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Questions tagged [intent-accident-purposely]

2
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1answer
49 views

Eating treif b'shogeg [duplicate]

If I ate a hamburger that I thought was kosher and after I finished it I found out it was not kosher, where does that leave me halachikly speaking. I know in Mishnah Torah it says (Blessings 1:19) ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Obligated to return to a non-Jew what was stolen by accident?

After renting a place from a non-Jew, I realized I left with a small object accidentally. Am I obligated to return it as a "stolen" object, or is it considered a "lost" object that I am not obligated (...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Continuing seuda in new place

Can i continue my hamotzi seuda in a place I didn't have in mind when I washed/started eating? If so, do I need to have a kzayis of bread in that place, or just a kzayis of anything in the meal? ...
3
votes
2answers
82 views

What do we mean by “kavanah” in “mitzvot tzrichot kavanah”?

There is a halakhic concept of "mitzvot tzrichot kavanah," that you fulfill a mitzvah only if you had the intent to fulfill it. What do we mean by "kavanah" here? The intent to fulfill a commandment ...
5
votes
2answers
178 views

Sotah waters for a raped woman

A woman accused of being a Sotah (had intentional seclusion with a man she was warned against), is now forbidden to her husband until she drinks the Sotah waters. If she committed adultery, she'll die ...
1
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0answers
55 views

Does the observance of Shabbat require kavannah?

I am trying to understand what it means to "keep shabbat" completely. It appears that there are two general components, Shamor (refraining from the forbidden behaviors -- negative) and Zachor (...
3
votes
2answers
87 views

What is the best way to correct someone who has unwittingly violated halacha in public?

At a recent shul kiddush on shabbat I witnessed someone perform a melacha seemingly on purpose two or three times. It was clear to me that this person was unaware of a certain halacha. I did not know ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Unintentionally break the commandment of prohibiting idolatry

I noticed that Rashi (based on Sifrei 111:1) understand the sin described in Bamidbar 15 to be about idolatry, while the (O)JPS translation reads (verse 22): "And when ye shall err, and not observe ...
5
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0answers
61 views

Donating Tzedaka and Nodrei Lev

You've received a fundraising call from a local frum institution and agree to donate $100. The individual on the phone directs you to the donation site to fill out the forms. After you get off the ...
6
votes
1answer
111 views

Why כאשר אבדתי?

On the verse of Megilas Esther (4:16) אשר לא כדת וכאשר אבדתי אבדתי the Talmud (Meg 15a) says that Esther said, she was going to "violate the Law, because now she was going to intentionally" having ...
3
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1answer
108 views

Regretting intentionally breaking a fast

My daughter asked me what would happen if someone started the day not fasting -- intentionally! He wakes and says "this is dumb so I'm having breakfast." Then, due to some intervening act or ...
3
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0answers
210 views

Are the talmudic “Prushim” the Rabbinic Pharisees?

In Masechet Sotah, 20a, the mishna details harmful forces and reads (translation from dafyomi.co.il) The following destroy the world - a foolish Chasid, a crafty evildoer, a woman who is Perushah, ...
8
votes
2answers
147 views

Neder not specified

What is if someone took a neder on himself, and said eg. "i will not eat potatos anymore," but his intention was only for a certain Kind of potatos. Are now all potatos forbidden to him (as the person ...
6
votes
2answers
168 views

Doing something bad with a good intention

I recently studied the story of Hannah in school. I learned that Penninah would make fun of Hannah for not having children so she could reproach herself and pray deeply to G-d. Penninah was actually ...
3
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0answers
79 views

What degree of punishment is assigned to one who wants to commit a sin, but is only stopped by the lack of an opportunity?

For instance, if one thought of murdering a certain someone, but the only thing stopping him was the lack of an opportunity, would he be liable to a punishment equal to that of a murderer, or ...
1
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4answers
84 views

How to translate העלם in the context of שבת

The beginning of the seventh chapter of Bavli Shabas (and its commentaries) speaks of instances in which someone forgets that the day is Shabas, forgets that there is such a thing as Shabas altogether,...
7
votes
1answer
382 views

Is it acceptable to make someone feel uncomfortable because they have inadvertently done something that you consider undesirable?

Background This question was inspired by the comments (now deleted) under another question. My sister in Williamsburg Brooklyn noticed that Orthodox male strangers were glaring at her for unknown ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Why “בשלמא לרבי יוחנן” on שבת דף סט ע״א?

Various types of m'lacha (labor) are forbidden on the sabbath, and the punishment is a particular form of death called kares (if the perpetrator doesn't get killed by a human-run court). However, if ...
4
votes
2answers
405 views

Is an on-call doctor allowed to read non-emergency text messages on Shabbat?

My shul has a few doctors who carry their cell phones with them. When their phones buzz (B"H, they are smart enough to put the phones on vibrate mode while davening.) with a text message, they, of ...
6
votes
1answer
122 views

Can someone [be] tovel accidentally? (Does tovelling need kavanah?)

Does tovelling, either for vessels or a person, require kavanah (intent) to achieve the purification? Let's say someone went bathing in the river, or for whatever reason just fell in naked; for dishes,...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Bracha on Tzitzit

If one takes a nap and has the intent to put tzitzit back on, does he need to make a new bracha when he does so? Is it considered hesach hadaas (loss of concentration)? Or does his intent obviate ...
3
votes
1answer
509 views

A sin done while drunk

Is a sin done while inebriated considered an unintentional (bShogeg) sin? Sources are welcome.
3
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0answers
54 views

What is considered having in mind for other food items for the same bracha category? [duplicate]

I don't know the exact source but all food items of the same category can be consumed after reciting a single bracha. For example, if you have in mind to eat/drink tea, fish and ice cream you can ...
5
votes
2answers
299 views

Biblical Prohibition of Breaking Shabbos/Shabbat because one didn't learn the laws

Somebody does not think that something is breaking Shabbos but suspects it may be an issue, yet they don't want to delve into the law because they don't want to stop doing what they are doing and they ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

What does the saying “like a blind man in a sky light” (כסומא בארובה) indicate?

