Questions tagged [isaiah-yeshaya-the-book]

Yeshaya (ben Amotz) is a book of Sefer Neviim prophesying about both Punishment and future Redamption during the reigns of Kings Uzia, Yosam,Achaz and Chizkiyahu.

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In Isaiah 28:16, is the stone under the whole building or just under one corner?

16Therefore, so has the Lord God said: "Behold, I have laid as a foundation a stone in Zion, a fortress stone, a costly cornerstone, a foundation well founded; the believer shall not hasten. טזלָכֵ֗ן ...
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How is Isaiah 66:17 to be understood if pork will become kosher when the Messiah comes?

The Ritva, R. Yom Tov Asivelli (in the 13th century) wrote that pork will become kosher when the Messiah comes: (קידושין מט:) ועליהם אמרו בהגדה למה נקרא שמו חזיר שעתיד הקב"ה להחזירו לישראל לעתיד ...
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Talmud Bavli Sanhedrin 98b: an interpretation in a messianic sense of the figure of the “suffering servant” of Isaiah 52-53?

I’m an Italian noahide. I read in various Jewish sources, and also in this forum at The suffering servant? Yeshayahu- Isaiah - Chapter 53 that the figure of the "suffering servant" described in ...
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Invalidating Jews as the Suffering Servant [closed]

I saw this post in which a rabbi explains why Is. 53 cannot be talking about Jesus. The essential line is This tells us that someone who is widely respected BEFORE the arm of the Lord is revealed – ...
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In Isaiah 10:20-23 why only a remnant will remain?

In Isaiah 10:20-23 who are referred to as the remnant of Israel and the escaped of the House of Jacob referenced by Hashem? Are the remnant referenced to as only some of the Jewish people? Why ...
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Does Isaiah 66 say that the non-Jews can keep Shabbos?

Given the context of Isaiah, I always seen the expression כל בשר as a reference to am yisroel, given the expressions of לא רחמה and לא עמי in Hosea 1-2. I've always understood it as all Israel in its ...
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Chizkiyahu and Messengers from Bavel

I’m looking at Yeshayahu 39 and Melachim 2 20. What was so bad about Chizkiyahu showing his treasures to the king of Bavel? If it was so bad, why was he not punished personally? It seems unfair to ...
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Does Yeshayahu 43:10b / 43:13a imply HaShem was created?

I cannot read Hebrew and am struggling a great deal to understand Yeshayahu 43:10/43:13. In my English versions, these verse-parts seem very much to suggest that HaShem was Himself ‘formed’ at some ...
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Why were the Egyptians judged for twelve lunar months, rather than solar ones?

Eduyos 2:10 lists several judgements which lasted for exactly twelve months: חֲמִשָּׁה דְבָרִים שֶׁל שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט דּוֹר הַמַּבּוּל, שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט אִיּוֹב, ...
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Who is Lucifer in Isaiah 14:11-14?

As the context isn't clear and I don't speak hebrew So I don't know what it's exactly about.
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Isaiah 29:13: lips that honour, but hearts that are far from HaShem?

Yeshayahu 29:13 reads: וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲדֹנָ֗י יַ֚עַן כִּ֤י נִגַּשׁ֙ הָעָ֣ם הַזֶּ֔ה בְּפִ֤יו וּבִשְׂפָתָיו֙ כִּבְּד֔וּנִי וְלִבּ֖וֹ רִחַ֣ק מִמֶּ֑נִּי וַתְּהִ֤י יִרְאָתָם֙ אֹתִ֔י מִצְוַ֥ת אֲנָשִׁ֖ים ...
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Why does the Gemara say Chizkiyahu didn't sing?

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 94a says that the reason Chizkiyahu was not the Mashiach is that he didn't sing after Hashem did miracles for him (Rashi adds that this refers to saving Yerushalayim from ...
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Isaiah's addressing of King Ahaz as “House of David”

In Isaiah 7, when Ahaz refuses to ask for a sign as instructed by Isaiah, why does the Prophet then address Ahaz by saying "O House of David" instead of Ahaz's name? Is Isaiah no longer addressing ...
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How can Isaiah 11:11 be fulfilled if many of the nations mentioned no longer have significant Jewish population?

Isaiah 11:11 יא  וְהָיָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא, יוֹסִיף אֲדֹנָי שֵׁנִית יָדוֹ, לִקְנוֹת, אֶת-שְׁאָר עַמּוֹ--אֲשֶׁר יִשָּׁאֵר מֵאַשּׁוּר וּמִמִּצְרַיִם וּמִפַּתְרוֹס וּמִכּוּשׁ, וּמֵעֵילָם וּמִשִּׁנְעָר ...
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New heaven and earth?

Yeshayahu 65:17 (66:22): "כִּי־הִנְנִי בוֹרֵא שָׁמַיִם חֲדָשִׁים וָאָרֶץ חֲדָשָׁה וְלֹא תִזָּכַרְנָה הָרִאשֹׁנוֹת וְלֹא תַעֲלֶינָה עַל־לֵב׃ " writes about a new heaven and earth. Although I’m not ...
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Any connection between Isaiah 40:3 and the story of Ya'akov's name changed to Yisrael?

