Questions tagged [historical-figures]

questions pertaining to Jewish historical figures

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2
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1answer
168 views

Who is the “Gilyon” on the page of the Talmud?

In many versions of the Talmud there are textual emendations made by "Gilyon". Who is this Gilyon and where did the publishers of the Talmud get this material from? The Gilyon I'm referring to is ...
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4answers
935 views

Was Cyrus really Queen Esther's son?

Are there any Talmudic sources that back up the claim that Cyrus was really the son of Queen Esther?
2
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1answer
147 views

Historical documentation that the Rambam was supported by his brother

I have heard quoted many times that the Rambam wrote his Mishneh Torah while he was being supported entirely by his brother. It was only after his brother died at sea that the Rambam, needing to ...
2
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1answer
116 views

Paintings and Sculptures of Rabbis Throughout the Ages [closed]

There are many paintings or sculptures of Rabbis from throughout history, like the Vilna Gaon (paintings), Maharal (statue), and Rambam (statue). Are they accurate (or at least somewhat accurate) ...
2
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1answer
445 views

Sabbateanism and Rav Yonasan Eibshitz

Is there any real substantial evidence that Rav Yonasan Eibshitz was a Sabbatean? On what basis did Rav Yaakov Emden hound him?
2
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1answer
165 views

Teacher and tradition of R' Judah ben Meir HaKohen

Who was the teacher of R' Judah ben Meir HaKohen, and from which chain of tradition does he derive? I ask because I cannot find much information about him online, other than many references to his ...
2
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1answer
3k views

What is the biography of Rav Yitzchak Meir Morgenstern? [closed]

Rav Yitzchak Meir Morgenstern is the Rosh Yeshiva of Toras Chochom in Israel. What is his background and biography? Meaning, where did he grow up, which yeshivot did he learn at and under whom (I know ...
2
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2answers
233 views

Achashverosh — was he or wasn't he?

I'm looking to gather some more background, context, sources and opinions, regarding Achashverosh's Jewishness, or lack thereof. This was inspired by a recent similar question, and, in fact, much of ...
2
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1answer
201 views

Did the Pnei Menachem of Ger have a sharp sense of humor? [closed]

A Satmar Chossid relayed this story to me: The previous Gerer Rebbe had a policy that he did not want a newly married chatan to attend his Shabbat tisch during his 1st year of marriage. One Shabbat,...
2
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2answers
164 views

Was Pinchas born in Egypt?

I'm a little confused about the chronology of the Biblical giants Caleb and Pinchas. Caleb appears to have been part of the Exodus generation, and with Joshua, their defense of the Land of Israel ...
2
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2answers
68 views

what is the etymology of “Nebat”?

Brown Driver Briggs, usually unabashed at offering extra-canonical etymology, offers only "proper name" as the etymological parse of נבט, given that it is only ever found in the phrase " יָרָבְעָ֣ם ...
2
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1answer
96 views

What is known about the Sage מונבז?

מונבז is mentioned in Shabbos 68b. I know there were two Kings of this name. What is known about the Sage of this name?
2
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1answer
125 views

What tree represents Jotham and/or Abimelek?

What tree represents Jotham and/or Abimelek? Or am I completely missing the point of this parable? Help would be appreciated. Judges 9:7-15 OJPS 7 And when they told it to Jotham, he went and ...
2
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1answer
188 views

Names of Tanaim and Amoraim

A friend mentioned to me that there are no Tanaim or Amoraim named Avraham, Moshe or Dovid and that there was "some torah" on this fact, but he couldn't remember what it was. Is there any source for ...
2
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0answers
44 views

Where does Flavius Josephus gets his description of historical events about the Patriarchs

Josephus lived in the 1st century and would accurately report the history in that time period. However he does report about the activities of the Patriarchs. These stories are found in the Jewish ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Does anyone know what siddur the Minchas Elazar, z"l, used?

I was wondering if anyone knows what specific siddur the Minchas Elazar, z"l, davened from? Also, where to find it today.
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0answers
55 views

Which Ra'avad is on the Rif?

