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Questions tagged [ikarim]

Foundational principles of faith in Judaism

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Is Rabbi David Halivni's theory of "Chate’u Yisrael" kfira?

Rabbi David Weiss Halivni proposed a theory of Chate’u Yisrael 1 to resolve tensions between traditional exegesis and source critical methods of examining the Torah. His theory provides a way to ...
Avi Avraham's user avatar
3 votes
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Metaphors and truth in Torah

According to the Rambam, certain parts of the Torah are to be understood metaphorically. While this approach works well in cases where we can imagine that the "first listeners" understood it ...
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Proof from National Revelation

There is a proof for National Revalation given from Judaism. But I have a question. Even if we were all there, maybe it is possible that some people were speaking from behind the mountain and tricked ...
Binyamin's user avatar
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Are there any traditional Jewish sources that indicate one should investigate the truth of Judaism and follow his conclusions?

As noted here, the evidence for Judaism is subject to dispute. The most intellectually honest approach to this question would seem to require one to thoroughly investigate the matter and follow his ...
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Sources that are against אושפיזין custom?

Are there any rabbinic sources that speak against the Sukkoth custom of inviting אושפיזין into the Sukkah? Or the formulation of its attendant text(s)? I of course do not intend the righteous and ...
Deuteronomy's user avatar
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Ibn Ezra and R. Joseph Bonfils And different opinions on Judaism [closed]

Can I agree with them that some passages were not written by Moses and that in some parts there were updates to the type text in Gen 14:14 that is considered a sin in Judaism? I can agree with rabbis ...
Matheus Sales's user avatar
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1 answer
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Are Neviim Rishonim written by prophecy?

It seems to be obvious that all the Tanah' is prophecy, or at least "Ruach' Hakodesh". However, we see that the Gmara try to prove that Esther was written by Ruach' Hakodesh; but why there ...
EzrielS's user avatar
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What is the source of saying Ani Maamin daily?

Many Siddurim have the 13 principles of faith after Shacharit. Where do we find a source for its daily recitation?
yisrael's user avatar
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Must Noachides accept the story of Noach?

I know of a certain person who attempted an Orthodox conversion some time ago, but had to stop in the middle for various reasons, including, but not limited to, opposing hashkafic views. This person ...
Harel13's user avatar
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5 votes
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Where from the Torah does the Talmud know that all verses are from G-d?

The Talmud (Sanhedrin 99a) wrote : תניא אידך כי דבר ה' בזה זה האומר אין תורה מן השמים ואפילו אמר כל התורה כולה מן השמים חוץ מפסוק זה שלא אמרו הקדוש ברוך הוא אלא משה מפי עצמו זהו כי דבר ה' בזה It is ...
EzrielS's user avatar
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Why no Oral Law in Rambam's 13 principles of faith?

The Rambam laid down 13 principles of faith (ikkarim) in his commentary on Sanhedrin 10: God exists and created everything, God is One, God has no body, God is eternal, God alone should be worshiped, ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
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3 answers
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Chabad, Prayer, and Corporeality of Hashem

Statement of the Lubavitcher Rebbe, regarding 'betten' (beseeching) the Rebbe [quoted here]: “It is not possible to ask a question about a [Rebbe being a] go-between, since this is G-d Himself, ...
chortkov2's user avatar
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Why is "Moses was the greatest of prophets" a principle of faith?

The 6th and 7th of the Rambam's 13 principles of faith (ikkarim) are: God revealed Himself through the prophets Moses was the greatest of prophets Why the 7th as a separate principle? The Rambam ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
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What is the status of someone who denies one of the Rambam's 13 Principles?

i.e. are they considered an apikores etc? Or that they just hold an incorrect belief. Previously I had assumed their status was dependent on the principle they denied, so a person who denied the first ...
Finnegan's user avatar
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Source/proof of which Oral Law the 8th of the Thirteen Principles Refer to? [duplicate]

On page 179 of the Artscroll Siddur (1984 ISBN: 0-89906-650-X) it lists “The Thirteen Principles of Faith”. Number eight stats “…that the Torah now in our hands is the same one that was given to ...
mp5722's user avatar
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Rambam's view of Moses's miracles

