Questions tagged [kabbalat-hatorah]

the giving of the Torah to the Jews at Sinai, 2448 anno mundi, and their receipt of it

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Did Israelites who stayed in Egypt become halachically Jewish?

Some sources indicate that not all of the Israelites left Egypt during the Exodus. On the other hand, the initial "conversion" of the Israelites to Judaism occurred at Matan Torah at Mt. Sinai during ...
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Where did the Bnei Israel go to the Mikveh in the desert?

Our Sages in Yevamot 46b and Keritot 9a in the Bavli say that the requirements for a proper conversion are bringing a sacrifice, Mila, Kabalat Hatorah and immersing in a Mikvah. The Gemara in ...
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When the Torah scroll was available at first for Dor Hamidbar?

What are the different Rabbinical approaches to when exactly were (at least the first 4 books of) the Torah scrolls available to the Jews in the wilderness? I'm asking specifically about the scrolls ...
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Why did the “Jews” separate from their wives 3 days before Matan Torah?

If a Jewish Man has intimate relations with his wife, and then the seed escapes the woman's body she becomes known as a Paletes Shichvas Zerah. Now, if that occurs within 3 days she becomes Tamei. If ...
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Source - Matan Torah

Is there a source that says that at Matan torah the Bnei Yisrael would receive the written Torah but because they sinned with the golden calf they received the oral Torah as well? Please feel free ...
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Why is the Sinai revelation of the Decalogue called “Matan Torah”? [duplicate]

This question focuses on the term "Matan Torah" used everywhere, its practical and factual events (no metaphors, please). Also, this is not about the festival of Shavuos as in this question. I've ...
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Do Angels (Still) Keep the Torah?

Both the pious pre-Talmudic Book of Jubilees1 and the Talmudic Gemara2 agree that Angels kept the Torah in Heaven long before it was finally revealed through Moses to the people of Israel.3 My ...
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Matan (Oral) Torah on Purim details

Following this question's comments, I wondered: In what form did the Jews "receive/accept" the Oral Torah on Purim, was there some kind of a ceremony, or nation-wide event, maybe some other one-...
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Three days before Matan Torah and three days of fast before Purim

Bnei Yisrael had to prepare themselves for three days before the giving of the Torah. As a parallel to this receiving of the Torah, the Jews "accepted" the Torah on Purim (kiy'mu v'kiblu). The ...
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Where is Olam HaPirud? And what are the forces therein?

I see this world mentioned vaguely but I can't find where Olam HaPirud/Peyrud/Peirud or alma de-peruda is located in the hishtalshelut. I read today's Tanya: such service remains below in this “...
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Why Halachot LiMosheh MiSinai can not be derived from the Torah?

The existence of the term "Halachot LiMosheh MiSinai" hints on the fact that some Halochos are not derived / can not be derived from Torah in any way but Moses received them orally. Because if it was, ...
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What was the Chiddush (novelty) in the 10 commandments?

I'm trying to imagine myself exiting Egypt and arriving at Matan Torah. I expect that for 49 days the Jewish people expect G-d to give them something they didn't already know. Instead, G-d recites the ...
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603,550 Jews at Sinai and 603,550 Jews Entering Promised Land?

Why in Exodus 38:26 does it say there were 603,550 men over age 20, and then in Numbers 1:46 the exact same number (603,550) is again listed? Didn’t all the Jews of the generation in Exodus all die ...
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What did Moses learn during the second ascent?

If I understand right Moses spent the first 40 days, from 7 of Sivan to 17 of Tamuz studying the "whole Torah". The Gemora (Nedarim 38a) says he learned and forgot until G-d gave Moses the Torah as a ...
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Where exactly did Moses stand at the 10 commandments?

I know that Moses did a couple of ascends to the top of Mt Sinai at different times. In the text, right before the 10C G-d says to Moses to descend but he was called to ascend with Aharon and the ...
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Timeline of learning the parts of the written and oral Torahs

As we follow the rule that the Torah is not chronological (אין מוקדם ומאוחר בתורה), I'm very confused about the order of receiving different parts of the Torah in the 40 years from the Exodus to the ...
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How did Yitro know he can join the Jewish Nation?

