed

When doing a mitzvah which is an act of kindness such as charity or helping someone, what is the proper intention? To focus on the recipient? Or perhaps I should be thinking I am doing a command of ...
4
votes
0answers
143 views

Convert without accepting mitzvos?

Conversion is always a hot topic, especially here in Israel. Many times conversions take place where the Ger (convert) didn't have the intention to be m'kabel (accept) the mitzvos. People scream and ...
0
votes
1answer
215 views

Can a Jewish actor participate in a pie-throwing scene that uses non-kosher pies?

For those younger readers who may be unfamiliar, (call me an "A.K." if you wish) pie throwing was a common comedic scene and activity in several movies and T.V. skits such as The 3 Stooges (nyuk nyuk)....
6
votes
2answers
514 views

Laws regarding putting someone to death for violating the sabbath

Two witnesses go to the beit din and claim that so and so violated the sabbath on a biblical level. The witnesses claim they warned him in accordance with the rules and they did their part as ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Unintentional Tosefes Shabbos

My shul newsletter misprinted candle lighting times this week --- instead of 8:01, it listed 7:48. This leads me to 2 questions: If I light candles at 7:48 because I think that that is the right time ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Why "ומייתי להו בשגגה" for a סולם and not for other equipment?

The fifth chapter of Shabas in the Bavli discusses various things an animal can wear in the street on Shabas. Some of them are forbidden because the item may fall off the animal and a person may come ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

Does coffee need a bracha if you have it every day after a meal?

If almost everyday after my lunch I have coffee. If I had something like chicken that required a shehakol does the coffee become exempt from requiring its own shehakol (assuming I did not make an ...
5
votes
0answers
84 views

Two brachos one mikvah

If I made a bracha and immersed two vessels, and then someone came over and asked me to immerse their vessel as well, since I did not have their vessel in mind, do I say a new bracha?
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Shiluvim and Ashkenazim

In many Edot haMizrach siddurim, the tetragrammaton is printed with kavvanot (called shiluvim) in the final ה. Is it appropriate, according to Ashkenazi poskim, to pay attention to these kavanot?
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Intent to include foods in bracha that exist only as ingredients

Given that one has a shehakol food as well as water and coffee beans, if one makes a shehakol on the other food intending to include the prepared coffee, and only then realizes that the coffee has not ...
5
votes
1answer
375 views

The Vilna Gaon's definition of Torah lishmah

The Vilna Gaon in his perush on aggados Chazal (Brachos 57a D"h hameikiz dam) says that a person who learns Torah lishmah does not need to work on his middos and does not need Pirkei Avos. I would ...
4
votes
1answer
408 views

What is the proper intent to have when we say "Kadosh, Kadosh, Kadosh?"

One of the benefits of communal prayer is the ability to say K'dusha in the repetition of the Amidah. We also say "Kadosh, Kadosh, Kadosh" (Is 6) as a preparatory component of Shma, and in U'Va L'...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Being yotzee a bracha while only having intention from the middle?

Someone was making havdallah and another person was there who decided to not have kavana (intention) to fufill their obligation of the aish (fire) part of havdallah with that person. In the middle of ...
3
votes
1answer
230 views

Why isn't steeping tea a מלאכה שאינה צריכה לגופה?

The definition of the m'lacha of cooking/baking on Shabas is "effecting a change in an object through (fire-based) heat". This is alluded to in the very first paragraph of Sh'miras Shabas K'hilchasah ...
6
votes
2answers
179 views

How exactly was extinguishing used constructively to build the Mishkan/Tabernacle?

One of the 39 categories of forbidden labor on Shabbos is "extinguishing" (mechabeh); how exactly was it used in a constructive fashion when building the Mishkan?
9
votes
1answer
410 views

Trying on potential Shatnez clothing

How can one try on clothing before checking, if it might contain Shatnez?
5
votes
1answer
366 views

Trying on Shatnez

If I know a suit is Shatnez Like all Hugo Boss suits or the Russian Hats bought in Russia (usually Uman or Lizensk) can I try them on as I know i will remove the Shatnez later and does being Sephardi ...