The Rambam writes in Hilchos Yesodei hatorah (chapter 8), משה רבינו לא האמינו בו ישראל מפני האותות שעשה שהמאמין על פי האותות יש בלבו דופי שאפשר שיעשה האות בלט וכשוף. אלא כל האותות שעשה משה במדבר ...
Bach's user avatar
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Ani Maamin # 10 [duplicate]

Ani Maamin # 10 has a unique Nusach. After the belief is stated there is a verse to corroborate the belief. אֲנִי מַאֲמִין בֶּאֱמוּנָה שְׁלֵמָה. שֶׁהַבּוֹרֵא יִתְבָּרַךְ שְׁמוֹ יוֹדֵעַ כָּל ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
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1 answer
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Elisha Ben Abuya inferences are Apikorsut or true fundamentals?

In his introduction to chapter Chelek, Maimonides stated thirteen principles of faith (or fundments of religion). The third principle is to exclude any materiality or similarity to materiality from ...
kouty's user avatar
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At what point is someone considered an apikoris?

If someone has doubts about what many consider foundation principles of Judiasm does that make him a heretic? Or is it only if a person comes to a conclusion that it is false at which point he ...
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Do we need to understand Hashem better? Is this a commandment?

Do we need to understand Hashem better? Is it a commandment? There is Kabbalah, Torah, Talmud and so on. But is there a commandment that says we need to understand Hashem better? His plan for ...
Aigle's user avatar
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4 votes
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Meaning of "emunah shlaima"?

The Rambam's 13 Articles of Faith begin with the statement: "אני מאמין באמונה שלמה" - "I believe with complete faith...", words that then go on to express our faith that God "creates and guides" all ...
Uncle's user avatar
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Source for a story: Rambam paskening people out of heaven

I'm sorry to ask a source-seeking question (because I don't like seeing them myself), but I'm at a loss here in trying to find what I think is a theologically important Hassidic story. The story goes ...
הנער הזה's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
239 views

Maimonides' sources for the Thirteen Articles of Faith

Which, if any, of the Thirteen Articles of Faith require sources outside the five Torah books? 1 G-d guides and creates, 2 is unique and eternal, 3 is not physical, 4 is first and last, 5 ...
chrysanthemum's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
455 views

Does Jewish scripture show a preference between non-belief or erroneous belief?

Obviously, Judaism maintains that it is best to follow Judaism or, for gentiles, the Noachide laws. But I'm curious as to whether, according to Jewish scripture, it is preferable to not believe in G-...
Wad Cheber's user avatar
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Am I Supposed to Believe that the Messiah is coming today, or that he is coming generally

The rambam writes that one of the principles of faith is "Ani Maamin...B'Biyat Hamashiach, Af Al Pi Shehitmamya, Im Kol Zeh Achake Lo" I beleive in the coming of the Messiah, even though he tarries, ...
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What is the difference between the Sphirot and the Trinity? [duplicate]

In yeshiva, I learned that the ten Sphirot are a part of the essence of G-d, and that some of the Mekubalim direct different part of Shmone Esre to different Sphirot. They (the Mekubalim) also believe ...
yechezkel's user avatar
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2 answers
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is emuna supposed to be blind faith?

according to Jewish tradition does the mitzva of emuna mean to believe without rational reason (blind faith). Or does it mean to investigate and come to a conclusion based on the evidence. (hence if ...
ray's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
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Do I have to be certain that there is a God? [duplicate]

Does the Torah require me to believe/know that God exists based on premises that I consider to be and reason to be certainties? Is it proper or even just ok to believe that God exists based on ...
Gavriel's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is there any significance in the 10th of Rambam's 13 Principles of Faith quoting a Passuk?

If you read Rambam's 13 Ani Maamin's, 13 Principles of Faith, you'll note that only the 10th one makes reference to Tanach. Is there a reason for that? (Looking for sourced answer, rather than ...
Zvi's user avatar
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4 votes
5 answers
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Do any sfarim mention halachic ramifications of the fundamental beliefs?

