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Questions tagged [intent-accident-purposely]

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Transgressions resulting from trusting someone

For an action done based on information from others, what are the parameters for it to be considered intentional vs shogeg? For example, let's say a man asked his wife if she's nidda and she told him ...
user9806's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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If a Shabbos Goy was found to be Jewish, who is Chaiv?

There was an actual מעשה that I heard from someone, in which a Shabbos goy was found to be Jewish, Hashem Yishmor! My שאילה is, do we say that the Shabbos goy or the person designating the Shabbos goy ...
Shteigg101's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
237 views

What happens when you jokingly said 'I'm a nazir'?

If somebody gave you a bottle of wine, and you say I don't drink. They ask why, and you answer, jokingly 'I'm a nazir'. Did you take on a vow even though you only intended to joke?
Kenny Xiong's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
102 views

Murder by infectious disease

If someone intentionally infects another with a potentially deadly disease from which the victim ultimately dies, assuming he was forewarned and it was witnessed by valid witnesses, would a Sanhedrin ...
Loewian's user avatar
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3 votes
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Is not protesting tantamount to intentionally doing something -- ramifications

If a Jew sees another Jew about to do an aveira (chas veshalom), and knows that if he speaks in a certain way to protest the action, the other Jew might listen to him, but doesn't do so, is he liable ...
B''H Bi'ezras -- Boruch Hashem's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
82 views

What is the law regarding the aveidah of a katan (lost object of a minor)?

Jewish law (Shulchan Aruch Choshen Mishpat 262) says that some lost objects are allowed to be kept by the finder. I understood that the reason is because the original owner had ye'ush (gave up hope). ...
Ari's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
158 views

Can the accidental killer of a relative kill himself?

If a person kills his relative unintentionally, can he also be considered a goel hadam (blood avenger) for the victim (since the victim is his relative)? In which case, he should have permission to ...
user9806's user avatar
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Food accidentally cooked on Yom Kippur

If one b'shogeig cooked food on Yom Kippur, would he able to eat that food after Yom Kippur, assuming he waited after Yom Kippur the time it took to cook it? I know that the rule of food cooked on ...
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4 votes
1 answer
59 views

Why does the mishna prescribe an indirect measure of whether somebody knew about a court ruling?

The mishna in Horayot 1:2 discusses a case where a court made a ruling that something is permitted and then later rescinded the ruling. Meanwhile, somebody did the thing they initially said is ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
125 views

Eating treif b'shogeg [duplicate]

If I ate a hamburger that I thought was kosher and after I finished it I found out it was not kosher, where does that leave me halachikly speaking. I know in Mishnah Torah it says (Blessings 1:19) ...
S. Rosenbaum's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
286 views

Obligated to return to a non-Jew what was stolen by accident?

After renting a place from a non-Jew, I realized I left with a small object accidentally. Am I obligated to return it as a "stolen" object, or is it considered a "lost" object that I am not obligated (...
Fei23's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Continuing seuda in new place

Can i continue my hamotzi seuda in a place I didn't have in mind when I washed/started eating? If so, do I need to have a kzayis of bread in that place, or just a kzayis of anything in the meal? ...
eliyahu's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
290 views

What do we mean by "kavanah" in "mitzvot tzrichot kavanah"?

There is a halakhic concept of "mitzvot tzrichot kavanah," that you fulfill a mitzvah only if you had the intent to fulfill it. What do we mean by "kavanah" here? The intent to fulfill a commandment ...
Noam's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
408 views

Sotah waters for a raped woman

A woman accused of being a Sotah (had intentional seclusion with a man she was warned against), is now forbidden to her husband until she drinks the Sotah waters. If she committed adultery, she'll die ...
robev's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
78 views

Does the observance of Shabbat require kavannah?

I am trying to understand what it means to "keep shabbat" completely. It appears that there are two general components, Shamor (refraining from the forbidden behaviors -- negative) and Zachor (...
rosends's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
179 views

What is the best way to correct someone who has unwittingly violated halacha in public?