The fact of Yitro's conversion passes transparently in the Torah commentary. However, I wondered why he assumed he'll be accepted to the Jewish people and not rejected? Especially for those who ...
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Death of all Jews at Har Sinai

According to the Midrash (quoted in Rashi on the Parsha), when Hashem spoke at Sinai, the effect was so powerful that פרחו נשמתם - the souls of the Jewish nation left their bodies. Hashem resurrected ...
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Luchot HaBrit; first time receiving Torah passively and a second time actively

Once I read an article which talked about Exodus 31:18 and compared it with Exodus 34:1. In the first verse G-d gave the tablets (His work, His writing, 32:16), the second verse teaches Moshe needed ...
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Why did the Torah need to be given if the Avos knew and kept it?

It is a common theme in aggadic literature that The Avos were incredible tzadikim They more-or-less kept the entire Torah, including some derabannans If the mitzvos were already known and kept, and ...
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What is the qualitative difference between the revelation at Sinai and other miracles according to Rambam?

In Hilchot Yesodei HaTorah (8:1), Rambam writes: משה רבינו לא האמינו בו ישראל מפני האותות שעשה שהמאמין על פי האותות יש בלבו דופי שאפשר שיעשה האות בלט וכשוף אלא כל האותות שעשה משה במדבר לפי הצורך ...
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What was given on Mt. Sinai at each of the 40-day intervals

It's known that Moshe was on the mountain for 120 days and nights total, although I personally am not sure exactly what was given when. (I'm aware of this question How is the story of the Torah being ...
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Was Moses asking for problems by leaving the Israelites alone so soon after coming out of Egypt?

My understanding is the Moses went up the Mountain to get the 10 Commandments exactly 3 months after leaving Egypt, and a week or so later went up again for 40 (on g-ds command) days without out ...
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crowd arrangement at Mt. Sinai

I was making an artistic recreation of the scene of Mt. Sinai on the 6th of Sivan, and I want it to be as accurate as possible. When I got up to making the crowd of people, I was wondering -- were ...
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Were the Israelites' pots really ben yoman when they received the Torah?

In the Mishnah Brurah's explanation for the custom of eating dairy foods on Shavuot (Orach Chaim 494:12), he mentions that the Israelites' pots had been used for non-kosher food within the past 24 ...
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Why does the Torah say, in Exodus 19:13, that those that try to see G-d will be 'stoned or shot with arrows'?

I believe this to be the correct translation. So, why wouldn't G-d just strike them down with lightening bolts or something, if he can do anything? Why does he insist on having an army to defend the ...
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When Did Moses Receive the Torah

I apologize for the fact that this threatens to be the most ignorant question ever asked on this site, but I'm not sure where else to ask it. My understanding is that God gave the entire Torah to ...
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B'nos Tzelofchad, Yerushah and “Nitnah Torah V'Nitchadshah Halacha”

In the middle of Bava Basra daf 110b the gemara debates the source for the primacy of sons inheriting their father over the daughters. One of the sources brought is from B'nos Tzelofchad who say 27:...
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What changed with the giving of the Zohar? [closed]

Once read somewhere (forgot exact source, could be Shomer Emunim Hakadmon from Rabbi Yosef Irgas) that kabala was transferred from Rabbi to disciple in a long chain going to Sinai and taught secretly ...
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Native American Traditions and Mass Revelations

In Deuteronomy(4:32-34), two points are made in reassuring Israel that God has not abandoned them. The reader is tasked with searching from one end of the heavens to the other to see if a God ever ...
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Exodus 24 was a “mass conversion”; why were “the strangers” STILL referred to as “strangers” in the story of craving meat? [closed]

I have been told that before the Torah was given, the Children of Israel weren't yet "Jews" in the religious sense. Only at the "naaseh venishma" moment dod they convert. The erev rav (mixed ...
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Why do we need to count omer for fifty days exactly?

We count the omer from the second day of Pesach until or before Shavuot totalling 50 days. Why do we need to count up to 50 days and why is the 50th day connected to Shavuot? In other ways why does ...
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Did the people of Israel know they would get the Torah?

When we think about the desert of Sinai our mind thinks straight away to "Kabalat Torah". This looks like the biggest thing that our people had when they left Egypt. It is almost as if the people of ...
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Where was Joshua waiting while Moses was on Mt. Sinai receiving the 1st tablets?