Regards the name changing from Ya'akov to Yisrael the Kli Yakar states that the name Yisrael comes from the word Yashar El, to be straight with G-d. This transformation is compared to Yeshayahu 40:4 '...
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How to define the Malach Panav from the book of Isaiah?

In Yeshayahu 63:9 there’s a mention of a ‘malach panav (מַלְאַךְ פָּנָיו)’, why is this malach refered to in this kind of way; why this specific entitlement; what does the combination of the words ...
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Is there any rabbinical support for the word “צַו” as used in Isaiah 28:10 to mean “connection”?

Is there any rabbinical support for the word "צַו" as used in Isaiah 28:10 to mean "connection"? The usual translation that one reads for "צַו לָצָו" is "precept upon precept". Did any of the rabbis ...
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Question regarding the usage of two of G-d's names in Isaiah 55:7

Part of Yeshayahu 55:7 says: וישוב אל ה וירחמהו ואל אל-הינו כי ירבה לסלוח Loose translation - "He shall to return to Adonai and he will be merciful to him and to Eloheinu, for he is abundant to ...
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Why did HaShem allowed Yeshayahu to serve naked?

Maybe I misunderstood the verse, but Yeshayahu 20:3 teach us that Yeshayahu was a servant and walked naked and barefoot for three years. Why would HaShem allow him to do so? While Adam and Eve had to ...
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Warlike qualities of HaShem?

Exodus 15:3 The LORD, the Warrior - LORD is His name! (NJPS) Exodus 15:3 The LORD is a man of war, The LORD is His name (OJPS). I came across a note in "The commentators bible, the JPS miqra'ot ...
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Morning blessing before Shema - why “Borei et Hakol” and not “Borei Ra”?

The first blessing before the reading of the Shema in the morning prayer starts with בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱלהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעולָם, יוצֵר אור וּבורֵא חשֶׁךְ. עשה שָׁלום וּבורֵא אֶת הַכּל. ...
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Does someone who does teshuvah get answered only after he prays or even before?

The Rambam in hilchos teshuvah (7:7) states: כמה מעולה מעלת התשובה אמש היה זה מובדל מה' אלהי ישראל... צועק ואינו נענה שנאמר [גם] כי תרבו תפלה [אינני שומע ... והיום הוא מודבק בשכינה... צועק ונענה מיד ...
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What is “the day of the L-RD” found in Isaiah 13:6 and elsewhere and when does/did it occur?

What is "the day of the L-RD" found in Isaiah 13:6 and elsewhere and when does/did it occur?: JPS Tanakh 1917 Isaiah 13:6 Howl ye; for the day of the L-RD is at hand; As destruction from the ...
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What is the implication that Hashem is identified as our husband?

What is the implication that Hashem is identified as our husband? Why use a term that many cultures or humans define as a "sexual partner"? Isaiah 54:5 "כִּי בֹעֲלַיִךְ עֹשַׂיִךְ ה' צְבָאוֹת ...
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Yasis alayich, not yasos

The gemara in megillah 10b and Sanhedrin 39b make a diyuk from the word 'yasis', as opposed to 'yasos' in devarim 28,63 that Hashem makes our enemies happy when we sin but he himself is not happy. In ...
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Counting and naming the stars

Why does Hashem count and name the stars in Heaven? This is mentioned in the first Rashi on Shemot, see below. I would like an explanation on this... Quote from Rashi: And these are the names of the ...
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How can Jews still hope that they can hasten the arrival of Moshiach when Yeshaya 57:16 clearly rejects that notion altogether

How can Jews still hope that they can hasten the arrival of Moshiach when Yeshaya 57:16 clearly rejects that notion altogether? “For not forever will I fight, nor until eternity will I be angry, for ...
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Isaiah 57:15 The Dakah and Shaphal

Isaiah 57:15 reads: ואת-דכא ושפל-רוח להחיות רוח שפלים ולהחיות לב נדכאים Regards this part of the verse: What do the terms דכא and שפל literally and figuratively mean? - There are so many different ...
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Why a (enda)mem sofit לםרבה in Yishaya 9:6

I noticed during the reading of the haftorah of parshas Yisro that the word למרבה is spelled לםרבה,this is certainly a strange phenomenon since a mem sofit everywhere else is always at the end of the ...
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Why does prophet Isaiah believe the world is flat

Why does prophet Isaiah believe the world is flat? He will raise a banner for the nations and gather the exiles of Israel; he will assemble the scattered people of Judah from the four corners of the ...
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What is the source and meaning of the word מהול?

I am trying to get to the bottom of what the word מהול means in the context of being circumcised. I can't find it used in Mishna or Talmud, but by the Rishonim and Medrashim it is commonly used to ...
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Yishayahu 56:7 – what is ביתי?

