Questions tagged [isaiah-yeshaya-the-book]

Yeshaya (ben Amotz) is a book of Sefer Neviim prophesying about both Punishment and future Redamption during the reigns of Kings Uzia, Yosam,Achaz and Chizkiyahu.

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791 views

If a virgin birth actually disqualifies a Messianic candidate, how then should Isaiah 7:14 be interpreted?

Earlier today in chat, I saw this: Jewish identity is matrilinial. Jewish tribal lineage is patrilinial. If Jesus had no biological father, then he could not be from the tribe of Judah, as ...
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Isaiah 8:11: “kaf” or “bet”?

It seems that two versions of Isaiah 8:11 exist. One has "כחזקת היד" -- this is the version in the Aleppo (shown above) and Leningrad codices: http://www.studylight.org/desk/?sr=1&old_q=...
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How do we translate חַטָּאִים?

Isaiah 1 (28): And destruction shall come over rebels and sinners together, and those who forsake the Lord shall perish. כח. וְשֶׁבֶר פֹּשְׁעִים וְחַטָּאִים יַחְדָּו וְעֹזְבֵי יְהֹוָה ...
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Who are these “aliens” in Isaiah 56?

I was reading through this passage in Isaiah 56: 4 For thus saith the LORD concerning the eunuchs that keep My sabbaths, and choose the things that please Me, and hold fast by My covenant. 5 ...
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Does Yeshayahu 43:10b / 43:13a imply HaShem was created?

I cannot read Hebrew and am struggling a great deal to understand Yeshayahu 43:10/43:13. In my English versions, these verse-parts seem very much to suggest that HaShem was Himself ‘formed’ at some ...
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What does 'the New Torah' in these medrashim mean?

The Yalkut Shimoni on Yishaya, remez 429, mentions how Hashem will sit and be doresh a new Torah that he will give by the hand of Moshiach. This medrash is apparently taken from the Osios diRabi ...
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How is Isaiah 66:17 to be understood if pork will become kosher when the Messiah comes?

The Ritva, R. Yom Tov Asivelli (in the 13th century) wrote that pork will become kosher when the Messiah comes: (קידושין מט:) ועליהם אמרו בהגדה למה נקרא שמו חזיר שעתיד הקב"ה להחזירו לישראל לעתיד ...
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What is a ger toshav?

I read in the Book of Isaiah (Is. 56:1-8), about the foreigner joining Hashem. I asked my Rabbi briefly about this passage. He explained that the passage is probably neither about a gerut conversion ...
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What is the correct translation of הֵילֵ֣ל?

Shalom everyone, new visitor here. The term הֵילֵ֣ל may be found in Isaiah 14:12, but I have not been able to find it in any Hebrew dictionaries. English translations range from "morning," to "...
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Levana or Yareach?

In the entire Tanach the moon is generally called Yareach. There are 3 instances where it is called Levana: 1) ישעיהו: כד. כג. וחפרה הלבנה ובושה החמה 2) ישעיהו: ל. כו. והיה אור הלבנה כאור ...
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Yasis alayich, not yasos

The gemara in megillah 10b and Sanhedrin 39b make a diyuk from the word 'yasis', as opposed to 'yasos' in devarim 28,63 that Hashem makes our enemies happy when we sin but he himself is not happy. In ...
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How seriously does Orthodox Judaism take the prophecy of Isaiah that God will give the Jews “as a light unto the Gentiles”?

How much weight, seriousness and focus does orthodox Judaism give to the prophecy of Isaiah 49:6: It is too small a thing that thou shall be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob and ...
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Did Isaiah ever believe that Hezekiah was the Messiah?

The Gemara at Sanhedrin 94a suggests that G-d wanted Hezekiah to be the Messiah. The Gemara continues to say that at some point Hashem said he would not be the Messiah, and Isaiah cried out "Woe to ...
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What does Isaiah 9:6 mean?

Isaiah 9:5 is a famous verse used by Christians. A Christian translation is: For to us a child is born. To us a son is given; and the government will be on his shoulders. His name will be called ...
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Where is Is. 40:12 used in prayer?

The phrase וְכָל בַּשָּׁלִשׁ עֲפַר הָאָרֶץ from ישעיהו מ יב (used in the haftara of Vaeschanan) is very familiar to me from prayers, and I can't think where it's from. Moreover, Google is not ...
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Is there a book which gives a good background understanding to Isaiah's prophecies?

I am trying to learn the book of the prophet Yeshaya (Isaiah). I am finding the early (unfamiliar) chapters very difficult. Rashi’s commentary does not help me enough. Is there a book which gives a ...
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How do the Dead Sea Scrolls of Isaiah compare with today's version?