I am aware that there is more than one author known as the Ra'avad (ראב"ד). Is the Ra'avad with glosses to the Rif and the Ma'or the same Ra'avad as the one with glosses to the Rambam? If they are ...
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0answers
43 views

Order of Idolatrous Kings' Courts

The Talmud in Gittin 88a says that Israel was only destroyed once it had seven courts that worshipped idols: Jeroboam son of Nebat's... Pekah son of Remalia's, Menahem son of Gadi's, and Hosea son of ...
2
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0answers
80 views

Who were the pre-Lekh Likha righteous men?

BS"D In Hilkhoth Avodhah Zarah RaMBaM lists the central figures in the transmission of ethical monotheism, and I was wondering if there were any other figures in our mesora not mentioned. Since the ...
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3answers
50 views

If there were people before/during Avraham's life that recognised Hashem, why was Avraham chosen specifically?

We know that Shem lived during the life of Avraham Avinu, described as Malki Tzedek. Why is Avraham considered the first to spread ethical monotheism (concluding in G-d choosing him) if it's known ...
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1answer
307 views

Child from the relations Yael had with Sisra

According to Shoftim 5:27, per the explanation found in Yevamos 103a (in the name of רבי יוחנן), Yael had relations with Sisra. אמר רבי יוחנן שבע בעילות בעל אותו רשע באותו היום שנאמר בין רגליה כרע ...
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5answers
262 views

Has a gadol be'Torah ever drastically changed his type of avodas Hashem? [closed]

I know that my question is a bit broad and maybe abstract but I'm not sure how to phrase it better. I'm looking for any change in avodah. It can be a change in which group of Jews he associated with (...
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1answer
363 views

What tribe was Jehu from?

From which tribe did Jehu, King of Israel, descend?
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1answer
182 views

Numbers of Tannaim and Amoraim

How many names of Tannaim do we know? How many names of Ammoraim do we know? (I am asking about the names and not simply asking "how many were there" because I don't know if there were people that ...
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1answer
79 views

The acronym יש״ו ימח שמו וזכרו

Is there any connection between the acronym יש״ו ימח שמו וזכרו and ישו the person? Is this just a coincidence, or does the acronym actually originate with the historical ישו?
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1answer
110 views

The source of the story of GR"A and lashes

It is worrisome to argue with the Gra about the different meanings of words, particularly after the famous (apocryphal?) story of him ordering lashes for the maskil who asserted to him that gila, rina,...
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1answer
134 views

Aristotle learning Torah

I have seen from a few places which claim that they have found a letter written from Aristotle to Alexander the great . In the letter Aristotle laments about the fact that he wasted so much time on ...
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1answer
89 views

What biographical information is known about Rabbi Yitzchak Izaik Zorovitz?

What biographical information is known about Rabbi Yitzhak Izaik ben Yaakov haLevi Zorovitz, author of this sefer, among others. Apparently he was of a Chassidic background, but I wasn't able to find ...
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3answers
242 views

Could Jesus have been a Rabbi?

Jesus was called a Rabbi during a time in history when being a Rabbi really meant something. He lived during the time of semicha, and his responses are often Rabbinic in nature. And so this begs the ...
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1answer
144 views

the Rambam was hard of understanding [closed]

Someone told me that the Rambam when he was young was hard of understanding Is there a reputable source confirming this? How can I find it? What I found so far. לא הצטיין בשום תכונה מיוחדת. לא ...
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1answer
86 views

Which Rabbi was this?

I remember reading a journal article about a modern orthodox rabbi in late 19th century America who held the position that rabbis need to try to find lenient halachik rulings to make the lives of ...
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1answer
55 views

Looking for biographical info on R' Yehuda HaLevi Lifschitz

There is a sefer which I encountered called Derech Emunah written by a R' Yehuda HaLevi Lifschitz. Everything that I know about him is the information found on this title page of his sefer, and that ...
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1answer
584 views

Who was Haman's mother?

Is there any mention of Haman's mother in rabbinic literature (Gemara, Midrash, etc.)? If she was discussed in the Gemara or other sources, what was her name?
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1answer
45 views

Who was a סרקייא?