Inspired by the first comment here. Yishayahu 56:7 reads (Mechon Mamre): וַהֲבִֽיאוֹתִ֞ים אֶל־הַ֣ר קָדְשִׁ֗י וְשִׂמַּחְתִּים֙ בְּבֵ֣ית תְּפִלָּתִ֔י עוֹלֹֽתֵיהֶ֧ם וְזִבְחֵיהֶ֛ם לְרָצ֖וֹן עַֽל־...
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Were there multiple Isaiahs?

Modern scholarship recognizes multiple authors of the book of Isaiah. While Isaiah 1-39 is attributed to the pre-exilic Isaiah ben Ammoz, Isaiah 40-66 is attributed to one or more later prophets ...
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Gather all Jews back to the Land of Israel?

Gather all Jews back to the Land of Israel (Isaiah 43:5-6). Does everyone in Judaism agree that we are talking about the geographic Land of Israel as it is right now or at some time in history (the ...
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Reading God's 4 letter name

In both the Torah reading and הפטרה of פרשת עקב (from 49th and 50th chapters of ישעיה), we find some examples of when the written word in the Torah or Prophets scroll is the four letter name of God, ...
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Isaiah 53 How does Israel's suffering atone for the sins of the nations?

Isaiah 53:4 Indeed, he bore our illnesses, and our pains-he carried them, yet we accounted him as plagued, smitten by God and oppressed. דאָכֵן חֳלָיֵנוּ הוּא נָשָׂא וּמַכְאֹבֵינוּ סְבָלָם וַאֲנַחְנוּ ...
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The suffering servant? Yeshayahu- Isaiah - Chapter 53

Who is the servant in Isaiah 53?
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What's special about grasshoppers?

Why do the spies compare themselves to grasshoppers Bamidbor 13 (33) we saw the Nephilim there—the Anakites are part of the Nephilim—and we looked like grasshoppers to ourselves, and so we must ...
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Was the Jubilee in mind in Isaiah 49:8-9 and 61:1-2?

Did the prophet Isaiah have the Jubilee in mind in Isaiah 49:8 and 61:1-2? I notice the term "proclaim freedom" appears in Leviticus as well as Isaiah 61. Is the similarity superficial? In the case ...
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Splitting up Kadosh Kadosh Kadosh

The pasuk we quote in Kedusha from Yeshayahu 6:3 reads וְקָרָ֨א זֶ֤ה אֶל־זֶה֙ וְאָמַ֔ר קָד֧וֹשׁ ׀ קָד֛וֹשׁ קָד֖וֹשׁ יְהוָ֣ה צְבָא֑וֹת מְלֹ֥א כָל־הָאָ֖רֶץ כְּבוֹדֽוֹ׃ In this pasuk, the image I ...
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Where is the land of Sinim?

In Isaiah Perek 49 Pasuk 12 it says: הִנֵּה-אֵלֶּה, מֵרָחוֹק יָבֹאוּ; וְהִנֵּה-אֵלֶּה מִצָּפוֹן וּמִיָּם, וְאֵלֶּה מֵאֶרֶץ סִינִים Behold, these shall come from far; and, lo, these from the ...
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How seriously does Orthodox Judaism take the prophecy of Isaiah that God will give the Jews “as a light unto the Gentiles”?

How much weight, seriousness and focus does orthodox Judaism give to the prophecy of Isaiah 49:6: It is too small a thing that thou shall be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob and ...
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The Medrash and Gemara about Hoshana Rabbah

I read on shirat devorah the following: 1) The Midrash tells us that G‑d told Abraham: “If atonement is not granted to your children on Rosh Hashanah, I will grant it on Yom Kippur; if they do not ...
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What is the correct translation of הֵילֵ֣ל?

Shalom everyone, new visitor here. The term הֵילֵ֣ל may be found in Isaiah 14:12, but I have not been able to find it in any Hebrew dictionaries. English translations range from "morning," to "...
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How is marriage understood to have taken away reproach in Isaiah 4:1

Is there a traditional Jewish or standard agreed upon understanding of what it means for a marriage in the context of Isaiah 4 to take away reproach? For seven women will take hold of one man in ...
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How do the Dead Sea Scrolls of Isaiah compare with today's version?

To what degree do the Dead Sea Scrolls of the book of Isaiah match our version of the book of Isaiah?
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The Yud and Hey in creation (Isaiah 26:4)

Isaiah (26:4) is usually translated: "Trust in G-d forever, for in Y-ah, [who is] G-d, is the everlasting rock." However, the prefix translated here as "in" can also mean "through" or "by"; and the ...
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On taking out the Torah, why do we say, udavar adoni myerushalym?

On taking out the Torah we say, "and the word of Gcd will come forth from Jerusalem" (paraphrased). What does that mean? It does not say "the word came forth from Sinai". Does it mean that the Jews ...
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Yeshayahu 45:7 Does Rah exist because of the absense of Tov?

Question: In my own words based on some commentary of Rabbi Hirsch Yeshayahu 45:7 reads: I form ohr (light), and create choshech (darkness); I make shalom (that what is whole), and create rah (that ...