To what degree do the Dead Sea Scrolls of the book of Isaiah match our version of the book of Isaiah?
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“For Zion's sake” - Where in the liturgy?

Is Isaiah 62:1 found anywhere in the liturgy? I seem to remember a reference or two in Selichot, but I can't find it there now, nor can I find it anywhere else.
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What's special about grasshoppers?

Why do the spies compare themselves to grasshoppers Bamidbor 13 (33) we saw the Nephilim there—the Anakites are part of the Nephilim—and we looked like grasshoppers to ourselves, and so we must ...
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New heaven and earth?

Yeshayahu 65:17 (66:22): "כִּי־הִנְנִי בוֹרֵא שָׁמַיִם חֲדָשִׁים וָאָרֶץ חֲדָשָׁה וְלֹא תִזָּכַרְנָה הָרִאשֹׁנוֹת וְלֹא תַעֲלֶינָה עַל־לֵב׃ " writes about a new heaven and earth. Although I’m not ...
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Which parts of the Chazon Haftorah get sad tune (Eicha trop)?

The Shabbos before Tisha B'Av gets a very sad Haftorah, known as Chazon. It's Isaiah 1:1--27. (I recommend you open the text in a new window, or else the answers to this question will make no sense.)...
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Morning blessing before Shema - why “Borei et Hakol” and not “Borei Ra”?

The first blessing before the reading of the Shema in the morning prayer starts with בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱלהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעולָם, יוצֵר אור וּבורֵא חשֶׁךְ. עשה שָׁלום וּבורֵא אֶת הַכּל. ...
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Were there multiple Isaiahs?

Modern scholarship recognizes multiple authors of the book of Isaiah. While Isaiah 1-39 is attributed to the pre-exilic Isaiah ben Ammoz, Isaiah 40-66 is attributed to one or more later prophets ...
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Why does the Gemara say Chizkiyahu didn't sing?

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 94a says that the reason Chizkiyahu was not the Mashiach is that he didn't sing after Hashem did miracles for him (Rashi adds that this refers to saving Yerushalayim from ...
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Reading God's 4 letter name

In both the Torah reading and הפטרה of פרשת עקב (from 49th and 50th chapters of ישעיה), we find some examples of when the written word in the Torah or Prophets scroll is the four letter name of God, ...
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How is Sefer Yeshayahu structured?

How is Sefer Yeshaya structured? It doesn't seem to be chronological. The book seems to start with chapter 6 which presumably took place during the reign of Uzziah. Rashi says chapter 1 started ...
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Isaiah's addressing of King Ahaz as “House of David”

In Isaiah 7, when Ahaz refuses to ask for a sign as instructed by Isaiah, why does the Prophet then address Ahaz by saying "O House of David" instead of Ahaz's name? Is Isaiah no longer addressing ...
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Why a (enda)mem sofit לםרבה in Yishaya 9:6

I noticed during the reading of the haftorah of parshas Yisro that the word למרבה is spelled לםרבה,this is certainly a strange phenomenon since a mem sofit everywhere else is always at the end of the ...
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Talmud Bavli Sanhedrin 98b: an interpretation in a messianic sense of the figure of the “suffering servant” of Isaiah 52-53?

I’m an Italian noahide. I read in various Jewish sources, and also in this forum at The suffering servant? Yeshayahu- Isaiah - Chapter 53 that the figure of the "suffering servant" described in ...
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The Medrash and Gemara about Hoshana Rabbah

I read on shirat devorah the following: 1) The Midrash tells us that G‑d told Abraham: “If atonement is not granted to your children on Rosh Hashanah, I will grant it on Yom Kippur; if they do not ...
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Does someone who does teshuvah get answered only after he prays or even before?

The Rambam in hilchos teshuvah (7:7) states: כמה מעולה מעלת התשובה אמש היה זה מובדל מה' אלהי ישראל... צועק ואינו נענה שנאמר [גם] כי תרבו תפלה [אינני שומע ... והיום הוא מודבק בשכינה... צועק ונענה מיד ...
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What is the implication that Hashem is identified as our husband?

What is the implication that Hashem is identified as our husband? Why use a term that many cultures or humans define as a "sexual partner"? Isaiah 54:5 "כִּי בֹעֲלַיִךְ עֹשַׂיִךְ ה' צְבָאוֹת ...
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Why God punish someone for another?