At a recent shul kiddush on shabbat I witnessed someone perform a melacha seemingly on purpose two or three times. It was clear to me that this person was unaware of a certain halacha. I did not know ...
rikitikitembo's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
75 views

Unintentionally break the commandment of prohibiting idolatry

I noticed that Rashi (based on Sifrei 111:1) understand the sin described in Bamidbar 15 to be about idolatry, while the (O)JPS translation reads (verse 22): "And when ye shall err, and not observe ...
Levi's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
68 views

Donating Tzedaka and Nodrei Lev

You've received a fundraising call from a local frum institution and agree to donate $100. The individual on the phone directs you to the donation site to fill out the forms. After you get off the ...
Isaac Kotlicky's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
256 views

Why כאשר אבדתי?

On the verse of Megilas Esther (4:16) אשר לא כדת וכאשר אבדתי אבדתי the Talmud (Meg 15a) says that Esther said, she was going to "violate the Law, because now she was going to intentionally" having ...
yO_'s user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
498 views

Regretting intentionally breaking a fast

My daughter asked me what would happen if someone started the day not fasting -- intentionally! He wakes and says "this is dumb so I'm having breakfast." Then, due to some intervening act or ...
rosends's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
229 views

Neder not specified

What is if someone took a neder on himself, and said eg. "i will not eat potatos anymore," but his intention was only for a certain Kind of potatos. Are now all potatos forbidden to him (as the person ...
yosef's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
220 views

Doing something bad with a good intention

I recently studied the story of Hannah in school. I learned that Penninah would make fun of Hannah for not having children so she could reproach herself and pray deeply to G-d. Penninah was actually ...
Gabriel12's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
118 views

What degree of punishment is assigned to one who wants to commit a sin, but is only stopped by the lack of an opportunity?

For instance, if one thought of murdering a certain someone, but the only thing stopping him was the lack of an opportunity, would he be liable to a punishment equal to that of a murderer, or ...
Echad-Ani-Yodeya's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
134 views

How to translate העלם in the context of שבת

The beginning of the seventh chapter of Bavli Shabas (and its commentaries) speaks of instances in which someone forgets that the day is Shabas, forgets that there is such a thing as Shabas altogether,...
msh210's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
480 views

Is it acceptable to make someone feel uncomfortable because they have inadvertently done something that you consider undesirable?

Background This question was inspired by the comments (now deleted) under another question. My sister in Williamsburg Brooklyn noticed that Orthodox male strangers were glaring at her for unknown ...
Wad Cheber's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
66 views

Why "בשלמא לרבי יוחנן" on שבת דף סט ע״א?

Various types of m'lacha (labor) are forbidden on the sabbath, and the punishment is a particular form of death called kares (if the perpetrator doesn't get killed by a human-run court). However, if ...
msh210's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
939 views

Is an on-call doctor allowed to read non-emergency text messages on Shabbat?

My shul has a few doctors who carry their cell phones with them. When their phones buzz (B"H, they are smart enough to put the phones on vibrate mode while davening.) with a text message, they, of ...
DanF's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
213 views

Can someone [be] tovel accidentally? (Does tovelling need kavanah?)

Does tovelling, either for vessels or a person, require kavanah (intent) to achieve the purification? Let's say someone went bathing in the river, or for whatever reason just fell in naked; for dishes,...
Scimonster's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
215 views

Bracha on Tzitzit

If one takes a nap and has the intent to put tzitzit back on, does he need to make a new bracha when he does so? Is it considered hesach hadaas (loss of concentration)? Or does his intent obviate ...
Aaron Miller's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
574 views

A sin done while drunk

Is a sin done while inebriated considered an unintentional (bShogeg) sin? Sources are welcome.
TreeKing's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
68 views

What is considered having in mind for other food items for the same bracha category? [duplicate]

I don't know the exact source but all food items of the same category can be consumed after reciting a single bracha. For example, if you have in mind to eat/drink tea, fish and ice cream you can ...
Ani Yodea's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
409 views

Biblical Prohibition of Breaking Shabbos/Shabbat because one didn't learn the laws

Somebody does not think that something is breaking Shabbos but suspects it may be an issue, yet they don't want to delve into the law because they don't want to stop doing what they are doing and they ...
Emet v'Shalom's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
161 views

What does the saying "like a blind man in a sky light" (כסומא בארובה) indicate?

It seems to me that the Simla Hadasha uses the saying "כסומא בארובה" to mean that it happened by accident. I do not see what in the simple meaning (as a blind man in a sky light) of the words an ...
hazoriz's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
172 views

Does the "mezakeh" need to know that he's using "zachin," for it to work?