In the "Ten Commandments" movie, they depict Joshua waiting for Moses somewhere just below the top of the mountain. I know that Hollywood tends to embellish the facts, but I'm curious if Joshua ...
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How many days was B'nei Yisra'el given to prepare for receiving the Torah?

I am trying to resolve what appears to be a conflict in several sources. Avot D'rav Natan 2:3 (excerpt) איזו סייג שעשה משה לדבריו? הרי הוא אומר: (שמות יט) "ויאמר ה' אל משה, לך אל העם וקדשתם ...
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God created both the written law and the oral before the world was created. Why didn't he make all of it 'written'?

If He wanted to us to follow all of it and the oral law was most of what we received at Mount Sinai why didn't He tell us to write it all down?
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What was given in Har Sinai? [duplicate]

It's common knowledge that Moshe received the Torah in Har Sinai. He wrote the Pentateuch directly dictated from Hashem there and brought it down. But we also learn that he came down with the Ten ...
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What form was the Torah before Sinai

Chazal say the Torah was studied before Sinai. (ex. by Adam and Eve as explained here. Likewise chazal say the Patriarchs studied Torah from Shem ben Noach.) In what form was this pre-Torah? It ...
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Were the “ending” Hebrew letters (kaf, mem, nun. peh and tzadi) used in the original version of the Torah given at Mt. Sinai?

I have heard that the original Torah that Moshe Rabbeinu wrote, being dictated by Hashem, had no spaces, and that they were added in later. In the original Torah, were the final letters (ךםןףץ) ...
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How do we know that the revelation at Sinai was not a magician's trick?

As quoted in this answer: On the fiftieth day after they began counting the Omer--that is, fifty-one days after the Exodus, all of the Children of Israel, men, women and children, over two ...
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Where was Moses when the Ten Commandments were given?

I am trying to picture in my mind the events here. Reading from Exodus 19-20: Ex 19:24 Then the LORD said to him, “Go down and come up again, you and Aaron with you; but do not let the priests and ...
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Why do we refer to Shavuot as the “time of receiving the Torah” when all that occured was hearing the 10 Commandments?

During Shavu'ot, during Shmoneh Esreh and bentching we refer to the holiday as Z'man Matan Torateinu - "The time of the giving of our Torah" Discounting the discussions of the exact calendar date of ...
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What did the Jews hear at Sinai?

I seem to recall that there is somewhat of a machlokes Rishonim over what exactly it was that the Jews heard at Sinai. Some say that all 10 commandments were heard, while others say that only the ...
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Shemot 3:12 v.s. covenant with Avraham

In different commentaries about the verse of Shemot 3:12, I've read that the entire purpose of leaving Egypt was in order that Bnei Yisrael would come to Har Sinai and accept the Torah (to serve Him ...
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What does 'the New Torah' in these medrashim mean?

The Yalkut Shimoni on Yishaya, remez 429, mentions how Hashem will sit and be doresh a new Torah that he will give by the hand of Moshiach. This medrash is apparently taken from the Osios diRabi ...
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Is there a Jewish tradition of God reviving Israel at Sinai?

I once heard that according to "Jewish tradition", though it could be mere hearsay, that there was a story or legend that when the Israelites saw God's presence upon Mt. Sinai (or heard His audible ...
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In Devarim 5:5 why does Moshe connect the people's fear with not going up Mt. Sinai?

In Devarim 5:5 Moshe says: "Because you were afraid of the fire and you didn't go up the mountain..." It seems that Moshe is saying that the fear of the fire coming from the mountain was why B'nai ...
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Why did the angels object to the Torah being given to Moshe – what did the angels think?

The well-known Gemoro Shabbos 88b reports the angels protesting against HKB”H giving the Torah to Israel. HKB”H tells Moshe to answer the angels and Moshe shows that the Torah is only applicable to ...
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What did Bnei Yisrael experience at Matan Torah?

I'm having trouble understanding what the Israelites actually experienced at the Revelation at Mt Sinai. Did they all see God? Did they all hear Him? Did they all understand Him? Did they hear all of ...
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How is repeating what Bnei Yisrael did somehow a “correction”?

According to this answer, it seems as though staying up late is somehow a correction for Bnei Yisrael sleeping late. I've heard it explained that they thought nevua would only come while they are ...