Isaiah 53:4-6 is strange enough: 4 Surely our diseases he did bear, and our pains he carried; whereas we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded because of ...
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Yeshayahu 45:7 Does Rah exist because of the absense of Tov?

Question: In my own words based on some commentary of Rabbi Hirsch Yeshayahu 45:7 reads: I form ohr (light), and create choshech (darkness); I make shalom (that what is whole), and create rah (that ...
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Origin of Yisha'yahu (Isaiah/יְשַׁעְיָהוּ)'s name

Does Jewish tradition teach us anything that might explain the origin of the name Yisha'yahu/Isaiah/יְשַׁעְיָהוּ? I am referring to the prophet who bore the name. If his name means, as it seems to, "...
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Structure and relevance of Sefer Yeshaya

Was Yeshaya included in Tenach as all of it is relevant for all time? If so, what is the relevance of chapter 13-22 for example. Is there any evidence that his prophecies to the other nations ...
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On taking out the Torah, why do we say, udavar adoni myerushalym?

On taking out the Torah we say, "and the word of Gcd will come forth from Jerusalem" (paraphrased). What does that mean? It does not say "the word came forth from Sinai". Does it mean that the Jews ...
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How is marriage understood to have taken away reproach in Isaiah 4:1

Is there a traditional Jewish or standard agreed upon understanding of what it means for a marriage in the context of Isaiah 4 to take away reproach? For seven women will take hold of one man in ...
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Where is the land of Sinim?

In Isaiah Perek 49 Pasuk 12 it says: הִנֵּה-אֵלֶּה, מֵרָחוֹק יָבֹאוּ; וְהִנֵּה-אֵלֶּה מִצָּפוֹן וּמִיָּם, וְאֵלֶּה מֵאֶרֶץ סִינִים Behold, these shall come from far; and, lo, these from the ...
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Do we consider ourselves converts?

OK, bad title but I have been having trouble with the titles recently. Sorry. In slichot, we say a whole set of things including many pesukim. Towards the end of the slichot, right before the shma ...
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Chizkiyahu and Messengers from Bavel

I’m looking at Yeshayahu 39 and Melachim 2 20. What was so bad about Chizkiyahu showing his treasures to the king of Bavel? If it was so bad, why was he not punished personally? It seems unfair to ...
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Confusion in Yeshayahu's Propechies..?

I was looking through Isaiah and come across these weird passages: (2) And I will stir up Egyptians against Egyptians, and they shall war one man against his brother, and a man against his friend, ...
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Isaiah 53 How does Israel's suffering atone for the sins of the nations?

Isaiah 53:4 Indeed, he bore our illnesses, and our pains-he carried them, yet we accounted him as plagued, smitten by God and oppressed. דאָכֵן חֳלָיֵנוּ הוּא נָשָׂא וּמַכְאֹבֵינוּ סְבָלָם וַאֲנַחְנוּ ...
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What is the significance of the ten azharos of tshuva (in Yeshaya ch. 1)?

Rashi in Yeshayah chapter 1 vs. 16 tells us that the ten words in the next two psukim, רחצו, הזכו, הסירו, חדלו, למדו, דרשו, אשרו, שפטו, ריבו, are all אזהרות של לשון תשובה כנגד עשרת ימי תשובה, וכנגד ...
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Does Isaiah 66 say that the non-Jews can keep Shabbos?

Given the context of Isaiah, I always seen the expression כל בשר as a reference to am yisroel, given the expressions of לא רחמה and לא עמי in Hosea 1-2. I've always understood it as all Israel in its ...
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Why did HaShem allowed Yeshayahu to serve naked?

Maybe I misunderstood the verse, but Yeshayahu 20:3 teach us that Yeshayahu was a servant and walked naked and barefoot for three years. Why would HaShem allow him to do so? While Adam and Eve had to ...
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1answer
180 views

Why does prophet Isaiah believe the world is flat

Why does prophet Isaiah believe the world is flat? He will raise a banner for the nations and gather the exiles of Israel; he will assemble the scattered people of Judah from the four corners of the ...
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270 views

The suffering servant? Yeshayahu- Isaiah - Chapter 53

Who is the servant in Isaiah 53?
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Counting and naming the stars

Why does Hashem count and name the stars in Heaven? This is mentioned in the first Rashi on Shemot, see below. I would like an explanation on this... Quote from Rashi: And these are the names of the ...
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In Isaiah 10:20-23 why only a remnant will remain?

In Isaiah 10:20-23 who are referred to as the remnant of Israel and the escaped of the House of Jacob referenced by Hashem? Are the remnant referenced to as only some of the Jewish people? Why ...