There's a Talmudic concept known as "זכין לאדם שלא בפניו," that one can acquire something on behalf of another, even if that other person does not know that this is happening, so long as it's a זכות, ...
MTL's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
143 views

Contract Law and Intentions

If two parties write a contract with two clauses A and B, such that if the conditions of the first clause A, are not fulfilled then the contract defaults to the second clause B, and both parties have ...
Robert S. Barnes's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
376 views

Is a machine written sefer torah distinguishable from Machine Matzos

The Jewish University in Berlin has developed a machine written quill* on parchment Sefer Torah. The report from the BBC takes it for granted that such a Sefer Torah is posul because it lacks the ...
Yishai's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
833 views

Nazir and Korban Chatas

I understand that the Torah orders that at the time that a Nazir finishes his year he is required to bring a Korban Chatas. I'm finding it difficult to understand this. First of all what issur did ...
David Feigen's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
535 views

What Atones for Which Sins?

At some point I read a very interesting post somewhere about this, but cannot remember where it was or what sources it used (or if they were even reputable). It stated that the spilling of blood in ...
Yochanan Michael's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
193 views

If a king kills accidentally does he go into exile?

The mishna in makkos teaches that even someone who the entire Jewish people have a need for such as Yoav ben Tzrurya would have to go into exile (to a city of refuge) if he killed accidentally. I ...
please remove my account's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
152 views

What is the Halacha if one shechted a sacrifice on Shabbos and found it to be a Treifa?

I've seen three types of "Shogeg": You don't realize it was Shabbos - for this you bring a Chatas. You don't realize what you're doing is assur - for this you bring a Chatas. You don't realize what ...
ertert3terte's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
125 views

Do the strings for tzitizit need to be made lishma?

My weekday tallit is in need of new tzitziot as I am unsure how long they will last before becoming passul. I know that techeilet need to be made from a dye for which a minhag exists, but do the ...
Noach MiFrankfurt's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
251 views

Erroneous intentions in vows

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (Ganzfried) 67:6 states: "A vow does not take effect unless one's words and one's heart agree. However, if one made a vow by mistake, not intending to say what one did say, or ...
far22's user avatar
  • 9
9 votes
1 answer
335 views

Making a neder without specifying verbally

If someone wants to make a prohibition on himself from eating apples and has some apples in front of him and uses a language of "konem" in his neder and says "these apples" then they become forbidden (...
Yehoshua's user avatar
  • 16.1k
5 votes
0 answers
82 views

Doctor's mistake and homicide

The mishnah in Makkos (beginning of 2nd chapter) teaches that if the person inadvertently killed someone through performing a mitzvah, the murder is exempt from the punishment of exile, which I ...
gt6989b's user avatar
  • 3,099
2 votes
0 answers
159 views

Pretending in kiyum hamitzvot

When a woman (or, if need be, a man) lights candles for Shabbat, she covers her eyes before making the bracha to "pretend" that the candles aren't lit yet because we generally say the bracha before ...
rosends's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
2k views

What happens if your Mezzuzah comes off the wall

I accidentally knocked my Mezzuzah off the wall , what is the process for putting it back on again ?
Ryan's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
220 views

A child that commits suicide (R"L) -- losing certain merits

A person who kills himself (R"L) as far as I know loses certain zechuyos (merits) in terms of their kavurah (burial) and other dinim (rules. See here for more). Is the same true if it was a katan (...
Yehoshua's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
210 views

Who is responsible for damage to something that was used at the owner's request?

Suppose you ask someone to use something that belongs to you, so that you can benefit from their use of it. For example, you (voluntarily) give a camera to someone you know to take a picture (of you)....
JAM's user avatar
  • 223
5 votes
1 answer
824 views

What is the effect on me of saying amen?

I understand that if I hear another person make a bracha (and perhaps even if I don't actually hear it), I may? must? respond "amen". I also understand that saying "amen" can allow me to be yotzei (...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
225 views

Does Kelayim apply to road cantaloupe/courgette?

A neighbour of mine, on the American east coast had a fire hydrant replaced in front of the house, right at the curb, and the fill used settled leaving a hole. He filled it with compost. Alas he now ...
geoffc's user avatar
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