Throughout Talmud Yerushalmi, there are references to סרקייא. The translation I am using translates it "Saracen," but that seems anachronistic. One reference in Bava Metzia indicates it is a non-...
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1answer
82 views

Living teachers of the Slabodka approach

The Alter of Slabodka died in 1927. Suppose someone today wanted to learn the unique "Slabodka approach" as embodied and taught by the Alter. Are there any remaining students of the Alter alive today (...
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1answer
59 views

Did the wicked kings know how to learn?

The Gemara (Sanhedrin 102a) says Jeroboam I was almost as great as King David: וירבעם יצא מירושלים אמר ר' חנינא בר פפא שיצא מפיתקה של ירושלים (מלכים א יא, כט) וימצא אותו אחיה השילוני הנביא בדרך ...
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1answer
70 views

Kivrei Tanaim and Amoraim

How do we know for certain where in Israel Tanaim and Amoraim are buried if we've been exiled for so long?
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2answers
197 views

Maskilim and Jüdischkeit

I often hear that the maskilim of the 18th and 19th centuries were, without exception, secularists and religious reformers. Is this true or were some/most of them actually religious individuals who ...
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1answer
67 views

Was Cham influenced by the people destroyed in the mabul?

In Parshat-Noach, was Cham influenced by the bad people G-d destroyed before the mabul (by his actions with his father)?
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0answers
24 views

Is there is any way to learn the names of people who were working on the preparation of the Vilna Shas? [closed]

A lot of people worked on the Romm's Vilna Talmud published in 1880. Is there is any way to get their names?
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0answers
36 views

Who saw angels?

Which historical figures in Tanach had visions of malachim (angels)? Which of these were themselves prophets (e.g. Abraham, Jacob, Balaam)? Which were figures very close to prophets but not themselves ...
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0answers
69 views

Any more 'daughters of God'?

As far as I have been able to ascertain, there were only two individuals explicitly referred to as a "daughter of God" or had God refer to them as "My daughter": Batya/Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh,...
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0answers
73 views

What are the respective philosophical perspectives of Saul Lieberman and Jacob Neusner? [closed]

What are the respective philosophical and methodological perspectives of Saul Lieberman and Jacob Neusner which underly their very different Talmudic interpretation and opus?
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0answers
173 views

Where can I find family history of Shalom Shachna Altshuler? [closed]

I'm looking for history about Shalom Shachna Altshuler, the father of the tzemach tzedek (Menachem Mendel Schneerson), and his family afterwards till now. Your help would be greatly appreciated in ...
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1answer
221 views

Sigmund Freud's Jewish Name [closed]

What was the eminent Psychologist, and father of Psychoanalysis' Jewish Name (as when they called him up to the Torah)?
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1answer
223 views

How Could Jezebel, the Worshipper of Baal, be the Mother of Two Kings of Israel?

Jezebel was not Jewish by birth (Kings 1:16:31), nor do the verses say she converted. How did her two sons become kings of Israel and why didn't anybody like Elijah or Elisha (and later on especially ...
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2answers
134 views

Are Rabbi Hillel Lichtenstein (the Hatam Sofer Talmid) and Rabbi Hillel Lichtenstein (the Krasner Rav) related? [closed]

Are Rabbi Hillel Lichtenstein (the Hatam Sofer Talmid) and Rabbi Hillel Lichtenstein (the Krasner Rav) related ? Is there any "ideological" link between the two ?
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2answers
177 views

Who was the first person to be referred to by acronym? [duplicate]

Rashi, Rambam, the Maharal, the Rosh, the Rema, etc. are all usually referred to by their acronyms. This custom makes sense in a culture that is mostly transmitted through the written word where ink ...
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1answer
550 views

Who was Methuselah?

Who was Methuselah? The Torah tells us not much about him. What does the Talmud and the Rabbis say about Methuselah?
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1answer
600 views

If Jews shouldn't marry non-Jews, why did prominent Jewish leaders do so in the bible?

Moses's wife was a Midianite. Solomon had many non-Jewish wives. Abraham married Hagar, who was an Egyptian. If Jews shouldn't marry non-Jews, how were these prominent Jewish leaders able to do so?