It seems to me that the Simla Hadasha uses the saying "כסומא בארובה" to mean that it happened by accident. I do not see what in the simple meaning (as a blind man in a sky light) of the words an ...
6
votes
1answer
87 views

Does the “mezakeh” need to know that he's using “zachin,” for it to work?

There's a Talmudic concept known as "זכין לאדם שלא בפניו," that one can acquire something on behalf of another, even if that other person does not know that this is happening, so long as it's a זכות, ...
2
votes
0answers
110 views

Contract Law and Intentions

If two parties write a contract with two clauses A and B, such that if the conditions of the first clause A, are not fulfilled then the contract defaults to the second clause B, and both parties have ...
8
votes
1answer
190 views

Is a machine written sefer torah distinguishable from Machine Matzos

The Jewish University in Berlin has developed a machine written quill* on parchment Sefer Torah. The report from the BBC takes it for granted that such a Sefer Torah is posul because it lacks the ...
3
votes
4answers
426 views

Nazir and Korban Chatas

I understand that the Torah orders that at the time that a Nazir finishes his year he is required to bring a Korban Chatas. I'm finding it difficult to understand this. First of all what issur did ...
2
votes
2answers
200 views

What Atones for Which Sins?

At some point I read a very interesting post somewhere about this, but cannot remember where it was or what sources it used (or if they were even reputable). It stated that the spilling of blood in ...
6
votes
1answer
137 views

If a king kills accidentally does he go into exile?

The mishna in makkos teaches that even someone who the entire Jewish people have a need for such as Yoav ben Tzrurya would have to go into exile (to a city of refuge) if he killed accidentally. I ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

What is the Halacha if one shechted a sacrifice on Shabbos and found it to be a Treifa?

I've seen three types of "Shogeg": You don't realize it was Shabbos - for this you bring a Chatas. You don't realize what you're doing is assur - for this you bring a Chatas. You don't realize what ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Do the strings for tzitizit need to be made lishma?

My weekday tallit is in need of new tzitziot as I am unsure how long they will last before becoming passul. I know that techeilet need to be made from a dye for which a minhag exists, but do the ...
-1
votes
2answers
229 views

Erroneous intentions in vows

Kitzur Shulchan Aruch (Ganzfried) 67:6 states: "A vow does not take effect unless one's words and one's heart agree. However, if one made a vow by mistake, not intending to say what one did say, or ...
8
votes
1answer
231 views

Making a neder without specifying verbally

If someone wants to make a prohibition on himself from eating apples and has some apples in front of him and uses a language of "konem" in his neder and says "these apples" then they become forbidden (...
4
votes
0answers
70 views

Doctor's mistake and homicide

The mishnah in Makkos (beginning of 2nd chapter) teaches that if the person inadvertently killed someone through performing a mitzvah, the murder is exempt from the punishment of exile, which I ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Pretending in kiyum hamitzvot

When a woman (or, if need be, a man) lights candles for Shabbat, she covers her eyes before making the bracha to "pretend" that the candles aren't lit yet because we generally say the bracha before ...
2
votes
1answer
289 views

What happens if your Mezzuzah comes off the wall

I accidentally knocked my Mezzuzah off the wall , what is the process for putting it back on again ?
1
vote
1answer
151 views

A child that commits suicide (R"L) — losing certain merits

A person who kills himself (R"L) as far as I know loses certain zechuyos (merits) in terms of their kavurah (burial) and other dinim (rules. See here for more). Is the same true if it was a katan (...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Who is responsible for damage to something that was used at the owner's request?

Suppose you ask someone to use something that belongs to you, so that you can benefit from their use of it. For example, you (voluntarily) give a camera to someone you know to take a picture (of you)....
5
votes
1answer
491 views

What is the effect on me of saying amen?

I understand that if I hear another person make a bracha (and perhaps even if I don't actually hear it), I may? must? respond "amen". I also understand that saying "amen" can allow me to be yotzei (...
6
votes
1answer
179 views

Does Kelayim apply to road cantaloupe/courgette?

A neighbour of mine, on the American east coast had a fire hydrant replaced in front of the house, right at the curb, and the fill used settled leaving a hole. He filled it with compost. Alas he now ...
6
votes
1answer
197 views

Causing injury while playing a sport

Suppose one Jew accidentally injurs another Jew while playing a contact sport such as football. Is the injured party entitled damages as compensation for the injury, or does the participation in an ...
1
vote
1answer
149 views

Bentching after accidentally eating prohibited foods

Should one recite Birkath HaMazon after eating foods that one did not realize were prohibited, or does this fall under the idea that doing so is offensive?
4
votes
1answer
132 views

How would anyone ever “worship idols out of love or fear”?

It says in the Gemara (Krisus 3a) that if one worships an idol without accepting it as a god, he isn't liable to even bring a chatas. This opinion seems to held according to everyone. Yet, the Gemara ...
8
votes
1answer
208 views

Counting towards a Keriat HaTorah one who accidentally ate

We have Halacha that at least 6 people need to be fasting in order to read the Torah in a fast day. However, let's say there are 10 people and 5 are definitely fasting and one who accidentally ate (...
2
votes
3answers
223 views

Petur (exemption) - Does intent matter?

Does one's intent factor into one's ability to rely upon an exemption in Halachah? For example on Sukkoth, if I have no Sukkah and no intention of building a Sukkah (let's say at work, for one ...