Do any post Rambam halachic works or accepted poskim mention how the fundamentals effect halachic status of people or things? Do they discuss if halcha follows Rambam and his thirteen ikrim, or Seffer ...
user6591's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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The Rambam's source for the first Ikkar

The Rambam's first Principle of Faith is that Hashem is the Cause of all other existence and His existence is independent of all other existence. To me it seems the best source for this would have ...
Y     e     z's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
86 views

List of things that make one 'as if one rejects the core'

I was recently looking up something about lashon harah, and on Erchin 15A, Rav Yosi ben Zimra says that anyone that says lashon harah it is as if they reject everything, and I know I have seen similar ...
soandos's user avatar
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24 votes
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How can the Rambam's Eighth Principle of Jewish Faith be believed in light of Hazal?

The Rambam's eighth Principle of Jewish Faith states that the entire Torah in our possession - every verse - was dictated to Mosheh Rabbenu and that it has not changed. However, we have explicit ...
user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
317 views

What is the "Minimum" of beliefs to be considered Orthodox?

In trying to understand Orthodox Judaism better, I would like to know what constitutes the "minimum" or most basic collection of beliefs. As I understand, agreeing with the 13 Principles of Maimonides ...
Yochanan Michael's user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
478 views

Why does the belief in Mashiach require that one be anxious for his coming?

The question of why belief in Mashiach should be a fundamental belief (an ikkar/yesod of Judaism of the Rambam's 13) is asked here, and I answered it myself here. However, when it comes to this ...
הנער הזה's user avatar
11 votes
5 answers
842 views

Why is resurection of the dead a fundamental of faith according to the Rambam?

The Rambam defines the resurrection of the dead as a fundamental of Judaism. However, unlike the Ramban, the Rambam holds that first there is Moshiach, then resurrection, and then the final result of ...
Yishai's user avatar
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5 votes
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What עִיקָר is the wicked son denying?

In the haggadah (Mechon Mamre's edition of the Hagadah at the end of Hilkhot Chametz u-Matzah and in some editions of the Mekhilta on Shemot 13:14), regarding the wicked son it states וּלְפִי ...
not-allowed to change my name's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
129 views

Talmud's statement concerning people who believe G-d did not command all 613 mitzvos

I recall learning in the Talmud (Kesuvos, I think), that if someone believes that G-d gave all of the commandments in the Torah except one, and that one he thinks is nonsense, that shows that the ...
Bruce James's user avatar
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13 votes
3 answers
670 views

Why is Moshiach a “fundamental belief” (iqar)?

In what sense is belief in the eventual coming of Moshiach fundamental to Judaism? Rambam famously includes it as the twelfth in his list of iqarim, but why? Considering the other iqarim, Judaism ...
J. C. Salomon's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
177 views

Consequences of not following the mitzvoths

My question is, “ If a person who has right belief in the oneness of Hashem, and he believes that the Torah is word of G-d, and all the prophets are true and he believes in the Divine judgment and ...
Engineer Ishrat Hussain's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
419 views

Who authored the 13 Ani Maamin's?

The Rambam in his Hakdama to his Pirush on Perek Chelek in Mesechtas Sanhedrin mentions the points of belief a Jew must have. To the best of my knowledge these are the basis of the well-known ...
Gershon Gold's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
316 views

Which Moshiach are we waiting for?

The Rambam lists waiting for Moshiach as one of the 13 principles of faith. We have a tradition that there will be two Moshiachs, Ben Yosef and Ben David, which one was the Rambam referring to?
user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
222 views

Why does the 5th verse of "Yigdal", not mention prayer as does the 5th principle of faith of the Rambam?

The piyyut, “Yigdal”, seems to put the 13 principles of faith of the Rambam in poetic form. With number 5, the author of Yigdal seems to have made a slightly different point to the Rambam by leaving ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
72 views

Sincerely wants to have Emunah? [closed]

What would you tell someone who tells you that they sincerely want to have emunah but is having a hard time believing in things such as Torah miSinai, the special "chosen" status of the Children of ...
Adam Mosheh's user avatar
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16 votes
5 answers
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What are Rambam's "עיקרים"?

Rambam, in his Commentary to the Mishna (Sanhedrin 10), enumerates 13 "עיקרים" or "יסודות", which he holds are the core "principles" that every Jew is expected to believe. (Summary in English.) But ...
jake's user avatar
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